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e-Healthcare Leadership Awards


CONTINUING MEDICAL EDUCATION INFORMATION

Release Date: October 11, 2013
Last Reviewed: October 11, 2013
Expiration Date: October 11, 2014
Time to Complete Activity: 15 minutes

TARGET AUDIENCE

This activity has been designed to meet the educational needs of physicians with an interest in Diabetes & Endocrinology, as well as other healthcare professionals.

STATEMENT OF NEED

This activity will supply up-to-date news information to practicing clinicians which can be integrated into practice and aims to increase professional competency.

EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES

Upon proper completion of this activity, participants should be better able to:

  • Summarize the significance of the study in the context of clinical care.

DISCLOSURES

In accordance with Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education requirements on disclosure, faculty and contributors are asked to disclose any relationships with commercial interests associated with the area of medicine featured in the activity. These relationships are described below.

Neither Paradigm Medical Communications, LLC, staff nor HealthDay’s medical writer have financial relationships to disclose.

Peer reviewer, Cynthia Haines, MD has the following financial relationships to disclose:

  • Salary/Ownership Interest (stocks, stock options, or other ownership interest) - GlaxoSmithKline (Spouse)
Higher Magnesium Intake May Lower Diabetes Risk
May be particularly beneficial in offsetting risk of developing diabetes among those at high risk

FRIDAY, Oct. 11 (HealthDay News) -- Higher magnesium intake may lower risk of incident diabetes, particularly among those at highest risk, according to a study published online Oct. 2 in Diabetes Care.

Based on magnesium intake, Adela Hruby, Ph.D., from Tufts University in Boston, and colleagues assessed the risk of incident "metabolic impairment," defined as impaired fasting glucose (≥5.6 to <7.0 mmol/L), impaired glucose tolerance (two-hour post-load glucose, ≥7.8 to <11.1 mmol/L), insulin resistance (IR), or hyperinsulinemia (≥90th percentile of homeostasis model assessment of IR or fasting insulin, respectively). Study participants included 2,582 community-dwelling individuals aged 26 to 81 years old.

The researchers found that those with the highest magnesium intake had a 37 percent lower risk of incident metabolic impairment (P trend = 0.02) compared to those with the lowest magnesium intake. In those with baseline metabolic impairment, higher intake was associated with a 32 percent lower risk of incident diabetes (P trend = 0.05). In the combined population, the risk for those with the highest intake was 53 percent (P trend = 0.0004) of those with the lowest intake. The association in the normal population was attenuated with adjustments for risk factors and dietary fiber while the association was not substantially affected in the metabolically impaired. Higher magnesium intake was linked to lower long-term changes in fasting glucose and IR, but no significant trends were observed in fasting insulin, post-load values, or insulin sensitivity.

"Magnesium intake may be particularly beneficial in offsetting risk of developing diabetes among those at high risk," the authors write.

Abstract
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September 18, 2014

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