August 2018 Briefing - Anesthesiology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Anesthesiology for August 2018. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Medical Bills in Collections Decrease With Patient Age

FRIDAY, Aug. 31, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Medical collections decrease substantially with age, possibly because of increased health insurance coverage and incomes, according to a study published in the August issue of Health Affairs.

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Preemptive Analgesia May Cut Post-Op Pain in Anorectal Surgery

FRIDAY, Aug. 31, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Preemptive pain medication is safe and reduces pain in the early postoperative period for patients undergoing anorectal surgery, according to a study published in the July issue of Diseases of the Colon & Rectum.

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No Meaningful Increase in Physician Compensation Last Year

THURSDAY, Aug. 30, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- There was no meaningful increase in physician compensation in 2017, and a decline in productivity was noted, according to the results of a survey conducted by AMGA Consulting.

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U.S. Opioid Use Not Declining, Despite Focus on Abuse

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 29, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Rates of opioid use in the United States do not appear to be declining, according to a study published online Aug. 1 in The BMJ.

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Marketplace Premiums Increase More With Monopolist Insurers

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 29, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Affordable Care Act Marketplace premiums increase more in areas with monopolist insurers, according to a study published in the August issue of Health Affairs.

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PT Better After Hip Surgery Than Opioids in Younger Adults

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 29, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Physical therapy management is associated with better outcomes for young patients undergoing arthroscopic hip surgery, compared to primary or exclusive opioid treatment, according to a study recently published in Physical Therapy.

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Medical Practices Should Address Negative Online Reviews

TUESDAY, Aug. 28, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Medical practice staff can effectively handle negative online reviews by staying calm and positive, looking for solutions, apologizing, and thanking the reviewers, according to an article published in Physicians Practice.

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Artificial Intelligence Holds Promise in Medicine

TUESDAY, Aug. 28, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Artificial intelligence (AI) in health care offers opportunities for early detection and triage, diagnostics and personalized medicine, and medical decision-making, according to an article published in Managed Healthcare Executive.

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Alcohol Is Leading Risk Factor for Global Disease Burden

TUESDAY, Aug. 28, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Globally, alcohol use is a leading risk factor for disease burden, according to research published online Aug. 23 in The Lancet.

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Experts Address Loss of the National Guideline Clearinghouse

TUESDAY, Aug. 28, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The demise of the National Guideline Clearinghouse (NGC) in July 2018 is likely to impact evidence-based health care around the world, according to an Ideas and Opinions piece published online Aug. 28 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Most Research Participants Not Concerned About Data Sharing

MONDAY, Aug. 27, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Few participants in clinical trials have strong concerns about the risks of data sharing, according to a special article recently published in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Prescription Drug Monitoring Program May Not Cut Opioid Use

MONDAY, Aug. 27, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Implementation of a mandatory prescription drug monitoring program (PDMP) does not necessarily reduce the overall rate of opioid prescribing or the mean number of pills prescribed for patients undergoing general surgical procedures, according to a study published online Aug. 22 in JAMA Surgery.

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AMA Adopts Policy Promoting Health Equity As a Goal

FRIDAY, Aug. 24, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The American Medical Association (AMA) House of Delegates has adopted a policy that sets health equity as a goal for the U.S. health care system, according to a report published in the organization's AMA Wire.

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Decline in Hospital-Acquired Conditions Continues

FRIDAY, Aug. 24, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The rate of hospital-acquired conditions (HACs) continued its decline from 2014 to 2016, according to the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) National Scorecard on Hospital-Acquired Conditions.

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Hydrocodone Schedule Change Affected Post-Op Opioid Rx

FRIDAY, Aug. 24, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Hydrocodone's change from schedule III to schedule II in 2014 was associated with an increase in the amount of opioids filled in the initial prescription after surgery, according to a study published online Aug. 22 in JAMA Surgery.

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Small Practices Also at Risk for Data Breaches

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 22, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Data breaches can happen to small medical practices, but staff can take steps to prevent them, according to an article published in Medical Economics.

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Strategy Outlined for Shooter Incident in Health Care Facility

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 22, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Adhering to a "secure, preserve, fight" strategy is recommended for health care professionals working with a vulnerable patient population, according to a Medicine and Society piece published in the Aug. 9 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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National Provider Identifiers Are Vulnerable to Theft

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 22, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- National Provider Identifiers (NPIs) are vulnerable to identity theft, according to an article published in Physicians Practice.

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Advantages for HDHP Enrollees in Large Versus Small Firms

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 22, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Workers in small firms are more likely to have higher deductible levels and lack employer contributions to help pay for out-of-pocket expenses compared to workers in larger firms, according to a study published in the August issue of Health Affairs.

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Patient Education Urged to Prevent Opioid OD After Sobriety

TUESDAY, Aug. 21, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The American Medical Association (AMA) encourages patient education to raise awareness of the risks associated with opioid use after a prolonged period of sobriety, according to a report in the organization's AMA Wire.

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Doctors Often Not Discussing Risk Factors With Patients

TUESDAY, Aug. 21, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Patients report that doctors are routinely not discussing known risk factors for common causes of death, according to a survey conducted by ImagineMD.

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Pennsylvania Case Could Affect Evidence for Malpractice Defense

TUESDAY, Aug. 21, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The Pennsylvania Supreme Court has agreed to hear a case that could affect what evidence physicians may present in defense during medical malpractice suits, according to an article published in the American Medical Association's AMA Wire.

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Hypnosis Doesn't Cut Post-Op Pain in Breast Cancer Surgery

TUESDAY, Aug. 21, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Hypnosis before general anesthesia does not reduce postoperative breast pain among patients undergoing minor breast cancer surgery, according to a study published online Aug. 17 in JAMA Network Open.

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Experts Offer Tips for Provider Appeal of Denied Medical Claims

MONDAY, Aug.20, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Knowing payer policies and regulatory requirements is critical to appealing denials, according to an article published in Medical Economics.

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NYU Becomes First Medical School to Cover All Tuition

MONDAY, Aug. 20, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The NYU School of Medicine has announced that it is offering full-tuition scholarships to all current and future students in its M.D. degree program, regardless of need or merit.

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Residents' Sleep Deteriorates During Training

FRIDAY, Aug. 17, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- First-year residents experience worsening sleep duration and quality as well as daytime sleepiness, according to a study published in the June issue of the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

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Patient Portals Don't Appear to Have Much Traction

THURSDAY, Aug. 16, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Patient portals have not taken off as expected, according to an article published in Medical Economics.

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ACA Coverage Gains Include Workers Without Insurance

THURSDAY, Aug. 16, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- After the expanded coverage provisions of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) were implemented in 2014, self-employed individuals and wage earners without employer-sponsored health coverage offers had coverage gains equal to or greater than those of people not employed, according to a report published in the August issue of Health Affairs.

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Liposomal Bupivacaine Block No Aid for Cesarean Pain

THURSDAY, Aug. 16, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A liposomal bupivacaine incisional block at the time of cesarean delivery does not improve pain scores in the first 48 hours postoperatively, according to a study published in the July issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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6 Factors Related to Inclusion in Health Care Workplace ID'd

TUESDAY, Aug. 14, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- There are six broad factors that can affect inclusion within health care organizations, according to a study published online Aug. 3 in JAMA Network Open.

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Four Pros to Integrating EHR, Practice Management Software

MONDAY, Aug. 13, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Consolidating electronic health records and practice management software allows practices to save time and money, make fewer mistakes, and reduce the risk of privacy breaches, according to an article published in Physicians Practice.

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Sedation Level Doesn't Impact Delirium Risk After Hip Fx Repair

MONDAY, Aug. 13, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For older patients undergoing hip fracture repair, the level of sedation does not impact delirium risk overall, according to a study published online Aug. 8 in JAMA Surgery.

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AMA Adopts Policy on Augmented Intelligence

FRIDAY, Aug. 10, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The American Medical Association (AMA) House of Delegates has adopted a policy on augmented intelligence, according to a report published in the association's AMA Wire.

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AMA Adopts Policy to Advance Gender Equity in Medicine

THURSDAY, Aug. 9, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The American Medical Association (AMA) House of Delegates has adopted a new policy to study, act for, and advocate to advance gender equity in medicine, according to a report published in the association's AMA Wire.

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One-Third of Canadian Patients Get Hip Fx Repair Within 24 Hours

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 8, 2018 (HealthDay News)-- Only one-third of Canadian patients received hip fracture repair surgery within the desired 24 hours, according to a Canadian study published in the June 11 issue of CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.

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Steps Taken to Increase Use of Electronic Tools in Medicine

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 8, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Additional codes have been approved by the Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) Editorial Panel for chronic care remote physiologic monitoring and internet consultations, according to a report published by the American Medical Association (AMA).

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AMA Proposes Policy Opposing Medicaid 'Lockout' Provisions

TUESDAY, Aug. 7, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A new policy opposing lockout provisions that block Medicaid patients from the program for lengthy periods and instead supporting allowing patients to reapply immediately for redetermination was adopted by the American Medical Association (AMA) House of Delegates during the AMA's annual meeting in Chicago, according to an article published in the association's AMA Wire.

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Routine X-Ray Not Needed After US-Guided Central Line Insertion

TUESDAY, Aug. 7, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Pneumothorax and catheter misplacement after ultrasound-guided central venous catheter (CVC) insertion are rare and thus do not justify post-procedural chest X-ray (CXR), according to a study published in the July issue of CHEST.

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Some Bacteria Now More Tolerant of Alcohol-Based Sanitizers

FRIDAY, Aug. 3, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Some types of bacteria are developing tolerance of alcohol-based hand sanitizers used in hospitals, according to a study published in the Aug. 1 issue of Science Translational Medicine.

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Variation in Specialty Drug Coverage Across Health Plans

FRIDAY, Aug. 3, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- There is considerable variation in specialty drug coverage across commercial health plans, according to a study published in the July issue of Health Affairs.

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Groups Urge CMS to Reconsider Suspending Risk Adjustment

FRIDAY, Aug. 3, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- In a letter sent to Administrator Seema Verma of the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS), medical organizations are urging reconsideration of the decision to suspend payments to insurers as required under the Affordable Care Act's risk-adjustment program.

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Health Affairs Announces Launch of New Three-Year Initiative

THURSDAY, Aug. 2, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A council on health care spending and value has been established by the journal Health Affairs.

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Three Financial Metrics Can Improve Practice Performance

THURSDAY, Aug. 2, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- By understanding three indices and metrics, physicians can change the financial outcome of their medical practice, according to a report published in Medical Economics.

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New Short-Term Health Plans Have Large Coverage Gaps

THURSDAY, Aug. 2, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- There are large coverage gaps in short-term health plans that were approved Wednesday by the Trump administration, and are described by critics as "junk insurance."

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National Guideline Clearinghouse Offline Due to Funding Cuts

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 1, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The National Guideline Clearinghouse (NGC) and National Quality Measures Clearinghouse (NQMC) websites were taken down on July 16 when funding for these federal databases ended, according to an announcement by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ).

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