Exercising More Often May Lower CVD Risk in Older Adults

Maintaining, increasing frequency of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity level may reduce CVD risk

FRIDAY, Nov. 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Older adults who increase their frequency of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) have a significantly lower risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) compared with those who are continuously physically inactive, according to a study published online Nov. 7 in the European Heart Journal.

Kyuwoong Kim, from the Seoul National University Graduate School in South Korea, and colleagues examined the correlation between changes in MVPA and CVD in a nationwide cohort study of older adults aged 60 years and older. The risk for CVD was assessed prospectively between 2013 and 2016 according to changes in frequency of MVPA.

The researchers found that those who increased their frequency of MVPA from physically inactive to active had a significant reduced risk for total CVD compared with those who were continuously physically inactive (engaging in physical activity one to two times per week: 0.7/1,000 person-years [PY] decrease in incidence rate [IR; adjusted hazard ratio, 0.95]; three to four times per week: 1.5/1,000 PY decrease in IR [adjusted hazard ratio, 0.89]; and at least five times per week: 0.4/1,000 PY decrease in IR [adjusted hazard ratio, 0.91]). Compared with those who maintained their frequency of MVPA, older adults who became physically inactive after engaging in MVPA more than one to two times per week had a higher CVD risk.

"We believe that community-based programs to encourage physical activity among older adults should be promoted by governments," Kim said in a statement. "Also, from a clinical perspective, physicians should 'prescribe' physical activity along with other recommended medical treatments for people with a high risk of cardiovascular disease."

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