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August 2020 Briefing - Emergency Medicine

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Emergency Medicine for August 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

FDA Could Green-Light COVID-19 Vaccines Before Clinical Trials Completed

MONDAY, Aug. 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Emergency use authorization (EUA) or approval for a COVID-19 vaccine before phase 3 clinical trials are complete could be considered by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, according to the agency's commissioner, Stephen Hahn, M.D.

CNN Article

Community-Level Factors Explain Some Racial Disparities in COVID-19

MONDAY, Aug. 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Community-level factors explain some, but not all, racial and ethnic disparities in COVID-19 rates in Massachusetts, according to a report published online Aug. 27 in Health Affairs.

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Use of Performance-Enhancing Substances Tied to Risk Behaviors

MONDAY, Aug. 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Use of legal performance-enhancing substances (PES) in young adults is associated with an increased likelihood of future problematic alcohol use and drinking-related risk behaviors, according to a study published online Aug. 31 in Pediatrics.

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Pandemic May Have Delayed Type 1 Diabetes Diagnoses

MONDAY, Aug. 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Many children may have delayed diagnosis of type 1 diabetes during the COVID-19 pandemic, according to a study published online Aug. 10 in Diabetes Care.

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Salmonella Outbreak Linked to Peaches Has Now Sickened 78 People

FRIDAY, Aug. 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A Salmonella outbreak linked to recalled peaches from Prima Wawona and Wawona Packing Co. LLC has now sickened 78 people in 12 states, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said in an update Thursday. It said that 23 people have been hospitalized, but no deaths have been reported.

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Physician's Briefing Weekly Coronavirus Roundup

Here is what the editors at Physician's Briefing chose as the most important COVID-19 developments for you and your practice for the week of Aug. 24 to 28, 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal studies and other trusted sources that is most likely to affect clinical practice.

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FDA Warns of Hand Sanitizers in Food-Like Packaging

FRIDAY, Aug. 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A warning about alcohol-based hand sanitizers in packaging that looks like food or drink has been issued by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

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Model Says COVID-19 Deaths Could Surpass 317,000 by December

FRIDAY, Aug. 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A widely cited model for COVID-19 deaths in the United States predicts a total of 317,000 deaths by December.

CNN Article

Early Use of Empiric Antibacterial Therapy Common in COVID-19

FRIDAY, Aug. 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Early empiric antibacterial therapy use is high in patients hospitalized with COVID-19, according to a study published online Aug. 21 in Clinical Infectious Diseases.

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Mortality, Intubation Rates Lower With Anticoagulation in COVID-19

FRIDAY, Aug. 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Among hospitalized patients with COVID-19, anticoagulation (AC) is associated with reduced mortality and intubation, according to a study published online Aug. 26 in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Low Rates of Severe Disease, Death Reported for Children With COVID-19

FRIDAY, Aug. 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Severe disease and death appear to be rare among children and young people hospitalized with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19, according to an observational study in the United Kingdom published online Aug. 27 in The BMJ.

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COVID-19 Infection May Initially Present as Acute Pancreatitis

FRIDAY, Aug. 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Acute pancreatitis may be a gastrointestinal manifestation of COVID-19, according to research published online Aug. 26 in Gastroenterology.

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Maine Summer Camps Identified, Isolated COVID-19 Cases

THURSDAY, Aug. 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Three COVID-19-positive people with no symptoms were successfully identified and isolated at four overnight camps in Maine, according to research published in the Aug. 26 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Admissions for Stroke, TIA Down Early in COVID-19 Pandemic

THURSDAY, Aug. 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Admissions for stroke and transient ischemic attack (TIA) have decreased during the COVID-19 pandemic, according to a study published online Aug. 26 in Stroke and Vascular Neurology.

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Metabolic Syndrome Linked to Worse Outcomes in COVID-19

THURSDAY, Aug. 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is associated with a lethal outcome for patients with COVID-19, according to a study published online Aug. 25 in Diabetes Care.

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U.S. Nursing Home Staff Must Be Tested Regularly for COVID-19

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Nursing home staff will have to be tested regularly for COVID-19, and facilities that fail to do so will face fines, the Trump administration said Tuesday.

AP News Article

Changes to CDC COVID-19 Testing Guidelines Trigger Concern

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Experts are alarmed about revised U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention guidelines advising that people who do not have symptoms of COVID-19 do not need to be tested, even if they have recently been exposed to the new coronavirus.

The New York Times Article

About Half of Waivered Clinicians Prescribe Buprenorphine for OUD

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- About half of waivered clinicians prescribe buprenorphine for opioid use disorder and most treat at levels below their patient limits, according to a research letter published online Aug. 24 in JAMA Network Open.

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Increase in Hospital Bed Use Tied to COVID-19 Deaths in Seven Days

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Intensive care unit (ICU) and non-ICU bed use as a percentage of a state's hospital bed capacity is significantly associated with an increase in overall COVID-19 deaths during the next seven days, according to a study published online Aug. 19 in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

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Nurse Understaffing Common in Hospitals Prior to COVID-19

TUESDAY, Aug. 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Many hospital nurses in Illinois and New York were burned out and working in understaffed conditions immediately prior to the first wave of COVID-19 patients, according to a study published online Aug. 18 in BMJ Quality & Safety.

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Prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 in Asymptomatic Children Identified

TUESDAY, Aug. 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The pooled prevalence of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV02) in asymptomatic children is 0.65 percent and is significantly associated with the incidence of COVID-19 in the general population, according to a research letter published online Aug. 25 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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CPR Preferences Explored for Patients Receiving Dialysis

TUESDAY, Aug. 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Among patients receiving dialysis, cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) preferences are associated with some aspects of end-of-life care, according to a study published online Aug. 24 in JAMA Network Open.

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Return to Hospital Infrequent After COVID-19 Admission

TUESDAY, Aug. 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Return to hospital after discharge for inpatients with COVID-19 is infrequent, according to a study published online Aug. 19 in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

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Health, Economic Factors Tied to Outcomes of Emergency Surgery

TUESDAY, Aug. 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Increased levels of comorbidity and socioeconomic deprivation are associated with mortality, discharge destination, and length of hospital stay (LOS) following admission for emergency general surgery (EGS), according to a study published online Aug. 24 in Trauma Surgery & Acute Care Open.

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Web Searches Suggesting Acute Anxiety Spiked Early in COVID-19

TUESDAY, Aug. 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Internet searches indicative of acute anxiety peaked early in the COVID-19 pandemic, according to a research letter published online Aug. 24 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Heart Events Observed for ~12 Percent of Adults Hospitalized With Flu

TUESDAY, Aug. 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Among adults hospitalized with laboratory-confirmed influenza, 11.7 percent have an acute cardiovascular event, according to a study published online Aug. 25 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Pop Concert Held to Learn More About COVID-19 Spread

MONDAY, Aug. 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- About 1,500 people attended a pop concert in Germany to help researchers learn how the new coronavirus spreads in such situations.

AP News Article

World's First Confirmed Case of COVID-19 Reinfection Reported in Hong Kong

MONDAY, Aug. 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The world's first confirmed case of reinfection with the new coronavirus has been reported in Hong Kong.

The New York Times Article

Widespread Mask Use Could Save 70,000 U.S. Lives by Dec. 1

MONDAY, Aug. 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- There could be another 134,000 COVID-19 deaths in the United States by Dec. 1 if no new prevention measures are introduced, and the number of deaths could be much higher if rules are relaxed, researchers report. However, they also said that 70,000 lives could be saved if more people wore masks, CNN reported.

CNN Article

Shortage of Emergency Physicians Growing in Rural Areas

MONDAY, Aug. 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Large areas of rural America are experiencing shortages of emergency physicians, according to a study published online July 31 in the Annals of Emergency Medicine.

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Clinical Impact of Remdesivir in Moderate COVID-19 Unclear

MONDAY, Aug. 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with moderate COVID-19 receiving a five-day course of remdesivir have a statistically significant difference in clinical status compared with usual care, according to a study published online Aug. 21 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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School-Located Influenza Vaccine Intervention Beneficial

MONDAY, Aug. 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A school-located influenza vaccination (SLIV) intervention is associated with a reduction in the incidence of influenza hospitalization, according to a study published online Aug. 18 in PLOS Medicine.

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Physician's Briefing Weekly Coronavirus Roundup

Here is what the editors at Physician's Briefing chose as the most important COVID-19 developments for you and your practice for the week of Aug. 17 to 21, 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal studies and other trusted sources that is most likely to affect clinical practice.

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White House Blocks FDA's Power to Regulate Lab Tests

FRIDAY, Aug. 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The Trump administration has blocked the U.S. Food and Drug Administration from regulating a wide swath of laboratory tests, including ones for COVID-19.

Washington Post Article

Extract From Deadly Plant Touted as COVID-19 Cure

FRIDAY, Aug. 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Experts have slammed claims by a major Trump donor that an extract from a deadly plant is a cure for COVID-19.

The New York Times Article

Incidence of COVID-19 Up for American Indians, Alaska Natives

THURSDAY, Aug. 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The overall incidence of COVID-19 is increased among American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) persons in the United States, according to research published in the Aug. 19 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Wawona Bagged Peaches Linked to Salmonella Outbreak

THURSDAY, Aug. 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A Salmonella outbreak that has sickened 68 people in nine states may be linked to Wawona-brand bagged peaches sold at ALDI stores, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration said Wednesday.

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SARS-CoV-2 Nasopharyngeal Load Higher in Children Than Adults

THURSDAY, Aug. 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Children with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection have the highest nasopharyngeal viral load in the first two days of symptoms, according to a study published online Aug. 20 in The Journal of Pediatrics.

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Disparities Seen in COVID-19 Hospitalizations in Racial/Ethnic Subgroups

THURSDAY, Aug. 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- There are considerable disparities in the prevalence of COVID-19 across racial/ethnic subgroups in the United States, according to a research letter published online Aug. 17 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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CDC: Recalled Onions Linked to 869 Salmonella Cases in 47 States

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Recalled onions have been linked to a Salmonella outbreak that has caused 869 illnesses in 47 states, according to an update late Tuesday by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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Disparities Seen in COVID-19 Hot Spots for Racial, Ethnic Minority Groups

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Disparities in COVID-19 cases are seen in one or more underrepresented racial/ethnic groups in almost all hot spots in the United States, according to research published in the Aug. 14 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Homelessness Tied to Higher Readmission Rates

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Homelessness is associated with significantly higher 30- and 90-day readmission rates even when adjusting for other demographic and clinical factors, according to a study recently published in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

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COVID-19 Spread Among Students Prompts UNC to Return to Online Teaching

TUESDAY, Aug. 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In a potential harbinger of what could unfold on college campuses across the United States this fall, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill said Monday it will revert back to online teaching after testing showed a rapid spread of COVID-19 among students.

The New York Times Article

ACP, AAFP Issue Guidelines for Acute Musculoskeletal Injuries

TUESDAY, Aug. 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Topical nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are recommended for the treatment of acute pain from non-low back, musculoskeletal injuries, according to a clinical guideline developed by the American College of Physicians (ACP) and the American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP) and published online Aug. 18 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Clinical Guideline
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Rates of Prescription Opioid Use Higher in Cancer Survivors

TUESDAY, Aug. 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Cancer survivors have higher rates of prescription opioid use but do not have increased rates of prescription opioid misuse compared with those without a history of cancer, according to a study published online Aug. 17 in JAMA Network Open.

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Mortality Down but Health Care Costs Up From Gun Violence

TUESDAY, Aug. 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- From 2005 to 2016, there was a decrease in gunshot wound (GSW) mortality, accompanied by increasing mean costs, according to a study published online Aug. 10 in the Journal of the American College of Surgeons.

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FDA: Cyclospora Outbreak Source Still Unknown

MONDAY, Aug. 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The source of an outbreak of Cyclospora infections that have affected 690 people in 13 states is still unknown, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration says.

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Incidence, Severity of Intimate Partner Violence Up During Pandemic

MONDAY, Aug. 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The incidence and severity of physical intimate partner violence (IPV) have been higher during the COVID-19 pandemic than in the previous three years, according to a study published online Aug. 13 in Radiology.

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CV Risk Factors, Comorbidity Tied to COVID-19 CV Complications

MONDAY, Aug. 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For patients hospitalized with COVID-19, preexisting cardiovascular comorbidities or risk factors (RFs) are associated with cardiovascular complications, which contribute to mortality, according to a meta-analysis published online Aug. 14 in PLOS ONE.

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Hospital Visitation, Communication Policies Evolving Due to COVID-19

MONDAY, Aug. 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Patient visitation policies and clinician communication methods in hospitals have undergone a major overhaul, according to a letter to the editor published online July 20 in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

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Shift Occurring in Deadly Overdoses

FRIDAY, Aug. 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- There has been a dramatic increase in overdose fatalities involving illicit opioids, stimulants, heroin, and cocaine but a simultaneous dramatic drop in the use of prescription opioids, according to the Opioid Task Force 2020 Progress Report released by the American Medical Association (AMA).

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Physician's Briefing Weekly Coronavirus Roundup

Here is what the editors at Physician's Briefing chose as the most important COVID-19 developments for you and your practice for the week of Aug. 10 to 14, 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal studies and other trusted sources that is most likely to affect clinical practice.

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COVID-19 Deaths in Nursing Homes Climbing Again

FRIDAY, Aug. 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The novel coronavirus is surging once more in U.S. nursing homes, where it killed tens of thousands at the start of the pandemic.

Washington Post Article

Excess Mortality During Peak of 1918 Flu Similar to COVID-19 in NYC

FRIDAY, Aug. 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Excess mortality during the peak of the 1918 H1N1 influenza pandemic was comparable to that seen early in the COVID-19 pandemic outbreak in New York City, according to a research letter published online Aug. 13 in JAMA Network Open.

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Positivity Rates of SARS-CoV-2 Low for Children in England

FRIDAY, Aug. 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Children in England had low positivity rates of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) during the first COVID-19 pandemic peak and also had a low case-fatality rate, according to a study published online Aug. 12 in the Archives of Disease in Childhood.

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Adverse Mental, Behavioral Health Issues Common During COVID-19

THURSDAY, Aug. 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- More than 40 percent of adults across the United States have reported at least one adverse mental or behavioral health condition during the COVID-19 pandemic, according to research published in the Aug. 14 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Abnormal Liver Tests Common in Hospitalized COVID-19 Patients

THURSDAY, Aug. 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Hospitalized patients with COVID-19 frequently have abnormal liver tests, which may be associated with poorer clinical outcomes, according to research published online July 29 in Hepatology.

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U.S. COVID-19 Death Tally Hits New High for Summer

THURSDAY, Aug. 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- America logged its highest single-day COVID-19 death total of the summer on Wednesday, as the toll from an earlier surge in cases in Sun Belt states continued to mount.

The New York Times Article

FDA Warns of Hand Sanitizers Tainted With 1-Propanol

THURSDAY, Aug. 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration is warning people not to use hand sanitizers made by Harmonic Nature S de RL de MI in Mexico.

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U.S. Government to Buy 100 Million Doses of COVID-19 Vaccine From Moderna

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 12, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The Trump administration has agreed to pay $1.5 billion for 100 million doses of a COVID-19 vaccine from Moderna once it is approved, CNN reported Wednesday.

CNN Article

Many Community Outbreaks of COVID-19 Traced to Restaurants, Bars

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 12, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- New data show that many of the community outbreaks of COVID-19 that have cropped up in the United States this summer have originated in restaurants and bars.

The New York Times Article

Burnout Less Likely for Doctors in Minority Race/Ethnic Groups

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 12, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Compared with non-Hispanic White physicians, physicians in minority racial/ethnic groups are less likely to report burnout, according to a study published online Aug. 7 in JAMA Network Open.

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CDC: Pediatric Hospitalizations for COVID-19 Increasing

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 12, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- While rates of hospitalization for children with COVID-19 remain low, they have been increasing, according to research published in the Aug. 7 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Self-Reported Biotin Use Increased From 1999 to 2016

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 12, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- From 1999 to 2016, the prevalence of self-reported biotin supplement use increased, especially among women and older adults, according to a research letter published in the Aug. 11 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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SARS-CoV-2 Rates Up for Minority, Disadvantaged Children

TUESDAY, Aug. 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The rates of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection are increased among minority and socioeconomically disadvantaged children, according to a study published online Aug. 5 in Pediatrics.

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Gilead Seeks FDA Approval for Remdesivir

TUESDAY, Aug. 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Gilead Sciences has applied to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for approval for its COVID-19 treatment, remdesivir. The antiviral drug will take the brand name Veklury, the company said.

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FDA Head Says Any Approved COVID-19 Vaccine Will Be Safe

TUESDAY, Aug. 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Stephen Hahn, M.D., the head of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, said Monday that the agency will not compromise safety when approving a COVID-19 vaccine, CNN reported.

CNN Article

Russia Approves COVID-19 Vaccine Before Trials Completed

TUESDAY, Aug. 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Before completing clinical trials to ensure the vaccine is safe and effective, the Russian government has gone ahead and approved a vaccine against the new coronavirus, The New York Times reported Tuesday.

The New York Times Article

Respiratory-Related ED Visits Up in Days Before Thunderstorms

TUESDAY, Aug. 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Emergency department visits for acute respiratory illness among Medicare beneficiaries significantly increase in the days before major thunderstorms, according to a research letter published online Aug. 10 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Some Occult Overdose Deaths Misclassified as Cardiac Arrests

TUESDAY, Aug. 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A considerable proportion of deaths attributed to out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) are actually caused by occult overdose, according to a research letter published online Aug. 11 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Expanding Medicaid in Holdout States Could Insure 3.9 Million

MONDAY, Aug. 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Expanding Medicaid to all states could reduce the number of uninsured by 28 percent based on pre-COVID-19 data, according to a report released by the Urban Institute and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.

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Report: 97,000 U.S. Children Infected With COVID-19 in Late July

MONDAY, Aug. 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- With millions of American children soon returning to school, a new study shows that at least 97,000 children were infected with COVID-19 during the last two weeks of July.

The New York Times Article
Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children

FDA: Outbreak of Salmonella Infections Linked to Onions

MONDAY, Aug. 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration is warning consumers not to use onions recalled by Thomson International Inc. as they may be contaminated with Salmonella, which has sickened more than 900 people in the United States and Canada.

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Legionella Bacteria Forces CDC Office Closures

MONDAY, Aug. 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention informed employees that office space it rents in the Atlanta area would be closed after Legionella, the bacteria that causes legionnaires disease, was found in the buildings, The New York Times reported. Fortunately, no employees have been sickened.

The New York Times Article

Two-Thirds of U.S. Adults Likely to Get COVID-19 Vaccine

MONDAY, Aug. 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Two-thirds of U.S. adults say they would get a COVID-19 vaccine, according to the results of a survey released Aug. 6 by the COVID-19 Consortium for Understanding the Public's Policy Preferences Across States.

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Hospitalization Rates for AMI Dropped During Early COVID-19

MONDAY, Aug. 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- During the early COVID-19 period, there was a decrease in hospitalization rates for acute myocardial infarction (AMI), according to a brief report published online Aug. 7 in JAMA Cardiology.

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Serine 91 Genotype of gyrA Gonorrhea Successfully Treated With Ciprofloxacin

MONDAY, Aug. 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with gonorrhea, detection of the wild-type serine 91 genotype of the gyrA gene of Neisseria gonorrhoeae is predictive of a successful treatment outcome with ciprofloxacin, according to a study published online Aug. 7 in Clinical Infectious Diseases.

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Physician's Briefing Weekly Coronavirus Roundup

Here is what the editors at Physician's Briefing chose as the most important COVID-19 developments for you and your practice for the week of Aug. 3 to 7, 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal studies and other trusted sources that is most likely to affect clinical practice.

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300,000 American Deaths Projected by December Without More Face Mask Use

FRIDAY, Aug. 7, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- As the U.S. COVID-19 case count neared 5 million on Thursday, a new model predicted that nearly 300,000 Americans could die of COVID-19 by December if more people do not wear masks or practice better social distancing.

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Life Expectancy 78.60 Years for U.S. Population for 2009-2011

FRIDAY, Aug. 7, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Life expectancy for 2009 to 2011 was 78.60 years for the total U.S. population, with the highest life expectancy for Hispanic women, according to the Aug. 7 National Vital Statistics Reports, a publication from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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SARS-CoV-2 Antibodies Detected in 13.7 Percent of NYC HCPs

FRIDAY, Aug. 7, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Among health care providers in the New York City area, 13.7 percent have severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) antibodies, a rate similar to adults randomly tested in New York state, according to a research letter published online Aug. 6 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Moderna Charging Much More for COVID-19 Vaccine Than Others

FRIDAY, Aug. 7, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Moderna is charging $37 a dose for its experimental vaccine, which is far more than what other companies say they plan to charge for their vaccines, CBS News reported Wednesday. Because two doses of the vaccine are needed to immunize people from COVID-19, total costs could be $74 per person.

CBS News Article

Telestroke Consultations Down During COVID-19 Pandemic

FRIDAY, Aug. 7, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The median number of weekly consults seen through a telestroke network decreased during the COVID-19 pandemic, with Black patients significantly less likely to present with strokes, according to a study published online Aug. 5 in Stroke.

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COVID-19 Tied to Higher Risk for Large Vessel Occlusion Strokes

FRIDAY, Aug. 7, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- COVID-19 is associated with large vessel occlusion (LVO) strokes, according to a study published online July 29 in the American Journal of Roentgenology.

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Scientists Call for Broader Use of Faster COVID-19 Tests

THURSDAY, Aug. 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- As COVID-19 cases continue to surge across America, scientists on Wednesday called for widespread adoption of simpler, less accurate tests, as long as they are given often and quickly.

The New York Times Article

Johnson & Johnson Makes $1 Billion Vaccine Deal

THURSDAY, Aug. 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. government will pay Johnson & Johnson $1 billion for 100 million doses of its vaccine if it is approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, the Washington Post reported Wednesday.

Washington Post Article

CDC: More American Indian, Alaska Natives in Fair, Poor Health

THURSDAY, Aug. 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- American Indian and Alaska Native (AIAN) adults are more likely to be in fair or poor health than all U.S. adults, according to an August data brief published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Health Statistics.

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Early Use of IL-6 Inhibitors May Improve COVID-19 Outcomes

THURSDAY, Aug. 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with severe COVID-19, administration of an interleukin-6 receptor inhibitor (IL6ri) earlier in the disease course is associated with improved outcomes, according to a study published online July 25 in the International Journal of Infectious Diseases.

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ED Visits Decreased in Five States From January Through April 2020

THURSDAY, Aug. 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- As the COVID-19 pandemic intensified, there was a decrease in emergency department visits in five states from January through April 2020, according to a study published online Aug. 3 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Editorial

AHA: Cannabis May Have Adverse Cardiovascular Effects

THURSDAY, Aug. 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Cannabis seems not to be associated with cardiovascular benefits but has adverse cardiovascular effects, according to a scientific statement from the American Heart Association published online Aug. 5 in Circulation.

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Experimental COVID-19 Vaccine Shows Encouraging Results

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 5, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Maryland-based Novavax said Tuesday that preliminary trials of an experimental COVID-19 vaccine were promising.

The New York Times Article

Seven States Join Pact to Speed COVID-19 Testing

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 5, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- As the daily U.S. COVID-19 death toll averaged more than 1,000 for the ninth straight day on Tuesday, governors from seven states banded together to shorten turnaround time for COVID-19 test results.

The New York Times Article
CNN Article

CDC Describes 238 Confirmed Cases of Acute Flaccid Myelitis

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 5, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Acute flaccid myelitis (AFM) mainly occurs during August to November, and weakness onset is often preceded by prodromal fever, respiratory illness, or both, according to research published in the Aug. 4 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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COVID-19 Case Fatality Rate 29 Percent in Multiple Myeloma Patients

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 5, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with multiple myeloma and COVID-19, the case fatality rate is 29 percent among hospitalized patients, with increased odds of adverse outcomes among racial/ethnic minorities, according to a study published online July 30 in Blood Cancer Discovery.

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Bisphenol A Linked to More Asthma Symptoms in Young Boys

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 5, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Higher levels of bisphenol A (BPA), a chemical used to make certain plastics and resins, may cause more severe asthma symptoms in children, according to a study published online July 28 in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology.

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Health Plans Not Implementing Prior Authorization Reforms

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 5, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Physicians say prior authorization (PA) continues to interfere with patient care and can lead to adverse clinical consequences, according to the results of a survey released by the American Medical Association.

Press Release
Physician Survey

President Says Medicare Should Expand Telehealth Services

TUESDAY, Aug. 4, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- President Donald Trump signed an order on Monday that will broaden the role of telehealth for Medicare patients, the Associated Press reported.

AP News Article

Most Studies Still Fail to Analyze Data by Sex

TUESDAY, Aug. 4, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The effect of gender is still largely ignored in scientific studies, according to a study published online June 9 in eLife.

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Trump's Plan Limits Free Nursing Home COVID-19 Tests

TUESDAY, Aug. 4, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The plan to give every nursing home a fast COVID-19 testing machine has a catch, the Associated Press reported Tuesday. The catch is that under the Trump administration plan, the government will not give kits to check staff and residents more than a couple of times.

AP News Article

Burnout High Among Nonphysician Frontline Health Care Workers

TUESDAY, Aug. 4, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- More than 40 percent of nurses on the front lines during the pandemic may be experiencing burnout, according to a research letter published online Aug. 4 in JAMA Network Open.

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AI-Enabled ECG Can Identify Left Ventricular Systolic Dysfunction

TUESDAY, Aug. 4, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For patients presenting to the emergency department with dyspnea, an artificial intelligence-enabled electrocardiogram (AI-ECG) can identify left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD; defined as left ventricular ejection fraction ≤35 percent) with high accuracy, according to a study published online Aug. 4 in Circulation: Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology.

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Risk for Acute Cerebrovascular Events Low in COVID-19 Patients

MONDAY, Aug. 3, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For hospitalized COVID-19 patients, the risk for acute cerebrovascular events is low, according to a study published online July 20 in Stroke.

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Obesity Ups Risk for Intubation, Death With COVID-19 in Adults <65

MONDAY, Aug. 3, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Obesity is associated with an increased risk for intubation or death among hospitalized adults with COVID-19, with the association observed in adults younger than 65 years but not in older adults, according to a study published online July 29 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Risk for Positive COVID-19 Test Up for Health Care Workers

MONDAY, Aug. 3, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Frontline health care workers have an increased risk for reporting a positive test for COVID-19, according to a study published online July 31 in The Lancet Public Health.

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