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February 2020 Briefing - Gastroenterology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Gastroenterology for February 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Inflammatory Conditions of Skin, Bowel May Be Linked

FRIDAY, Feb. 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- There appears to be a link between hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), according to a review published in the February issue of the International Journal of Dermatology.

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Electronic Nose Can Detect Barrett Esophagus in Breath Test

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- An electronic nose that measures volatile organic compounds can detect Barrett esophagus, according to a study published online Feb. 25 in Gut.

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Influence of Politics Has Not Waned in Opinions About ACA

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Public opinion about the Affordable Care Act (ACA) remains divided 10 years after its passage, according to a study published online Feb. 19 in Health Affairs.

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Mistreatment, Discrimination Still Common for Medical Students

TUESDAY, Feb. 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Mistreatment of medical students remains common for women, racial/ethnic minorities, and sexual minorities, according to a study published online Feb. 24 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Guidance Issued for Food Intake in Inflammatory Bowel Disease

TUESDAY, Feb. 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In an article from the International Organization for the Study of Inflammatory Bowel Disease, published online Feb. 14 in Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology, recommendations are presented regarding specific food consumption for patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).

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Many Smokers Who Quit Before Gastric Bypass Surgery Relapse

MONDAY, Feb. 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Although most adults who smoke prior to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) quit before surgery, the rate of relapse is high, according to a study published online Feb. 20 in the Annals of Surgery.

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QOL Similar After Surgery, Antibiotics for Uncomplicated Appendicitis

FRIDAY, Feb. 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For patients being treated for uncomplicated acute appendicitis, quality of life (QOL) is similar at seven years after appendectomy or antibiotic therapy, according to a study published online Feb. 19 in JAMA Surgery.

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Cancer Therapy-Associated Polyposis May Mimic CRC Predisposition

FRIDAY, Feb. 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Childhood and young adulthood cancer (CYAC) therapy-associated polyposis (TAP) often has clinical features suggestive of at least one colorectal cancer (CRC) predisposition syndrome, according to a study published online Feb. 12 in Cancer Prevention Research.

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Ultrasound May ID Children at Risk for Cystic Fibrosis Liver Disease

THURSDAY, Feb. 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A heterogeneous pattern on ultrasound examination of the liver may help identify children with cystic fibrosis (CF) at increased risk for developing advanced CF liver disease, according to a study published online Feb. 12 in The Journal of Pediatrics.

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Many Transgender Youth Intentionally Avoid Disclosure

THURSDAY, Feb. 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Most transgender youth voluntarily disclose their gender identity to health care providers (HCPs) outside of a gender clinic; however, almost half report having intentionally avoided disclosure, according to a study published online Feb. 20 in the Journal of Adolescent Health.

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Mediterranean Diet May Modulate Gut Bacteria in Seniors

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For older persons, following a Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) is associated with an increased abundance of specific taxa linked to markers of lower frailty and improved cognitive function, according to a study published online Feb. 17 in Gut.

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Functional Outcomes Similar Across Localized Prostate Cancer Treatments

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Most functional differences associated with contemporary management of localized prostate cancer attenuate by five years, according to a study published in the Jan. 14 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Risk for Adverse Events Up With Low-Dose Methotrexate

TUESDAY, Feb. 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Use of low-dose methotrexate (LD-MTX) is associated with increased risks for adverse events (AEs), including skin cancer, and gastrointestinal, pulmonary, infectious, and hematologic AEs, according to research published online Feb. 18 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Telemarketer Access to Medicare Information to Be Investigated

FRIDAY, Feb. 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- An investigation into how telemarketers may be obtaining seniors' personal Medicare information will be launched by the U.S. Health and Human Services inspector general office.

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U.S. Life Expectancy to Reach 85 by 2060

FRIDAY, Feb. 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Nearly a quarter of all U.S. residents will be older than 65 by 2060, and life expectancy will reach an all-time high of 85 by that year, according to the U.S. Census Bureau.

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Massachusetts Health Reform Tied to Decrease in Advanced Cancer

FRIDAY, Feb. 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Following state health reform, there was a decline in advanced-stage colorectal cancer (CRC) diagnoses in Massachusetts, according to a study published in the February issue of Medical Care.

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Bariatric Surgery May Cut Risk for Colorectal Cancer in Obese Patients

THURSDAY, Feb. 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Among obese individuals, those who undergo bariatric surgery have an approximately 35 percent lower risk for developing colorectal cancer than those who do not undergo surgery, according to a review and meta-analysis published online Jan. 24 in the British Journal of Surgery.

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2011 to 2018 Saw Decline in Problems Paying Medical Bills

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 12, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- From 2011 to 2018, there was a decrease in the percentage of families having problems paying medical bills in the past 12 months, according to a February data brief published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Health Statistics.

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Rates of Liver Disease High Among World Trade Center Responders

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 12, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- World Trade Center (WTC) responders have a three times higher rate of liver disease compared with non-WTC responders, according to a study recently published in Clinical Imaging.

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Empathy Declines as Students Progress Through Medical School

MONDAY, Feb. 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Students become less empathic toward patients throughout medical school, according to a study published online Jan. 21 in Academic Medicine.

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Seniors Have Concerns About Affording Health Insurance

MONDAY, Feb. 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Many adults aged 50 to 64 years are concerned about their ability to afford health insurance, according to a study published online Feb. 7 in JAMA Network Open.

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GI Bleeding in OAC-Treated A-Fib Patients Indicates CRC Risk

FRIDAY, Feb. 7, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Lower-gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding is associated with high risks for colorectal cancer in patients with atrial fibrillation treated with oral anticoagulation (OAC) therapy, according to a study published online Feb. 6 in the European Heart Journal.

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Number of Nurse Practitioners More Than Doubled 2010 to 2017

FRIDAY, Feb. 7, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- From 2010 to 2017, there was a substantial increase in the number of nurse practitioners in the United States, with a corresponding reduction in the size of the registered nurse workforce, according to a report published in the February issue of Health Affairs.

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Overweight and Obesity May Up Risk for Several Common Cancers

THURSDAY, Feb. 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Hospital-diagnosed overweight and obesity is associated with an increased risk for several common cancers, according to a study recently published in the Journal of Internal Medicine.

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Reference Pricing Linked to Lower Prices Paid by Employers

THURSDAY, Feb. 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Reference prices are associated with lower prices paid by employers and lower cost sharing by employees, according to a study published online Feb. 5 in JAMA Network Open.

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H. pylori Eradication Cuts Gastric Cancer Risk in Those With Family History

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 5, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Among those who have Helicobacter pylori infection and a family history of gastric cancer in first-degree relatives, eradication treatment for H. pylori reduces the risk for gastric cancer, according to a study published in the Jan. 30 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Steep Increase Seen in Incidence of CRC From Age 49 to 50 Years

MONDAY, Feb. 3, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- There are steep incidence increases in colorectal cancer from age 49 to 50 years, according to a study published online Jan. 31 in JAMA Network Open.

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Proactive Pain Management May Cut Postop Opioid Prescriptions

MONDAY, Feb. 3, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- An enhanced recovery after surgery program complemented by a preemptive pain management program is associated with a decrease in opioid prescriptions at discharge following minimally invasive foregut surgery, according to a study published in the February issue of the Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery.

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