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September 2020 Briefing - Gastroenterology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Gastroenterology for September 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

High-Risk Patients Not Aware of Needed Colonoscopy Intervals

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Many patients with biopsy-confirmed advanced colorectal polyps are unaware of their need for repeat colonoscopy as well as the proper surveillance interval, according to a study recently published in the Journal of Gastroenterology and Digestive Systems.

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Cancer Mortality Higher for U.S. Counties With Persistent Poverty

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- U.S. counties with persistent poverty (≥20 percent of residents in poverty since 1980) have higher rates of cancer mortality, according to a study published online Sept. 30 in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention.

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Review IDs Dietary Factors Linked to Lower CRC Incidence

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Decreased colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence is seen in association with use of aspirin, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), magnesium, folate, and high consumption of fruits and vegetables, fiber, and dairy products, according to an umbrella review published online Sept. 28 in Gut.

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Early Introduction of Gluten Linked to Decline in Celiac Disease

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Introduction of gluten from age 4 months is associated with a reduced prevalence of celiac disease (CD), according to a study published online Sept. 28 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Hospital Admissions Not Related to COVID-19 Fell in Early 2020

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Non-COVID-19 hospital admissions decreased considerably with the onset of COVID-19, with declines generally similar across patient demographic subgroups from February to April 2020, according to a report published online Sept. 24 in Health Affairs.

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Proton Pump Inhibitor Use Linked to Increased T2DM Risk

TUESDAY, Sept. 29, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Regular use of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) is associated with an increased risk for type 2 diabetes, according to a study published online Sept. 28 in Gut.

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Private Health Plans Pay Hospitals 247 Percent of Medicare

MONDAY, Sept. 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- During 2018, prices paid to hospitals by privately insured patients averaged 247 percent of what Medicare would have paid, according to a study from the RAND Corporation.

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Metabolic Surgery May Cut Risk for Cardiovascular Events, Death

MONDAY, Sept. 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Metabolic surgery for patients with morbid obesity and pharmacologically treated hypertension is associated with a lower risk for major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) and all-cause mortality versus individuals with hypertension from the general population, according to a study published online Sept. 15 in PLOS Medicine.

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Fertility Rates Lower in Women With Inflammatory Bowel Disease

FRIDAY, Sept. 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Fertility is lower in women with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), according to a study published online Sept. 19 in the Journal of Crohn's and Colitis.

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Wood Ear Mushrooms Linked to Salmonella Outbreak

FRIDAY, Sept. 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Recalled wood ear mushrooms imported by Wismettac Asian Foods Inc., of Santa Fe Springs, California, and sold to restaurants may be linked to a multistate Salmonella outbreak, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration said Thursday.

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Oral Steroids May Raise Risks for Diabetes, HTN, VTE in Children

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Children with current glucocorticoid exposure have increased risks for diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and venous thromboembolism (VTE), according to a study published online Sept. 9 in the American Journal of Epidemiology.

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Coffee, Tea, Soda Tied to Higher Risk for Gastroesophageal Reflux

FRIDAY, Sept. 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Coffee, tea, and soda are associated with an increased risk for gastroesophageal reflux (GER) symptoms among middle-aged women, according to a study published in the September issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology.

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Coffee Linked to Reduced Disease Progression, Death in CRC

THURSDAY, Sept. 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with advanced or metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC), coffee consumption is associated with reduced risk of disease progression and death, according to a study published online Sept. 17 in JAMA Oncology.

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Cancer Incidence Up for Adolescents and Young Adults

THURSDAY, Sept. 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Among adolescents and young adults (AYAs), cancer incidence increased during 2007 to 2016, according to a report published online Sept. 17 in CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians.

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Eflornithine + Sulindac Shows No Benefit in Adenomatous Polyposis

TUESDAY, Sept. 15, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with familial adenomatous polyposis, the incidence of disease progression is not statistically significantly lower with the combination of eflornithine and sulindac versus either eflornithine or sulindac alone, according to a study published in the Sept. 10 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Smokeless Tobacco Poses Global Health Burden

FRIDAY, Sept. 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Smokeless tobacco (ST) is used across the globe and poses a major public health threat, according to a review published online Aug. 12 in BMC Medicine.

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Widespread Avoidance of Medical Care Found Due to COVID-19 Concerns

THURSDAY, Sept. 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- There was widespread reporting of avoidance of medical care due to COVID-19-related concerns in June 2020, according to research published in the Sept. 11 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Inflammatory Bowel Disease Tied to Subsequent Rhinosinusitis

THURSDAY, Sept. 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Personal history of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is associated with an increased risk for subsequent chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS), according to a study published online Sept. 4 in Clinical Otolaryngology.

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Guidelines Updated for Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia

TUESDAY, Sept. 8, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In a second edition of international guidelines, published online Sept. 8 in the Annals of Internal Medicine, updated recommendations are presented for the diagnosis and management of hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT).

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Sex-Disparities Exist in Liver Transplant Allocation

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 2, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Women are more likely than men to die waiting for a liver transplant, according to a study recently published in JAMA Surgery.

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