January 2020 Briefing - Internal Medicine

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Internal Medicine for January 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Premature Natural Menopause May Up Risk for Multimorbidity

FRIDAY, Jan. 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Premature menopause is associated with development of multimorbidity, according to a study published online Jan. 20 in Human Reproduction.

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Road Proximity Linked to Incidence of Neurologic Diseases

FRIDAY, Jan. 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Road proximity is associated with an increased incidence of specific neurologic disorders, according to a study published online Jan. 21 in Environmental Health.

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Caring for Patients With Multiple Morbidities Strains Providers

FRIDAY, Jan. 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Having many patients with multiple chronic diseases may raise the mental strain of general practitioners (GPs), according to a study published online Jan. 14 in the British Journal of General Practice.

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Mood Disorders Common With Rheumatoid Arthritis

FRIDAY, Jan. 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Depression and anxiety are common in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), according to a study published online Jan. 6 in the International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases.

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Hydromorphone-CR Exposure Ups Heart Infection Risk in PWID

FRIDAY, Jan. 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Exposure to controlled-release hydromorphone, an opioid that can be abused through crushing and injection, is associated with an increased risk for infective endocarditis among people who inject drugs, according to a study published online Jan. 22 in The Lancet Infectious Diseases.

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Rate of Recovery, LOS Tied to Outcomes After Hip Fracture Surgery

FRIDAY, Jan. 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For patients receiving inpatient rehabilitation services following hip fracture surgery, the rate of recovery and length of stay (LOS) are associated with mobility and self-care after discharge, according to a study published online Jan. 24 in JAMA Network Open.

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In Early Stages, Novel 2019 Coronavirus Doubling Every 7.4 Days

FRIDAY, Jan. 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In the early stages, the novel 2019 coronavirus (2019-nCoV)-infected pneumonia (NCIP) epidemic doubled in size every 7.4 days, according to a study published online Jan. 29 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Opioid Prescribing Rates Down at State Level From 2010 to 2016

FRIDAY, Jan. 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Prescription drug monitoring program (PDMP) data from individual states show a decline in opioid prescribing rates in 11 participating states from 2010 to 2016, according to research published in the Jan. 31 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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ED Visits Tied to Suicidal Ideation, Self-Directed Violence on Rise

THURSDAY, Jan. 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- From January 2017 to December 2018, there was an increase in the number of emergency department visits related to suicidal ideation, self-directed violence, or both in persons aged ≥10 years, according to research published in the Jan. 31 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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U.S. Reports First Person-to-Person Transmission of Coronavirus

THURSDAY, Jan. 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The first case of person-to-person transmission of the novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) in the United States was reported by federal health officials on Thursday, bringing the total number of cases to six.

CDC Press Release
Illinois Department of Public Health
AP News Article
World Health Organization

2017 to 2018 Saw Increase in Life Expectancy in the United States

THURSDAY, Jan. 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- From 2017 to 2018, there was an increase in life expectancy in the United States and a decrease in age-adjusted death rates, according to a January data brief published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Health Statistics.

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Many Patients Receive Guideline-Nonconcordant Care for Low Back Pain

THURSDAY, Jan. 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Many patients who develop new low back pain (LBP) receive advanced imaging and opioids without having been prescribed nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or physical therapy (PT), according to a study published in the February issue of Medical Care.

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U.S. Spends More on Health Care, but Has Worse Life Expectancy

THURSDAY, Jan. 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The United States spends substantially more than any other wealthy nation on health care, yet it has a lower life expectancy and a higher suicide rate than other wealthy nations, according to a January data brief released by the Commonwealth Fund.

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Exposure to Diesel Exhaust May Impair Endothelial Function

THURSDAY, Jan. 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Short-term exposure to diesel exhaust fumes has an adverse impact on endothelial function and vascular wall properties, according to a study published online Jan. 29 in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology.

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Just a Few Providers Account for Large Number of Opioid Scripts

THURSDAY, Jan. 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A small proportion of providers account for almost half of all opioid doses and about one-quarter of opioid prescriptions, according to a study published online Jan. 29 in The BMJ.

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Social Support Linked to Mortality in Older Women With CRC

THURSDAY, Jan. 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For postmenopausal women with colorectal cancer (CRC), low social support is associated with elevated overall and CRC-specific mortality, according to a study published online Jan. 23 in Cancer.

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Speech Analysis May Help Track Changes in Mental Health State

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 29, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A system for collecting speech samples from people with serious mental illness can be used to track changes in their clinical states over time, according to a study published online Jan. 15 in PLOS ONE.

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Volume CT Screening Cuts Lung Cancer Mortality at 10 Years

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 29, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Volume computed tomography (CT) screening results in significantly lower lung cancer mortality at 10 years, according to a study published online Jan. 29 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Dietary Flavonols May Reduce Risk for Alzheimer Dementia

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 29, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Higher dietary intake of flavonols seems to be associated with a reduced risk for incident Alzheimer dementia, according to a study published online Jan. 29 in Neurology.

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FDA Tells Purell Manufacturer to Stop Making False Claims

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 29, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The maker of Purell hand sanitizers has been warned by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to stop claiming that the products can protect people from infections and illnesses.

The New York Times Article
More Information: FDA

New Coronavirus Infections in China Top 2003 SARS Total

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 29, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- As the case count in China's 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) outbreak eclipsed those reported in the 2003 SARS outbreak on Wednesday, the United States evacuated 200 Americans from the center of the epidemic.

AP News Article
CNN Article
More Information: CDC

Familial Psoriasis May Not Be Tied to Obesity

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 29, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Obesity does not necessarily induce or contribute to familial psoriasis, according to a study published online Jan. 17 in the Journal of Dermatology.

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Disability, Quality of Life, Mood May Affect Sleep in IBD Patients

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 29, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Sleep quality is associated with mood state, disability, and quality of life among patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), according to a study published online Jan. 16 in Scientific Reports.

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Patients Have Less Dyspnea After Bariatric Surgery for Obesity

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 29, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Obese individuals undergoing bariatric surgery have improvement in dyspnea, which is associated with less air trapping and end-expiratory tracheal collapse, according to a study published online Jan. 28 in Radiology.

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Suvorexant May Improve Insomnia With Alzheimer Disease

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 29, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Suvorexant improves total sleep time (TST) in patients with probable Alzheimer disease (AD) dementia and insomnia, according to a study published online Jan. 15 in Alzheimer's & Dementia.

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Fatty Liver Disease Common Among Young Adults in the U.K.

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 29, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- One in five young adults in the United Kingdom has steatosis and one in 40 has fibrosis around the age of 24 years, according to a study published online Jan. 15 in The Lancet Gastroenterology & Hepatology.

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Depression Screening Lacking for Perimenopausal Women

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 29, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Practicing gynecologists largely fail to screen women for symptoms of depression during perimenopause, according to a study published online Jan. 13 in Menopause.

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Gender Gap Persists in Starting Salary for Physicians

TUESDAY, Jan. 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The gender gap in starting salary for physicians persists, although it is unclear which factors account for this gap, according to a report published online Jan. 22 in Health Affairs.

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Survey: Most Americans Think of Themselves as Healthy

TUESDAY, Jan. 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Seven out of 10 Americans rate their health-related behaviors and attitudes as good or excellent, according to a survey released Jan. 27 by the American Osteopathic Association.

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Dangerous Additives Found in Illegal Pot Vaping Products in Los Angeles

TUESDAY, Jan. 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Potentially deadly additives were found in marijuana vape cartridges seized in December raids of illegal shops in Los Angeles, officials reported Monday.

AP News Article

Coronavirus Deaths Top 100 in China

TUESDAY, Jan. 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- As the death toll in China's coronavirus (2019-nCoV) outbreak surpassed 100 on Tuesday, the United States expanded its travel alert and prepared to evacuate American government workers who are in the center of the epidemic.

The New York Times Article
CDC Media Briefing Transcript

Drug Price-Fixing Charge Laid Against 'Pharma Bro' Martin Shkreli

TUESDAY, Jan. 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- So-called "Pharma Bro" Martin Shkreli faces charges of price fixing of a drug used to treat the potentially fatal condition toxoplasmosis.

CBS News Article

Clinical Features ID'd for First 2019 Novel Coronavirus Patients

TUESDAY, Jan. 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- As of Jan. 2, 2020, 41 patients were admitted with laboratory-confirmed 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV), all of whom had pneumonia, according to a study published online Jan. 24 in The Lancet.

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Editorial

Health-Related Quality of Life Lower for Women With PCOS

TUESDAY, Jan. 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) report low health-related quality of life (HRQoL) beyond the reproductive years, according to a study published online Jan. 23 in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

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Proteinuria After Inpatient Acute Kidney Injury Tied to Later Risk

TUESDAY, Jan. 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio (ACR) measured after acute kidney injury (AKI) predicts subsequent loss of renal function, according to a study published online Jan. 27 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Adult Exposure to Chickenpox Cuts Shingles Risk

TUESDAY, Jan. 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The relative incidence of shingles is lower in adults after exposure to a household contact with chickenpox, but full protection is not achieved, according to a study published online Jan. 22 in The BMJ.

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Racial Disparities Noted in Quality of Care for Dementia

TUESDAY, Jan. 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Black and Asian patients with dementia seem not to be receiving the same quality of care as white patients, according to a study published online Jan. 20 in Clinical Epidemiology.

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Naloxone Prescribing Increasing but Still Very Low

TUESDAY, Jan. 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Naloxone prescribing has increased but is still very low among patients at risk for opioid overdose, according to a study recently published in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

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Model Shows Transitional Care Cost-Effective in Heart Failure

MONDAY, Jan. 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Transitional care services are cost-effective for the postdischarge management of older patients with heart failure, according to a study published online Jan. 28 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Unmet Need for Physician Care Not Improving With More Insured

MONDAY, Jan. 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Most measures of unmet need for physician services in the United States have not improved since 1998 despite gains in health insurance coverage, according to a study published online Jan. 27 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Community-Based Diabetes Screening Feasible in Barbershops

MONDAY, Jan. 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Community-based diabetes screening in barbershops owned by black individuals is feasible and can identify undiagnosed diabetes, according to a research letter published online Jan. 27 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Wealthy Pay Most to Finance U.S. Health Care

MONDAY, Jan. 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Health care payments in the United States are more regressive than previously thought, according to a study published online Jan. 27 in Health Services Research.

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Effects of Vit D Correction on CV Health Studied in Obese Children

MONDAY, Jan. 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For vitamin D-deficient overweight and obese children, high-dose supplementation with vitamin D does not improve measures of arterial endothelial function or stiffness, but it does result in reductions in blood pressure (BP) and fasting glucose concentration, according to a study published online Jan. 17 in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.

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Many Family Caregivers Never Speak to Health Care Workers

MONDAY, Jan. 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Many family or unpaid caregivers report never speaking with older adults' health care workers, according to a study published online Jan. 24 in JAMA Network Open.

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Outcomes No Worse for Black Veterans With Prostate Cancer

MONDAY, Jan. 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For men diagnosed with prostate cancer in the Veterans Affairs health system, African-Americans (AAs) do not present with more advanced disease or have worse outcomes compared with non-Hispanic whites (NHWs), according to a study published online Jan. 27 in Cancer.

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Coronavirus Cases Top 2,700 in China, Five in the United States

MONDAY, Jan. 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Chinese officials extended the New Lunar Year holiday on Sunday, as the number of cases of a new coronavirus climbed past 2,700 and the death toll reached 81. The Lunar New Year is China's busiest travel season and officials there said the end of the holiday was pushed back to "reduce mass gatherings" and "block the spread of the epidemic," the Associated Press reported.

AP News Article
More Information: CDC

Parity, Breastfeeding Inversely Tied to Early Natural Menopause

MONDAY, Jan. 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Both parity and breastfeeding are inversely associated with the risk for early natural menopause, according to a study published online Jan. 22 in JAMA Network Open.

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Tdap or Td Vaccine May Be Used for Decennial Td Booster Doses

MONDAY, Jan. 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Either tetanus and diphtheria toxoids (Td) vaccine or tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid, and acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccine may be used for Td booster doses every 10 years or when indicated for tetanus prophylaxis in wound management, according to research published in the Jan. 24 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Potential Links ID'd for Marijuana Use, Cardiovascular Risks

MONDAY, Jan. 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In a review published in the Jan. 28 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology, potential associations are presented for marijuana use and cardiovascular risks.

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LV Hypertrophy May Explain Racial Disparities in Heart Failure

MONDAY, Jan. 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A "malignant" subphenotype of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) with minimal elevations in cardiac biomarkers is associated with an increased risk for heart failure, with some of the excess risk for heart failure among blacks explained by a higher prevalence of malignant LVH, according to a study published online Jan. 14 in Circulation.

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Many U.S. Adults Misinformed About the Flu, Vaccination

FRIDAY, Jan. 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Many U.S. adults are misinformed about the influenza virus and the importance of flu vaccination, according to the results of a survey released by the American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP).

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New Hospital Being Built in China for Coronavirus Outbreak

FRIDAY, Jan. 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A new 1,000-bed hospital just for patients infected with the coronavirus that has caused 830 confirmed illnesses and 26 deaths in China is expected to be completed in the city of Wuhan by Feb. 3, officials said Friday.

AP News Article
CBS News Article
More Information: CDC

Nearly Half of U.S. Smokers Not Advised by Doctors to Quit

FRIDAY, Jan. 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Too few American smokers are advised by their doctors to quit, according to a report released Thursday by U.S. Surgeon General Jerome Adams, M.D.

The New York Times Article
Office of the Surgeon General

Chicago Woman Is Second U.S. Case of Wuhan Coronavirus

FRIDAY, Jan. 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A Chicago woman in her 60s has been identified as the second U.S. patient to be diagnosed with a new Chinese coronavirus, health officials announced Friday.

Chicago Department of Public Health
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Postoperative Length of Stay, Costs Down With Prehabilitation Program

FRIDAY, Jan. 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A prehabilitation program is associated with shorter length of stay and lower total episode payment after surgery, according to a study recently published in the Journal of the American College of Surgeons.

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Health Care Utilization Up for Seniors With Untreated Apnea

FRIDAY, Jan. 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Older adult Medicare beneficiaries with untreated obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) have increased health care utilization (HCU) and costs, according to a study published online Jan. 15 in the Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine.

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Potent, Unregulated Steroid Creams Readily Available in U.S.

FRIDAY, Jan. 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Potent prescription-strength topical corticosteroids without a prescription (PSTCw/oP) are readily available in many U.S. cities, according to a letter to the editor published in the February issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.

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Sexual Frequency Linked to Age of Onset of Natural Menopause

FRIDAY, Jan. 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Sexual frequency is associated with age of natural menopause (ANM), with a lower likelihood of experiencing menopause for women reporting having sex monthly or weekly, according to a study published online Jan. 15 in Royal Society Open Science.

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Major Insurers Offer $55 Million to Lower Generic Drug Costs

THURSDAY, Jan. 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A nonprofit that develops and sells cheaper drugs will receive a $55 million investment from the Blue Cross Blue Shield Association and associated organizations to create cheaper versions of expensive generic drugs.

The New York Times Article

CDC: HIV-1/HIV-2 Differentiation Test Increasingly Used in U.S.

THURSDAY, Jan. 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- From 2010 to 2017, use of the HIV-1/HIV-2 differentiation test increased, but the number of HIV-2 diagnoses remained very low, according to research published in the Jan. 24 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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China Bans Travel in Wuhan, Four Nearby Cities

THURSDAY, Jan. 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The city of Wuhan was closed off Thursday by Chinese officials in an attempt to stem the spread of a coronavirus that has sickened more than 570 people and killed at least 17.

The New York Times Article
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Fewer Than Half of Clinical Trials Comply With Reporting Laws

THURSDAY, Jan. 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Compliance with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Amendments Act of 2007 is low, with only 40.9 percent of trials reporting results within one year, according to a study published online Jan. 17 in The Lancet.

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JumpstartMD Commercial Program Seems Effective for Weight Loss

THURSDAY, Jan. 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The commercial low-calorie, low-carbohydrate JumpstartMD program is effective for weight loss, according to a study published online Jan. 21 in the Journal of Obesity.

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Abdominal Obesity Linked to Recurrent Atherosclerotic CVD

THURSDAY, Jan. 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Abdominal obesity is associated with an increased risk for recurrent atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease after myocardial infarction, according to a study published online Jan. 20 in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology.

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Systolic BP Variability in Young Adults May ID Later CVD Risk

THURSDAY, Jan. 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Variability in systolic blood pressure (SBP) in young adults is associated with an increased subsequent risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) events and all-cause mortality, according to a study published online Jan. 22 in JAMA Cardiology.

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High-Fat Milk Consumption Tied to Faster Biological Aging

THURSDAY, Jan. 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- People who drink low-fat milk experience less biological aging than those who drink high-fat milk, according to a study recently published in Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity.

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Production of Two Excedrin Painkillers Halted

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 22, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Production and distribution of Excedrin Extra Strength and Excedrin Migraine products have been temporarily stopped, maker GlaxoSmithKline said Tuesday.

CNN Article

Fast-Track Review of ACA Lawsuit Rejected by U.S. Supreme Court

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 22, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A fast-track review of a lawsuit that threatens the Affordable Care Act was rejected Tuesday by the U.S. Supreme Court.

AP News Article

Low-Carb, Low-Fat Diets Not Tied to Mortality Overall

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 22, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Overall, low-carbohydrate diet and low-fat diet scores are not associated with total mortality, according to a study published online Jan. 21 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Six Active Ingredients of Sunscreen Systemically Absorbed

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 22, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Sunscreen application is associated with geometric mean maximum plasma concentrations of all six active ingredients that exceed 0.5 ng/mL, according to a study published online Jan. 21 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Anti-Müllerian Hormone Predicts Time to Final Menstrual Period

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 22, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Measurement of anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) levels in blood can help predict the time to final menstrual period (FMP), according to a study published online Jan. 22 in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

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Full Impact of Drug Use on U.S. Mortality Not Captured by Data

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 22, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The impact of drug use in the United States is likely to be higher than estimated, with drug-associated mortality higher than drug-coded deaths alone, according to a study published online Jan. 15 in PLOS ONE.

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Time of Day for Taking Warfarin Does Not Matter

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 22, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Time of day for taking warfarin makes no difference on the drug's effectiveness, according to a study published in the January/February issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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Primary Care Screening for Dementia Not Harmful

TUESDAY, Jan. 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- No harms come from screening for Alzheimer disease and related dementias (ADRDs) in primary care, according to a study recently published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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Evidence Lacking for Identifying Optimal Primary Care Panel Size

TUESDAY, Jan. 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- There is insufficient evidence for making recommendations about the optimal primary care panel size for achieving the most beneficial health outcomes, according to a review published online Jan. 21 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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First U.S. Patient With Coronavirus ID'd in Washington State

TUESDAY, Jan. 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The first U.S. case of a new coronavirus illness that originated in central China has been identified in a patient in Washington State, federal health officials announced on Tuesday.

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ACP: Medicare for All Needed to Fix 'Ill' U.S. Health Care System

TUESDAY, Jan. 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The American College of Physicians (ACP) says the U.S. health care system "is ill and needs a bold new prescription" that includes coverage for all Americans and lower costs.

AP News Article
American College of Physicians

Wearable Device Data May Help Predict Flu-Like Illness Patterns

TUESDAY, Jan. 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Data from activity and physiological trackers may improve prediction of influenza-like illness (ILI), according to a study published online Jan. 16 in The Lancet Digital Health.

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Human-to-Human Transmission of Chinese Coronavirus Confirmed

TUESDAY, Jan. 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The leader of a Chinese government team of experts announced Monday that human-to-human transmission of a new coronavirus has been confirmed, the Associated Press reported.

AP News Article

Cognitive Behavioral Program Benefits Patients With Diabetes

TUESDAY, Jan. 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A peer-delivered cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)-based intervention may improve quality of life (QOL) among patients with diabetes and chronic pain, according to a study published in the January/February issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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Fish Oil Supplement Intake Linked to Better Testicular Function

TUESDAY, Jan. 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For young men, fish oil supplement intake is associated with better testicular function, according to a study published online Jan. 17 in JAMA Network Open.

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Food Insecurity May Increase Risk for Premature Death

TUESDAY, Jan. 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Adults with food insecurity are more likely to die prematurely than food-secure people, according to a study published online Jan. 20 in CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.

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Stomach Virus Strikes 170 Yosemite Visitors, Staff

FRIDAY, Jan. 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- About 170 visitors and employees at Yosemite National Park have been hit by gastrointestinal illness, park officials say.

CNN Article

Second Death From New Coronavirus Reported in China

FRIDAY, Jan. 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Chinese officials have reported a second death from a new coronavirus responsible for an outbreak of pneumonia in the city of Wuhan, while the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has implemented enhanced health screenings of travelers flying in from China to three major airports in the United States.

AP News Article
More Information: CDC

Americans Lack Knowledge About Eye Health

FRIDAY, Jan. 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Americans' lack of knowledge about eye health may put their vision at risk, according to a survey released by the American Academy of Ophthalmology.

Press Release

Cancer Survivors Have Substantial Medical Financial Hardship

FRIDAY, Jan. 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Many cancer survivors have substantial medical financial hardship and make financial sacrifices, according to a study published online Jan. 15 in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention.

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Level of Antibiotic Prescribing High for Children in Tennessee

FRIDAY, Jan. 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The outpatient antibiotic prescribing rate for children was 1,165 per 1,000 in Tennessee in 2016, according to a study published online Jan. 15 in Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology.

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CDC: Benzodiazepines Prescribed at 27 Office Visits Per 100 Adults

FRIDAY, Jan. 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Benzodiazepines were prescribed at 27 annual physician office visits per 100 adults during 2014 to 2016, according to a study published online Jan. 17 in the National Health Statistics Reports, a publication from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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2011 to 2017 Saw Increase in Binge Drinks Per Binge Drinker

FRIDAY, Jan. 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- From 2011 to 2017, there was an increase in the total annual number of binge drinks per adult who reported binge drinking, according to research published in the Jan. 17 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Decline in Mortality Seen in Diabetes Patients in Hong Kong

FRIDAY, Jan. 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- From 2001 to 2016, mortality declined among people with diabetes in Hong Kong, according to a study published online Jan. 16 in Diabetologia.

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Colorectal Cancer Risk Still Up in Patients With Ulcerative Colitis

FRIDAY, Jan. 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with ulcerative colitis have an increased risk for colorectal cancer and colorectal cancer mortality, according to a study published in the Jan. 11 issue of The Lancet.

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Lack of Self-Exams Hampers Early Melanoma Identification

FRIDAY, Jan. 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The biggest obstacle to early detection and treatment of melanoma among residents of rural, frontier communities is a chronic lack of skin self-examination (SSE), according to a study recently published in Psychology, Health & Medicine.

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Single-Payer System Would Likely Save Money

THURSDAY, Jan. 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- There is near consensus across 30 years of economic analysis of single-payer plans that a single-payer system would reduce health expenditures in the United States, according to a review published online Jan. 15 in PLOS Medicine.

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Japan Reports First Case of New Coronavirus

THURSDAY, Jan. 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Japan has reported its first case of a new coronavirus that has caused an outbreak in China.

The New York Times Article

CDC: Many Americans Are Inactive, With Southerners Faring Worse

THURSDAY, Jan. 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- More than 15 percent of American adults are physically inactive, according to a new U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention study.

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Sepsis Associated With Almost 20 Percent of Global Deaths

THURSDAY, Jan. 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- From 1990 to 2017, there was a decrease in sepsis incidence and mortality, although considerable regional variation exists, according to a study published online Jan. 16 in The Lancet.

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Popular Diets May Impact Testosterone Levels in Men

THURSDAY, Jan. 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Men adhering to low-fat diets have lower serum testosterone levels even when adjusting for comorbidities, age, body mass index, and activity levels, according to a study published in the February issue of The Journal of Urology.

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Ageism Predicts Significantly Worse Health Outcomes

THURSDAY, Jan. 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Ageism predicts significantly worse health outcomes, according to a review published online Jan. 15 in PLOS ONE.

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History of Falls Predicts Future Fractures in Postmenopausal Women

THURSDAY, Jan. 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A history of falls, especially injurious falls, predicts subsequent fractures in postmenopausal women, according to a study recently published in Osteoporosis International.

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Lack of Insurance Tied to Later Stage of Breast Cancer at Diagnosis

THURSDAY, Jan. 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Insurance status and access to care play an important role in racial disparities in stage of breast cancer at diagnosis, according to a study published online Jan. 9 in JAMA Oncology.

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ACA Tied to Narrowing of Disparities in Access to Care

THURSDAY, Jan. 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The Affordable Care Act has reduced disparities in access to health care among black, Hispanic, and white adults, according to a January data brief released by the Commonwealth Fund.

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New Coronavirus in China Could Possibly Spread Between Humans

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 15, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Human-to-human transmission of a virus causing an outbreak in central China may be possible, but the risk appears to be low, health officials said Wednesday.

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FDA: Weight Control Drug Lorcaserin May Raise Cancer Risk

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 15, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The prescription weight control medicine lorcaserin (Belviq, Belviq XR) may increase the risk for cancer, according to the results of a clinical trial assessing the safety of the drug, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration says.

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CDC: Romaine Lettuce E. Coli Outbreak Over

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 15, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- It is safe again to buy and eat romaine lettuce grown on farms around Salinas, California, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said Wednesday.

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Many Women Have Posttraumatic Stress After Early Pregnancy Loss

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 15, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Many women meet the criteria for posttraumatic stress and have moderate/severe anxiety and moderate/severe depression one month after early pregnancy loss, according to a study recently published in the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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BP Measures Progress More Rapidly in Women Than Men

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 15, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Blood pressure (BP) measures progress more rapidly in women than in men, starting in the third decade and continuing through the life course, according to a study published online Jan. 15 in JAMA Cardiology.

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Injury Deaths Predicted to Increase With Anomalously Warm Temperatures

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 15, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Anomalously warm temperatures may be associated with an increase in injury deaths, according to a research letter published online Jan. 13 in Nature Medicine.

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Online Information About Probiotics Often Unreliable

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 15, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Probiotics information available online is often from commercial sources, and most webpages do not refer to scientific literature, according to a study published online Jan. 15 in Frontiers in Medicine.

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Evolution of Approval, Regulation Processes for Drugs Explored

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 15, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. approval and regulation processes for pharmaceutical agents have evolved during the last four decades, according to a study published in the Jan. 14 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Care Management for Complex Needs May Not Cut Readmissions

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 15, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Among patients with very high use of health care services, readmission rates were not lower for those assigned to a care-transition program compared with usual care, according to a study published in the Jan. 9 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis Will Pose Clinical, Economic Burden

TUESDAY, Jan. 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is expected to pose a significant clinical and economic burden during the next 20 years for U.S. patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), according to a study published online Jan. 6 in Diabetes Care.

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N.J. Lawmakers Pass Bill to Ban Flavored Vaping Products

TUESDAY, Jan. 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A bill that would ban the sale of flavored vaping products was passed Monday by New Jersey lawmakers.

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Notification Laws May Not Increase Knowledge of Dense Breast Risks

TUESDAY, Jan. 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- State dense-breast notification (DBN) laws are not associated with increased understanding of the clinical implications of breast density, according to a study published online Jan. 8 in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

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Vital Exhaustion Linked to Increased Risk for Incident A-Fib

TUESDAY, Jan. 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Vital exhaustion is associated with an increased risk for incident atrial fibrillation, according to a study published online Jan. 13 in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology.

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Less Than a Quarter of Medicare Patients Participate in Cardiac Rehab

TUESDAY, Jan. 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- About one in four cardiac rehabilitation (CR)-eligible Medicare beneficiaries participates in CR, according to a study published online Jan. 14 in Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes.

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Alcohol Consumption Levels High in Cancer Patients, Survivors

TUESDAY, Jan. 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- More than one-third of cancer patients report exceeding moderate drinking levels, according to a study published in the January issue of the Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network.

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Doctor Replacement Ratios Higher in Largest, Hospital-Owned Practices

TUESDAY, Jan. 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- From 2009 to 2016, more physicians entering the Medicare program worked at large group or hospital-owned practices than small group or independent practices, according to a research letter published online Jan. 14 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Vaccine Program Recovery Difficult After Public Scares

TUESDAY, Jan. 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Misinformation in the Danish media between 2013 and 2016 led to a 50.4 percent drop in human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccinations among girls in Denmark, according to a study published online Jan. 7 in Vaccine.

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Behavioral Therapy First Step for Overactive Bladder in Men

MONDAY, Jan. 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Among men with overactive bladder, combined behavioral and drug therapy is superior to drug therapy alone, but not behavioral therapy alone, for symptomatic improvement, according to a study published online Jan. 13 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Gout Incidence Down With SGLT2 Inhibitors in Type 2 Diabetes

MONDAY, Jan. 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Adults with type 2 diabetes newly prescribed a sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitor have a lower incidence of gout than those prescribed a glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonist, according to a study published online Jan. 14 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Physicians Spend >16 Minutes Per Encounter on EHR Use

MONDAY, Jan. 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Physicians spend a considerable amount of time using electronic health records (EHRs) to support care delivery, with wide variation seen in the distribution of time within specialty, according to a study published online Jan. 14 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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China Reports First Death in Coronavirus Outbreak

MONDAY, Jan. 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The first death in an outbreak of a new type of coronavirus was announced Saturday by officials in the central Chinese city of Wuhan.

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NFL Joins Blood Drive by Giving Away Two Super Bowl Tickets

MONDAY, Jan 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The American Red Cross has an urgent need for all blood types, but especially for type O.

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Guidance Issued for Hepatic, Mesenteric Circulation Disorders

MONDAY, Jan. 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In a clinical guideline from the American College of Gastroenterology, published in the January issue of the American Journal of Gastroenterology, recommendations are presented for management of disorders of the hepatic and mesenteric circulation.

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Mortality Risk in Oropharynx Cancer Varies Based on HPV Status

MONDAY, Jan. 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with oropharynx cancer, the rates of head and neck cancer (HNC) mortality and competing mortality vary depending on human papillomavirus (HPV) status, with increased risks for HNC mortality and competing mortality in HPV-negative patients, according to a study published online Jan. 13 in Cancer.

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Telemedicine Visits Comparable for Glycemic Control in T1DM

MONDAY, Jan. 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Among patients with type 1 diabetes and suboptimal glycemic control, replacement of an intermediate face-to-face visit with a telemedicine session did not affect outcomes, according to a study published online Jan. 6 in Diabetes Care.

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Burnout in Med Students Tied to Perceived Stress, Phone Behavior

MONDAY, Jan. 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Higher levels of perceived stress, poorer sleep quality, and smartphone addiction contribute to burnout in osteopathic medical students, according to a study published in the January issue of the Journal of the American Osteopathic Association.

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Intensive Systolic BP Control May Not Benefit All Older Adults

MONDAY, Jan. 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Intensive systolic blood pressure (SBP) control lowers the risk for major cardiovascular events, cognitive impairment, and death in older adults; however, these benefits may not extend to older adults with lower baseline cognitive function, according to a study published online Dec. 16 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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Incidental Lymphopenia Linked to Increased Risk for Mortality

MONDAY, Jan. 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Incidental lymphopenia is associated with an increased risk for all-cause and cause-specific mortality, according to a study published in the Jan. 13 issue of CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.

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Total Opioid Overdose Deaths Down With Medicaid Expansion

FRIDAY, Jan. 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Medicaid expansion is associated with a reduction in total opioid overdose deaths and with increases in methadone-related mortality, according to a study published online Jan. 10 in JAMA Network Open.

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California May Start Producing Its Own Medicines

FRIDAY, Jan. 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A proposal for California to contract generic drug companies to make medications would make the state the first in the country to produce its own medications.

AP News Article

Two More Heartburn Meds Recalled Due to Possible Carcinogen

FRIDAY, Jan. 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration is adding to a list of recalled lots of popular heartburn medications -- including generic forms of Zantac -- because the pills might contain small amounts of the suspected carcinogen N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA).

CBS News Article
FDA: Appco Announcement
FDA: Northwind Announcement

15-Year-Old Texas Teen Youngest in U.S. to Die From Vaping

FRIDAY, Jan. 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A 15-year-old Texas teen who died from vaping is the youngest victim so far in an outbreak of vaping-related deaths in the United States.

The New York Times Article
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Treatment Guidelines Updated for Hand, Hip, Knee Osteoarthritis

FRIDAY, Jan. 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In the 2019 American College of Rheumatology/Arthritis Foundation Guideline, published online Jan. 6 in Arthritis Care & Research, updated recommendations are presented for the management of hand, hip, and knee osteoarthritis (OA).

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Major Cardiovascular Diseases May Up Long-Term Risk for ESKD

FRIDAY, Jan. 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Major incident cardiovascular disease events are associated with an increased risk for end-stage kidney disease (ESKD), with the highest risk for heart failure, according to a study published online Jan. 9 in the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

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Neighborhood Disadvantage Impacts Hospital Quality Ratings

FRIDAY, Jan. 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Hospitals caring for neighborhoods with high levels of disadvantage may have lower hospital ratings due to social risk factors (SRFs) in the community, according to a study published online Dec. 30 in Medical Care.

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Many With History of Anxiety Report Complete Mental Health

FRIDAY, Jan. 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For persons with a previous diagnosis of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), factors associated with being in complete mental health (CMH) include female gender, older age, being married, and reporting good to excellent physical health, according to a study published online Jan. 9 in the Journal of Affective Disorders.

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Bariatric Surgery May Aid T2DM-Related Outcomes at Five Years

FRIDAY, Jan. 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Bariatric surgery is associated with weight loss and remission of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and dyslipidemia at five years postsurgery, according to a study published online Jan. 7 in Diabetes, Metabolism Research and Reviews.

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Recruitment Satisfactory for Foreign-Educated Health Providers

FRIDAY, Jan. 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Foreign-educated health professionals (FEHPs) in the United States are overall satisfied with their recruitment experience, according to a study published in the January issue of the American Journal of Nursing.

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Reduction in Tongue Fat Can Improve Obstructive Sleep Apnea

FRIDAY, Jan. 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For individuals with obesity and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), a reduction in tongue fat associated with weight loss correlates with improvement in the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI), according to a study published online Jan. 10 in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

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Metabolic Syndrome May Up Risk for VTE Recurrence After DVT

THURSDAY, Jan. 9, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with deep vein thrombosis (DVT), the presence of any component of metabolic syndrome (MetS) is independently associated with an increased risk for venous thromboembolism (VTE) recurrence, according to a study published online Jan. 9 in Blood Advances.

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Alcohol-Fueled Deaths Doubled in U.S. Over Past 20 Years

THURSDAY, Jan. 9, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Death certificate data suggest that alcohol-related mortality increased in the United States between 1999 and 2017, according to a study published online Jan. 7 in Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research.

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New Coronavirus May Be Cause of Viral Pneumonia Outbreak in China

THURSDAY, Jan. 9, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A new type of coronavirus may be responsible for dozens of viral pneumonia illnesses in China, according to state broadcaster CCTV.

AP News Article

CDC Warns of Tough Flu Season Ahead

THURSDAY, Jan. 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Flu cases and flu-related hospitalizations have risen sharply since October, with at least 6.4 million reported cases and 55,000 hospitalizations, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. At least 2,900 Americans have died from the flu, the CDC reported late last week.

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Clinical Guidelines Developed for Managing Nosebleeds

THURSDAY, Jan. 9, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In a clinical practice guideline from the American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Foundation, published online Jan. 7 in Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, recommendations are presented for the management of nosebleeds.

Clinical Practice Guideline
Executive Summary

Tea Drinking Linked to Reduced Risk for Atherosclerotic CVD

THURSDAY, Jan. 9, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Habitual tea consumption is associated with a reduced risk for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (CVD) and all-cause mortality, according to a study published online Jan. 9 in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology.

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Cooking Programs May Influence Children's Food Selection

THURSDAY, Jan. 9, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Cooking programs can positively affect healthy food consumption among child viewers, according to a study published in the January issue of the Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior.

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Life Expectancy Free of Chronic Disease Up With Healthy Lifestyle

THURSDAY, Jan. 9, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Adherence to a healthy lifestyle at midlife is associated with increased life expectancy free of major chronic diseases, according to a study published online Jan. 8 in The BMJ.

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Perceived Risks of E-Cigarettes Vary With Demographics

THURSDAY, Jan. 9, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For youth, the perceived risks of electronic cigarette products vary with demographics, sexual orientation, and socioeconomic status, according to a study published online Jan. 7 in Health Promotion Practice.

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Untreated Oral Infection Not Tied to Stem Cell Transplant Outcomes

THURSDAY, Jan. 9, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Untreated chronic oral infection is not associated with post-hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) outcomes, according to a study published online Dec. 18 in PLOS ONE.

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Large Gap Found in Health Administrative Spending for U.S., Canada

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 8, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- There is a large and widening gap in health administrative spending between the United States and Canada, according to a study published online Jan. 7 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Increase in Minimum Wage May Lower Suicide Rate

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 8, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Among U.S. adults with a high school education or less, an increase in the state-level minimum wage may reduce the suicide rate, according to a study published online Jan. 7 in the Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health.

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Guidance Issued for Management of Fulminant Myocarditis

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 8, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In a scientific statement from the American Heart Association, published online Jan. 6 in Circulation, considerations are presented for the recognition and initial management of fulminant myocarditis (FM).

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Open Water Regulations Linked to Lower Drowning Death Rates

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 8, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Open water regulations are associated with lower open water drowning death rates, according to a study published online Jan. 7 in Injury Prevention.

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Cancer Mortality Continuing to Drop, With Lung Cancer a Driver

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 8, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Cancer mortality is continuing to decline, driven by progress in lung cancer, although mortality reductions have slowed or stopped for some cancers, according to findings included in Cancer Statistics, 2020, the American Cancer Society's latest annual report on cancer incidence, mortality, and survival. The report was published online Jan. 8 in CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians.

Cancer Statistics, 2020

Early Antiretroviral Therapy May Not Achieve HIV Remission in Infants

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 8, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Starting antiretroviral therapy (ART) for HIV-infected infants within hours of birth does not seem to result in a higher proportion of infants who attain and sustain viral suppression on ART, according to a study published online Jan. 7 in EClinicalMedicine.

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HIV+ Patients Lose Immunity to Smallpox Despite Vaccination

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 8, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- HIV-infected patients lose immunity to smallpox despite childhood vaccination and immune reconstitution with antiretroviral therapy, according to a study published online Dec. 23 in The Journal of Infectious Diseases.

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In-Hospital Cardiac Arrest Outcomes Similar for Dialysis, Nondialysis Patients

TUESDAY, Jan. 7, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with in-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA), survival outcomes are similar for those on maintenance dialysis and nondialysis patients, according to a study published online Jan. 7 in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

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American Embassy in China Issues Health Alert Over Illness Outbreak

TUESDAY, Jan. 7, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A mysterious pneumonia outbreak in China has prompted the U.S. embassy there to warn Americans traveling in the country to avoid contact with sick people and animals.

CBS News Article
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CDC: Young Adults Who Ever Received HPV Vaccine on the Rise

TUESDAY, Jan. 7, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- From 2013 to 2018, there was an increase in the percentage of adults aged 18 to 26 years who received one or more doses or the recommended number of doses of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine, according to a January data brief published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Health Statistics.

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Prevalence of Buprenorphine-Waivered Prescribers Increasing

TUESDAY, Jan. 7, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- From 2007 to 2017, there was an increase in the prevalence of buprenorphine-waivered prescribers in the United States, according to a research letter published online Jan. 7 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Use of Powder in Genital Area Not Linked to Ovarian Cancer

TUESDAY, Jan. 7, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Use of powder in the genital area does not appear to be significantly associated with incident ovarian cancer, according to a study published in the Jan. 7 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Training for, Running First Marathon May Reduce Aortic Age

TUESDAY, Jan. 7, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Training for and completing a first marathon is associated with reduced central blood pressure and aortic stiffness, according to a study published in the Jan. 7 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Odds of Stroke Up With Dual Use of E-Cigarettes, Cigarettes

TUESDAY, Jan. 7, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Dual use of electronic cigarettes and combustible cigarettes is associated with increased odds of stroke compared with not smoking or sole combustible cigarette use, according to a study published online Jan. 7 in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

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Guideline Issued for Testosterone Therapy in Adult Men

MONDAY, Jan. 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In a new evidence-based clinical practice guideline, published online Jan. 7 in the Annals of Internal Medicine, recommendations are presented for testosterone treatment in men with age-related low testosterone.

Evidence Review (subscription or payment may be required)
Clinical Guideline
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2014 to 2016 Saw Decline in U.S. Adults Prescribed Opioids

MONDAY, Jan. 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- From 2014 to 2016, there was a decrease in the proportion of U.S. adults who were prescribed opioids, with a larger decrease seen for those who reported moderate or more severe pain versus less-than-moderate pain, according to a report published in the January issue of Health Affairs.

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Price Hikes for Hundreds of Medications

MONDAY, Jan. 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- U.S. drug companies have started the new year by raising the prices of hundreds of medications.

CBS News Article

Teens Who Misuse Opioids Likely to Engage in Other Risky Behaviors

MONDAY, Jan. 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Adolescents who report misusing prescription opioids are more likely to have engaged in a range of other risky behaviors, according to a study published online Jan. 6 in Pediatrics.

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Twelfth-Grade Binge Drinking Linked to Risky Driving Practices

MONDAY, Jan. 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Twelfth-grade binge drinking predicts early adulthood risky driving practices and high-risk drinking in early adulthood, according to a study published online Jan. 6 in Pediatrics.

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Frailty Index Score Helps to Predict Outcomes in Elderly

MONDAY, Jan. 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A frailty index score based on the results of routine admission laboratory investigations (FI-Laboratory) may predict the risk for adverse outcomes among older patients, according to a study published in the Jan. 6 issue of CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.

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Study Explores Factors Affecting Glycemic Control in T1DM

MONDAY, Jan. 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with type 1 diabetes with optimal and suboptimal glycemic control differ with respect to clinical and health care utilization factors, according to a study published online Dec. 2 in Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism.

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Many Pelvic Exams, Pap Tests Unnecessary in Teens and Young Adults

MONDAY, Jan. 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- More than half of bimanual pelvic examinations (BPEs) and more than 70 percent of Papanicolaou (Pap) tests performed among adolescent girls and women younger than 21 years in the United States are unnecessary, according to a study published online Jan. 6 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Bystander CPR Less Likely in Hispanic Neighborhoods

MONDAY, Jan. 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Individuals with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in predominantly Hispanic neighborhoods are less likely to receive bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (B-CPR) and have a lower likelihood of survival, according to a study published in the Jan. 7 issue of Circulation.

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Poll: Older Adults Frequently Use Online Physician Ratings

MONDAY, Jan. 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Older adults commonly use online ratings to choose a doctor, according to a report published online Jan. 6 based on the results of the University of Michigan National Poll on Healthy Aging.

National Poll on Healthy Aging

More Education Needed on Breast Density and Screening Choices

MONDAY, Jan. 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Being a resident in a state with a dense breast notification law does not appear to help women know more about breast density, according to a study published online Dec. 2 in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

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Severe Hypoglycemia in Seniors With T1DM May Worsen Cognition

FRIDAY, Jan. 3, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Both recent severe hypoglycemia (SH) and lifetime SH are associated with worse cognition among older adults with type 1 diabetes, according to a study published online Dec. 27 in Diabetes Care.

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Ambient Air Pollution Linked to Lower Bone Mineral Content

FRIDAY, Jan. 3, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Exposure to ambient particulate matter air pollution with an aerodynamic diameter <2.5 µm (PM2.5) and black carbon (BC) is associated with lower bone mineral content (BMC) in adults, according to a study published online Jan. 3 in JAMA Network Open.

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Treating Oral Disease Could Yield T2DM-Related Cost Savings

FRIDAY, Jan. 3, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Providing nonsurgical periodontal treatment to patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and periodontitis may significantly reduce tooth loss and diabetes-related microvascular diseases via improved glycemic control, according to a study published online Dec. 27 in Diabetes Care.

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Coffee Consumption Does Not Affect Insulin Sensitivity

FRIDAY, Jan. 3, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Consumption of four cups of coffee daily does not impact insulin sensitivity, according to a study published online Dec. 31 in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.

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Mediterranean Diet May Preserve Function After Kidney Transplant

FRIDAY, Jan. 3, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Adherence to the Mediterranean diet is associated with better kidney function outcomes among kidney transplant recipients, according to a study published online Jan. 2 in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

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Public Policy Recs Updated for Familial Hypercholesterolemia

FRIDAY, Jan. 3, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In a special communication article, published online Jan. 2 in JAMA Cardiology, updated recommendations are presented for reducing the clinical and public health burden of familial hypercholesterolemia (FH).

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New Continuous Glucose Monitor May Cut Hypoglycemia in T1DM

FRIDAY, Jan. 3, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Intermittently scanned continuous glucose monitoring (isCGM) results in higher treatment satisfaction among adults with type 1 diabetes, according to a study published online Dec. 24 in Diabetes Care.

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Individualized PT Can Reduce Incontinence After Prostatectomy

FRIDAY, Jan. 3, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For men with postprostatectomy stress urinary incontinence (SUI), an individualized pelvic physical therapy (PT) program aimed at normalizing pelvic floor dysfunction (PFD) is associated with a decrease in SUI and pelvic pain, according to a study published online Dec. 5 in International Urology and Nephrology.

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Cardiorespiratory Fitness Linked to Gray Matter Volume

FRIDAY, Jan. 3, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) is positively associated with gray matter (GM) volume and total brain volume and with GM volume in specific brain areas, according to a study published in the January issue of the Mayo Clinic Proceedings.

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Mental Distress, Depression Prevalent in Adults With Arthritis

THURSDAY, Jan. 2, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of mental distress is 16.8 percent and the prevalence of depression is 32.1 percent among adults with arthritis, according to research published in the Jan. 3 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Guidance Developed for Providing Quality STD Care

THURSDAY, Jan. 2, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In a report published in the Jan. 3 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, recommendations are presented for providing quality sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinical services.

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Survivors of Childhood Cancers at Risk for Shortened Life Span

THURSDAY, Jan. 2, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Survivors of childhood cancer remain at risk for shorter life spans, especially when they receive radiotherapy, according to a study published online Jan. 2 in JAMA Oncology.

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Diabetes Mellitus May Increase Risk for Developing Heart Failure

THURSDAY, Jan. 2, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with diabetes mellitus have an increased risk for heart failure, even in the absence of diastolic dysfunction, according to a study published in the January issue of the Mayo Clinic Proceedings.

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APO(a)-LRX Found to Reduce Lipoprotein(a) Levels

THURSDAY, Jan. 2, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with elevated lipoprotein(a) levels and established cardiovascular disease, hepatocyte-directed antisense oligonucleotide AKCEA-APO(a)-LRX (APO(a)-LRX) reduces lipoprotein(a) levels, according to a study published online Jan. 1 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Health Top Concern for Veterans After Separating From Military

THURSDAY, Jan. 2, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Most newly separated veterans experience high occupational and social well-being, but many report chronic physical and/or mental health conditions, according to a study published online Jan. 2 in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

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Leisure-Time Physical Activity Linked to Lower Cancer Risk

THURSDAY, Jan. 2, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Leisure-time physical activity at recommended levels is associated with a significantly lower risk for seven cancer types, according to a study published online Dec. 26 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Abstinence From Alcohol Cuts Arrhythmia Recurrence in A-Fib

THURSDAY, Jan. 2, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In regular drinkers with atrial fibrillation, abstinence from alcohol reduces arrhythmia recurrences, according to a study published in the Jan. 2 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Patient Experiences Modestly Worse After Hospital Acquisition

THURSDAY, Jan. 2, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Modestly worse patient experiences are seen following hospital acquisition by another hospital, according to a study published in the Jan. 2 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Trump Administration to Ban Most Flavored E-Cigarettes

THURSDAY, Jan. 2, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The Trump Administration is expected to announce this week that it will ban mint-, fruit-, and dessert-flavored electronic cigarette cartridges, while allowing the continued sale of menthol- and tobacco-flavored vapes.

The New York Times Article
Statement From the American Heart Association

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