July 2019 Briefing - Internal Medicine

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Internal Medicine for July 2019. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

U-Shaped Association Found for Hemoglobin Level, Dementia Risk

WEDNESDAY, July 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- There is a U-shaped association for hemoglobin levels with risk for dementia, including Alzheimer disease, according to a study published online July 31 in Neurology.

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Hot Pavement Can Burn Feet in Seconds

WEDNESDAY, July 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Hot pavement poses a burn risk, particularly when outside temperatures reach greater than 95 degrees Fahrenheit, according to a study published in the July/August issue of the Journal of Burn Care & Research.

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Preeclampsia History Increases Risk for End-Stage Kidney Disease

WEDNESDAY, July 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Women with preeclampsia have an increased risk for developing end-stage kidney disease (ESKD), according to a study published online July 30 in PLOS Medicine.

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Risk for Allergy Development Increased After Gastric Acid Inhibitor Use

WEDNESDAY, July 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Patients receiving gastric acid inhibitors have an increase in prescriptions of anti-allergic drugs, according to a study published online July 30 in Nature Communications.

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Estimated U.K. Incidence Rate of Lyme Disease 12.1 per 100,000

WEDNESDAY, July 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The incidence of Lyme disease (LD) increased from 2001 to 2012 in the United Kingdom, with an estimated incidence rate of 12.1 per 100,000 individuals per year, according to a study published online July 30 in BMJ Open.

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With Standard Care, BP Control Still Worse in Low-Income Areas

WEDNESDAY, July 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Receiving treatment at clinics in the lowest-income sites is associated with poorer blood pressure control and worse outcomes, according to a study published online July 31 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

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Burnout Symptoms May Up Racial Bias Among Resident Physicians

WEDNESDAY, July 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Symptoms of burnout seem to be associated with greater explicit and implicit racial bias among resident physicians, according to a study published online July 26 in JAMA Network Open.

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Likelihood of Trying Drugs for the First Time Higher in the Summer

WEDNESDAY, July 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Summer appears to be a risk factor for drug use initiation, according to a study published online July 23 in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

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Smoking May Limit Success of Embolization Therapy for PAVMs

WEDNESDAY, July 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT), the rates of pulmonary arteriovenous malformation (PAVM) persistence after pulmonary embolization are increased with active tobacco use, according to a study published online July 30 in Radiology.

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Having a Partner, Health Impact Postmenopausal Sexual Activity

WEDNESDAY, July 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Having a partner and good physical health are key factors for continuation of sexual activity among postmenopausal women, according to a study published online July 8 in Menopause.

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Oral Semaglutide Reduces HbA1c, Weight in Patients With T2DM

WEDNESDAY, July 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Compared with placebo, oral semaglutide monotherapy is associated with superior and clinically relevant improvements in glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and weight loss among patients with type 2 diabetes, according to a study published online July 18 in Diabetes Care.

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Oil, Gas Well Exposure May Up Risk for Congenital Heart Defects

TUESDAY, July 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Pregnant women living near more oil and natural gas development activity have a greater chance of giving birth to children with congenital heart defects (CHDs), according to a study published online July 18 in Environment International.

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$70 Million Settlement Reached in Generic Drug Delay Case

TUESDAY, July 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Three drug companies will pay a total of nearly $70 million to California to settle charges of delaying the sale of generic drugs to keep brand-name drug prices high, the state's attorney general said Monday.

AP News Article

Legionnaires' Disease Outbreak Linked to Atlanta Hotel

TUESDAY, July 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Legionnaires' disease has been diagnosed in 11 people who stayed at the Sheraton Atlanta, and there have been another 55 probable cases, Georgia health officials say.

CNN Article
More Information: CDC

New Opioid Rx Rules Coming for U.S. Employees' Health Plans

TUESDAY, July 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Tighter rules on opioid painkiller prescriptions for U.S. government employees will be implemented in the fall, the Trump Administration says.

AP News Article

SGLT-2 Inhibitor Use Not Linked to Increased Risk for UTI Events

TUESDAY, July 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Initiation of therapy with sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors for type 2 diabetes mellitus is not associated with an increased risk for urinary tract infection (UTI) events compared with initiation of other second-line antidiabetic medications, according to a study published online July 30 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Hearing Loss Takes Mental, Social, Physical Toll on Older People

TUESDAY, July 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Older people with hearing loss are more likely to experience outdoor activity limitations, psychological distress, and memory loss, according to a study recently published online in Geriatrics & Gerontology International.

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National Norms Developed for Assessing Medical School Empathy

TUESDAY, July 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- National norms have been developed for assessing empathy among men and women at different levels of medical school education, according to a study published in the August issue of the Journal of the American Osteopathic Association.

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CIED Complication Rates Vary Considerably Among Hospitals

TUESDAY, July 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Cardiovascular implantable electronic device (CIED) complication rates vary considerably among hospitals, according to a study published online July 30 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Work-Related Injuries Up Suicide and Drug-Related Death

TUESDAY, July 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Workplace injuries severe enough to warrant more than a week away from work may increase the risk for death among workers, according to a study published online July 12 in the American Journal of Industrial Medicine.

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Poll: Patients Want to Talk to Physicians About Self-Care

TUESDAY, July 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- According to recent survey results, patients want more information from physicians on self-care.

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N.C. Man Dies of Brain-Eating Amoeba After Visiting Water Park

MONDAY, July 29, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The rare brain-eating amoeba Naegleria fowleri has been confirmed as the cause of death of a North Carolina man.

CBS News Article
More Information: CDC

Exposure to Urban Tree Canopy Beneficial for Mental Health

MONDAY, July 29, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Increased exposure to total green space, and urban tree canopy specifically, is associated with a reduced incidence of psychological distress, according to a study published online July 26 in JAMA Network Open.

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Experts Warn of Mosquito-Borne Brain Infection in Florida

MONDAY, July 29, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- There is an increased risk for a mosquito-borne virus that causes brain infection and swelling, Florida health officials warn.

CNN Article
More Information: CDC

Authors Say Lower BP Targets May Cut Recurrent Stroke Risk

MONDAY, July 29, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Intensive blood pressure (BP) lowering nonsignificantly reduces the risk for recurrence among patients with a history of stroke compared with a standard BP-lowering regimen, according to a study published online July 29 in JAMA Neurology.

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Substantial Costs Attributable to Hospital-Acquired C. Difficile

MONDAY, July 29, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Hospital-acquired Clostridioides difficile infection (HA-CDI) is associated with substantial attributable costs, according to a study published online July 25 in Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology.

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Half of Deaths After Noncardiac Surgery Due to 3 Complications

MONDAY, July 29, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Three complications account for almost 45 percent of deaths occurring after noncardiac surgery, according to a study published in the July 29 issue of CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.

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Consumer Products Tied to Three-Fourths of Youth Brain Injuries

MONDAY, July 29, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Nearly three-quarters of traumatic brain injuries (TBI) in children and teens are attributable to consumer products that are regulated by the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission, according to a study published online July 29 in the journal Brain Injury.

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Serious Falls Pose Risk to People Living With HIV

MONDAY, July 29, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Benzodiazepines and muscle relaxants are associated with serious falls among people living with HIV in their 50s, according to a study recently published in the Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome.

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Random Plasma Glucose Levels Can Predict Diabetes Diagnosis

MONDAY, July 29, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Random plasma glucose (RPG) levels can predict development of diabetes, according to a study published online July 19 in PLOS ONE.

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AI Model Can Predict Long-Term Mortality From Chest Radiographs

MONDAY, July 29, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A convolutional neural network (CNN) can predict long-term mortality from chest radiographs (CXRs), according to a study published online July 19 in JAMA Network Open.

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Testosterone Replacement Therapy May Increase Cardiovascular Risk

FRIDAY, July 26, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- For aging men with low testosterone levels, testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) may increase the risk of cardiovascular events, especially in the first two years of use, according to a study published in the September issue of The American Journal of Medicine.

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Adherence to Aerobic Activity Guidelines Not Up Since 2008

FRIDAY, July 26, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Since publication of the Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans (PAG) in 2008, there has been no increase in adherence to aerobic activity guidelines, while sedentary time has increased, according to a study published online July 26 in JAMA Network Open.

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Outpatient Service Receipt Down After Medicaid Disenrollment

FRIDAY, July 26, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with mental health (MH) disorders, disenrollment in Medicaid is associated with a reduction in the likelihood of receiving any outpatient service and any MH-related outpatient service, according to a study published in the August issue of Medical Care.

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Review Supports Testosterone for Low Sexual Desire in Women

FRIDAY, July 26, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- For postmenopausal women with low sexual desire causing distress, testosterone is an effective treatment, with a preference for nonoral administration, according to a review published online July 25 in the The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology.

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Vitamin D Supplementation Beneficial for Glucose Metabolism

FRIDAY, July 26, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Vitamin D3 supplementation can improve glucose metabolism in patients at high risk of diabetes or with newly-diagnosed diabetes, according to a study published online July 1 in the European Journal of Endocrinology.

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Daily E-Cigarette Use May Increase Prolonged Cigarette Abstinence

FRIDAY, July 26, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Daily electronic-cigarette use is associated with increased odds of prolonged regular cigarette smoking abstinence, according to a study published online July 11 in Nicotine & Tobacco Research.

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Online Symptom Self-Management + Telehealth Aids Pain, Mood

FRIDAY, July 26, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Online symptom self-management plus clinician telecare can be effective for individuals with pain, depression, and anxiety, according to a study recently published in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

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Mortality Up in Women With Central Obesity, Regardless of BMI

FRIDAY, July 26, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Women with normal-weight central obesity have increased mortality risk compared with normal weight women with no central obesity, according to a study published online July 24 in JAMA Network Open.

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Some Men at Risk for HIV Do Not Live Near PrEP Provider

FRIDAY, July 26, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A considerable proportion of men who have sex with men (MSM), who are eligible for HIV preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP), live in locations with no nearby PrEP provider, according to a study published online July 18 in the American Journal of Public Health.

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Bariatric Surgery Up in Patients With End-Stage Kidney Disease

THURSDAY, July 25, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD), there has been an increase in bariatric surgery, with proportional use of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy increasing, according to a study published online July 25 in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

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Taking Prescription Opioids Could Limit Primary Care Access

TUESDAY, July 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Access to primary care may be reduced for patients taking prescription opioids, according to a study published online July 12 in JAMA Network Open.

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Minor Changes in BMD Seen With Tenofovir PrEP in Short Term

THURSDAY, July 25, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Tenofovir preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) therapy does not appear to be associated with clinically significant declines in bone mineral density (BMD) in the short term, according to a study published online June 19 in AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses.

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Targeted Interventions Raise HPV Vaccine Acceptance in Women

THURSDAY, July 25, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Among young women, targeted educational interventions, particularly educational videos, increase human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine acceptability and knowledge, according to a study published online July 9 in Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Higher Fasting Plasma Glucose May Up Pancreatic Cancer Risk

THURSDAY, July 25, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The incidence rate of pancreatic cancer increases with rising fasting blood glucose levels, even within the normal range, according to a study published online July 24 in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

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Private Equity Stake Rising Among Dermatology Practices

WEDNESDAY, July 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Private equity (PE) firms have a stake in an increasing number of dermatology practices throughout the United States, according to a study published online July 24 in JAMA Dermatology.

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Adiposity in Early Old Age Tied to MRI Signs of Brain Aging Later

WEDNESDAY, July 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Adiposity in early old age is associated with reduced gray matter later in life, according to a study published online July 24 in Neurology.

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FDA Warns CBD Product Maker About False Claims

WEDNESDAY, July 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A warning letter has been issued to Massachusetts-based Curaleaf Inc. for illegally selling unapproved cannabidiol (CBD) products online with unproven claims that the products treat cancer, Alzheimer disease, opioid withdrawal, pain, and other health problems, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration says.

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CDC: Mortality Rates Continue to Decrease for Hispanic Adults

WEDNESDAY, July 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Age-adjusted death rates decreased for Hispanic adults from 2000 through 2017, while for non-Hispanic white and non-Hispanic black adults, the rates have remained stable since 2011-2012, according to a July data brief published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Health Statistics.

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Cuts in Fine Particulate Matter Pollution Have Spared U.S. Lives

WEDNESDAY, July 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Recent reductions in fine particulate matter (PM2.5) have resulted in lower mortality in most counties in the United States, according to a study published online July 23 in PLOS Medicine.

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In-Hospital Cardiac Arrests in the U.S. May Be Underestimated

WEDNESDAY, July 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- More patients suffer cardiac arrest in U.S. hospitals each year than previously estimated -- with rates about 38 percent greater for adults and 18 percent greater for children, according to a study published online July 9 in Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes.

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Former NFL Participation Linked to Increased A-Fib Prevalence

WEDNESDAY, July 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Former National Football League (NFL) players have an increased prevalence of atrial fibrillation (AF) and slowed cardiac conduction, according to a study published online July 24 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

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WHO 'Treat All' Recommendation for HIV Widely Implemented

WEDNESDAY, July 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The World Health Organization "Treat All" strategy for antiretroviral treatment (ART) initiation among patients living with HIV was the standard of care at almost all International epidemiology Databases to Evaluate AIDS (IeDEA) sites by mid-2017, according to a study published in the July issue of the Journal of the International AIDS Society.

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Weight Loss Experiences Differ for Minority Groups With T2DM

WEDNESDAY, July 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Daily self-weighing uptake is considerable among minority subgroups with type 2 diabetes and is associated with year 1 weight loss among African-Americans, according to a study published online July 24 in Obesity.

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Cancer Risks Examined in Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients

WEDNESDAY, July 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Compared with the general population, there is an increased risk for certain cancers in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in Singapore, according to a study published online July 11 in the International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases.

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Metformin May Lower Dementia Risk in Black Patients With T2DM

WEDNESDAY, July 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Metformin use is associated with a substantially lower risk for dementia among younger African-American patients with diabetes compared with sulfonylurea initiation, according to a study published in the July/August issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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Nonphysican Practitioners Filling Post-ACA Primary Care Gap

TUESDAY, July 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Primary care practices may be relying on advanced practitioners (APs) to accommodate new Medicaid beneficiaries following the passage of the Affordable Care Act, according to a study published in the July/August issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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Filgotinib Bests Placebo in Tx of Refractory Rheumatoid Arthritis

TUESDAY, July 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Among patients with moderately to severely active rheumatoid arthritis (RA) resistant to previous therapy with biologic agents, a significantly higher clinical response rate was seen at 12 weeks for those receiving filgotinib versus placebo, according to a study published in the July 23/30 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Senate Bill Would Reduce Drug Costs for Seniors

TUESDAY, July 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A bill to reduce prescription drug costs for millions of Medicare recipients and lower federal and state health costs has been introduced by two U.S. senators.

AP News Article

CV Event Risk Up With Rejected, Abandoned PCSK9i Prescriptions

TUESDAY, July 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with rejected or abandoned prescriptions for proprotein convertase subtilisin kexin type 9 inhibitors (PCSK9i) have a significantly increased risk for cardiovascular events than those with paid prescriptions, according to a study published online July 23 in Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes.

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Stimulant Treatment Has Strong Protective Effect in ADHD

TUESDAY, July 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- For youth with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), stimulants have strong protective effects on functional outcomes, according to a study published online July 23 in the Journal of Adolescent Health.

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T2DM Increases Gastric Cancer Risk After H. Pylori Eradication

TUESDAY, July 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Type 2 diabetes mellitus increases the risk for gastric cancer after treatment for Helicobacter pylori infection, according to a study published online July 11 in Diabetes Care.

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Long-Term Diastolic Dysfunction Seen After Early Preeclampsia

TUESDAY, July 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Women with a history of early or preterm preeclampsia have an increased prevalence of diastolic dysfunction, according to a review published online July 2 in the Australasian Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine.

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One in Five Workers Exposed to Secondhand Smoke on the Job

TUESDAY, July 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- One in five nonsmoking workers report exposure to secondhand tobacco smoke (SHS) at work, according to research published in the July 12 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Smoking Has Long-Term Impact on Peripheral Artery Disease Risk

MONDAY, July 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Both duration and intensity of smoking have a long-term impact on the risk for three major atherosclerotic diseases: peripheral artery disease (PAD), coronary heart disease (CHD), and stroke, according to a study published in the July 30 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Almost One in Four Adults ≥40 Takes Aspirin for CVD Prevention

MONDAY, July 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Nearly 30 million U.S. adults aged 40 years or older use aspirin to prevent cardiovascular disease (CVD), including 6.6 million without a physician's recommendation, according to a research letter published online July 23 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Nonprescription Antibiotic Use Seems Prevalent in the United States

MONDAY, July 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Nonprescription antibiotic use appears to be prevalent in the United States, according to a review published online July 23 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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State-Level Firearm Ownership Linked to Domestic Firearm Homicide

MONDAY, July 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- There is an association for state-level firearm ownership rates with domestic, but not nondomestic, firearm homicide, according to a study published online July 22 in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

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Proportion of CRC Diagnoses Increased in Adults Younger Than 50

MONDAY, July 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- From 2004 to 2015, there was an increase in the proportion of persons diagnosed with colorectal cancer (CRC) at an age younger than 50 years in the United States, according to a study published online July 22 in Cancer.

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Rates of Anal Cancer Precursors High in Women Living With HIV

MONDAY, July 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of anal high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (HSILs), which precede anal cancer, is high among women living with HIV (WLHIV) in the United States, according to a study published online July 11 in Clinical Infectious Diseases.

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FRAX Score Underestimates Risk for Fracture in Multiple Sclerosis

FRIDAY, July 19, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a risk factor for major fractures independent of the Fracture Risk Assessment tool (FRAX) score, according to a study published in the June issue of the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research.

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Family Support May Improve Asthma Outcomes in Poor Youth

FRIDAY, July 19, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Better family relationships are associated with better asthma management behaviors and outcomes for those living in neighborhoods characterized as dangerous and/or disorderly, according to a study published online July 18 in Pediatrics.

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EPA Will Not Ban Pesticide Linked to Brain Harm in Children

FRIDAY, July 19, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Even though the pesticide chlorpyrifos has been linked to brain harm in children, it will not be banned in the United States, the Environmental Protection Agency announced Thursday.

The New York Times Article

Recommendations Developed for Japanese Encephalitis Vaccine

FRIDAY, July 19, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- In the July 19 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, recommendations are presented for use of the Japanese encephalitis (JE) vaccine.

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Financial Incentives Help People Stop Smoking

FRIDAY, July 19, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Financial incentives do seem to help people quit smoking, according to a study published July 17 in the Cochrane Library.

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Current Antibiotic Stewardship Program Practices Characterized

FRIDAY, July 19, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Current infection prevention and antibiotic stewardship program practices continue to include a main focus on surveillance for multidrug-resistant organisms, according to a report published online July 17 in Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology.

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Excess Risk for Diabetes-Linked Heart Failure Greater in Women

FRIDAY, July 19, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The excess risk for heart failure associated with diabetes is significantly greater in women than men, according to a meta-analysis published online July 18 in Diabetologia.

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Supply of Opioids Predicts Long-Term Use in Injured Workers

FRIDAY, July 19, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The number of days supplied of an initial opioid prescription is the strongest risk factor for developing long-term opioid use among previously opioid-free injured workers, according to a study published online July 17 in JAMA Network Open.

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Narrowing Seen in Racial/Ethnic Differences in Home Dialysis Use

THURSDAY, July 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Home dialysis use increased from 2005 to 2013, and racial/ethnic differences narrowed over time, according to a study published online July 17 in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

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CDC: Prevalence of Smoking Quit Attempts Unchanged in Most States

THURSDAY, July 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- During 2011 to 2017, the prevalence of quit attempts in adult smokers did not change significantly in 44 states and increased in only four states, according to research published in the July 19 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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About One in 20 Patients Exposed to Preventable Harm

THURSDAY, July 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The pooled prevalence of preventable patient harm is 6 percent across a range of medical settings globally, according to a review published online July 17 in The BMJ.

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CDC Assesses Burden of Eye Disorders in Adults With Diabetes

THURSDAY, July 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Eye disorders frequently affect adults aged 45 years and older with diagnosed diabetes, and disorders are more common for those with diagnosed diabetes for 10 years or more, according to a July data brief published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Health Statistics.

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Air Pollution Found to Accelerate Aging of the Lungs

THURSDAY, July 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Ambient air pollution is associated with lower lung function and increased chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) prevalence, according to a study published online July 8 in the European Respiratory Journal.

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Systolic, Diastolic HTN Contribute to Adverse CV Events

THURSDAY, July 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Both systolic and diastolic hypertension contribute independently to the risk for adverse cardiovascular events, according to a study published in the July 18 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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People Living With HIV Have Higher Risk for Cardiovascular Disease

THURSDAY, July 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- People living with HIV (PLWH) have a higher risk for cardiovascular disease, according to a study published online July 2 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

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U.S. Drug OD Deaths Fall for First Time in Three Decades

WEDNESDAY, July 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- For the first time in three decades, drug overdose deaths in the United States fell last year, preliminary federal government data suggest.

AP News Article

WHO Declares Congo Ebola Outbreak Global Health Emergency

WEDNESDAY, July 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The World Health Organization on Wednesday called the year-old outbreak of Ebola in the Democratic Republic of Congo a global health emergency, The New York Times reported.

The New York Times Article
More Information: WHO

Age, Race Disparities Identified in Inpatient Portal Use

WEDNESDAY, July 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Older patients and African-American patients use an inpatient portal less often than younger and white patients, according to a study published online July 9 in Telemedicine and e-Health.

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Subclinical Cardiovascular Dz May Up Fall Risk in Older Adults

WEDNESDAY, July 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Subclinical cardiovascular disease (CVD) appears to be an independent risk factor for falls in older adults, according to a study published online July 10 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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Continuous Anticoagulants + Cold Snare Polypectomy Noninferior

WEDNESDAY, July 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with subcentimeter colorectal polyps receiving oral anticoagulants, continuous administration of anticoagulants (CA) with cold snare polypectomy (CSP) is noninferior to periprocedural heparin bridging (HB) with hot snare polypectomy (HSP) for polypectomy-related major bleeding, according to a study published online July 16 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Many Patients With Depression Do Not Need a Psychiatrist

WEDNESDAY, July 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Primary care doctors can detect and treat most cases of depression, according to a study published in the July/August issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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Extremely Low LDL Cholesterol May Up Stroke Risk

WEDNESDAY, July 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Cholesterol levels that are too low may increase the risk for hemorrhagic stroke, according to a study published online July 2 in Neurology.

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Protocolized Sepsis Care Lowers Sepsis Mortality in NY State

TUESDAY, July 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- State-mandated protocolized sepsis care is associated with a greater decrease in sepsis mortality compared with that seen in states not implementing sepsis regulations, according to a study published in the July 16 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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1999 to 2017 Saw Increase in Unintentional Injury Death Rates

TUESDAY, July 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- From 1999 to 2017, there was an increase in unintentional injury death rates, with variation in trends by leading causes of unintentional injury death, according to a July data brief published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Health Statistics.

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Alirocumab Cuts CV Absolute Risk the Most for Those With Diabetes

TUESDAY, July 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Among those receiving alirocumab in addition to statin therapy to reduce the risk for another cardiovascular event after a recent acute coronary syndrome, absolute risk reduction is greater for those with diabetes, according to a study published online July 1 in The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology.

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HIV-Infected Cells Persist in CSF in Individuals on Long-Term ART

TUESDAY, July 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- About half of HIV-positive individuals on long-term antiretroviral therapy (ART) have HIV-infected cells in their cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), according to a study published online July 15 in the Journal of Clinical Investigation.

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Most Adults Favor Cutting Nicotine Levels in Cigarettes

TUESDAY, July 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Most adults favor requiring cigarette makers to lower the level of nicotine in cigarettes, according to a study published online July 11 in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

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Racial Disparity Shown in Odds of Triple-Negative Breast Cancer Diagnosis

TUESDAY, July 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The odds of diagnosis of triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) are increased for non-Hispanic black and Hispanic women and for younger women, according to a study published online July 8 in Cancer.

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CVD Risk Up in Later Life for Young Adults With High LDL or Hypertension

TUESDAY, July 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Young adult exposures to elevated systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP and DBP) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) are associated with increased risks for cardiovascular disease (CVD) in later life, according to a study published in the July 23 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Depression at Time of Diagnosis May Worsen Survival in Blood Cancers

TUESDAY, July 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Symptoms of depression are common among patients diagnosed with hematological malignancy, and depressive symptoms are associated with shorter survival, according to a study published online July 2 in Psycho-Oncology.

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Frequent Fried Food Intake Increases Risk for Coronary Artery Disease

MONDAY, July 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The frequency of fried food consumption shows a positive linear relationship with the risk for coronary artery disease (CAD), according to a study recently published in Clinical Nutrition.

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Company Reaches $1.4 Billion Settlement in Opioid Treatment Investigation

MONDAY, July 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A drug company has reached a $1.4 billion settlement with the U.S. government over an investigation into the company's marketing and sales of a prescription drug used to treat opioid addiction.

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Congo Officials: First Ebola Case Confirmed in City of Goma

MONDAY, July 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The first case of Ebola in the city of Goma has been confirmed, Democratic Republic of Congo officials said Sunday.

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E-Cigarette Restrictions May Up Combustible Cigarette Use

MONDAY, July 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Restrictive regulations regarding electronic cigarette (EC) characteristics may result in increased combustible cigarette (CC) use among dual EC and CC users, according to a study published online July 15 in Substance Use & Misuse.

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Practitioner Empathy Has Lasting Benefit After T2DM Diagnosis

MONDAY, July 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Positive patient experiences of practitioner empathy in the year after type 2 diabetes diagnosis can confer long-term benefit, according to a study published in the July/August issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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Risk for Arterial Hypertension Up With Air Pollutant Exposure

MONDAY, July 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- For individuals living in multistory houses (MH), residential exposure to air pollutants is associated with an increased risk for arterial hypertension (AH), according to a study published online June 24 in the Journal of Public Health.

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Productivity Loss Sizable With Menstruation-Related Symptoms

FRIDAY, July 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Menstruation-related symptoms (MRS) cause a great deal of productivity loss, mainly due to presenteeism, according to research published online June 27 in BMJ Open.

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Risk for Leg Amputation Higher With Microvascular Disease

FRIDAY, July 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Microvascular disease (MVD) increases the risk for amputation alone and in combination with peripheral artery disease (PAD), according to a study published online July 8 in Circulation.

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Rabies Warning Issued for Walt Disney World Resort Area

FRIDAY, July 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A rabies warning was issued for Walt Disney World Resort and the surrounding area after a rabid cat scratched two employees.

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Kratom Use Associated With Significant Toxicities

FRIDAY, July 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The unregulated herbal supplement known as kratom, which is mainly used for self-treating pain or mood disorders in the United States, is associated with significant toxicities, according to a report published in the July issue of Pharmacotherapy.

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Erectile Dysfunction Presents Large Global Health Burden

FRIDAY, July 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a large global burden and is associated with increased risks for cardiovascular disease, dementia, and early death, according to a review published online July 2 in BJU International.

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U.S. Health, Economic Burden of Uncontrolled Asthma Projected

FRIDAY, July 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The economic burden of uncontrolled asthma is considerable and is projected to continue increasing, according to a study recently published in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

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Serious Misdiagnosis-Related Harms Mostly Due to 'Big Three'

FRIDAY, July 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Vascular events, infections, and cancers account for about three-quarters of serious misdiagnosis-related harms, according to a study published online July 11 in Diagnosis.

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Prolonged TV Viewing Tied to CVD Events, Mortality in Blacks

FRIDAY, July 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Prolonged television viewing, but not occupational sitting, is associated with an increased risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) events and all-cause mortality in blacks, according to a study published in the July 2 issue of the Journal of the American Heart Association.

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CDC: Workplace Absenteeism High in 2017/2018 Flu Season

FRIDAY, July 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Workplace absenteeism during the high-severity 2017 to 2018 influenza season increased sharply in November and peaked in January, reaching a higher level than the average during the previous five seasons, according to research published in the July 5 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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CRP-Guided Testing Cuts Antibiotic Use in COPD Exacerbations

FRIDAY, July 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with an acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), point-of-care testing of C-reactive protein (CRP) to guide antibiotic prescribing can reduce antibiotic use, according to a study published in the July 11 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Negative Cognitive Bias May Be Key to Depression in Active IBD

THURSDAY, July 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Biases in emotional processing may contribute to depression in individuals with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) who have active disease, according to a study published online July 2 in Neurogastroenterology & Motility.

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Uncontrolled Diabetes, Hypertension Rates High in CKD Patients

THURSDAY, July 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), the prevalence of uncontrolled hypertension and diabetes is high and has not improved over time, according to a study published online July 11 in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

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Awareness, Use of PrEP on Rise Among Men Who Have Sex With Men

THURSDAY, July 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- There has been a recent increase in the awareness and use of HIV preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) among men who have sex with men (MSM), according to research published in the July 12 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Medicare Drug Rebate Plan Withdrawn by Trump Administration

THURSDAY, July 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A plan to let Medicare patients receive rebates that drug companies currently pay to insurers and middlemen has been withdrawn by the Trump administration.

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Capping Work Hours in Residency Does Not Impact Outcomes Later

THURSDAY, July 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Exposure of U.S. physicians to work-hour reforms during residency training is not associated with post-training differences in patient mortality, readmissions, or costs of care, according to a study published online July 11 in The BMJ.

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Sugary Beverage Consumption Linked to Increased Cancer Risk

THURSDAY, July 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Higher consumption of sugary drinks is associated with an increased risk for overall cancer and breast cancer, according to a study published online July 10 in The BMJ.

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Elevated Systolic BP May Up Risk for Valvular Heart Disease

THURSDAY, July 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The cumulative effect of elevated systolic blood pressure appears to be associated with an increased risk for major valvular heart disease, according to a study published online July 10 in JAMA Cardiology.

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Rimegepant Shows Promise for Relief From Migraine Attacks

THURSDAY, July 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Compared with placebo, rimegepant, an orally administered, small-molecule, calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) receptor antagonist, can increase the percentage of patients free of pain and free from their most bothersome symptom during a migraine attack, according to a study published in the July 11 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Health Care Professionals Exhibit Gender Bias

THURSDAY, July 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Survey results show that health care professionals have implicit and explicit gender bias, according to a study published online July 5 in JAMA Network Open.

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Galcanezumab Can Cut Frequency of Cluster Headache Attacks

WEDNESDAY, July 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Galcanezumab can reduce the frequency of episodic cluster headache attacks, according to a study published in the July 11 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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President to Sign Order to Improve Kidney Disease Care

WEDNESDAY, July 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Significant changes in how kidney disease is treated in the United States are outlined in an executive order that was signed Wednesday by President Donald Trump.

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Mentally Stimulating Activities Lower Risk for Cognitive Decline

WEDNESDAY, July 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Among community-dwelling older persons, engaging in a higher number of mentally stimulating activities, particularly in late life, is associated with a lower risk for developing mild cognitive impairment (MCI), according to a study published online July 10 in Neurology.

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Lab Tests Show Experimental Ebola Treatments Effective

WEDNESDAY, July 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Two experimental Ebola treatments being used in the current outbreak in eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo have proved effective in laboratory tests with human cells, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The study was published online July 9 in the The Lancet Infectious Diseases.

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Two Algorithms Can ID Patients at Risk for HIV, PrEP Candidates

WEDNESDAY, July 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Two new research papers, published online July 5 in The Lancet HIV, present algorithms that can help identify patients at risk for HIV and candidates for preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP).

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About 12 Percent With Ankle Sprain Fill Opioid Prescriptions

WEDNESDAY, July 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Overall, 11.9 percent of patients diagnosed with an ankle sprain fill an opioid prescription within seven days of diagnosis, according to a research letter published online July 9 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Risk for Cancer Higher in Those With Congenital Heart Disease

WEDNESDAY, July 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Children and young adult patients with congenital heart disease (CHD) have an increased risk for developing cancer, according to a study published online July 5 in JAMA Network Open.

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CPAP Alleviates Depression Symptoms in Sleep Apnea Patients

WEDNESDAY, July 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment reduces depression symptoms in patients with coexisting obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and cardiovascular disease, according to research published online June 13 in EClinicalMedicine.

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High Incarceration Rates Tied to More Drug-Related Deaths

WEDNESDAY, July 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Reduced household income and high incarceration rates are associated with drug-related deaths, according to a study published in the July issue of The Lancet Public Health.

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High Sodium, High Fiber Both Increase Bloated Feeling

WEDNESDAY, July 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Both high-sodium and high-fiber diets increase patient reports of bloating, according to a study published in the July issue of the American Journal of Gastroenterology.

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Fewer New Measles Cases Reported Last Week in U.S.

TUESDAY, July 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- There were just over a dozen measles cases reported last week in the United States, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said Monday.

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Rule Requiring Drug Prices in TV Ads Blocked by Judge

TUESDAY, July 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A Trump administration rule to force pharmaceutical companies to disclose the list prices of their drugs in television ads was blocked Monday by a federal judge.

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EHR System-Generated In-Basket Messages Linked to Burnout

TUESDAY, July 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Receipt of more than the average number of electronic health record (EHR) system-generated in-basket messages is associated with an increased probability of physician burnout, according to a study published in the July 1 issue of Health Affairs.

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Androgen Deprivation Therapy May Up Risk of Alzheimer Disease

TUESDAY, July 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Among elderly patients with prostate cancer, androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) exposure is associated with subsequent diagnosis of Alzheimer disease or dementia, according to a study published online July 3 in JAMA Network Open.

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Simple Fixed Threshold IDs Those at Risk for COPD-Related Events

TUESDAY, July 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Use of a threshold of airflow obstruction of forced expiratory volume in one second:forced vital capacity (FEV1:FVC) of 0.70 discriminates chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)-related hospitalization and mortality, according to a study published in the June 25 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Adults With Cerebral Palsy at Higher Risk for Osteoporosis

TUESDAY, July 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Cerebral palsy (CP) is associated with an increased risk for osteoporosis and osteoarthritis, according to a study published in the August issue of Bone.

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Food Insecurity Associated With Increased Insulin Resistance

TUESDAY, July 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Household food insecurity (HFI) is associated with insulin resistance among Latinos with type 2 diabetes, according to a study published in the June issue of the Journal of Nutrition.

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Environment May Be Main Factor in Norway's Obesity Epidemic

TUESDAY, July 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Environment most likely remains the main contributor to the obesity epidemic in Norway, given that body mass index (BMI) has increased for both genetically predisposed and nonpredisposed people since the 1960s, according to a study published online July 3 in The BMJ.

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In-Hospital Maternal Mortality Down in Pregnancies With Lupus

TUESDAY, July 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- In-hospital maternal mortality decreased from 1998 to 2015 in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and non-SLE pregnancies, with a greater decline for SLE pregnancies, according to a study published online July 9 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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History of Liver Disease Does Not Impact Efficacy of Edoxaban

TUESDAY, July 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), the efficacy and safety of edoxaban versus warfarin is not altered with a history of liver disease, according to a study published in the July 16 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Eye Drops, Ointments Sold at Walgreens Recalled

MONDAY, July 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A number of over-the-counter eye products sold at Walgreens have been recalled by manufacturer Altaire Pharmaceuticals because the products may not be sterile.

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Most Supplements Offer Little Protection Against Heart Disease

MONDAY, July 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Certain nutritional supplements and dietary interventions may reduce the risk for some cardiovascular outcomes in adults; however, the overall effect of nutritional supplements on cardiovascular disease outcomes remains unclear, according to a review published online July 9 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Consistent Time of Day Aids Workout Habit

MONDAY, July 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Consistency in timing of workouts may help sustain high physical activity levels among adults successfully maintaining weight loss, according to a study published online July 3 in Obesity.

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Early Warning Signs May Predate Eating Disorder Onset

MONDAY, July 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Early warning signs may help providers identify eating disorders earlier, according to a study published online July 1 in the British Journal of Psychiatry.

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Treating Depression May Reduce Mortality in Diabetes Patients

MONDAY, July 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The use of most types of antidepressants (ATDs) is associated with significantly reduced mortality among patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) and comorbid depression, according to a study published online July 2 in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

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45 Percent of U.S. Adults Have Some Doubts About Vaccine Safety

MONDAY, July 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Just under half of U.S. adults have some doubts about vaccine safety, according to a survey released by the American Osteopathic Association.

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New Staffing Data Source Can Improve Nursing Home Monitoring

MONDAY, July 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Publicly available Long-term Care Facility Staffing Payroll-Based Journal (PBJ) staffing data have the potential to revolutionize efforts to monitor and study the key role of nursing home staffing, according to a report published in the July issue of Health Affairs.

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Most Adult-Use Cannabis Customers Use for Pain, Sleep Relief

WEDNESDAY, July 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- De facto medical use of cannabis for symptom relief is common among adult-use dispensary customers in Colorado, according to a study published online July 2 in the Journal of Psychoactive Drugs.

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DOJ Asks Congress to Permanently Classify Fentanyl-Like Drugs

WEDNESDAY, July 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A temporary order classifying fentanyl-like drugs as controlled substances should be enacted into law, the U.S. Department of Justice is telling Congress.

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IL-6 Level May Predict Symptom Duration in Concussed Athletes

WEDNESDAY, July 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- For concussed athletes, interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1RA) are significantly elevated at six hours after concussion, and IL-6 levels are associated with symptom duration, according to a study published online July 3 in Neurology.

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Male Students Affected More by Poor Diet in First Year of College

WEDNESDAY, July 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- During the first year of university life, both male and female students make poor dietary choices, which are associated with increases in body weight and fat composition; however, male students appear to be affected more than female students, according to a study published online July 3 in PLOS ONE.

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Mental Health Service Use Up After Campaign to Reduce Stigma

WEDNESDAY, July 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A social marketing campaign in California designed to reduce stigma about mental health issues appears to have encouraged more people to seek care for their symptoms of mental distress, according to a study published online June 26 in the American Journal of Public Health.

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Tanezumab Improves Scores for Pain, Function in Osteoarthritis

WEDNESDAY, July 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee or hip, tanezumab is associated with significant improvements in pain and physical function versus placebo, according to a study published in the July 2 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Interventions Linked to Drop in Unvaccinated Kindergartners

WEDNESDAY, July 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Statewide legislative and educational interventions are associated with a reduction in the yearly rates of kindergartners without up-to-date vaccination status, according to a study published in the July 2 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Regional Fat With Normal BMI Affects CVD Risk After Menopause

WEDNESDAY, July 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- For postmenopausal women with normal body mass index (BMI), higher percent trunk fat is associated with elevated cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk, while higher percent leg fat is associated with lower CVD risk, according to a study published online June 30 in the European Heart Journal.

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Neurofilament Light Chain Levels Predict Stroke Risk in Diabetes

WEDNESDAY, July 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Serum neurofilament light chain (NfL) levels can predict incident stroke among middle-aged and older adults with diabetes mellitus, according to a study published in the July issue of Stroke.

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Most U.S. Adults Are Concerned About Antibiotic Resistance

WEDNESDAY, July 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Most U.S. adults have heard of and are concerned about antibiotic resistance, but 45 percent report having not taken antibiotics as prescribed, according to a report published online June 21 by the Kaiser Family Foundation.

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Flesh-Eating Bacteria Claims Life of Florida Woman

TUESDAY, July 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A Florida woman died late last week from flesh-eating bacteria two weeks after cutting her leg while walking along the coast.

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I-131 Tx for Hyperthyroidism May Up Risk for Solid Cancer Death

TUESDAY, July 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with hyperthyroidism treated with radioactive iodine (RAI), greater organ-absorbed doses seem to be positively associated with increased risk of death from solid cancer, according to a study published online July 1 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Guide Addresses Medical Issues Relevant to Transgender Persons

TUESDAY, July 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A guide to help clinicians understand the medical issues relevant to transgender persons, based on a review of current evidence, was published online July 2 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Disparities Identified in Access to Infertility Care for U.S. Women

TUESDAY, July 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Disparities exist in access to infertility care for women in the United States, according to a study published online June 28 in Fertility and Sterility.

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Statin Use Associated With Higher Incidence of Diabetes

TUESDAY, July 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- There may be a dose-dependent relationship between statin therapy and new-onset diabetes across the duration of statin use, according to a study recently published in Diabetes Metabolism Research and Reviews.

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Guidance Issued for Management of Fontan Circulation

TUESDAY, July 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A scientific statement with recommendations for follow-up care in patients with Fontan circulation surviving into adulthood was published online July 1 in Circulation.

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Combo of Mental Disorders and Physical Illness Ups ED Visits

TUESDAY, July 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Mental disorders and physical multimorbidity interact to increase the odds of frequent visits to the emergency department, according to a study published in the July 2 issue of CMAJ, the Journal of the Canadian Medical Association.

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Considerable Number of Patients Receive Surprise Hospital Charges

TUESDAY, July 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Eighteen percent of all emergency department visits and 16 percent of in-network hospital stays have at least one out-of-network charge, according to a report published June 20 by the Kaiser Family Foundation.

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Stewardship Intervention Can Cut Inappropriate Rx by a Third

MONDAY, July 1, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Antibiotic stewardship interventions for acute respiratory infection (ARI) can significantly reduce overuse in emergency departments and urgent care centers, according to a study published online June 19 in Academic Emergency Medicine.

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Better UTI Monitoring Needed After Hospital Admission in Adults

MONDAY, July 1, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Healthcare-associated (HA), community-onset (CO) urinary tract infection (UTI) may be common within 30 days following hospital discharge, according to a study published online June 20 in Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology.

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Leisure-Time Physical Activity Linked to Lower SAH Risk

MONDAY, July 1, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) is associated with reduced risk of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), according to a study published online June 25 in Scientific Reports.

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Low Vitamin D in Early Life May Up Risk of Elevated Systolic BP

MONDAY, July 1, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Low vitamin D status and trajectory in early life are associated with increased risk of elevated systolic blood pressure (SBP) during childhood, according to a study published online July 1 in Hypertension.

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Nutrition-Focused Program at Home Health Agency Beneficial

MONDAY, July 1, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A nutrition-focused quality-improvement program (QIP) conducted in a home health agency (HHA) can reduce rates of hospitalization and health care resource utilization, according to a study published online June 24 in the Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition.

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Longevity Benefits for Adults Becoming More Physically Active

MONDAY, July 1, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Middle-aged and older adults, including those with cancer and cardiovascular disease, can gain longevity benefits by becoming more physically active, according to a study published online June 26 in The BMJ.

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