How Masks Help Stop COVID-19: HD Live! This Friday at 2:30 PM ET

Follow Our Live Coverage of COVID-19 Developments

February 2020 Briefing - Neurology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Neurology for February 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Age of Onset May Affect Clinical Outcomes for MS Patients on DMT

FRIDAY, Feb. 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Age of onset for disease is an important factor affecting clinical outcomes across the life span in patients receiving disease-modifying therapy (DMT) for multiple sclerosis (MS), according to a study published online Feb. 25 in the European Journal of Neurology.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Patients Report Cannabis Eases Spasticity in Multiple Sclerosis

FRIDAY, Feb. 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Cannabis use is common among multiple sclerosis (MS) patients with spasticity, according to a research letter published online Feb. 11 in Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Eye Movement Training Efficacious for Hemianopic Patients

FRIDAY, Feb. 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- An eye movement training approach is efficacious for improving visual performance in hemianopic patients, according to a study published in the April issue of Cortex.

Abstract/Full Text

Vegetarian Diet Linked to Reduced Ischemic Stroke Risk in Taiwan

FRIDAY, Feb. 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In a population from Taiwan, vegetarian diet was associated with a reduced risk for overall, ischemic, and hemorrhagic stroke, according to a study published online Feb. 26 in Neurology.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Varenicline Seems Safe for Adults Without Depression

FRIDAY, Feb. 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For adults without a recent history of depression, use of varenicline for smoking cessation does not appear to be associated with an increased risk for cardiovascular (CV) or neuropsychiatric hospitalizations when compared with nicotine replacement therapy (NRT), according to a study published online Feb. 19 in Addiction.

Abstract/Full Text

Fewer Women in Cardiovascular Trials, but Representation Improving

THURSDAY, Feb. 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Men still dominate participation in cardiovascular clinical trials, according to a study published online Feb. 17 in Circulation.

Abstract/Full Text

Video Game-Like Intervention May Aid Children With ADHD

THURSDAY, Feb. 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Among children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), performance in attentional functioning was significantly improved at four weeks in those receiving a digital intervention versus control sessions, according to a study published online Feb. 24 in The Lancet Digital Health.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial

NIH Toolbox Cognitive Battery Valid in Intellectual Disability

THURSDAY, Feb. 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The NIH-Toolbox Cognitive Battery (NIHTB-CB) is reliable and valid for children and young adults with intellectual disability (ID), according to a study published online Feb. 24 in Neurology.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Influence of Politics Has Not Waned in Opinions About ACA

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Public opinion about the Affordable Care Act (ACA) remains divided 10 years after its passage, according to a study published online Feb. 19 in Health Affairs.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

USPSTF: Evidence Lacking for Cognitive Impairment Screening

TUESDAY, Feb. 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) concludes that the evidence is lacking and that the balance of benefits and harms of cognitive impairment screening for older adults cannot be established. These findings form the basis of a final recommendation statement published in the Feb. 25 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Evidence Report
Final Recommendation Statement
Editorial 1
Editorial 2 (subscription or payment may be required)

Mistreatment, Discrimination Still Common for Medical Students

TUESDAY, Feb. 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Mistreatment of medical students remains common for women, racial/ethnic minorities, and sexual minorities, according to a study published online Feb. 24 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editor's Note (subscription or payment may be required)

Different Foods Linked to Risk for Ischemic, Hemorrhagic Stroke

TUESDAY, Feb. 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Different foods are associated with the risk for ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke, according to a study published online Feb. 24 in the European Heart Journal.

Abstract/Full Text

Dementia May Lower Odds of 'Good Death' Among Cancer Patients

TUESDAY, Feb. 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Cancer patients with dementia are less likely to achieve a "good death" than those without, according to a study published online Feb. 4 in Geriatrics & Gerontology International.

Abstract/Full Text

Alzheimer Disease Gene Mapping Project Proposed in New York State

FRIDAY, Feb. 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A proposed project to map the genes of 1 million people in New York living with or at risk for Alzheimer disease was announced Friday by Gov. Andrew Cuomo.

AP News Article

Image Reading on Mobile Devices Feasible for Stroke Decisions

FRIDAY, Feb. 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Mobile devices may be reliable and accurate for interpreting images needed in making the clinical decision to administer intravenous (IV) thrombolysis in patients with acute stroke, according to a study published online Feb. 12 in the American Journal of Roentgenology.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Out-of-Pocket Costs Impact Neurologic Medication Adherence

THURSDAY, Feb. 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with certain neurological conditions, increasing out-of-pocket medical costs is associated with lower medication adherence, according to a study published online Feb. 19 in Neurology.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Many Transgender Youth Intentionally Avoid Disclosure

THURSDAY, Feb. 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Most transgender youth voluntarily disclose their gender identity to health care providers (HCPs) outside of a gender clinic; however, almost half report having intentionally avoided disclosure, according to a study published online Feb. 20 in the Journal of Adolescent Health.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Developmental Disability Diagnosis More Likely in Rural Children

THURSDAY, Feb. 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Children living in rural areas are more likely to be diagnosed with a developmental disability compared with those living in urban areas, according to a study published online Feb. 19 in National Health Statistics Reports, a publication from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Abstract/Full Text

Prenatal Exposure to Phthalates Tied to Autistic Traits in Children

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Gestational exposure to phthalates is associated with higher scores on the Social Responsiveness Scale II (SRS-2), as a measure of autistic traits and social impairment, according to a study published online Feb. 19 in Environmental Health Perspectives.

Abstract/Full Text

Most Youth With Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Undiagnosed

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS) remains largely undiagnosed in youth, according to a study published online Jan. 23 in the Child & Youth Care Forum.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Risk of Major Heart Complications Up Shortly Following Stroke

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Ischemic stroke is independently associated with an increased risk for incident poststroke major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) in both men and women, according to a study published in the February issue of Stroke.

Abstract/Full Text

Certain Factors May Increase Risk for Cognitive Decline in Elderly

TUESDAY, Feb. 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In older adults with abdominal obesity, sustained levels of higher blood glucose are tied to a higher likelihood of experiencing cognitive decline, whereas in older adults without abdominal obesity, the hormone adiponectin appears to up the risk for cognitive decline, according to a study published online Feb. 4 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Guidelines Issued for Insomnia, Sleep Apnea in Current, Former Soldiers

TUESDAY, Feb. 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In a new practice guideline, published online Feb. 18 in the Annals of Internal Medicine, recommendations are presented for the screening, evaluation, and treatment of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and chronic insomnia disorder in military personnel and veterans.

Abstract/Full Text

Maximal Resection of Glioblastomas May Up Survival

TUESDAY, Feb. 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Maximal resection of a contrast-enhanced (CE) tumor is associated with improved overall survival in patients with isocitrate dehydrogenase gene 1 or 2 (IDH)-wild-type and IDH-mutant subtype glioblastomas, according to a study published online Feb. 6 in JAMA Oncology.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

U.S. Life Expectancy to Reach 85 by 2060

FRIDAY, Feb. 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Nearly a quarter of all U.S. residents will be older than 65 by 2060, and life expectancy will reach an all-time high of 85 by that year, according to the U.S. Census Bureau.

AP News Article

Telemarketer Access to Medicare Information to Be Investigated

FRIDAY, Feb. 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- An investigation into how telemarketers may be obtaining seniors' personal Medicare information will be launched by the U.S. Health and Human Services inspector general office.

AP News Article
More Information: HHS

Teens With ADHD Less Likely Than Preteens to Have Doctor Visit

FRIDAY, Feb. 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are less likely to have a primary care visit during adolescence than preadolescence, according to a study published in the February/March issue of the Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Subconcussive Head Impacts May Affect Neuro-Ophthalmologic Function

THURSDAY, Feb. 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Repetitive subconcussive head impacts may cause short-term impairment of neuro-ophthalmologic function, according to a study published online Feb. 13 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Smartphone, Web App May Help Predict Prognosis for Meningioma

THURSDAY, Feb. 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- An open-source smartphone and web application has been developed to help predict clinical malignancy and survival outcomes for meningioma, according to a study published online Jan. 30 in npj Digital Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text

Recommendations Issued for Sleep Disturbance in Pediatric Autism

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 12, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In an American Academy of Neurology practice guideline, published online Feb. 12 in Neurology, recommendations are presented for addressing sleep disturbances in children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD).

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

2011 to 2018 Saw Decline in Problems Paying Medical Bills

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 12, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- From 2011 to 2018, there was a decrease in the percentage of families having problems paying medical bills in the past 12 months, according to a February data brief published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Health Statistics.

Abstract/Full Text

Nonpharmaceutical Interventions Aid Low Back Pain

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 12, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Movement-based mind-body interventions (MMBIs), particularly yoga, are effective for reducing low back pain, according to a review published in the January/February issue of Holistic Nursing Practice.

Abstract/Full Text

Brain MRIs ID Racial Differences in Pain Response

TUESDAY, Feb. 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Racial differences in pain may be rooted in life experience, rather than intrinsic biology, according to a study published online Feb. 3 in Nature Human Behaviour.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Prophylactic Migraine Treatment Has No Effect in Children

TUESDAY, Feb. 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- There is little evidence supporting the efficacy of prophylactic pharmacologic treatments for pediatric migraine, according to a review published online Feb. 10 in JAMA Pediatrics.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Broad Clinical Spectrum Linked to Pediatric MOG Antibodies

TUESDAY, Feb. 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The spectrum of pediatric syndromes associated with myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG) antibodies is wider than previously thought, according to a study published online Feb. 10 in The Lancet Neurology.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Two Experimental Drugs for Rare, Inherited Alzheimer Disease Disappoint

MONDAY, Feb. 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Two experimental drugs do not appear to slow memory loss or mental decline in patients in the early stages of a rare, inherited, early-onset form of Alzheimer disease, according to initial results from a clinical trial.

Press Release

Empathy Declines as Students Progress Through Medical School

MONDAY, Feb. 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Students become less empathic toward patients throughout medical school, according to a study published online Jan. 21 in Academic Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Resting-State EEG Can Predict Sertraline Treatment Outcomes

MONDAY, Feb. 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A latent-space machine learning algorithm tailored for resting-state electroencephalography (rsEEG) can predict treatment outcomes with sertraline in depression, according to a study published online Feb. 10 in Nature Biotechnology.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Outpatient Palliative Care Improves Parkinson Outcomes

MONDAY, Feb. 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Compared with standard care alone, outpatient palliative care is associated with benefits among patients with Parkinson disease and related disorders, according to a study published online Feb. 10 in JAMA Neurology.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Seniors Have Concerns About Affording Health Insurance

MONDAY, Feb. 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Many adults aged 50 to 64 years are concerned about their ability to afford health insurance, according to a study published online Feb. 7 in JAMA Network Open.

Abstract/Full Text

Radiologist Workforce Becoming Increasingly Subspecialized

FRIDAY, Feb. 7, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The national radiologist workforce is becoming increasingly subspecialized, according to a study recently published in the Journal of the American College of Radiology.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Number of Nurse Practitioners More Than Doubled 2010 to 2017

FRIDAY, Feb. 7, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- From 2010 to 2017, there was a substantial increase in the number of nurse practitioners in the United States, with a corresponding reduction in the size of the registered nurse workforce, according to a report published in the February issue of Health Affairs.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Overweight and Obesity May Up Risk for Several Common Cancers

THURSDAY, Feb. 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Hospital-diagnosed overweight and obesity is associated with an increased risk for several common cancers, according to a study recently published in the Journal of Internal Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Reference Pricing Linked to Lower Prices Paid by Employers

THURSDAY, Feb. 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Reference prices are associated with lower prices paid by employers and lower cost sharing by employees, according to a study published online Feb. 5 in JAMA Network Open.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Recommendations Developed for Management of Complex ADHD

THURSDAY, Feb. 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In a Society for Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics Clinical Practice Guideline, published online Jan. 30 in the Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, recommendations are presented for the management of complex attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in childhood.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Cluster Headache Ups Sickness Absence, Disability Pension Days

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 5, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with cluster headache have more sickness absence and disability pension days than matched references, according to a study published online Feb. 5 in Neurology.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Soldiers With Traumatic Brain Injury at Risk for Mental Illness

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 5, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- U.S. combat soldiers who have suffered a moderate or severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) are more likely to experience a range of mental health disorders than soldiers with other serious injuries, according to a study recently published in Military Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text

Suicide Rates Higher for Individuals With Neurological Disorders

TUESDAY, Feb. 4, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Rates of suicide are significantly higher for individuals diagnosed with a neurological disorder versus the general population, according to a study published in the Feb. 4 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Bumetanide Promising for Reducing Autism Symptoms

TUESDAY, Feb. 4, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Bumetanide seems effective for improving symptoms of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in young children, according to a study published online Jan. 27 in Translational Psychiatry.

Abstract/Full Text

Five-Year Outcomes Comparable for TAVR, Surgical AVR

TUESDAY, Feb. 4, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- There is no significant difference in the incidence of death or disabling stroke at five years among patients with aortic stenosis at intermediate surgical risk who undergo transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) or surgical aortic valve replacement, according to a study published online Jan. 29 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Atypical Sleep Tied to Language Skills in Neurodevelopmental Disorders

TUESDAY, Feb. 4, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In children with fragile X syndrome (FXS), Down syndrome (DS), and Williams syndrome (WS), disrupted sleep may adversely affect language development, according to a study published in the February issue of Research in Developmental Disabilities.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Mothers With Autism Face Higher Rates of Postpartum Depression

MONDAY, Feb. 3, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Mothers with autism face unique challenges, and the stigma of being autistic can further exacerbate communication issues, according to a study published online Jan. 6 in Molecular Autism.

Abstract/Full Text

Last Updated: