January 2019 Briefing - Nursing

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Nursing for January 2019. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

AHA: Nearly Half of U.S. Adults Have Cardiovascular Disease

THURSDAY, Jan. 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) is 48.0 percent in adults in the United States based on 2013 to 2016 data, according to a report published online Jan. 31 in Circulation.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial

E-Cigarettes More Effective for Smoking Cessation

THURSDAY, Jan. 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Electronic cigarettes are more effective for smoking cessation than nicotine replacement therapy, according to a study published online Jan. 30 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Editorial 1 (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial 2 (subscription or payment may be required)

Small Increase in HbA1c Seen With Switch to Human Insulin in T2DM

THURSDAY, Jan. 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Switching from analogue to human insulin is associated with a small increase in hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels, according to a study published in the Jan. 29 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

More High-Value Care Associated With Receipt of Primary Care

THURSDAY, Jan. 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Receipt of primary care is associated with significantly more high-value care, slightly more low-value care, and a better health care experience, according to a study published online Jan. 28 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Editorial

Management of MS in Pregnancy Reviewed in U.K. Guideline

THURSDAY, Jan. 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- It is important to discuss family planning and pregnancy proactively in women of childbearing age who have multiple sclerosis (MS), according to a review published online Jan. 5 in Practical Neurology.

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Meta-Analysis: Small Weight Increase Seen for Breakfast Eaters

THURSDAY, Jan. 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Eating breakfast may not be a good strategy for weight loss, according to research published online Jan. 30 in The BMJ.

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Editorial

Symptom Combos Suggesting Laryngeal Cancer Identified

THURSDAY, Jan. 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- New symptom combinations that may indicate early symptoms of laryngeal cancer have been identified, according to a study published online Jan. 28 in the British Journal of General Practice.

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FDA Receives an 'F' in Tobacco Prevention Report Card

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration was given an "F" in a new American Lung Association report card evaluating tobacco prevention programs.

CNN Article
State of Tobacco Control

Expanded Recall Announced for Ibuprofen Oral Suspension Drops

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- An expanded recall of ibuprofen oral suspension drops that may contain higher-than-specified levels of ibuprofen that could harm infants' kidneys has been announced by Tris Pharma, Inc.

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Undisturbed Maternal Sleep Tied to Higher Risk for Late Stillbirth

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Long periods of undisturbed sleep during pregnancy are associated with late stillbirth, according to a study published online Jan. 18 in Birth.

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Avoiding Full-Blown Diabetes Cuts Cardiovascular Risk

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Midlife increases in fasting glucose (FG) with conversion to diabetes are associated with higher cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk, according to research published online Jan. 7 in Diabetes Care.

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Large Insulin Price Hike to Be Investigated by U.S. Congress

TUESDAY, Jan. 29, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The soaring cost of insulin will be investigated as the U.S. Congress holds hearings into the high cost of prescription drugs, a lawmaker says.

AP News Article

Prophylaxis for Gonococcal Eye Infections in Newborns Advised

TUESDAY, Jan. 29, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) has reaffirmed the recommendation for use of ocular prophylaxis for gonococcal ophthalmia neonatorum. This recommendation forms the basis of a final recommendation statement published online Jan. 29 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Final Recommendation Statement
Evidence Review (subscription or payment may be required)

Few Patients With Type 1 Diabetes Meeting HbA1c Goals

TUESDAY, Jan. 29, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Only one in five children and adults with type 1 diabetes (T1D) in the United States achieve American Diabetes Association (ADA) goals for glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), according to a study published online Jan. 18 in Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics.

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Helmet Use Low Among Standing Electric Scooter Riders

MONDAY, Jan. 28, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Helmet use is low among patients presenting to the emergency department with injuries associated with standing electric scooter use, according to a study published online Jan. 25 in JAMA Network Open.

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Editorial

Washington State Declares Health Emergency as Measles Spreads

MONDAY, Jan. 28, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A statewide public health emergency was declared in Washington after a measles outbreak near Portland, Oregon, reached 31 cases on Friday. The outbreak in the Pacific Northwest is in what has been called an antivaccination "hot spot" in the United States, the Associated Press reported.

AP News Article

Financial Stress, Coronary Heart Disease Linked in African-Americans

MONDAY, Jan. 28, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Financial stress may be associated with coronary heart disease among African-Americans, according to a study published in the February issue of the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

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Machine Learning Methods Can Detect UTI in Dementia Patients

MONDAY, Jan. 28, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Algorithms that combine Internet of Things (IoT) technologies and in-home sensory devices with machine learning techniques can be used to monitor the health and well-being of people with dementia, according to a study published online Jan. 15 in PLOS ONE.

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Virtual Video Visits Liked by Patients, Providers

FRIDAY, Jan. 25, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Virtual video visits can effectively replace office visits for selected patients across medical specialties without sacrificing quality of care or patient-physician communication, according to a study published in the January issue of the American Journal of Managed Care.

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Lean Body Mass in Childhood Linked to Lung Function at 15

FRIDAY, Jan. 25, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Higher lean body mass during childhood and adolescence is associated with higher lung function at age 15 years for both sexes, according to a study published online Jan. 11 in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

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Assessment Tools Aid Risk Planning at Nursing Homes

FRIDAY, Jan. 25, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Better use of risk assessment tools, like the Changes in Health and End-stage disease Signs and Symptoms (CHESS) score, can help nursing homes identify which new residents are at risk for hospitalization or death within the first 90 days after admission, according to a study recently published in the Journal of the American Medical Directors Association.

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Many Teens Not Up to Date on HPV Vaccination

FRIDAY, Jan. 25, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Many adolescents do not complete human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination before turning 13 or 15 years old, according to a report published online Jan. 17 in the Journal of Infectious Diseases.

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Editorial

Home-Based Program Achieves Hypertension Control

FRIDAY, Jan. 25, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A new home-based care delivery program can provide efficient and effective blood pressure (BP) control in individuals with hypertension, according to a study recently published in Clinical Cardiology.

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Report IDs Areas Lacking Good Practice in Health Tech Assessment

FRIDAY, Jan. 25, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- In a report published in the January issue of Value in Health, an ISPOR--The Professional Society for Health Economics and Outcomes Research working group indicates the lack of good practices in three areas of health technology assessment (HTA).

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Fried Chicken, Fish Linked to All-Cause, Cardiovascular Death

THURSDAY, Jan. 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Among postmenopausal women, fried food consumption, especially fried chicken and fish/shellfish, is associated with an increased risk for all-cause and cardiovascular mortality, according to a study published online Jan. 23 in The BMJ.

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Measles Outbreak Prompts Public Emergency in Washington State

THURSDAY, Jan. 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- An ongoing measles outbreak has led to a public health emergency being declared in Clark County, Washington.

CBS News Article

Initiative Tied to Decreased Racial Inequity in Breastfeeding

THURSDAY, Jan. 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A hospital-based initiative in Southern states is associated with increases in breastfeeding rates among African-American infants, according to a study published online Jan. 18 in Pediatrics.

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Body Size, Physical Activity Could Impact Odds of Reaching 90

THURSDAY, Jan. 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Height, body mass index (BMI), and physical activity are associated with longevity, with correlations differing by sex, according to research published online Jan. 21 in the Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health.

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Short Duration Between Dinner, Bed Has No Effect on HbA1c

THURSDAY, Jan. 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Ensuring a short duration between dinner and bedtime has no effect on hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels in middle-aged and older Japanese adults, according to a study published online Jan. 22 in BMJ Nutrition, Prevention & Health.

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Doctors Should Encourage Exercise in Patients With Diabetes, CV Disease

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Physicians need to take an active role in prescribing specific exercise training in patients with both type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease, according to a position paper published online Jan. 14 in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology.

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Insulin Price More Than Doubled in the United States

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Some Americans with type 1 diabetes have cut back on their insulin usage as the cost of the drug nearly doubled over a five-year period.

CBS News Article

Herd Protection Seen With 4-Valent HPV Vaccination

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- From 2006 to 2017, there was a decrease in 4-valent vaccine-type human papillomavirus (HPV) detection among vaccinated and unvaccinated women, according to a study published online Jan. 22 in Pediatrics.

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Medical Cannabis Decisions Being Made by Users, Not Doctors

TUESDAY, Jan. 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Many patients use medical cannabis without their mainstream health care provider's knowledge, and further, they self-adjust their pharmaceutical use in response to cannabis use, according to a study published online Jan. 8 in the Journal of Psychoactive Drugs.

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FDA Chief Threatens to Halt E-Cigarette Sales

TUESDAY, Jan. 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Sales of electronic cigarettes could be halted if companies do not stop marketing the devices to youth, U.S. Food and Drug Administration Commissioner Scott Gottlieb, M.D., warned.

NBC News Article

Review Gives Guidance to Support Teens With Gender Dysphoria

TUESDAY, Jan. 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Primary care providers are well positioned to provide critical support and personalized care for youth with gender dysphoria and their caregivers or families, according to a review published online Jan. 21 in CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.

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Poor Glycemic Control in Type 1 Diabetes Tied to Fracture Risk

TUESDAY, Jan. 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Poor glycemic control is associated with an increased risk for fracture in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) but not in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), according to a study published online Jan. 16 in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

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Wearable Sensor Data Help ID Children With Internalizing Dx

TUESDAY, Jan. 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Wearable sensor data extracted from a fear induction task paired with machine learning can accurately identify young children with internalizing diagnosis, according to a study published online Jan. 16 in PLOS ONE.

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Messages for Increasing Parental Confidence in HPV Vaccine ID'd

TUESDAY, Jan. 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Providing information on the benefits of vaccination, including cancer prevention, and avoiding expressing urgency to vaccinate can increase parent confidence in human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination, according to a study published online Jan. 22 in Pediatrics.

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CDC: Opioid Prescribing Higher in Rural Versus Urban Areas

TUESDAY, Jan. 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The percentage of individuals prescribed an opioid is higher in rural than urban areas, according to research published in the Jan. 18 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Guidelines Developed for Managing Severe Atopic Dermatitis

TUESDAY, Jan. 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Guidelines have been developed for the management of severe atopic dermatitis (AD); the recommendations have been published as a clinical management review in the January issue of The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice.

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For-Profit Nursing Program Grads Perform Worse on Licensure Test

TUESDAY, Jan. 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- For-profit nursing school programs are associated with significantly lower performance on a national nursing licensure exam compared with public and nonprofit programs, according to a study published in the January issue of the Journal of Nursing Regulation.

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Inappropriate Antibiotic Rx Common in Privately Insured

FRIDAY, Jan. 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Less than half of all outpatient antibiotic prescription fills by privately insured nonelderly adults and children in the United States are appropriate or potentially appropriate, according to a study published online Jan. 16 in The BMJ.

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Trained Alert Dogs Can Detect Impending T1DM-Related Events

FRIDAY, Jan. 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Trained alert dogs can help patients with type 1 diabetes regulate their blood glucose levels, according to a study published online Jan. 15 in PLOS ONE.

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Radiographic Knee Osteoarthritis Tied to Increased Risk for Death

FRIDAY, Jan. 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Radiographic knee osteoarthritis (RKOA) is associated with an increased risk for mortality from cardiovascular disease (CVD), diabetes, and renal diseases, but self-reported OA is not, according to a study published in the December issue of the International Journal of Epidemiology.

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Mandated Neonatal Abstinence Reporting Helps Quantify Cases

FRIDAY, Jan. 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Mandated neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) surveillance and reporting allows state health departments to quantify incidence and informs programs and services, according to research published in the Jan. 11 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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FDA Down to 5 Weeks of Funding to Review New Drug Applications

THURSDAY, Jan. 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Due to the federal government shutdown, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has only about five weeks of funding left to review new drug applications, according to Commissioner Scott Gottlieb, M.D.

CNN News Article

Asthma Undiagnosed in One in Five Urban Adolescents

THURSDAY, Jan. 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of undiagnosed asthma is 20.2 percent among urban adolescents, according to a study published online Jan. 15 in the Journal of Urban Health.

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Achieving Healthy Diet From Sustainable Food Feasible

THURSDAY, Jan. 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Achieving a healthy diet from sustainable food systems is feasible but will require considerable shifts toward healthy dietary patterns, according to a report from the EAT-Lancet Commission published online Jan. 16 by The Lancet.

EAT-Lancet Commission (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

High Symptom Burden in Elderly Linked to Adverse Outcomes

THURSDAY, Jan. 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Community-dwelling older adults frequently have co-occurring symptoms, according to a study published online recently in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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Temporary Impairment in HRQOL After Teen Sports Concussion

THURSDAY, Jan. 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Adolescent sports-related concussion (SRC) is associated with temporary impairments in health-related quality of life (HRQOL), according to a study published online Jan. 15 in the Journal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics.

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Prevalence of Knee OA Lower With Menopausal Hormone Therapy

THURSDAY, Jan. 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- For postmenopausal women, the prevalence of knee osteoarthritis is lower with menopausal hormone therapy (MHT) use, according to a study published online Dec. 21 in Menopause.

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Low-Income Women Lack Menstrual Hygiene Supplies

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Many low-income women cannot afford menstrual hygiene supplies, according to a study published online Jan. 8 in Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Adoption of Advanced Health IT Capabilities Inconsistent

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Adoption of advanced health information technology (HIT) capabilities is inconsistent across health care systems, with electronic health record (EHR) standardization being the strongest predictor of advanced capabilities, according to a study published in the January issue of the American Journal of Managed Care.

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Replacing Sitting Time With Activity Lowers Mortality Risk

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Replacing prolonged sedentary bouts with physical activity reduces mortality risk, but no benefit is seen for replacement with short sedentary bouts, according to a study recently published in the American Journal of Epidemiology.

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Review Shares Best Practices for Evaluating Penicillin Allergy

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A new review, published in the Jan. 15 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association, addresses best practices for the evaluation and management of reported penicillin allergies.

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Accidental IV Dislodgement Reported to Be Very Common

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Clinicians perceive accidental dislodgement of intravenous (IV) devices to be a common occurrence, according to a study published in the December issue of the Journal of the Association for Vascular Access.

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Components of Ideal Cardio Health Cut Diabetes Risk

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- For individuals with normal fasting glucose but not those with impaired fasting glucose (IFG), a higher number of ideal cardiovascular health (CVH) components correlates with a lower risk for diabetes, according to a study published online Jan. 15 in Diabetologia.

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Opioids Now More Deadly for Americans Than Traffic Accidents

TUESDAY, Jan. 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- For the first time in history, Americans' risk for dying from an opioid overdose is higher than their risk for dying in a car accident, the National Safety Council reported Monday.

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Injury Facts

Recalling Positive Memories May Cut Depression Risk for Teens

TUESDAY, Jan. 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Recalling specific positive life experiences may build resilience and help lower vulnerability to depression among adolescents with a history of early-life stress, according to a research letter published online Jan. 14 in Nature Human Behaviour.

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Delayed Contraception Leads to Early Unwanted Pregnancy

TUESDAY, Jan. 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Delayed contraceptive initiation is associated with unwanted pregnancy within three months of sexual debut, according to a study published online Jan. 15 in Pediatrics.

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Breast Cancer Incidence Up With Persistent Vasomotor Symptoms

MONDAY, Jan. 14, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Postmenopausal women with persistent vasomotor symptoms (VMS) have an increased incidence of breast cancer, according to a study published online Dec. 28 in Menopause.

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Lack of Parent-Teen Agreement About Teen Suicidal Thoughts

MONDAY, Jan. 14, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- There is a high prevalence of parental unawareness and adolescent denial of suicidal thoughts, according to a study published online Jan. 14 in Pediatrics.

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Editorial

Expanding Pharmacist Practice Scope Could Reduce ED Overcrowding

MONDAY, Jan. 14, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The introduction of emergency department- or community-based pharmacists with an expanded scope of practice may cut emergency department overcrowding, according to a study recently published in Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy.

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One in Five Back Pain Patients Experience Persistent Pain

MONDAY, Jan. 14, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Eighteen percent of patients with back pain experience a persistent trajectory, according to a study published online Jan. 14 in Arthritis Care & Research.

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Couples Intervention May Aid Partners of Diabetes Patients

MONDAY, Jan. 14, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Couples interventions have beneficial effects for partners of individuals with type 2 diabetes, according to a study recently published in Diabetic Medicine.

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Menopausal Hormone Tx Use Down Post-WHI Recommendations

MONDAY, Jan. 14, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The Women's Health Initiative (WHI) recommendations for menopausal hormone therapy (MHT) use issued in 2002 have been widely adopted, according to a study published online Dec. 21 in Menopause.

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Postpartum New-Onset Mental Illness Risk Up With IBD

MONDAY, Jan. 14, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Women with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have an increased risk for new-onset psychiatric diagnosis in the postpartum period, according to a study published online Jan. 10 in Gut.

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About Half of Young Patients Have Had Private Time With Doctors

FRIDAY, Jan. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- About half of adolescent and young adult (AYA) patients report having had private time with a health care provider (HCP) and having spoken to an HCP about confidentiality, according to a study published online Jan. 9 in the Journal of Adolescent Health.

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Drug Overdose Death Rate Increasing Among Middle-Aged Women

FRIDAY, Jan. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- From 1999 to 2017, the drug overdose death rate increased 260 percent among women aged 30 to 64 years, according to research published in the Jan. 11 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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CDC: Flu Cases Hit 7 Million in the United States

FRIDAY, Jan. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The flu season is picking up steam, with about 7 million Americans having been struck by a strain of the flu virus, health officials said Friday.

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FluView

High Fiber Intake Tied to Lower Risk for Noncommunicable Disease

FRIDAY, Jan. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- High intake of fiber is associated with a reduced risk for several noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), according to research published online Jan. 10 in the The Lancet.

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Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Use of Diabetes Monitoring Tests in Primary Care Suboptimal

FRIDAY, Jan. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Many primary care patients are not given tests recommended for monitoring diabetes, according to a study published in the December issue of Family Medicine and Community Health.

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Chronic Fatigue Patients May Not Receive Proper ED Care

FRIDAY, Jan. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Many patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) do not receive proper care in the emergency department, according to a study published online Jan. 11 in Open Access Emergency Medicine.

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Adverse Birth Outcomes Up for Women With H1N1 Flu in ICU

FRIDAY, Jan. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Pregnant women with 2009 H1N1 influenza admitted to an intensive care unit (ICU) have an increased risk for adverse birth outcomes, according to a study published online Jan. 9 in Birth Defects Research.

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Prices Still Explain High U.S. Health Care Spending

FRIDAY, Jan. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The difference in health spending between the United States and other countries is still explained by health care prices, according to a study published in the January issue of Health Affairs.

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FDA: Chocolates, Candies May Be Contaminated With Hepatitis A

THURSDAY, Jan. 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A public health alert about possible hepatitis A contamination in Modjeskas from Bauer's Candies was announced Thursday by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

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CDC: E. Coli Outbreak Linked to Romaine Lettuce Is Over

THURSDAY, Jan. 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The Escherichia coli outbreak linked to California-grown romaine lettuce appears to be over, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said Wednesday.

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E-Cigarette Aerosol Exposure Tied to Asthma Symptoms

THURSDAY, Jan. 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Secondhand exposure to electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) aerosols may be related to asthma symptoms in youth, according to a study published in the January issue of CHEST.

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Flu Vaccination Safe for Hospitalized Patients

THURSDAY, Jan. 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Influenza vaccination during hospitalization is associated with reduced risk for readmission, outpatient visits, fever, and clinical evaluations for infection postdischarge, according to a study published online Jan. 8 in the Mayo Clinic Proceedings.

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Private Equity Acquisition of Physician Practices Discussed

THURSDAY, Jan. 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The phenomenon of private equity acquisition of physician practices is discussed in an Ideas and Opinions piece published online Jan. 8 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Obesity Linked to Lower Gray Matter Brain Volume

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Obesity is associated with lower gray matter brain volumes, according to a study published online Jan. 9 in Neurology.

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Smartphone App Can Detect Early Signs of Opioid Overdose

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Specialized smartphone software can be used to detect early signs of opioid overdose, according to research published in the Jan. 9 issue of Science Translational Medicine.

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Measles Outbreak in New York State Largest in Recent History

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- There have been at least 112 confirmed cases of measles in Rockland and Orange counties and at least 55 in New York City in what officials say is the largest measles outbreak in New York state in recent history.

CNN Article

Nursing Intervention Promotes Better Sleep for Inpatients

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A Sleep for Inpatients: Empowering Staff to Act (SIESTA) intervention can improve patient sleep with fewer nighttime room entries, according to a study published in the January issue of the Journal of Hospital Medicine.

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No Increased Fall Risk With HTN Treatment in Older Women

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Treating high blood pressure (BP) is not associated with an increased fall risk among older women, according to a study published online Jan. 7 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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Long Work Hours Tied to Poor Glycemic Control in T2DM

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Long work hours (≥60 hours/week) are associated with poor glycemic control in young Japanese men with type 2 diabetes, according to a study published in the January issue of the Journal of Diabetes Investigation.

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Many Female Health Care Workers Live in Poverty

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Many U.S. female health care workers, particularly women of color, live in poverty and lack health insurance, according to a study published online Dec. 20 in the American Journal of Public Health.

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Depression Tied to Worse Asthma Outcomes in Urban Teens

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Depressive symptoms are prevalent among urban teens with asthma and are associated with worse outcomes, according to a study published online Dec. 19 in Academic Pediatrics.

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Increase in Brand-Name Drug Cost Mainly Due to Existing Drugs

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The costs of oral and injectable brand-name drugs increased from 2008 to 2016, with most of the increase due to existing drugs, while new drugs accounted for cost increases in specialty and generic drugs, according to a study published in the January issue of Health Affairs.

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Medical Marketing Has Increased in Past 20 Years

TUESDAY, Jan. 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- From 1997 through 2016, there was an increase in medical marketing, especially direct-to-consumer (DTC) advertising, according to research published in the Jan. 1/8 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)
Editor's Note (subscription or payment may be required)

USPSTF Affirms Guidance for Hep B Screening at First Prenatal Visit

TUESDAY, Jan. 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection screening in pregnant women at their first prenatal visit. These findings form the basis of a draft recommendation statement published online Jan. 8 by the task force.

Draft Recommendation Statement
Draft Evidence Review
Comment on Recommendation

Antibiotics Prescribed for Children More Often at Nonpediatric EDs

TUESDAY, Jan. 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Most emergency visits by children occur at nonpediatric emergency departments, which have more frequent antibiotic prescribing, according to a study published online Jan. 8 in Pediatrics.

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Single-Family Rooms May Benefit Very Preterm Infants

TUESDAY, Jan. 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- For extremely preterm infants, the use of single-family rooms is associated with reduced sepsis incidence and improvements in breastfeeding rates during hospital stays but with no difference in long-term neurodevelopment, according to a review published online Jan. 7 in The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health.

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Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Feeling Life Is Worthwhile Linked to Healthier Aging

TUESDAY, Jan. 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The feeling that life is filled with worthwhile activities may promote healthier aging and help sustain meaningful relationships, according to a study published online Jan. 7 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

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Strict Ordinances Tied to Lower Youth Tobacco Use

TUESDAY, Jan. 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Strict local tobacco retail licensing (TRL) regulation may lower rates of cigarette and electronic cigarette use among youth and young adults, according to a study published online Jan. 7 in Pediatrics.

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Women With CVD Have Worse Self-Reported Outcomes

TUESDAY, Jan. 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Compared with men, women with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) are more likely to report poorer patient experience, lower health-related quality of life, and poorer perception of their health, according to a study recently published online in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

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ACA Coverage Gains Could Erode Without Individual Mandate

TUESDAY, Jan. 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Eliminating the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate penalty is unlikely to destabilize the individual market in California but could roll back coverage gains, according to a study published in the January issue of Health Affairs.

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Cancer Death Rate in U.S. Decreased Continuously From 1991 to 2016

TUESDAY, Jan. 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The overall cancer death rate decreased continuously by 27 percent from 1991 to 2016, according to a report published online Jan. 8 in CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians.

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Flu Vaccine Cuts Flu-Related Hospitalization in COPD Patients

MONDAY, Jan. 7, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) hospitalization, influenza vaccination is associated with a significant reduction in influenza-related hospitalization, according to a study published online Jan. 4 in CHEST.

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Rx Opioids Up Pneumonia Risk in Patients With, Without HIV

MONDAY, Jan. 7, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Prescribed opioids are associated with an increased risk for community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) requiring hospitalization among persons with and without HIV, according to a study published online Jan. 7 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Gabapentin Improves Sexual Function in Provoked Vulvodynia

MONDAY, Jan. 7, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- For women with provoked vulvodynia, gabapentin improves sexual function compared with placebo, although overall sexual function is still lower than for pain-free controls, according to a study published in the January issue of the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology.

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Employment, Earning Losses Noted After Cardiovascular Events

MONDAY, Jan. 7, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Myocardial infarction (MI), cardiac arrest, and stroke are associated with substantial loss in employment and earnings at three years postevent, according to a study published online Jan. 7 in CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.

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Recent Nasal Preps Less Effective Than Injected Vax for Flu in Kids

MONDAY, Jan. 7, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The quadrivalent live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV4) is less effective than inactivated influenza vaccine (IIV) against influenza A/H1N1pdm09 in all pediatric age groups, according to research published online Jan. 7 in Pediatrics.

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Childhood Hodgkin Lymphoma Survivors at Risk for Later Cancers

MONDAY, Jan. 7, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Survivors of childhood Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) remain at increased risk for developing subsequent malignant neoplasms (SMNs), according to research published online Dec. 17 in Cancer.

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Exercise Can Consistently Lower Blood Pressure

MONDAY, Jan. 7, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Exercise can consistently yield reductions in blood pressure, according to a meta-analysis published online Dec. 18 in the British Journal of Sports Medicine.

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About 11 Percent of U.S. Adults Have Food Allergy

MONDAY, Jan. 7, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Nearly 11 percent of U.S. adults are estimated to be food-allergic, but 19 percent believe they have a food allergy, according to a study published online Jan. 4 in JAMA Network Open.

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Income Volatility Linked to CVD, All-Cause Mortality

MONDAY, Jan. 7, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Income volatility and drops in income during formative earning years are associated with an increased risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and all-cause mortality, according to a study published online Jan. 7 in Circulation.

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Health Benefits of Nonsugar Sweeteners Uncertain

FRIDAY, Jan. 4, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- There is no compelling evidence to indicate health benefits of nonsugar sweetener (NSS) use on a range of health outcomes, according to a review published online Jan. 2 in The BMJ.

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Risk for MCI Up With Progressive Cerebral Small Vessel Disease

FRIDAY, Jan. 4, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with hypertension with progression of periventricular white matter hyperintensities have an increased risk for incident mild cognitive impairment, according to a study published online Jan. 4 in Hypertension.

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Prenatal Valproate Exposure Linked to Increased ADHD Risk

FRIDAY, Jan. 4, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Use of the antiepileptic drug (AED) valproate during pregnancy is associated with an increased risk for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) among offspring, according to a study published online Jan. 4 in JAMA Network Open.

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Functional Milestones Identified for Persons With Down Syndrome

FRIDAY, Jan. 4, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Most persons with Down syndrome (DS) maintain their personal hygiene by age 13 years and work independently by 20 years, according to a study published online Dec. 24 in the American Journal of Medical Genetics.

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Applying Population Health Data IDs Patients at Risk for CVD

FRIDAY, Jan. 4, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Population-level data can help medical practitioners use electronic health records to identify patients at risk for cardiovascular disease, according to a study recently published in the Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association.

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School Nutrition Programs Slow BMI Gains in Children

FRIDAY, Jan. 4, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Body mass index (BMI) increases in middle school students can be limited by school-based nutrition policies but not by physical activity policies, according to a study published in the January issue of the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

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Pediatric Mortality Rate From Opioid Poisoning Rose 1999 to 2016

THURSDAY, Jan. 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- From 1999 to 2016, there was close to a threefold increase in the pediatric mortality rate from opioid poisonings in the United States, according to a study published online Dec. 28 in JAMA Network Open.

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Moderate Drinking Not Harmful for Seniors With Heart Failure

THURSDAY, Jan. 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- For older adults with heart failure, limited alcohol consumption after diagnosis is associated with survival benefit versus long-term abstinence, according to a study published online Dec. 28 in JAMA Network Open.

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Sexual-Minority Patients Prefer Nonverbal Data Collection

THURSDAY, Jan. 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Sexual- or gender-minority (SGM) patients report greater comfort and improved communication with nonverbal collection of sexual orientation and gender identity (SOGI) information in the emergency department, according to a study published online Dec. 28 in JAMA Network Open.

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Study Reveals High Rate of Phlebitis Caused by IV Cannulas

THURSDAY, Jan. 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The incidence of phlebitis caused by peripheral intravenous cannula insertions may be higher among patients with certain risk factors, according to a study published online Dec. 27 in the Journal of Clinical Nursing.

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Child Pneumonia Rate Dropped Globally From 2000 to 2015

THURSDAY, Jan. 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The global incidence of child pneumonia and related mortality decreased substantially from 2000 to 2015, consistent with decreases in the prevalence of some key risk factors, according to a study published in the January issue of The Lancet Global Health.

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Partner-Delivered HIV Self-Testing Can Up Linkage to Care

WEDNESDAY, Jan, 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Partner-delivered HIV self-testing (HIVST) with financial incentives or reminders can increase the odds of male partners being linked to care or prevention, according to a study published online Jan. 2 in PLOS Medicine.

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College Students at Increased Risk for SgB Meningococcal Dz

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- College students have an increased risk for sporadic and outbreak-associated serogroup B meningococcal disease, according to a study published online Dec. 31 in Pediatrics.

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Proportion of Cancers Due to Excess Body Weight Varies by State

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A considerable proportion of cancer cases in men and women are attributable to excess body weight (EBW), with variation in the proportion among states, according to a study published online Dec. 27 in JAMA Oncology.

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Price of Alirocumab Would Have to Be Cut to Be Cost-Effective

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with a recent acute coronary syndrome receiving a statin, the price of alirocumab would have to be reduced to be cost-effective, according to a study published online Jan. 1 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Smoking Habits Do Not Differ for Teens With, Without Asthma

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Smoking habits do not differ for adolescents with asthma or their parents versus those without asthma, according to a letter to the editor published online Dec. 4 in Allergy.

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Limited Examination Detects Scabies With High Sensitivity

WEDNESDAY, Jan 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Examination limited to hands, feet, and lower legs has a sensitivity of about 90 percent for detecting scabies, according to a study published online Dec. 27 in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases.

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Impaired Cognitive Status Impacts Rehab Potential in SNFs

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Older adults admitted to a skilled nursing facility (SNF) with cognitive impairment show less improvement in functional status than older adults admitted with no cognitive impairment, according to a study published online Dec. 13 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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