July 2019 Briefing - Nursing

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Nursing for July 2019. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Hot Pavement Can Burn Feet in Seconds

WEDNESDAY, July 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Hot pavement poses a burn risk, particularly when outside temperatures reach greater than 95 degrees Fahrenheit, according to a study published in the July/August issue of the Journal of Burn Care & Research.

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Moving House in First Trimester Linked to Worse Infant Outcomes

WEDNESDAY, July 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Moving to a new home in the first trimester of pregnancy is associated with an increased risk for low birth weight and preterm birth, according to a study published online July 30 in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health.

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With Standard Care, BP Control Still Worse in Low-Income Areas

WEDNESDAY, July 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Receiving treatment at clinics in the lowest-income sites is associated with poorer blood pressure control and worse outcomes, according to a study published online July 31 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

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Oral Semaglutide Reduces HbA1c, Weight in Patients With T2DM

WEDNESDAY, July 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Compared with placebo, oral semaglutide monotherapy is associated with superior and clinically relevant improvements in glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and weight loss among patients with type 2 diabetes, according to a study published online July 18 in Diabetes Care.

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$70 Million Settlement Reached in Generic Drug Delay Case

TUESDAY, July 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Three drug companies will pay a total of nearly $70 million to California to settle charges of delaying the sale of generic drugs to keep brand-name drug prices high, the state's attorney general said Monday.

AP News Article

New Opioid Rx Rules Coming for U.S. Employees' Health Plans

TUESDAY, July 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Tighter rules on opioid painkiller prescriptions for U.S. government employees will be implemented in the fall, the Trump Administration says.

AP News Article

CDC: General Fertility Rate, Teen Birth Rate Decreasing in U.S.

TUESDAY, July 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- From 2017 to 2018, there were decreases in the U.S. general fertility rate and the teen birth rate, according to a July data brief published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Health Statistics.

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Work-Related Injuries Up Suicide and Drug-Related Death

TUESDAY, July 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Workplace injuries severe enough to warrant more than a week away from work may increase the risk for death among workers, according to a study published online July 12 in the American Journal of Industrial Medicine.

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SGLT-2 Inhibitor Use Not Linked to Increased Risk for UTI Events

TUESDAY, July 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Initiation of therapy with sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors for type 2 diabetes mellitus is not associated with an increased risk for urinary tract infection (UTI) events compared with initiation of other second-line antidiabetic medications, according to a study published online July 30 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Poll: Patients Want to Talk to Physicians About Self-Care

TUESDAY, July 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- According to recent survey results, patients want more information from physicians on self-care.

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N.C. Man Dies of Brain-Eating Amoeba After Visiting Water Park

MONDAY, July 29, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The rare brain-eating amoeba Naegleria fowleri has been confirmed as the cause of death of a North Carolina man.

CBS News Article
More Information: CDC

Substantial Costs Attributable to Hospital-Acquired C. Difficile

MONDAY, July 29, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Hospital-acquired Clostridioides difficile infection (HA-CDI) is associated with substantial attributable costs, according to a study published online July 25 in Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology.

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Serious Falls Pose Risk to People Living With HIV

MONDAY, July 29, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Benzodiazepines and muscle relaxants are associated with serious falls among people living with HIV in their 50s, according to a study recently published in the Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome.

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Consumer Products Tied to Three-Fourths of Youth Brain Injuries

MONDAY, July 29, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Nearly three-quarters of traumatic brain injuries (TBI) in children and teens are attributable to consumer products that are regulated by the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission, according to a study published online July 29 in the journal Brain Injury.

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Pediatricians Have Role to Play in Addressing Racism

MONDAY, July 29, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Pediatricians should play a role in advocating to redress biases and inequalities in the health system and other systems, according to a policy statement published online July 29 in Pediatrics.

Policy Statement
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JUUL E-Cigarettes Never Meant for Teens, Company Cofounder Says

FRIDAY, July 26, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- JUUL developed its electronic cigarette for adult smokers who want to stop and never intended it to be adopted by underage teenagers, company cofounder James Monsees told a U.S. House subcommittee on Thursday, adding that "combating underage use" is the company's highest priority, the Associated Press reported.

AP News Article

Vitamin D Supplementation Beneficial for Glucose Metabolism

FRIDAY, July 26, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Vitamin D3 supplementation can improve glucose metabolism in patients at high risk of diabetes or with newly-diagnosed diabetes, according to a study published online July 1 in the European Journal of Endocrinology.

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Online Symptom Self-Management + Telehealth Aids Pain, Mood

FRIDAY, July 26, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Online symptom self-management plus clinician telecare can be effective for individuals with pain, depression, and anxiety, according to a study recently published in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

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Daily E-Cigarette Use May Increase Prolonged Cigarette Abstinence

FRIDAY, July 26, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Daily electronic-cigarette use is associated with increased odds of prolonged regular cigarette smoking abstinence, according to a study published online July 11 in Nicotine & Tobacco Research.

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Mortality Up in Women With Central Obesity, Regardless of BMI

FRIDAY, July 26, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Women with normal-weight central obesity have increased mortality risk compared with normal weight women with no central obesity, according to a study published online July 24 in JAMA Network Open.

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Most Pediatric In-Flight Medical Events Handled by Crew

THURSDAY, July 25, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Most pediatric in-flight medical events (IFMEs) are handled by crewmembers, according to a study published online July 25 in the Annals of Emergency Medicine.

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Increase in Rates of Medical Imaging in Pregnancy in U.S., Canada

THURSDAY, July 25, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- From 1996 to 2016, the rates of medical imaging among pregnant women increased in the United States and Ontario, Canada, according to a study published online July 24 in JAMA Network Open.

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Minor Changes in BMD Seen With Tenofovir PrEP in Short Term

THURSDAY, July 25, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Tenofovir preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) therapy does not appear to be associated with clinically significant declines in bone mineral density (BMD) in the short term, according to a study published online June 19 in AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses.

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Targeted Interventions Raise HPV Vaccine Acceptance in Women

THURSDAY, July 25, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Among young women, targeted educational interventions, particularly educational videos, increase human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine acceptability and knowledge, according to a study published online July 9 in Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Mediterranean Diet May Reduce Gestational Diabetes Risk

WEDNESDAY, July 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Following a Mediterranean diet in pregnancy does not reduce the risk for adverse maternal and offspring complications but may reduce the odds of gestational diabetes, according to a study published online July 23 in PLOS Medicine.

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CDC: Mortality Rates Continue to Decrease for Hispanic Adults

WEDNESDAY, July 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Age-adjusted death rates decreased for Hispanic adults from 2000 through 2017, while for non-Hispanic white and non-Hispanic black adults, the rates have remained stable since 2011-2012, according to a July data brief published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Health Statistics.

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WHO 'Treat All' Recommendation for HIV Widely Implemented

WEDNESDAY, July 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The World Health Organization "Treat All" strategy for antiretroviral treatment (ART) initiation among patients living with HIV was the standard of care at almost all International epidemiology Databases to Evaluate AIDS (IeDEA) sites by mid-2017, according to a study published in the July issue of the Journal of the International AIDS Society.

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Weight Loss Experiences Differ for Minority Groups With T2DM

WEDNESDAY, July 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Daily self-weighing uptake is considerable among minority subgroups with type 2 diabetes and is associated with year 1 weight loss among African-Americans, according to a study published online July 24 in Obesity.

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2001 to 2017 Saw Increase in Suicides in African-American Teens

TUESDAY, July 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- From 2001 to 2017, the rate of suicides among African-American (AA) adolescents increased, according to a study published in the August issue of the Journal of Community Health.

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Nonphysican Practitioners Filling Post-ACA Primary Care Gap

TUESDAY, July 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Primary care practices may be relying on advanced practitioners (APs) to accommodate new Medicaid beneficiaries following the passage of the Affordable Care Act, according to a study published in the July/August issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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Plant-Based Diets Inversely Linked to Risk for Type 2 Diabetes

MONDAY, July 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Plant-based dietary patterns seem to be beneficial for the primary prevention of type 2 diabetes, especially when the diets are enriched with healthful plant-based foods, according to a review published online July 22 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Nonprescription Antibiotic Use Seems Prevalent in the United States

MONDAY, July 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Nonprescription antibiotic use appears to be prevalent in the United States, according to a review published online July 23 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Smoking Has Long-Term Impact on Peripheral Artery Disease Risk

MONDAY, July 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Both duration and intensity of smoking have a long-term impact on the risk for three major atherosclerotic diseases: peripheral artery disease (PAD), coronary heart disease (CHD), and stroke, according to a study published in the July 30 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Pediatricians Can Play Role in Ensuring School Readiness

MONDAY, July 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Social-emotional and behavioral skills are important for school readiness, and preschoolers with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have increased odds of impaired school readiness, according to a technical report and study published online July 22 in Pediatrics.

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New ACC/AHA Guidelines Detect More Cases of Gestational Hypertension

MONDAY, July 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Adopting the 2017 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association guidelines for hypertension resulted in an increase in the prevalence of high blood pressure in pregnant women, according to a study published in the July 5 issue of Circulation Research.

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Family Support May Improve Asthma Outcomes in Poor Youth

FRIDAY, July 19, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Better family relationships are associated with better asthma management behaviors and outcomes for those living in neighborhoods characterized as dangerous and/or disorderly, according to a study published online July 18 in Pediatrics.

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Frequency of Cannabis Use Before, During Pregnancy Increasing

FRIDAY, July 19, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- From 2009 to 2017, the frequency of cannabis use in the year before pregnancy and during pregnancy increased, according to a study published online July 19 in JAMA Network Open.

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Excess Risk for Diabetes-Linked Heart Failure Greater in Women

FRIDAY, July 19, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The excess risk for heart failure associated with diabetes is significantly greater in women than men, according to a meta-analysis published online July 18 in Diabetologia.

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Current Antibiotic Stewardship Program Practices Characterized

FRIDAY, July 19, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Current infection prevention and antibiotic stewardship program practices continue to include a main focus on surveillance for multidrug-resistant organisms, according to a report published online July 17 in Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology.

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Financial Incentives Help People Stop Smoking

FRIDAY, July 19, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Financial incentives do seem to help people quit smoking, according to a study published July 17 in the Cochrane Library.

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Supply of Opioids Predicts Long-Term Use in Injured Workers

FRIDAY, July 19, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The number of days supplied of an initial opioid prescription is the strongest risk factor for developing long-term opioid use among previously opioid-free injured workers, according to a study published online July 17 in JAMA Network Open.

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CDC: Prevalence of Smoking Quit Attempts Unchanged in Most States

THURSDAY, July 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- During 2011 to 2017, the prevalence of quit attempts in adult smokers did not change significantly in 44 states and increased in only four states, according to research published in the July 19 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Prevalence of Suicide Ideation 4.6 Percent in Pregnant Women

THURSDAY, July 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- For low-income pregnant women, the prevalence of suicide ideation is 4.6 percent, with increased odds of suicide ideation for women with depression, according to a study published in the Sept. 1 issue of the Journal of Affective Disorders.

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About One in 20 Patients Exposed to Preventable Harm

THURSDAY, July 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The pooled prevalence of preventable patient harm is 6 percent across a range of medical settings globally, according to a review published online July 17 in The BMJ.

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CDC Assesses Burden of Eye Disorders in Adults With Diabetes

THURSDAY, July 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Eye disorders frequently affect adults aged 45 years and older with diagnosed diabetes, and disorders are more common for those with diagnosed diabetes for 10 years or more, according to a July data brief published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Health Statistics.

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Safety Practice Violations ID'd in Septic Arthritis Outbreak

THURSDAY, July 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Breaches of recommended infection prevention practices have been identified in an outbreak of septic arthritis cases after intra-articular injections performed in a private outpatient facility, according to a report published online July 17 in Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology.

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Systolic, Diastolic HTN Contribute to Adverse CV Events

THURSDAY, July 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Both systolic and diastolic hypertension contribute independently to the risk for adverse cardiovascular events, according to a study published in the July 18 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Menstrual Cups Seem Safe for Menstruation Management

WEDNESDAY, July 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Menstrual cups appear to be safe for menstruation management, according to a review published online July 16 in The Lancet Public Health.

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Flexible Family Visitation Policy Does Not Cut Delirium in ICU

TUESDAY, July 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Compared with standard restricted visiting hours, a flexible family visitation policy does not significantly reduce the incidence of delirium among patients in the intensive care unit (ICU), according to a study published in the July 16 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Educational Handout May Increase Receipt of Child Flu Shot

TUESDAY, July 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Providing an educational handout about influenza disease in the waiting room before a pediatric provider visit may increase receipt of child influenza vaccine, according to a study published online July 8 in Pediatrics.

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HIV-Infected Cells Persist in CSF in Individuals on Long-Term ART

TUESDAY, July 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- About half of HIV-positive individuals on long-term antiretroviral therapy (ART) have HIV-infected cells in their cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), according to a study published online July 15 in the Journal of Clinical Investigation.

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Frequent Fried Food Intake Increases Risk for Coronary Artery Disease

MONDAY, July 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The frequency of fried food consumption shows a positive linear relationship with the risk for coronary artery disease (CAD), according to a study recently published in Clinical Nutrition.

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Practitioner Empathy Has Lasting Benefit After T2DM Diagnosis

MONDAY, July 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Positive patient experiences of practitioner empathy in the year after type 2 diabetes diagnosis can confer long-term benefit, according to a study published in the July/August issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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Rabies Warning Issued for Walt Disney World Resort Area

FRIDAY, July 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A rabies warning was issued for Walt Disney World Resort and the surrounding area after a rabid cat scratched two employees.

USA Today Article

Productivity Loss Sizable With Menstruation-Related Symptoms

FRIDAY, July 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Menstruation-related symptoms (MRS) cause a great deal of productivity loss, mainly due to presenteeism, according to research published online June 27 in BMJ Open.

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Prolonged TV Viewing Tied to CVD Events, Mortality in Blacks

FRIDAY, July 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Prolonged television viewing, but not occupational sitting, is associated with an increased risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) events and all-cause mortality in blacks, according to a study published in the July 2 issue of the Journal of the American Heart Association.

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CDC: Workplace Absenteeism High in 2017/2018 Flu Season

FRIDAY, July 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Workplace absenteeism during the high-severity 2017 to 2018 influenza season increased sharply in November and peaked in January, reaching a higher level than the average during the previous five seasons, according to research published in the July 5 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Feeding Examination Can Avert Surgical Frenotomy Procedures

FRIDAY, July 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Most patients referred for ankyloglossia can benefit from intervention strategies other than surgical procedures, according to a study published online July 11 in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery.

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Kratom Use Associated With Significant Toxicities

FRIDAY, July 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The unregulated herbal supplement known as kratom, which is mainly used for self-treating pain or mood disorders in the United States, is associated with significant toxicities, according to a report published in the July issue of Pharmacotherapy.

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U.S. Health, Economic Burden of Uncontrolled Asthma Projected

FRIDAY, July 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The economic burden of uncontrolled asthma is considerable and is projected to continue increasing, according to a study recently published in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

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Serious Misdiagnosis-Related Harms Mostly Due to 'Big Three'

FRIDAY, July 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Vascular events, infections, and cancers account for about three-quarters of serious misdiagnosis-related harms, according to a study published online July 11 in Diagnosis.

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Awareness, Use of PrEP on Rise Among Men Who Have Sex With Men

THURSDAY, July 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- There has been a recent increase in the awareness and use of HIV preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) among men who have sex with men (MSM), according to research published in the July 12 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Exposure to 2009 pH1N1 Vaccine During Pregnancy Seems Safe

THURSDAY, July 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Exposure to the 2009 pandemic H1N1 (pH1N1) influenza vaccine in pregnancy is not associated with most negative health outcomes among offspring, according to a study published online July 10 in The BMJ.

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Sugary Beverage Consumption Linked to Increased Cancer Risk

THURSDAY, July 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Higher consumption of sugary drinks is associated with an increased risk for overall cancer and breast cancer, according to a study published online July 10 in The BMJ.

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Rimegepant Shows Promise for Relief From Migraine Attacks

THURSDAY, July 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Compared with placebo, rimegepant, an orally administered, small-molecule, calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) receptor antagonist, can increase the percentage of patients free of pain and free from their most bothersome symptom during a migraine attack, according to a study published in the July 11 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Health Care Professionals Exhibit Gender Bias

THURSDAY, July 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Survey results show that health care professionals have implicit and explicit gender bias, according to a study published online July 5 in JAMA Network Open.

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Guidance Updated for Managing Infants at Risk for Group B Strep

WEDNESDAY, July 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Guidelines for the management and treatment of group B streptococcal (GBS) disease in infants were published online July 8 in Pediatrics.

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Two Algorithms Can ID Patients at Risk for HIV, PrEP Candidates

WEDNESDAY, July 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Two new research papers, published online July 5 in The Lancet HIV, present algorithms that can help identify patients at risk for HIV and candidates for preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP).

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About 12 Percent With Ankle Sprain Fill Opioid Prescriptions

WEDNESDAY, July 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Overall, 11.9 percent of patients diagnosed with an ankle sprain fill an opioid prescription within seven days of diagnosis, according to a research letter published online July 9 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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High Sodium, High Fiber Both Increase Bloated Feeling

WEDNESDAY, July 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Both high-sodium and high-fiber diets increase patient reports of bloating, according to a study published in the July issue of the American Journal of Gastroenterology.

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New WIC Food Options Improve Maternal, Birth Outcomes

WEDNESDAY, July 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Revisions to the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) food package are associated with beneficial impacts on maternal and birth outcomes, according to a study published online July 1 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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School Performance Down With Adverse Childhood Experiences

TUESDAY, July 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Children's school performance and attitudes decline as their adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) increase, according to a study published online July 8 in Pediatrics.

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Food Insecurity Associated With Increased Insulin Resistance

TUESDAY, July 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Household food insecurity (HFI) is associated with insulin resistance among Latinos with type 2 diabetes, according to a study published in the June issue of the Journal of Nutrition.

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Environment May Be Main Factor in Norway's Obesity Epidemic

TUESDAY, July 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Environment most likely remains the main contributor to the obesity epidemic in Norway, given that body mass index (BMI) has increased for both genetically predisposed and nonpredisposed people since the 1960s, according to a study published online July 3 in The BMJ.

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Eye Drops, Ointments Sold at Walgreens Recalled

MONDAY, July 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A number of over-the-counter eye products sold at Walgreens have been recalled by manufacturer Altaire Pharmaceuticals because the products may not be sterile.

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Most Supplements Offer Little Protection Against Heart Disease

MONDAY, July 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Certain nutritional supplements and dietary interventions may reduce the risk for some cardiovascular outcomes in adults; however, the overall effect of nutritional supplements on cardiovascular disease outcomes remains unclear, according to a review published online July 9 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Consistent Time of Day Aids Workout Habit

MONDAY, July 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Consistency in timing of workouts may help sustain high physical activity levels among adults successfully maintaining weight loss, according to a study published online July 3 in Obesity.

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45 Percent of U.S. Adults Have Some Doubts About Vaccine Safety

MONDAY, July 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Just under half of U.S. adults have some doubts about vaccine safety, according to a survey released by the American Osteopathic Association.

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New Staffing Data Source Can Improve Nursing Home Monitoring

MONDAY, July 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Publicly available Long-term Care Facility Staffing Payroll-Based Journal (PBJ) staffing data have the potential to revolutionize efforts to monitor and study the key role of nursing home staffing, according to a report published in the July issue of Health Affairs.

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Most U.S. Adults Are Concerned About Antibiotic Resistance

WEDNESDAY, July 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Most U.S. adults have heard of and are concerned about antibiotic resistance, but 45 percent report having not taken antibiotics as prescribed, according to a report published online June 21 by the Kaiser Family Foundation.

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Flesh-Eating Bacteria Claims Life of Florida Woman

TUESDAY, July 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A Florida woman died late last week from flesh-eating bacteria two weeks after cutting her leg while walking along the coast.

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Vermont Places 92 Percent Tax on E-Cigarettes

TUESDAY, July 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A 92 percent tax on electronic cigarettes took effect in Vermont on Monday as the state tries to reduce young people's use of the devices.

CBS News Article

Shorter ICU Rotations Cut Physician Burnout

TUESDAY, July 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Shorter rotations in intensive care units can mitigate burnout among physicians, according to a study published online June 25 in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

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Anti-Vaccine Movement a 'Man-Made' Health Crisis, Scientists Warn

TUESDAY, July 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The anti-vaccination movement is now a global crisis, an international panel of scientists say, and everyone must do more to combat it.

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The Salzburg Statement on Vaccination Acceptance

Many Nurses Believe in Sedation for Comfort of Ventilated Patients

TUESDAY, July 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- More than half of critical care nurses believe sedation is needed to minimize discomfort and distress among patients receiving mechanical ventilation, according to survey results published in the July issue of the American Journal of Critical Care.

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Guide Addresses Medical Issues Relevant to Transgender Persons

TUESDAY, July 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A guide to help clinicians understand the medical issues relevant to transgender persons, based on a review of current evidence, was published online July 2 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Considerable Number of Patients Receive Surprise Hospital Charges

TUESDAY, July 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Eighteen percent of all emergency department visits and 16 percent of in-network hospital stays have at least one out-of-network charge, according to a report published June 20 by the Kaiser Family Foundation.

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Stewardship Intervention Can Cut Inappropriate Rx by a Third

MONDAY, July 1, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Antibiotic stewardship interventions for acute respiratory infection (ARI) can significantly reduce overuse in emergency departments and urgent care centers, according to a study published online June 19 in Academic Emergency Medicine.

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Better UTI Monitoring Needed After Hospital Admission in Adults

MONDAY, July 1, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Healthcare-associated (HA), community-onset (CO) urinary tract infection (UTI) may be common within 30 days following hospital discharge, according to a study published online June 20 in Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology.

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Nutrition-Focused Program at Home Health Agency Beneficial

MONDAY, July 1, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A nutrition-focused quality-improvement program (QIP) conducted in a home health agency (HHA) can reduce rates of hospitalization and health care resource utilization, according to a study published online June 24 in the Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition.

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Core Components of Teen Mental Health Interventions ID'd

MONDAY, July 1, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Three program components of interventions to promote mental health and prevent mental disorders and risk behaviors during adolescence have a significant effect on multiple outcomes, according to a review published online July 1 in Pediatrics.

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Longevity Benefits for Adults Becoming More Physically Active

MONDAY, July 1, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Middle-aged and older adults, including those with cancer and cardiovascular disease, can gain longevity benefits by becoming more physically active, according to a study published online June 26 in The BMJ.

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