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July 2020 Briefing - Nursing

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Nursing for July 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Physician's Briefing Weekly Coronavirus Roundup

Here is what the editors at Physician's Briefing chose as the most important COVID-19 developments for you and your practice for the week of July 27 to 31, 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal studies and other trusted sources that is most likely to affect clinical practice.

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U.S. Puts Up Another $2.1 Billion for Potential COVID-19 Vaccine

FRIDAY, July 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The United States is buying up another potential COVID-19 vaccine, the Associated Press reported Friday.

AP News Article

COVID-19 Testing Needed Every Two Days to Reopen Colleges

FRIDAY, July 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Symptom-based screening alone is not sufficient to contain a COVID-19 outbreak on college campuses, according to a study published online July 31 in JAMA Network Open.

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Plenty of COVID-19 Vaccine Coming, Fauci Says

FRIDAY, July 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- When a COVID-19 vaccine is approved, there should be plenty of it available, Anthony Fauci, M.D., infectious diseases chief at the U.S. National Institutes of Health, told a House panel Friday, the Associated Press reported.

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Johns Hopkins University

Bacterial, Fungal Coinfection Uncommon in COVID-19 Patients

FRIDAY, July 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Bacterial and fungal infections are uncommon in hospitalized COVID-19 patients, but coinfection is associated with high mortality and antibiotic use is widespread, according to a study published in the July issue of Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology.

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Global Epidemiology of COVID-19 Reported for Prepandemic Era

FRIDAY, July 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Many of the first COVID-19 cases reported from affected countries outside of mainland China involved recent travel to affected countries, according to a study published online July 29 in The Lancet Infectious Diseases.

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School Closures Linked to Decreased COVID-19 Incidence, Death

THURSDAY, July 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- School closures in the United States were temporally associated with decreased COVID-19 incidence and mortality, according to a study published online July 29 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Young Children Have Higher Amounts of SARS-CoV-2 RNA

THURSDAY, July 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Young children with mild-to-moderate COVID-19 have higher amounts of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) viral RNA in their nasopharynx than older children and adults, according to a research letter published online July 30 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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ACS Issues Updated Guideline for Cervical Cancer Screening

THURSDAY, July 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In a guideline update from the American Cancer Society, published online July 30 in CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians, recommendations are presented for cervical cancer screening of individuals at average risk.

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Remdesivir Shortages Plague Some Hospitals, Pharmacists Say

THURSDAY, July 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- One-third of pharmacists say they do not have enough remdesivir to treat all COVID-19 patients who are eligible for it, according to the results of a survey released by the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP).

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Nirsevimab Injection Cuts RSV-Linked Infections in Preemies

THURSDAY, July 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Nirsevimab prevents respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)-associated lower respiratory tract infections in healthy preterm infants, while maternal RSV fusion (F) protein nanoparticle vaccination did not meet the prespecified criterion for efficacy, according to two studies published in the July 30 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Chocolate Tied to Lower Coronary Artery Disease Risk

THURSDAY, July 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Eating chocolate at least once a week is associated with a lower risk for coronary artery disease (CAD), according to a review published online July 22 in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology.

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Teen HPV Vaccination Rates Suboptimal

THURSDAY, July 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Lack of parental intent to initiate and complete the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine series for adolescents is a major public health concern, according to a study published online July 21 in The Lancet Public Health.

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Decrease Seen in Products Purchased Containing Caloric Sweeteners

WEDNESDAY, July 29, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- From 2002 to 2018, there was a decrease in the volume of products purchased containing caloric sweeteners (CS) and an increase in purchases of products containing both CS and nonnutritive sweeteners (NNS), according to a study published online July 29 in the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics.

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Latino Communities at Higher Risk for COVID-19

WEDNESDAY, July 29, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Factors linked to structural racism and social determinants of health are associated with an increased risk for COVID-19 in Latino communities, according to a study published online July 23 in the Annals of Epidemiology.

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Nearly Half of Hispanics, Blacks Scared to Go to Hospital During COVID-19

WEDNESDAY, July 29, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Hispanics and blacks are most likely to stay home if experiencing medical emergencies, like a heart attack or stroke, to avoid the risk of contracting COVID-19 at the hospital, according to a poll released by the American Heart Association (AHA).

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Low Health Literacy Tied to Worse Heart Failure Outcomes

WEDNESDAY, July 29, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Poor health literacy is associated with worse heart failure outcomes, according to a review published in the June issue of JACC: Heart Failure.

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Depression, Anxiety May Be Signs That COVID-19 Is Attacking Brain

WEDNESDAY, July 29, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Depression and anxiety exhibited in COVID-19 patients may be a sign that the virus impacts the central nervous system, as these symptoms are closely associated with a loss of smell and taste rather than more severe manifestations of the virus, according to a study published online July 2 in The Laryngoscope.

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Injury Patterns Differ for Elder Abuse Versus Unintentional Falls

TUESDAY, July 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Specific, clinically identifiable differences in injury patterns may exist for those presenting to the emergency department with unintentional injuries versus victims of physical elder abuse, according to a study recently published in the Annals of Emergency Medicine.

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FDA Warns Again About Dangers of Methanol-Based Hand Sanitizers

TUESDAY, July 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration is warning consumers not to use alcohol-based hand sanitizers containing methanol, or wood alcohol, which is used in fuel and antifreeze and is toxic if absorbed through the skin or life-threatening if ingested.

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Postmarketing Surveillance Helps Identify Vaccine Safety Issues

TUESDAY, July 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A review of all safety-related labeling changes for FDA-approved vaccines during a 20-year period shows vaccines are largely safe, and many of the safety issues are identified through postmarketing surveillance, according to a study published online July 28 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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COVID-19 Vaccine Candidate Now in Final Phase Testing

MONDAY, July 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A vaccine developed by the U.S. National Institutes of Health and Moderna has entered the final phase of testing, the Associated Press reported Monday.

AP News Article

CDC to Address Inequalities in COVID-19 Reporting

MONDAY, July 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention plans to take steps to improve how it collects COVID-19 data for blacks, Hispanics, and Native Americans, the Associated Press reports.

AP News Article

Perinatal Transmission of COVID-19 Unlikely With Correct Hygiene

MONDAY, July 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- If correct hygiene procedures are undertaken, perinatal transmission of COVID-19 is unlikely to occur, according to a study published online July 23 in The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health.

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Large Proportion of COVID-19 Studies Have Low-Level Evidence

MONDAY, July 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A large proportion of studies on COVID-19 have a low level of evidence, according to a research letter published online July 27 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Risk Factors Provide Targets for Preventing Alzheimer Disease

MONDAY, July 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Ten risk factors should be targeted to prevent Alzheimer disease, according to a review published online July 20 in the Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry.

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FDA: Doctors Should Discuss Opioid OD Antidote With Patients

FRIDAY, July 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Doctors should tell patients and caregivers about the overdose antidote naloxone when they prescribe opioid painkillers such as Percocet and OxyContin and medicines to treat opioid addiction, including buprenorphine, methadone, and naltrexone, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration said Thursday.

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Physician's Briefing Weekly Coronavirus Roundup

Here is what the editors at Physician's Briefing chose as the most important COVID-19 developments for you and your practice for the week of July 20 to 24, 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal studies and other trusted sources that is most likely to affect clinical practice.

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CDC Issues Call to Reopen America's Schools This Fall

FRIDAY, July 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has issued a document supporting a reopening of the nation's schools this fall.

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Midnasal Swab Done by Patient at Home Detects SARS-CoV-2

FRIDAY, July 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For detection of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) in symptomatic patients, unsupervised home midnasal swab collection is comparable to clinician-collected nasopharyngeal swab collection, according to a research letter published online July 22 in JAMA Network Open.

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For-Profit LTC Home Status Tied to Extent of COVID-19 Outbreaks

FRIDAY, July 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For-profit status is associated with the extent of COVID-19 outbreaks in long-term care (LTC) homes, according to a study published online July 22 in CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.

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Isolation, Quarantine Impossible in >20 Percent of U.S. Homes

FRIDAY, July 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- More than 20 percent of U.S. homes lack sufficient space or plumbing facilities to comply with recommendations to isolate or quarantine to prevent COVID-19 transmission, according to a research letter published online July 21 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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CDC Guidance Issued for Testing, Management of HCP Exposed to Hep C

FRIDAY, July 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In a U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention guidance report, published in the July 24 issue of Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, recommendations are presented for testing and clinical management of health care personnel (HCP) exposed to the hepatitis C virus (HCV).

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Chimpanzee Adenovirus-Vectored Vaccine Promising for COVID-19

FRIDAY, July 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A chimpanzee adenovirus-vectored vaccine (ChAdOx1 nCoV-19) expressing the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) spike protein has acceptable safety and induces antibody and T-cell immune responses, according to a study published online July 20 in The Lancet.

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Worse Multisensory Function May Accelerate Cognitive Aging

FRIDAY, July 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Worsening multisensory function is associated with accelerated cognitive aging, according to a study published online July 12 in Alzheimer's & Dementia.

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Financial Health of Hospitals 'Dire' Due to COVID-19

THURSDAY, July 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- COVID-19 continues to cause financial peril for U.S. hospitals, according to a report released by the American Hospital Association (AHA).

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New Guidelines Released for Recovering COVID-19 Patients to Leave Isolation

THURSDAY, July 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Many recovering COVID-19 patients in the United States will now be able to leave isolation without further testing to show they are virus-free, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said Wednesday.

The New York Times Article

High Prevalence of Americans Have Conditions Linked to Severe COVID-19

THURSDAY, July 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The median prevalence of any underlying medical condition that increases the risk for severe COVID-19-associated illness is 47.2 percent among residents in all 50 states and the District of Columbia, according to research published in the July 24 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Three in Four Americans Favor Face Coverings: Survey

THURSDAY, July 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Face coverings should be worn by people when they leave home, three-quarters of Americans say in a new poll.

AP News Article

U.S. Nursing Homes Get Another $5 Billion to Fight COVID-19

THURSDAY, July 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- U.S. nursing homes will receive another $5 billion to help them fight the COVID-19 pandemic, the Trump administration announced Wednesday.

AP News Article

Ad5-Vectored COVID-19 Vaccine Immunogenic in Healthy Adults

THURSDAY, July 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The nonreplicating adenovirus type-5 (Ad5)-vectored COVID-19 vaccine appears safe and induces immune responses at a dose of 5×1010 viral particles, according to a study published online July 20 in The Lancet.

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Most Individuals in U.S. Have Not Been Infected With SARS-CoV-2

THURSDAY, July 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- During March to early May 2020, most individuals in the United States had not been infected with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), although the estimated number of infections seems to have been much higher than the number of reported cases, according to a study published online July 21 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Few Dementia Caregivers Receive Firearm Safety Counseling

THURSDAY, July 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Few caregivers of adults with Alzheimer disease and related dementias (ADRD) receive professional counseling about firearm safety, according to a study published online July 15 in JAMA Network Open.

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Too Much, Too Little Sleep May Up Mortality in Patients With T2DM

THURSDAY, July 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In people with type 2 diabetes, sleeping more or less than seven hours/day is associated with an increased risk for all-cause and condition-specific mortality, according to a study published online July 16 in Diabetologia.

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U.S. Reaches Deal for Nearly 600 Million Doses of COVID-19 Vaccine

WEDNESDAY, July 22, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A nearly $2 billion contract with pharmaceutical company Pfizer and a German biotechnology firm will provide the United States with up to 600 million doses of a COVID-19 vaccine being developed by the companies, the U.S. government says.

The New York Times Article

Salmonella Outbreak in 15 States Being Investigated by CDC

WEDNESDAY, July 22, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A Salmonella outbreak that has sickened 125 people in 15 states is being investigated by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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Some With Opioid Use Disorder Rejected From Post-Acute Care

WEDNESDAY, July 22, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Individuals hospitalized with opioid use disorder (OUD) frequently experience explicit discrimination when being rejected from post-acute care, according to a study published online July 15 in the Journal of Addiction Medicine.

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Elective Services in Pulmonary, Sleep Medicine to Resume During COVID-19

WEDNESDAY, July 22, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In a guidance document issued by an American Thoracic Society-led international task force, published online July 14 in the Annals of the American Thoracic Society, recommendations are presented for the resumption of elective in-person clinical services in pulmonary and sleep medicine.

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11.8 Percent of Household Contacts of Index Patients Have COVID-19

TUESDAY, July 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Overall, 11.8 percent of household contacts of index COVID-19 patients in South Korea have COVID-19 compared with 1.9 percent of nonhousehold contacts, according to a study published online July 16 in Emerging Infectious Diseases, a publication of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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More Online Advance Directives Completed During COVID-19

TUESDAY, July 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- There has been an increase in completion of advance directives (ADs) during the COVID-19 pandemic, according to a research letter published online July 20 in JAMA Network Open.

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Even Mild Obesity Tied to Significantly Worse COVID-19 Outcomes

TUESDAY, July 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Obesity is a strong, independent risk factor for poor outcomes among COVID-19 patients, according to a study published July 1 in the European Journal of Endocrinology.

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Recommendations Updated for Barrier Method Use Among Teens

TUESDAY, July 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In an American Academy of Pediatrics policy statement, published online July 20 in Pediatrics, updated recommendations are presented relating to use of barrier methods for adolescents engaging in sexual activity.

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Prenatal Cannabis Exposure Tied to Childhood Sleep Problems

TUESDAY, July 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Prenatal cannabis exposure is associated with child sleep outcomes, according to a study published online June 28 in Sleep Health.

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Pooled Sampling Approved for COVID-19 Test

MONDAY, July 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- An emergency use authorization (EUA) has been issued for the Quest Diagnostics Quest SARS-CoV-2 real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction test for use with pooled samples containing up to four individual swab specimens collected under observation, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration said Saturday.

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FDA Issues Warning Letters Regarding Illegal Sales of Vape Products

MONDAY, July 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Ten companies have been ordered to remove their flavored disposable e-cigarettes and e-liquid products from the market, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration says.

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28-Day Mortality in COVID-19 Lower With Dexamethasone

MONDAY, July 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Dexamethasone lowers 28-day mortality in patients hospitalized with COVID-19 who are receiving invasive mechanical ventilation or oxygenation alone, according to a study published online July 17 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Exercise Helps Prevent High BP Even in Areas of High Air Pollution

MONDAY, July 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Regular physical activity (PA) still provides benefit against hypertension even in areas of high air pollution, according to a study published online July 20 in Circulation.

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Reducing Testing Delay Crucial for Slowing COVID-19 Transmission

MONDAY, July 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Minimizing testing delay has the largest impact on reducing onward transmission of COVID-19, according to a study published online July 16 in The Lancet Public Health.

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Psychiatric Disorders, Loneliness Common During the Pandemic

MONDAY, July 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- There are high prevalence rates of general psychiatric disorders and loneliness in the general U.K. population during the COVID-19 pandemic, according to a study published online June 30 in Psychiatry Research.

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Guidance Issued for Elective Orthopedic Surgery During COVID-19

MONDAY, July 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In new guidelines from the International Consensus Group, published in the July 15 issue of The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery, recommendations are presented for the reintroduction of elective orthopedic surgery during the COVID-19 pandemic.

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Physician's Briefing Weekly Coronavirus Roundup

Here is what the editors at Physician's Briefing chose as the most important COVID-19 developments for you and your practice for the week of July 13 to 17, 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal studies and other trusted sources that is most likely to affect clinical practice.

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CDC Will Again Post COVID-19 Hospitalization Data

FRIDAY, July 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In a quick policy reversal, the Trump administration on Thursday told the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to once again post data about COVID-19 hospitalizations on its website.

CNN Article

Call for 'Challenge Trials' to Hasten COVID-19 Vaccine Development

FRIDAY, July 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. government should make immediate preparations for clinical trials in which volunteers are exposed to the new coronavirus to speed development of a vaccine, more than 100 top scientists say in a letter to the U.S. National Institutes of Health.

CNN Article

Lack of Public Education for Using Face Masks Leads to Noncompliance, Experts Warn

FRIDAY, July 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A nationwide, coordinated effort is needed to successfully implement widespread wearing of face masks to help slow the spread of COVID-19, according to Robert Brook, M.D., professor of medicine at UCLA and distinguished chair in the health care services program at the RAND Corporation, and May Chu, Ph.D., clinical professor of epidemiology with the Colorado School of Public Health at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus. They recently spoke with HD Live! about the impending consequences of nonmasking and possible strategies to improve compliance.

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Masking of Health Care Workers Cuts SARS-CoV-2 Positivity

FRIDAY, July 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Universal masking of health care workers (HCWs) is associated with a reduction in the rate of SARS-CoV-2 positivity, according to a study published online July 14 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Prediabetes Linked to Increased Risk for Mortality, CVD

FRIDAY, July 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Prediabetes is associated with an increased risk for all-cause mortality and cardiovascular disease among the general population and individuals with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, according to a meta-analysis published online July 15 in The BMJ.

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Flu Vaccine Cuts Cardiovascular Mortality in Adults With Diabetes

FRIDAY, July 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Influenza vaccination may improve outcomes in patients with diabetes, according to a study published online July 9 in Diabetes Care.

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Being Tall for Age May Increase Child's Risk for Later Obesity

FRIDAY, July 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Children who are relatively tall for their age may be at increased risk for developing obesity, according to a study published online July 7 in Obesity.

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LGBT-Friendly Primary Care Improves STD Screening Rates

FRIDAY, July 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A quality improvement initiative that enhances lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) affirming care also improves screening rates for sexually transmitted diseases, according to a study published in the July/August issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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U.S. Must Spend $75 Billion to Improve COVID-19 Testing, Report Says

THURSDAY, July 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The United States faces "an impending disaster" from the coronavirus pandemic and should spend $75 billion to improve its diagnostic testing system for COVID-19, a Rockefeller Foundation report says.

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Higher SARS-CoV-2 Viral Load Tied to Shorter Symptom Duration

THURSDAY, July 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Viral load (VL) of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 is lower in hospitalized patients, and higher VL is associated with a shorter duration of symptoms and hospital stay, according to a study published online July 2 in The American Journal of Pathology.

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Younger Children Should Attend School When Possible: Expert Committee

THURSDAY, July 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Younger children and those with special needs should attend school in person whenever possible, because online learning is mostly ineffective for these children, according to a committee that advises the United States on science-related issues.

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Premature Mortality Dropped With Adoption of Food Guidelines

THURSDAY, July 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Adoption of national food-based dietary guidelines (FBDGs) is associated with about a 15 percent reduction in premature mortality, according to a study published online July 15 in The BMJ.

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Physical Distancing Interventions Cut Incidence of COVID-19

THURSDAY, July 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Physical distancing interventions are associated with a reduced incidence of COVID-19 globally, according to a study published online July 15 in The BMJ.

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SARS-CoV-2 mRNA-1273 Induces Immune Response

THURSDAY, July 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The candidate vaccine mRNA-1273, which encodes the stabilized prefusion severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 spike protein, induces immune responses in healthy participants, according to a phase 1 study published online July 14 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Impact of COVID-19 Estimated on HIV, TB, Malaria Services

THURSDAY, July 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Disruption to services for HIV, tuberculosis, and malaria due to COVID-19 could lead to considerable loss of life in low- and middle-income countries, according to a study published online July 13 in The Lancet Global Health.

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Nonsmoking Young Adults Less Vulnerable to Severe COVID-19

THURSDAY, July 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Nonsmoking young adults have lower medical vulnerability to severe COVID-19 illness, according to a study published online July 13 in the Journal of Adolescent Health.

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CDC: Infant Mortality Drops to Historic Low of 5.67/1,000 in 2018

THURSDAY, July 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Infant mortality reached a historic low of 5.67 infant deaths per 1,000 live births in 2018 in the United States, according to the July 16 National Vital Statistics Reports, a publication from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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CDC Will No Longer Receive Hospitals' COVID-19 Data

WEDNESDAY, July 15, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- U.S. hospitals have been told by the Trump administration to send all COVID-19 information to a central database in Washington, D.C., instead of to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

The New York Times Article

Medication Use Linked to Weight Gain in Postmenopausal Women

WEDNESDAY, July 15, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For postmenopausal women, antidepressants, beta-blockers, and insulin are associated with weight gain over three years, according to a study published online July 15 in Menopause.

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Global Population Anticipated to Peak in 2064

WEDNESDAY, July 15, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The global population is anticipated to peak in 2064 and then decline to year 2100, according to a study published online July 14 in The Lancet.

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Lymphocytopenia May Predict Greater Severity in COVID-19

WEDNESDAY, July 15, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Lymphocytopenia may be predictive of disease severity in patients with COVID-19, according to a study published online July 10 in the International Journal of Laboratory Hematology.

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Survival Up With Tocilizumab in Ventilated COVID-19 Patients

WEDNESDAY, July 15, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with COVID-19 requiring mechanical ventilation, tocilizumab is associated with improved survival, according to a study published online July 11 in Clinical Infectious Diseases.

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Most U.S. COVID-19-Related Deaths Occur in Medical Facility

WEDNESDAY, July 15, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Most COVID-19-related deaths in the United States occur in a medical facility, according to a study published online July 9 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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No COVID-19 Deaths Reported in NYC for First Time in Months

TUESDAY, July 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- New York City -- once the COVID-19 epicenter in the United States -- has marked a major achievement.

AP News Article

Squirrel With Bubonic Plague Found in Colorado Town

TUESDAY, July 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- After a squirrel tested positive for the bubonic plague in the town of Morrison in Colorado, health officials are warning that the disease can be contracted by household pets and people.

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Layoffs Cost 5.4 Million Americans Their Health Insurance

TUESDAY, July 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- About 5.4 million Americans lost their health insurance after being laid off between February and May due to the COVID-19 pandemic, a new study shows.

The New York Times Article

Overdose Deaths Down at Supervised Drug Consumption Sites

TUESDAY, July 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- At unsanctioned safe drug consumption sites, where participants are allowed to inject illicit drugs under the supervision of trained personnel, overdoses are less likely to result in death, according to a letter to the editor published online July 8 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Symptom-Based Testing Not Adequate for Detecting COVID-19

TUESDAY, July 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Using symptom-based testing alone is not adequate for identifying COVID-19 cases in long-term care facilities, according to a research letter published online July 14 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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People Overestimate Success of CPR

TUESDAY, July 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Individuals overestimate the success rate of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), according to a study published online July 13 in the Emergency Medicine Journal.

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Not All Food Sources of Fructose-Containing Sugars Raise Risk for MetS

TUESDAY, July 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The adverse association of sugar-sweetened beverages and incident metabolic syndrome (MetS) does not extend to other major food sources of fructose-containing sugars, and yogurt, fruit, 100 percent fruit juice, and mixed fruit juice all have a protective association with MetS, according to a review published online July 9 in JAMA Network Open.

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Hyperglycemia Linked to Higher Mortality in COVID-19 Patients

TUESDAY, July 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For COVID-19 patients without a previous diagnosis of diabetes, fasting blood glucose (FBG) ≥7.0 mmol/L is an independent predictor of 28-day mortality, according to a study published online July 10 in Diabetologia.

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Rise Seen in U.S. COVID-19 Deaths

MONDAY, July 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Led by states in the South and West, COVID-19 deaths in the United States have started a long-anticipated increase, data show.

AP News Article

Some Hospitals in COVID-19 Hotspots Running Short of Remdesivir

MONDAY, July 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Some U.S. hospitals in COVID-19 hotspots are running short of the antiviral drug remdesivir -- the only drug authorized by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to treat the disease -- while hospitals in other regions have stocks of the drug that are going unused.

CNN Article

Slow Test Results Hampering U.S. Fight Against COVID-19

MONDAY, July 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Test results for the new coronavirus are taking so long that they are doing little to help stop the spread of the virus in the United States, experts say.

Washington Post Article

Plant Protein Intake Linked to Drop in Overall, CVD Mortality

MONDAY, July 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Higher plant protein intake is associated with reductions in the risks for overall and cardiovascular disease mortality in men and women, according to a study published online July 13 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Black Individuals at Increased Risk for SARS-CoV-2 Infection

MONDAY, July 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Black individuals are at increased risk for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection and hospitalization, according to a letter to the editor published online July 9 in the Annals of the American Thoracic Society.

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COVID-19 Case Rates, Deaths Considerably Higher in Prisons

MONDAY, July 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- COVID-19 case rates are substantially higher in prisons than in the U.S. population and are escalating rapidly, according to a research letter published online July 8 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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COVID-19-Related Symptoms Persist After Recovery

MONDAY, July 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Most patients who have recovered from COVID-19 report persistence of at least one symptom, according to a research letter published online July 9 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Baloxavir Protects Household Contacts From Influenza

MONDAY, July 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Baloxavir demonstrates postexposure prophylactic efficacy for preventing influenza in household contacts of index patients, according to a study published online July 8 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Policy Guides Medical Marijuana Use at Pediatric Hospital

MONDAY, July 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Development of institutional policy and clinical support services is beneficial for pediatric hospitals interested in use of medical marijuana (MMJ), according to a special article published online July 13 in Pediatrics.

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Physician's Briefing Weekly Coronavirus Roundup

Here is what the editors at Physician's Briefing chose as the most important COVID-19 developments for you and your practice for the week of July 6 to 10, 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal studies and other trusted sources that is most likely to affect clinical practice.

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Gilead Presents Additional Data on Efficacy of Remdesivir for COVID-19

FRIDAY, July 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- There is more good news on the effectiveness of the antiviral drug remdesivir against COVID-19, according to new clinical trial results from the drug's maker.

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WHO to Lead Investigation of COVID-19 Pandemic Origins

FRIDAY, July 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The World Health Organization will lead an international investigation into the origins of the COVID-19 pandemic in China.

AP News Article
The New York Times Article

Risk for COVID-19 Increased for Adults Taking PPIs

FRIDAY, July 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Adults taking proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) have an increased risk for having a positive COVID-19 test, with evidence of a dose-response relationship, according to a study published online July 7 in preprint format in the American Journal of Gastroenterology.

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Emphasizing Severity of COVID-19 Important for Teen Behaviors

FRIDAY, July 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For adolescents, understanding the severity of COVID-19 and valuing social responsibility are associated with acting in socially responsible ways, including more social distancing and disinfecting, according to a study published online June 29 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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CDC: 2017 to 2018 Saw Decline in Teen Birth Rates Across States

FRIDAY, July 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- From 2017 to 2018, there were declines in teenage birth rates in most states and across race and Hispanic origin, according to the July 10 National Vital Statistics Reports, a publication from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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Children Seem Not to Be Driving SARS-COV-2 Transmission

FRIDAY, July 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Children are mainly infected with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) in familial clusters, suggesting that transmission in schools is likely to be less than expected and that school closures are not necessary, according to a study and accompanying editorial published online July 10 in Pediatrics.

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COVID-19 Explored in Kidney Recipients, Hemodialysis Patients

FRIDAY, July 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Many outpatient kidney transplant recipients with COVID-19 have symptomatic resolution without requiring hospitalization, and hospitalized COVID-19 patients on hemodialysis have worse outcomes than those without kidney failure, according to two studies recently published in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

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Drop Seen in Rate of Sports and Recreation-Related TBI in Children

FRIDAY, July 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- From 2012 to 2018, there was a decrease in the rate of sports and recreation-related traumatic brain injury (SRR-TBI) emergency department visits for children, according to research published in the July 10 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Sick Days Up for Some Essential Workers During COVID-19

THURSDAY, July 9, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Increases in health-related workplace absenteeism were seen in April 2020 in personal care and service, health care support, and production occupations, according to research published in the July 10 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Higher Rates of Pain, Bleeding Found With Essure Birth Control Device

THURSDAY, July 9, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The permanent birth control device Essure is associated with higher rates of chronic lower abdominal or pelvic pain and abnormal uterine bleeding compared with tubal ligation, according to interim results of a postmarket study ordered by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

AP News Article

COVID-19 Pandemic Exacerbates Mental Health Issues

THURSDAY, July 9, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Just as the physical symptoms of COVID-19 vary among the population, mental health is enduring a variety of effects from the virus as well, according to Don Mordecai, M.D., national mental health and wellness lead at Kaiser Permanente, who recently spoke with HD Live! about the effects of the pandemic on mental health.

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Electronic Health Records Fail to Detect Many Medication Errors

THURSDAY, July 9, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- There is wide variation in the safety performance of electronic health record (EHR) systems used in U.S. hospitals, according to a study recently published in JAMA Network Open.

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Higher Vitamin C, Carotenoid Intake May Lower Risk for T2DM

THURSDAY, July 9, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Higher intakes of vitamin C and carotenoids, as well as total whole grains, are associated with a lower risk for type 2 diabetes, according to two studies published online July 8 in The BMJ.

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CDC Updates Info on COVID-19 Cases at Meat, Poultry Processing Facilities

THURSDAY, July 9, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- COVID-19 was confirmed in 16,233 workers in 239 meat and poultry processing facilities in 23 states through May 31, 2020, according to research published in the July 7 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Multifactor Program Does Not Cut Serious Fall Injuries in Elderly

THURSDAY, July 9, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A nurse-administered multifactorial intervention does not result in a significantly lower rate of first adjudicated serious fall injury among older adults at increased risk for fall injuries, according to a study published in the July 9 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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U.S. Launches Suicide Prevention Campaign

WEDNESDAY, July 8, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A national campaign to prevent suicide has been launched by the U.S. government.

AP News Article

Employers Can Refuse to Provide Birth Control Coverage: U.S Supreme Court

WEDNESDAY, July 8, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- More than 70,000 U.S. women could be left without cost-free birth control after the Supreme Court upheld a Trump administration policy change that permits some employers to refuse to provide contraceptive coverage on religious or moral grounds.

AP News Article

American Cancer Society Updates HPV Vaccination Guidelines

WEDNESDAY, July 8, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The American Cancer Society has updated guidelines on human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination, emphasizing that vaccination should be routinely offered at age 9 to 12 years; the updated recommendations were published online July 8 in CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians.

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Dairy Does Not Protect Against Bone Loss During Menopause Transition

WEDNESDAY, July 8, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Dairy intake is not associated with improvements in bone mineral density or risk for fractures in women transitioning to menopause, according to a study recently published in Menopause.

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Rising Number of People Report Anxiety, Depression During COVID-19

WEDNESDAY, July 8, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- New evidence shows that depression and anxiety are increasing as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, according to the results of a survey released by Mental Health America (MHA).

Press Release
Report: COVID-19 and Mental Health

2010 Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act Tied to Drop in Childhood Obesity

WEDNESDAY, July 8, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Implementation of the 2010 Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act significantly cut childhood obesity among children living in poverty, according to a study published in the July issue of Health Affairs.

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Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children Profiled

WEDNESDAY, July 8, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C), which coincided with COVID-19, is described in children and adolescents in the United States and New York state in two reports published online June 29 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Company Gets $1.6 Billion From U.S. Government for COVID-19 Vaccine

TUESDAY, July 7, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Vaccine maker Novavax will receive $1.6 billion from the U.S. government to provide 100 million doses of a COVID-19 vaccine by early 2021, the Maryland-based company said Monday.

The New York Times Article

Efforts to Reduce New HIV Infections in Children Faltering

TUESDAY, July 7, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Efforts to reduce new HIV infections in children worldwide are faltering, according to a new report on progress toward Start Free, Stay Free, AIDS Free targets.

Press Release
Start Free, Stay Free, AIDS Free: 2020 Report

COVID-19 Antibody Cocktail Begins Late-Stage Human Trials

TUESDAY, July 7, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Late-stage human trials to assess whether a double antibody cocktail can prevent and treat COVID-19 infection have started, biotechnology company Regeneron said Monday.

CNN Article

Social Distancing Effective for Mitigating COVID-19 Spread

TUESDAY, July 7, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Social distancing is one of the main measures to combat COVID-19 spread, according to a study published online July 1 in The Lancet Infectious Diseases.

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Chilblains in Recent Case Series Not Tied to COVID-19 Infection

TUESDAY, July 7, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In a case series of 31 patients, published online June 25 in JAMA Dermatology, chilblains did not appear to be directly associated with COVID-19.

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Major Medical Groups Urge Americans to Wear Face Masks

MONDAY, July 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Three major medical groups are urging Americans to wear face masks, wash their hands, and practice social distancing as COVID-19 cases continue to surge in the United States.

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Fight Against COVID-19 Threatens Progress Against Other Diseases

MONDAY, July 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Decades of progress against HIV, tuberculosis, malaria, and other diseases worldwide are threatened by the diversion of resources on the COVID-19 pandemic, the International AIDS Society says in a report to be published this week.

CNN Article

Scientists Say New Coronavirus Can Linger in Indoor Air

MONDAY, July 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The new coronavirus can linger in indoor air and infect people, 239 scientists in 32 countries say in an open letter to the World Health Organization that challenges the WHO's position on how the virus is spread.

The New York Times Article

FDA Warns About Hand Sanitizers With Methanol

MONDAY, July 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A warning about hand sanitizer products that contain methanol (wood alcohol), a substance often used to create fuel and antifreeze, has been issued by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

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Most Primary Care Providers Screening Toddlers for Autism

MONDAY, July 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A majority of toddlers are being screened for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) during primary care visits, according to a study published online July 6 in Pediatrics.

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Incidence of Abusive Head Trauma in Infants May Be Up During Lockdown

MONDAY, July 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- From March 23 to April 23, 2020, there was a very large increase in the incidence of abusive head trauma (AHT) seen in very young children, according to a research letter published online July 2 in the Archives of Disease in Childhood.

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Medicaid Expansion Contributing to Earlier Cancer Diagnosis

MONDAY, July 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Among low-income adults, the odds of being diagnosed with metastatic breast, cervical, colorectal, or lung cancers decreased following Medicaid expansion in Ohio, according to a study published online July 6 in Cancer.

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Outcomes Similar for COVID-19 in Patients With, Without HIV

MONDAY, July 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Persons with HIV (PWH) hospitalized with COVID-19 have similar outcomes to demographically matched patients without HIV, according to a study published online June 28 in Clinical Infectious Diseases.

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Decline in REM Sleep Linked to Increased Mortality

MONDAY, July 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A reduction in the percentage of rapid eye movement (REM) sleep is associated with increased mortality in middle-aged and older adults, according to a study published online July 6 in JAMA Neurology.

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Health Expenditures Considerable for Asthma, COPD in U.S. Workers

MONDAY, July 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The annualized total medical expenditures for asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are $7 billion and $5 billion among U.S. workers, respectively, according to research published in the July 3 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Most Using Online COVID-19 Tool Report Mild, Moderate Symptoms

MONDAY, July 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The majority of individuals using an online COVID-19 self-assessment tool report mild or moderate symptoms possibly associated with COVID-19, according to research published online June 15 in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

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Thousands of Heat-Related Deaths Occur Each Year in the U.S.

THURSDAY, July 2, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Between 1997 and 2006, 0.44 percent of U.S. deaths were attributable to heat, according to a study published in the June issue of Environmental Epidemiology.

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Physician's Briefing Weekly Coronavirus Roundup

Here is what the editors at Physician's Briefing chose as the most important COVID-19 developments for you and your practice for the week of June 29 to July 3, 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal studies and other trusted sources that is most likely to affect clinical practice.

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Some Say Allow Family Access to Dying Patients With COVID-19

THURSDAY, July 2, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Allowing adult family member presence at the bedside of dying patients during COVID-19 is feasible, and could have multiple benefits, according to an editorial published online June 8 in Intensive Care Medicine.

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Point-Prevalence Surveys in SNFs Help Cut COVID-19 Transmission

THURSDAY, July 2, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Conducting point-prevalence surveys in skilled nursing facilities (SNFs) can inform cohorting and infection prevention and control (IPC) activities to reduce transmission, according to research published in the July 1 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Evidence Poor for Accuracy of Serological Tests for COVID-19

THURSDAY, July 2, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Existing evidence on the diagnostic accuracy of serological tests for COVID-19 is characterized by high risks of bias and heterogeneity, according to a review and meta-analysis published online July 1 in The BMJ.

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Mortality Risk Down With Meeting Recommended Exercise Levels

THURSDAY, July 2, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The risk of all-cause and cause-specific mortality is reduced for adults who engage in leisure time aerobic and muscle strengthening activities at levels recommended by the 2018 physical activity guidelines, according to a study published online July 1 in The BMJ.

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Homeless More Likely to Need Ventilators for Respiratory Illness

THURSDAY, July 2, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Homeless people in New York state are more likely to be hospitalized and treated with mechanical ventilators for respiratory infections than people who are not homeless, according to a study published online June 4 in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

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Post-Vaxx Febrile Seizures Not Linked to Child Development Outcomes

WEDNESDAY, July 1, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Young children experiencing an initial vaccine-proximate (VP) febrile seizure (FS) do not have increased risk of developmental or behavioral problems, according to a study published online July 1 in Neurology.

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Promising Results for Experimental COVID-19 Vaccine in Early Testing

WEDNESDAY, July 1, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- An experimental COVID-19 vaccine yielded promising results in early testing, according to Pfizer and its German partner BioNTech.

AP News Article

U.S. Grab of Only COVID-19 Treatment Outrages Health Experts

WEDNESDAY, July 1, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The United States' deal with Gilead Sciences to scoop up nearly all of the world's supply of the only drug licensed to treat COVID-19 has outraged health experts.

AP News Article

COVID-19-Related Death Count Likely Higher Than Official Tallies

WEDNESDAY, July 1, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Official COVID-19 death tallies underestimate the full increase in deaths associated with the pandemic in many states, according to a study published online July 1 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Model Estimates Herd Immunity Threshold for COVID-19

WEDNESDAY, July 1, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A mathematical model shows that severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) disease-induced herd immunity level may be lower than the classical model assuming homogenous immunization, according to a report published online June 23 in Science.

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Social Vulnerability Linked to COVID-19 Diagnosis, Death

WEDNESDAY, July 1, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Social vulnerability is associated with increased risk of COVID-19 diagnosis and death, according to research published online June 23 in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

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Some Kidney Disease-Related Terms Cause Patient Distress

WEDNESDAY, July 1, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The obscurity and imprecision of terms related to chronic kidney disease (CKD) can be distressing for patients, according to a study published online June 25 in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

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Multiple Healthy Eating Patterns May Be Able to Lower CVD Risk

WEDNESDAY, July 1, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Greater adherence to healthy eating patterns is consistently associated with lower risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), according to a study published online June 15 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Elastomeric Mask Program Saves Money

WEDNESDAY, July 1, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Establishing an elastomeric mask program is feasible and less expensive than programs focused on reusing and disinfecting disposable N95 masks, according to a report published online June 11 in the Journal of the American College of Surgeons.

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