October 2018 Briefing - Nursing

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Nursing for October 2018. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Opioid Use Often Persists in Workers' Compensation Claimants

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 31, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Many patients in a workers' compensation cohort have persistent opioid use, according to a study published online Oct. 26 in JAMA Network Open.

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USPSTF: Evidence Lacking for Lead Screen in Kids, Pregnancy

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 31, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) has concluded that current evidence is insufficient for assessing the balance of harms and benefits of screening for elevated blood lead levels in asymptomatic children and pregnant women. These findings form the basis of a draft recommendation statement published online Oct. 30.

Draft Recommendation Statement
Evidence Review -- Children
Evidence Review -- Pregnant Women

Antibiotics, Acid Suppressants in Infancy May Up Obesity Risk

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 31, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Prescription of antibiotics and acid-suppressing medications in early childhood is associated with an increased risk for obesity, according to a study published online Oct. 30 in Gut.

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50 Percent of Children Aged 2 to 5 Years Fear Doctor Visits

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 31, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Half of parents report that their children aged 2 to 5 years are afraid of going to the doctor, according to survey results published in the Oct. 15 Mott Poll Report.

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Diagnoses, Treatment of Mental Health Conditions Up in College

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 31, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Among college students, self-reported diagnoses and treatment of mental health conditions are increasing, according to a study published online Oct. 24 in the Journal of American College Health.

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Black, Low-Income Women May Not Report Barriers to Care

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 31, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Black women, women living in poverty, and those with higher levels of distrust are less likely to report barriers to timely screening mammography, according to a study published online Sept. 24 in Cancer.

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Prenatal Exposure to Phthalates Linked to Language Delay

TUESDAY, Oct. 30, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Prenatal exposure to phthalates is associated with language delay in children, according to a study published online Oct. 29 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Therapeutic Lifestyle Intervention in Church Helpful for BP Control

TUESDAY, Oct. 30, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A therapeutic lifestyle change (TLC) intervention plus motivational interviewing (MINT) sessions delivered in churches can reduce systolic blood pressure (BP) among blacks compared with health education (HE) alone, according to a study published online Oct. 9 in Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes.

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Community Health Worker Intervention Beneficial

TUESDAY, Oct. 30, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A standardized community health worker (CHW)-delivered intervention, Individual Management for Patient-Centered Targets, improves patient-perceived quality of care and reduces hospitalizations for low-income patients with chronic diseases, according to a study published online Oct. 22 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Health Officers Express Concerns About Vaccine Exemptions

MONDAY, Oct. 29, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- After the passage of Senate Bill 277 (SB277) in California, which eliminated nonmedical vaccine exemptions for school entry, health officers and immunization staff reported concerns including an increase in medical exemptions, according to a study published online Oct. 29 in Pediatrics.

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Low Levels of Flu Reported in U.S. From May to October

MONDAY, Oct. 29, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- From May 20 to Oct. 13, 2018, low levels of influenza activity were reported in the United States, according to a study published online Oct. 25 in Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Many Hospitals Noncompliant With Record Request Regulations

MONDAY, Oct. 29, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Among top-ranked U.S. hospitals, data reveal discrepancies in information provided to patients regarding medical records release processes as well as noncompliance with state and federal regulations, according to a study published online Oct. 5 in JAMA Network Open.

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Healthier Diet Tied to Lower Mortality Risk in CRC Patients

MONDAY, Oct. 29, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Colorectal cancer (CRC) patients who follow healthy diets before or after diagnosis have a decreased risk for mortality, according to a study published online Oct. 19 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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ASN: Home Dialysis Associated With Improved Survival

MONDAY, Oct. 29, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Home hemodialysis (HHD) is associated with better survival than in-center hemodialysis (IHD) among incident dialysis patients, according to a study presented at the American Society of Nephrology's Kidney Week, held Oct. 23 to 28 in San Diego.

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Paid Family Leave Policies May Modestly Increase Breastfeeding

MONDAY, Oct. 29, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Women in states with paid family leave (PFL) policies have a modestly greater likelihood of exclusively breastfeeding at six months, according to a study published online Oct. 25 in the American Journal of Public Health.

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Nurse-Led Care Efficacious, Cost-Effective for Gout

MONDAY, Oct. 29, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with gout, nurse-led care is efficacious and cost-effective compared with usual care led by general practitioners (GPs), according to a study published Oct. 20 in The Lancet.

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Odds of Overweight/Obesity Up for Children With Autism

MONDAY, Oct. 29, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have increased odds of overweight/obesity compared with general population controls after adjustment for child co-occurring conditions, according to a study published online Oct. 9 in The Journal of Pediatrics.

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Trump Administration Announces Plan to Cut Drug Prices

FRIDAY, Oct. 26, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- In an effort to cut high drug costs, the prices paid by Medicare for certain prescription drugs would be based on those in other advanced industrial nations, according to a proposal announced Oct. 25 by the Trump administration.

HHS Study
New York Times Article

Pneumococcal Vaccine Recs Cause Confusion Among Docs

THURSDAY, Oct. 25, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- While primary care physicians overwhelmingly recommend pneumococcal vaccines, there is a gap in their knowledge of how to implement related vaccine recommendations, according to a study published in the Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine.

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Oxygen Saturation Should Not Top 96 Percent in Acutely Ill

THURSDAY, Oct. 25, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For acutely ill patients, an oxygen saturation of no more than 96 percent should be maintained, according to a clinical practice guideline published online Oct. 24 in the BMJ.

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Independent Links for Genetics, Lifestyle With Incident Stroke

THURSDAY, Oct. 25, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Genetic and lifestyle factors are independently associated with incident stroke among men and women aged 40 to 73 years, according to a study published online Oct. 24 in the BMJ.

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FDA Approves First New Influenza Drug in 20 Years

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 24, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For the first time in nearly two decades, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved a new type of antiviral influenza drug.

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7 Children Dead From Adenovirus Outbreak in New Jersey

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 24, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- New Jersey health officials on Wednesday confirmed the deaths of seven children after infection with an adenovirus.

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Article from The Record (Bergen County)

Tibia Lead Levels Linked to Risk of Resistant-Hypertension

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 24, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Tibia lead levels are associated with resistant-hypertension (HTN), according to a study published online Oct. 24 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

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Most Supplements Contain Prohibited Stimulants

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 24, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Many supplements contain one or more stimulants that have been the subject of U.S. Food and Drug Administration-issued public notices, according to a research letter published online Oct. 22 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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High-Dose Flu Vaccine May Cut Hospitalization in Dialysis Patients

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 23, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Receipt of the high-dose influenza vaccine in 2016 to 2017 was associated with lower rates of hospitalization among dialysis patients, according to a study published online Oct. 23 in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

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White House Unveils New Insurance Option for Small Firms

TUESDAY, Oct. 23, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A plan to allow small businesses to use tax-free accounts to provide health coverage for employees was announced today by the Trump administration.

AP News Article
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USPSTF Recommends Screening Women for Partner Violence

TUESDAY, Oct. 23, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Clinicians should screen women of reproductive age for intimate partner violence (IPV) and refer women to ongoing support services if necessary, according to a U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) final recommendation statement published in the Oct. 23/30 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Evidence Report
Final Recommendation Statement
Editorial
Editorial

Policy Denying Coverage for Nonemergent ED Visits Imprecise

TUESDAY, Oct. 23, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A policy retrospectively denying insurance coverage if an emergency department discharge diagnosis is determined to be nonemergent is not associated with accurate identification of unnecessary emergency department visits, according to a study published online Oct. 19 in JAMA Network Open.

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Advance Care Planning Lowers Symptoms in Teens With HIV

TUESDAY, Oct. 23, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Family-centered pediatric advance care planning (FACE pACP) is associated with a lower likelihood of symptoms and suffering for adolescents with HIV, according to a study published online Oct. 19 in Pediatrics.

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Unrestricted Diet OK More Than One Day Before Colonoscopy

TUESDAY, Oct. 23, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Unrestricted diets are acceptable more than one day before colonoscopy among patients using a split-dose bowel regimen, according to a study published in the October issue of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy.

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Inadequate Reimbursement May Mar Diabetes Prevention Program

TUESDAY, Oct. 23, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The costs of delivering a new Medicare Diabetes Prevention Program (MDPP) may be higher than the expected reimbursement, according to a study published in the November issue of Medical Care.

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Neglect Higher in For-Profit Nursing Homes

TUESDAY, Oct. 23, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Residents of for-profit nursing homes are more likely to suffer neglect compared with elderly residents living in the community or in not-for-profit facilities, according to a study published online Oct. 9 in Gerontology.

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Postnatal Education Increases Pain Relief Use at Vaccinations

MONDAY, Oct. 22, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- In-hospital postnatal education about infant pain management at vaccinations leads to more frequent use of pain relief interventions, according to a study published online Oct. 22 in CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.

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Guidelines Outlined to Ease Peds Transition to Adult Health Care

MONDAY, Oct. 22, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Guidelines have been updated to support the health care transition from adolescence to adulthood, according to a clinical report published online Oct. 22 in Pediatrics.

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Glucose Dysregulation Seen Years Before Diabetes Diagnosis

MONDAY, Oct. 22, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Individuals who develop diabetes or prediabetes have elevated fasting plasma glucose (FPG) at least 10 years before diagnosis, according to an observational study recently published in the Journal of the Endocrine Society.

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Percent Weight Regain Predicts Health Risks Post-Bariatric Surgery

MONDAY, Oct. 22, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Measuring the percentage of weight regained following the maximum amount of weight lost after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery best predicts a patient's risk for several serious health problems, according to a study published in the Oct. 16 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Adolescent, Young Adult Pod-Based E-Cigarette Use Up

MONDAY, Oct. 22, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Adolescents and young adults are increasingly using electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) products such as pod-based systems but have misperceptions and lack of knowledge about these products, according to a study published online Oct. 19 in JAMA Network Open.

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CDC: First U.S. Case of Rat-Borne Andes Virus Diagnosed

FRIDAY, Oct. 19, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The first confirmed U.S. case of a virus carried by South American rodents occurred earlier this year, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says.

CNN Article
CDC Case Report

CDC: Vaccination Rates More Than 95 Percent for Kindergartners

FRIDAY, Oct. 19, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Overall vaccination coverage is high among the nation's kindergarten students, according to research published in the Oct. 12 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Limited Success for Changing Diet and Exercise Among Nurses

FRIDAY, Oct. 19, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Implementation of a workplace intervention to change diet and physical activity (PA) behavior was partially successful among nurses, with the ability to change both diet and PA at the same time described as challenging, according to a study recently published in the Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior.

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Variability in Geographic Availability of New Antibiotics

FRIDAY, Oct. 19, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- There is considerable variability in the geographic availability of antibiotics, according to a study published online Oct. 16 in PLOS ONE.

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2014 to 2016 Saw 470 Percent Increase in HIV PrEP Use in U.S.

FRIDAY, Oct. 19, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- From 2014 to 2016 there was an increase in the annual number of HIV preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) users in the United States, although only about 7 percent of those with indications for PrEP were prescribed PrEP in 2016, according to research published in the Oct. 18 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Light Use of Topical Skin Tx Before Radiotherapy Seems Safe

FRIDAY, Oct. 19, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Contrary to the advice most cancer patients receive, light or moderate use of topical agents before radiation treatment does not appear to increase the radiation dose to the skin, according to a study published online Oct. 18 in JAMA Oncology.

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Asthma May Raise Obesity Risk Later in Childhood

FRIDAY, Oct. 19, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Early-onset asthma and wheezing may contribute to an increased risk of developing obesity later in childhood, according to a study published in the Sept. 1 issue of the European Respiratory Journal.

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Sharp Drop in U.S. Life Expectancy Rankings by 2040

THURSDAY, Oct. 18, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The United States will have the largest drop in life expectancy rankings of all high-income countries by 2040, a new study says.

CNN Article
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Model Identifies Adolescents at Risk for Smoking Initiation

THURSDAY, Oct. 18, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A novel prognostic tool can be used to accurately identify adolescents at risk for initiating cigarette smoking, according to a study published online Oct. 1 in Pediatrics.

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Mortality Due to Suicide, Alcohol, Accidents Up in Diabetes

THURSDAY, Oct. 18, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with diabetes have increased mortality due to suicide, alcohol-related causes, and accidents than those without diabetes, according to a study published in the November issue of the European Journal of Endocrinology.

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Clostridium difficile Spores Survive Laundering of Sheets

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 17, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Clostridium difficile spores are able to survive laundering through a commercial washer extractor, according to a study published online Oct. 16 in Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology.

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CDC: Many Pregnant Women Not Receiving Immunizations

THURSDAY, Oct. 18, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Many pregnant women are not getting recommended vaccinations, with less than half of those pregnant during the peak influenza vaccination period in 2017 to 2018 reporting being vaccinated before or during their pregnancy, according to research published in the Sept. 28 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Simple Clinical Assessment in ED Best for Predicting Mortality

THURSDAY, Oct. 18, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A simple clinical assessment seems to be superior to the formalized Danish Emergency Process Triage (DEPT) system for predicting mortality in patients presenting to the emergency department, according to a study published online Oct. 16 in the Emergency Medicine Journal.

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Adverse Childhood Experiences Tied to Burnout in BSN Students

THURSDAY, Oct. 18, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Undergraduate nursing students who had a higher number of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) before enrollment have higher levels of burnout and depression during school, according to a study published online Sept. 22 in the Journal of Professional Nursing.

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Limited Evidence for OTC Preps to Treat Nasal Symptoms of Colds

THURSDAY, Oct. 18, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Limited evidence is available for over-the-counter (OTC) treatments for nasal symptoms of the common cold, according to a report published online Oct. 10 in The BMJ.

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Procurement Requirements Drive Interoperability in Health Care IT

THURSDAY, Oct. 18, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Interoperability of health care information technology (IT) must be improved to facilitate creation of a fully integrated health care system that can improve health and health care at lower cost, according to a report published by the National Academy of Medicine.

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CDC Warns of Salmonella Illnesses Linked to Raw Chicken

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 17, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The number of people sickened in a Salmonella outbreak linked to raw chicken products now stands at 92 people in 29 states, U.S. health officials said today.

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Giving Flu Shots in Pharmacies Could Up Vaccination Coverage

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 16, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Administering influenza vaccines through pharmacies in addition to traditional locations can increase vaccination coverage in the event of an epidemic, according to a study published online Oct. 16 in Vaccine.

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Recreational Marijuana Now Legal in Canada

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 17, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Recreational marijuana became legal in Canada today, and while many welcome the move, others have serious concerns.

The New York Times Article
CMAJ Editorial

Compression Collar May Protect Brain of Female Soccer Players

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 17, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A jugular vein compression collar can prevent white matter alterations associated with head impact exposure among female high school soccer players, according to a study published online Oct. 15 in the British Journal of Sports Medicine.

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Lung Cancer Deaths 28% Lower in California Than Rest of U.S.

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 17, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Annual lung cancer mortality was 28 percent lower in California than in the rest of the United States in 2013, according to a study published online Oct. 10 in Cancer Prevention Research.

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Seven-Day Metronidazole Better for Trichomoniasis Tx in Women

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 17, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A seven-day dose of metronidazole is associated with a reduced likelihood of being Trichomonas vaginalis-positive at test-of-cure compared with single-dose treatment, according to a study published online Oct. 5 in The Lancet Infectious Diseases.

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Recommendations Developed to Verify NGT Placement in Children

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 17, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Recommendations on best practices for nasogastric tube (NGT) placement and verification in pediatric patients have been developed. The best practice recommendations were published online Sept. 6 in Nutrition in Clinical Practice.

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Few Seniors Who Self-Harm Referred for Mental Health Care

TUESDAY, Oct. 16, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Most older adults who self-harm are not referred to mental health services, according to a study published online Oct. 15 in The Lancet Psychiatry.

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Number of Children Not Receiving Vaccines Slightly Increased

MONDAY, Oct. 15, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Overall, vaccine coverage for children aged 19 to 35 months remained high and stable from 2013 to 2017; however, a small, but growing number of children received no vaccinations, according to research published in the Oct. 12 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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β-Blockers in 1st Trimester Do Not Up Congenital Malformations

MONDAY, Oct. 15, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Maternal use of β-blockers in the first trimester of pregnancy is not associated with a large increase in the risk for overall or cardiac congenital malformations, according to a study published online Oct. 16 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Without Medicaid Expansion, Poor Patients Forgo Medical Care

MONDAY, Oct. 15, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Doing without medical care is much more common among low-income residents of states that have not expanded Medicaid than among low-income people in other states, according to a Government Accountability Office report.

AP News Article

Cases Show Periodic Fasting May Cut Medication Use in T2DM

MONDAY, Oct. 15, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Medically supervised, therapeutic fasting regimens can help reverse type 2 diabetes (T2D) and minimize the need for pharmacological interventions, according to a case series published online Oct. 9 in BMJ Case Reports.

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Age, Sex Affect Extended Post-Concussion Symptoms in Children

MONDAY, Oct. 15, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Age, sex, and family factors play a role in the persistence of post-concussion symptoms (PCSs) one year after injury, according to a study published online Oct. 15 in Pediatrics.

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More Socioeconomic Challenges for Hispanic Women With HIV

MONDAY, Oct. 15, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Hispanic/Latino women with HIV infection face more socioeconomic and language challenges than men, but the clinical outcomes are similar, according to research published in the Oct. 12 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Active Pharmaceuticals ID'd in >700 Dietary Supplements

MONDAY, Oct. 15, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Dietary supplements often include active pharmaceuticals, even after warnings from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, according to a study published online Oct. 12 in JAMA Network Open.

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Multicomponent Intervention Can Reduce Sitting Time at Work

FRIDAY, Oct. 12, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A multicomponent intervention (Stand More At [SMArT] Work) can reduce sitting time over the short, medium, and long terms, according to a study published online Oct. 10 in The BMJ.

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Flu Vaccine Cuts Hospitalization Rates in Pregnant Women

FRIDAY, Oct. 12, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Among pregnant women, the flu vaccination is effective at reducing the risk for flu-related hospitalizations, according to a study published online Oct. 11 in Clinical Infectious Disease.

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Global Rates of Cesarean Section on the Rise Since 2000

FRIDAY, Oct. 12, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Global cesarean section (CS) rates are increasing, according to one in a series of three papers published online Oct. 11 in The Lancet.

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Skills-Based Intervention Did Not Cut Systolic BP After Stroke, TIA

FRIDAY, Oct. 12, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A culturally tailored, skills-based educational intervention did not reduce systolic blood pressure at one year after stroke/transient ischemic attack, according to a study published online Oct. 8 in JAMA Neurology.

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Minority Women at Higher Risk for Severe Maternal Morbidity

FRIDAY, Oct. 12, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Women of color have higher rates of severe birth-related health issues compared with non-Hispanic white women, according to a study published online Oct. 10 in Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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High Circulating Prolactin Level Inversely Linked to T2DM Risk

FRIDAY, Oct. 12, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Among U.S. women, a normally high circulating prolactin concentration is associated with a reduced risk for type 2 diabetes, according to a study published online Oct. 11 in Diabetologia.

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Zoledronate Lowers Fracture Risk in Women With Osteopenia

FRIDAY, Oct. 12, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The risk for fragility fractures is significantly lower in women with osteopenia who receive zoledronate than in those who receive placebo, according to a study published online Oct. 1 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Spending Often Persists in High-Cost Medicare-Medicaid Eligible

THURSDAY, Oct. 11, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- More than half of patients who are dually eligible for Medicare and Medicaid and are designated as high-cost in one year remain persistently high-cost over three years, according to a study published online Oct. 2 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Poor Outcomes for Hispanic Infants With Congenital Heart Dz

THURSDAY, Oct. 11, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For live-born infants with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) and d-transposition of the great arteries (TGA), Hispanic ethnicity is associated with poor outcome, according to a study published online Oct. 10 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

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Higher Perceived Stress Linked to Lower Fecundability in Women

THURSDAY, Oct. 11, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Higher levels of perceived stress are associated with slight decreases in fecundability among women but not men, according to a study recently published in the American Journal of Epidemiology.

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Aetna-CVS Merger Approved

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 10, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A $69 billion merger between health insurer Aetna and pharmacy manager CVS Health has been approved, according to the U.S. Justice Department.

The New York Times Article

ADA, EASD Issue New Recommendations for T2DM

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 10, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Recommendations for the management of type 2 diabetes have been updated, according to a consensus report by the American Diabetes Association (ADA) and the European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD) published online Oct. 5 in Diabetes Care.

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Hand Hygiene Program Beneficial for Day Care Centers

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 10, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- An educational and hand hygiene program involving hand sanitizer can reduce the risk for respiratory infections (RI) for children attending day care centers (DCCs), according to a study published online Oct. 8 in Pediatrics.

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Retention in HIV Care Drops Steadily After Prison Release

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 10, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For criminal justice-involved persons living with HIV (PLWH), sustained retention in care decreases over time post-release, according to a study published online Oct. 9 in PLOS Medicine.

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Intensive BP Therapy in Diabetes May Lower Risk for CV Events

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 10, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Intensive blood pressure (BP) therapy is associated with significantly lower risk for cardiovascular events based on data reweighted to better reflect the U.S. adult population with diabetes, according to a study published in the Sept. 11 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Timing of Pushing Does Not Impact Spontaneous Vaginal Delivery

TUESDAY, Oct. 9, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For nulliparous women receiving neuraxial analgesia, the timing of second-stage pushing does not impact the rate of spontaneous vaginal delivery, according to a study published in the Oct. 9 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Flea-Borne Typhus Outbreak in Los Angeles County

TUESDAY, Oct. 9, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- An outbreak of flea-borne typhus in Los Angeles County has so far resulted in 57 cases, including 20 in Pasadena and nine in downtown Los Angeles, public health officials say.

CNN Article
More Information: CDC

Acetaminophen Can Reduce Recurrence of Febrile Seizures

TUESDAY, Oct. 9, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Acetaminophen can reduce the risk for febrile seizure (FS) recurrence during the same fever episode among infants and children, according to a study published online Oct. 8 in Pediatrics.

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Weight Loss May Cut Breast CA Risk in Postmenopausal Women

TUESDAY, Oct. 9, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Postmenopausal women with weight loss have a reduced risk for breast cancer, according to a study published online Oct. 8 in Cancer.

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Application of Blood Pressure Guidelines Ups Treatment

TUESDAY, Oct. 9, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Implementation of the 2017 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) blood pressure guideline would direct initiation and intensification of antihypertensive medication treatment to adults at high risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) events, according to a study published in the Sept. 11 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Congress Passes Bill to Fight Opioid Crisis

FRIDAY, Oct. 5, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A bipartisan bill to fight the opioid addiction crisis in the United States has been passed by Congress. President Donald Trump said he would sign the bill into law.

AP News Article

AZ Company Recalls Raw Beef Products Linked to Salmonella

FRIDAY, Oct. 5, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- An Arizona company has recalled more than 6.5 million pounds (2.9 million kilograms) of beef linked to a Salmonella outbreak that has sickened 57 people in 16 states. Fourteen people have been hospitalized. No deaths have been reported, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

AP News Article
CDC Food Safety Alert

Stillbirth Reduction Strategy Unproven

FRIDAY, Oct, 5, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A reduced fetal movement (RFM) care package does not reduce the risk for stillbirths, according to a study published online Sept. 27 in The Lancet.

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Industry-Funded Trials Often Involve Employees in Studies

FRIDAY, Oct. 5, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Industry employees are often involved in the design, conduct, and reporting of industry-funded trials in high-impact journals, according to a study published online Oct. 3 in The BMJ.

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Editorial

No Increase in In-Hospital, Post-Discharge Death With HRRP

FRIDAY, Oct. 5, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Announcement and implementation of the Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program (HRRP) was not associated with increases in in-hospital or post-discharge mortality after acute myocardial infarction (AMI), heart failure, or pneumonia, according to a study published online Sept. 28 in JAMA Network Open.

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More Than 14 Million Preteens Need to Receive HPV Vaccine

FRIDAY, Oct. 5, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- More than 14 million additional 11- to 12-year-olds need to be vaccinated to reach the American Cancer Society goal of 80 percent of adolescents being up to date (UTD) with the human papillomavirus vaccination (HPVV) by their 13th birthday by 2026, according to a study published online Sept. 26 in Cancer.

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Daily Drinking Associated With Increased Mortality Risk

FRIDAY, Oct. 5, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Daily drinking, even at low levels, may be detrimental to one's health, according to a study published online Oct. 3 in Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research.

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Sexual Harassment, Assault Tied to Women's Health Issues

FRIDAY, Oct. 5, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Sexual harassment and sexual assault among midlife women are associated with poorer physical and mental health, according to a study published online Oct. 3 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Price Hikes Noted in Small Subset of Generic Drugs

THURSDAY, Oct. 4, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A small but growing subset of generic drugs experienced sudden large price increases from 2007 to 2013, according to a study published in the October issue of Health Affairs.

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Three-Quarters of Health Care Workers Got Flu Shot Last Year

THURSDAY, Oct. 4, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Just over three-quarters of health care personnel received a flu vaccine last season, according to research published in the Sept. 28 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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3/4 of Adult Day Services Centers Keep Advance Directives on Hand

THURSDAY, Oct. 4, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Just over three-quarters of U.S. adult day services centers (ADSCs) maintain documentation of participants' advance directives, according to a report published Sept. 12 by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Health Statistics.

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Cancer Risk Varies for Hispanics, Including in Puerto Rico

THURSDAY, Oct. 4, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Hispanics have lower incidence and mortality than non-Hispanic whites for all cancers combined, although there is considerable variability in cancer risk within the U.S. Hispanic population, according to a report published online Oct. 4 in CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians.

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Childhood Risk Profiles Affect Middle-Age Lung Function

THURSDAY, Oct. 4, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Profiles of childhood respiratory risk factors predict middle-age lung function levels and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) risk, according to a study published in the September issue of the Annals of the American Thoracic Society.

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FDA Seizes Documents From E-Cigarette Maker JUUL

THURSDAY, Oct. 4, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Thousands of pages of documents were seized from the electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) maker JUUL by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration during a surprise inspection last week as part of the agency's investigation into the company's marketing practices.

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Red Tide May Be Cause of Florida Beachgoers' Breathing Problems

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 3, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Red tide may be the reason why some beachgoers on Florida's Atlantic coast have suffered breathing problems, according to Palm Beach County officials.

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CDC: Salmonella Outbreak Linked to Gravel Ridge Farms Eggs

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 3, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The multistate Salmonella outbreak linked to Gravel Ridge Farms cage-free large eggs has grown, and consumers, restaurants, and retailers should not eat, serve, or sell the eggs, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says.

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JUUL Laboratories Have Largest Market Share of E-Cigarettes

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 3, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- From 2016 to 2017, sales of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) by JUUL Laboratories increased 641 percent, with their sales comprising 29 percent of total e-cigarette sales by December 2017, according to a research letter published in the Oct. 2 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Increasing Water Intake Can Cut Cystitis Recurrence

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 3, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For women at high risk for cystitis recurrence who drink low volumes of fluid daily, increasing water intake prevents recurrence, according to a study published online Oct. 1 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Breastfeeding Inversely Linked to Infant BMI Z Score

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 3, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Breastfeeding is inversely associated with body mass index z scores (BMIzs) measured at 12 months, and the association is attenuated with formula supplementation by six months, according to a study published online Sept. 24 in Pediatrics.

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Medicare Patient Readmit Rates Higher in Proprietary Hospitals

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 3, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Among Medicare patients with six major diseases, readmission rates are higher for those receiving care in proprietary hospitals compared with government or nonprofit hospitals, according to a study published online Sept. 18 in PLOS ONE.

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Uninsured Rate at 8.8 Percent in First Quarter of 2018

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 3, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- In the first quarter of 2018, the uninsured rate was 8.8 percent, not significantly different from a year earlier, according to a report released Aug. 29 by the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS).

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Opioid-Related Hospital Use Up in Elderly Adults

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 3, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Rates of opioid-related prescriptions and health care utilization are rising among seniors, according to two September statistical briefs released by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ). The reports relied on data from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project and the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey.

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Southern Dietary Pattern Mediates Racial Difference in HTN

TUESDAY, Oct. 2, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For black men and women, the Southern dietary pattern is the largest mediating factor for differences in the incidence of hypertension, according to a study published in the Oct. 2 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Soft Drinks Account for One-Fifth of Youth Beverage Consumption

TUESDAY, Oct. 2, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Despite dietary recommendations, soft drinks make up about one-fifth of total beverage consumption by U.S. youth, according to a September data brief published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS).

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Preventable Cardiovascular Events Are Big Economic Burden

TUESDAY, Oct. 2, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Preventable cardiovascular events place a considerable health and economic burden on the United States, according to research published in the Sept. 7 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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For Employer-Based Plans, Spending Across Services Steady

TUESDAY, Oct. 2, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Despite large health policy changes, the distribution of spending across service areas has remained fairly consistent over the past 10 years for those enrolled in employer-sponsored insurance, according to a study published in the October issue of Health Affairs.

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Telemedicine RTI Visits Shorter When Antibiotic Prescribed

TUESDAY, Oct. 2, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- In a direct-to-consumer (DTC) telemedicine setting, respiratory tract infection (RTI) encounters in which antibiotics are prescribed are shorter than other encounters, according to a research letter published online Oct. 2 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Ondansetron in Pregnancy Not Linked to Most Birth Defects

TUESDAY, Oct. 2, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Use of ondansetron for the treatment of nausea and vomiting in pregnancy does not appear to be associated with birth defects, according to research published in the August issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Number of Health-Related Data Breaches Increasing

TUESDAY, Oct. 2, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The number of health data breaches has steadily increased since 2010, according to a research letter published in the Sept. 25 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Interviews Can Help Ensure Physician Candidates Fit Culture

TUESDAY, Oct. 2, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- In preparing to interview to hire a new physician, practices must understand their own cultures, according to an article published in Medical Economics.

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Hospital Privacy Curtains Become Increasingly Contaminated

MONDAY, Oct. 1, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Curtains surrounding patient beds become progressively contaminated with bacteria, according to a study published in the September issue of the American Journal of Infection Control.

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More Non-Elderly Americans Uninsured in 2017 Versus 2016

MONDAY, Oct. 1, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- From 2016 to 2017, there was an increase in the number of uninsured non-elderly Americans, according to a report published by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.

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Mental Health Disparities ID'd Among Students of Color

MONDAY, Oct. 1, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- College students of color have lower mental health-related treatment use relative to white students, according to a study published in the September issue of the Journal of Adolescent Health.

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