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July 2020 Briefing - OBGYN & Women's Health

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in OBGYN & Women's Health for July 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Physician's Briefing Weekly Coronavirus Roundup

Here is what the editors at Physician's Briefing chose as the most important COVID-19 developments for you and your practice for the week of July 27 to 31, 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal studies and other trusted sources that is most likely to affect clinical practice.

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Telemedicine Use Explodes During COVID-19 Pandemic

FRIDAY, July 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The emergence of telemedicine has accelerated during the coronavirus pandemic. HD Live! sat down with Rujuta Saksena, M.D., an oncologist at Overlook Medical Center in Summit, New Jersey, and Ateev Mehrotra, M.D., associate professor of health care policy at Harvard Medical School in Boston, to discuss the future of telemedicine and its impact on health care.

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Survivors of Adolescent, Young Adult ALL May Suffer Late Effects

FRIDAY, July 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Survivors of adolescent and young adult (AYA) acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) may experience late effects, with a high incidence of subsequent endocrine disease and cardiac disease, according to a study published in the August issue of JNCI Cancer Spectrum.

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Sex Differences in Income Vary With Proportion of Male Doctors

FRIDAY, July 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For surgical and nonsurgical specialists, sex differences in income vary with the proportion of male physicians in a practice, according to a study published online July 30 in The BMJ.

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Mortality Rates Highest for Infants Born to Teens Age 15 to 19

FRIDAY, July 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Infants born to teenagers aged 15 to 19 years are more likely to die within the first year of life, according to a July data brief published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Health Statistics.

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Second BMD Measurement Not Beneficial for Identifying Hip Fracture

FRIDAY, July 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A second bone mineral density (BMD) assessment about three years after initial measurement does not improve discrimination beyond baseline BMD value alone for women who do and do not experience subsequent hip fracture or major osteoporotic fracture, according to a study published online July 27 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Early Age at Menarche Tied to Frequent Menopausal Symptoms

FRIDAY, July 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Early age at menarche is a risk factor for menopausal symptoms, according to a study published online July 21 in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology.

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Chocolate Tied to Lower Coronary Artery Disease Risk

THURSDAY, July 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Eating chocolate at least once a week is associated with a lower risk for coronary artery disease (CAD), according to a review published online July 22 in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology.

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Teen HPV Vaccination Rates Suboptimal

THURSDAY, July 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Lack of parental intent to initiate and complete the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine series for adolescents is a major public health concern, according to a study published online July 21 in The Lancet Public Health.

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Nirsevimab Injection Cuts RSV-Linked Infections in Preemies

THURSDAY, July 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Nirsevimab prevents respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)-associated lower respiratory tract infections in healthy preterm infants, while maternal RSV fusion (F) protein nanoparticle vaccination did not meet the prespecified criterion for efficacy, according to two studies published in the July 30 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Most Gynecologic Cancer Therapy Not Tied to Higher COVID-19 Risk

THURSDAY, July 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For gynecologic oncology patients with COVID-19, the case fatality rate is 14.0 percent, and chemotherapy and recent major surgery do not predict COVID-19 severity or mortality, according to a study published online July 30 in Cancer.

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Fibroid-Related QOL Better With Myomectomy for Uterine Fibroids

THURSDAY, July 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For women with symptomatic uterine fibroids, fibroid-related quality of life at two years is better for those undergoing myomectomy than those undergoing uterine-artery embolization, according to a study published in the July 30 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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ACS Issues Updated Guideline for Cervical Cancer Screening

THURSDAY, July 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In a guideline update from the American Cancer Society, published online July 30 in CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians, recommendations are presented for cervical cancer screening of individuals at average risk.

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Study IDs Which Women Benefit From DBT Versus Digital Mammography

THURSDAY, July 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Improvements in recall rates and cancer detection rates with digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) versus digital mammography (DM) are greatest on baseline examinations, according to a study published online July 28 in JAMA Network Open.

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Study Looks at Phthalates, Sleep Quality in Women at Midlife

WEDNESDAY, July 29, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For midlife women, phthalate exposure seems to be associated with sleep disruption, with the associations observed in nonsmokers or former smokers, according to a study published online July 29 in Menopause.

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Cancer-Related Encounters Down Since Start of COVID-19

WEDNESDAY, July 29, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- There has been a decrease in cancer-related encounters and in cancer screening since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic, according to a study published online July 27 in JCO: Clinical Cancer Informatics.

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Smoking Ups Risk for Unruptured Intracranial Aneurysm in Women

WEDNESDAY, July 29, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Women aged 30 to 60 years with a positive smoking history and underlying hypertension have an increased risk for having an unruptured intracranial aneurysm (UIA), according to a study published online July 28 in the Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry.

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Burden of Pre-, Postmenopausal Breast Cancer Up Worldwide

TUESDAY, July 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- There is evidence of an increasing burden of premenopausal and postmenopausal breast cancer worldwide, according to a study published in the August issue of The Lancet Global Health.

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Incidence of Hip Fracture Decreased From 1970 to 2010

TUESDAY, July 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The incidence of hip fracture decreased from 1970 to 2010, with reductions in smoking and heavy drinking coincident with this decrease, according to a study published online July 27 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Myocardial Injury Seen in Many Early in Recovery From COVID-19

TUESDAY, July 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Many patients recently recovered from COVID-19 infection have cardiac involvement, according to a study published online July 27 in JAMA Cardiology.

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Vertebral Fractures Up With Long-Term Delay of Denosumab

TUESDAY, July 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Compared with on-time dosing, delay of denosumab by more than 16 weeks is associated with an increased risk for vertebral fractures, according to a study published online July 28 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Indigenous American Ancestry Tied to HER2+ Breast Cancer

TUESDAY, July 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Indigenous American (IA) origin could partly contribute to the higher incidence of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-positive (HER2+) breast cancer in Latinas, according to a study recently published in Cancer Research.

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Higher Prepregnancy Serum Creatinine Linked to Preterm Birth

MONDAY, July 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Increased levels of prepregnancy serum creatinine are associated with an increased risk for preterm birth, according to a study published in the July 27 issue of CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.

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Thorough Risk Assessment Essential Prior to Noncardiac Surgery

MONDAY, July 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Comprehensive preoperative assessment of cardiovascular risk with history and physical examination is essential prior to noncardiac surgery, according to a review published in the July 21 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Perinatal Transmission of COVID-19 Unlikely With Correct Hygiene

MONDAY, July 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- If correct hygiene procedures are undertaken, perinatal transmission of COVID-19 is unlikely to occur, according to a study published online July 23 in The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health.

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ASTRO Issues First Guideline on Radiation Therapy for Cervical Cancer

FRIDAY, July 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- There is strong evidence supporting the use of radiation therapy (RT) for nonmetastatic cervical cancer, according to a clinical practice guideline from the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) published in the July/August issue of Practical Radiation Oncology.

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Physician's Briefing Weekly Coronavirus Roundup

Here is what the editors at Physician's Briefing chose as the most important COVID-19 developments for you and your practice for the week of July 20 to 24, 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal studies and other trusted sources that is most likely to affect clinical practice.

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CDC Guidance Issued for Testing, Management of HCP Exposed to Hep C

FRIDAY, July 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In a U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention guidance report, published in the July 24 issue of Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, recommendations are presented for testing and clinical management of health care personnel (HCP) exposed to the hepatitis C virus (HCV).

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Mental Health Deteriorated During COVID-19 Lockdown

FRIDAY, July 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Mental health deteriorated in the United Kingdom by the end of April 2020 compared with pre-COVID-19 pandemic trends, according to a study published online July 21 in The Lancet Psychiatry.

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Worse Multisensory Function May Accelerate Cognitive Aging

FRIDAY, July 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Worsening multisensory function is associated with accelerated cognitive aging, according to a study published online July 12 in Alzheimer's & Dementia.

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Financial Health of Hospitals 'Dire' Due to COVID-19

THURSDAY, July 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- COVID-19 continues to cause financial peril for U.S. hospitals, according to a report released by the American Hospital Association (AHA).

Press Release
Report

Data Reviewed for Levonorgestrel IUD Use in Youth With Disability

THURSDAY, July 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Data from a retrospective chart review suggest that levonorgestrel (LNG) intrauterine devices (IUDs) may be a useful option for menstrual management and contraception in adolescents and young adults with physical, intellectual, and developmental disabilities, according to a study published online July 23 in Pediatrics.

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Too Much, Too Little Sleep May Up Mortality in Patients With T2DM

THURSDAY, July 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In people with type 2 diabetes, sleeping more or less than seven hours/day is associated with an increased risk for all-cause and condition-specific mortality, according to a study published online July 16 in Diabetologia.

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Routine Hepatitis C Testing at FQHCs Would Be Cost-Effective

WEDNESDAY, July 22, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Routine hepatitis C virus (HCV) testing at federally qualified health centers (FQHCs) would be cost-effective and could improve outcomes for people with HCV infections, according to a study published online June 27 in The American Journal of Medicine.

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Epidemiology of Herpes Simplex Virus in Europe Transitioning

WEDNESDAY, July 22, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The epidemiology of herpes simplex virus (HSV)-1 is transitioning away from oral acquisition in childhood with an increasing proportion of HSV-1 detection in genital herpes, according to a study published online July 16 in BMJ Global Health.

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CDC: Former Smokers Have Higher Levels of Fair, Poor Health

WEDNESDAY, July 22, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Smoking cessation is beneficial, but even after cessation, former smokers have worse health measures, according to a study published online July 22 in National Health Statistics Reports, a publication from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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Experiencing Racism May Worsen Subjective Cognitive Function

WEDNESDAY, July 22, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Experiences of racism are associated with lower subjective cognitive function (SCF) among African-American women, according to a study published online July 21 in Alzheimer's & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring.

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Rise in Avoidable Cancer Deaths Expected Due to COVID-19

TUESDAY, July 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- An increase in the number of avoidable cancer deaths is expected in England as a result of diagnostic delays due to the COVID-19 pandemic, according to a study published online July 20 in The Lancet Oncology.

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Recommendations Updated for Barrier Method Use Among Teens

TUESDAY, July 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In an American Academy of Pediatrics policy statement, published online July 20 in Pediatrics, updated recommendations are presented relating to use of barrier methods for adolescents engaging in sexual activity.

Policy Statement
Technical Report
Clinical Report

Prenatal Cannabis Exposure Tied to Childhood Sleep Problems

TUESDAY, July 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Prenatal cannabis exposure is associated with child sleep outcomes, according to a study published online June 28 in Sleep Health.

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Psychiatric Disorders, Loneliness Common During the Pandemic

MONDAY, July 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- There are high prevalence rates of general psychiatric disorders and loneliness in the general U.K. population during the COVID-19 pandemic, according to a study published online June 30 in Psychiatry Research.

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Physician's Briefing Weekly Coronavirus Roundup

Here is what the editors at Physician's Briefing chose as the most important COVID-19 developments for you and your practice for the week of July 13 to 17, 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal studies and other trusted sources that is most likely to affect clinical practice.

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Call for 'Challenge Trials' to Hasten COVID-19 Vaccine Development

FRIDAY, July 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. government should make immediate preparations for clinical trials in which volunteers are exposed to the new coronavirus to speed development of a vaccine, more than 100 top scientists say in a letter to the U.S. National Institutes of Health.

CNN Article

Flu Vaccine Cuts Cardiovascular Mortality in Adults With Diabetes

FRIDAY, July 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Influenza vaccination may improve outcomes in patients with diabetes, according to a study published online July 9 in Diabetes Care.

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LGBT-Friendly Primary Care Improves STD Screening Rates

FRIDAY, July 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A quality improvement initiative that enhances lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) affirming care also improves screening rates for sexually transmitted diseases, according to a study published in the July/August issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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Severe Vasomotor Symptoms at Menopause Linked to CVD Risk

FRIDAY, July 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Among women with menopausal vasomotor symptoms (VMS), severity rather than frequency of hot flushes and night sweats is associated with an increased risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD), according to a study published online June 23 in the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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CV Risk Factors Linked to Faster Cognitive Decline in Midlife

THURSDAY, July 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Cardiovascular risk factors (CVRFs) are associated with accelerated cognitive decline in midlife, according to a study published online July 15 in Neurology.

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Premature Mortality Dropped With Adoption of Food Guidelines

THURSDAY, July 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Adoption of national food-based dietary guidelines (FBDGs) is associated with about a 15 percent reduction in premature mortality, according to a study published online July 15 in The BMJ.

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Physical Distancing Interventions Cut Incidence of COVID-19

THURSDAY, July 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Physical distancing interventions are associated with a reduced incidence of COVID-19 globally, according to a study published online July 15 in The BMJ.

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CDC: Infant Mortality Drops to Historic Low of 5.67/1,000 in 2018

THURSDAY, July 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Infant mortality reached a historic low of 5.67 infant deaths per 1,000 live births in 2018 in the United States, according to the July 16 National Vital Statistics Reports, a publication from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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n3-PUFAs May Protect the Brain From Effects of Air Pollution

WEDNESDAY, July 15, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Long-chain omega 3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCn3PUFAs) attenuate the inverse association between fine particular matter (PM2.5) exposure and white matter volumes, according to a study published online July 15 in Neurology.

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HCQ During Pregnancy May Prevent Congenital Heart Block

WEDNESDAY, July 15, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For anti-SSA/Ro-positive mothers with a previous pregnancy complicated by congenital heart block (CHB), hydroxychloroquine may reduce the recurrence of CHB, according to a study published in the July 21 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Medication Use Linked to Weight Gain in Postmenopausal Women

WEDNESDAY, July 15, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For postmenopausal women, antidepressants, beta-blockers, and insulin are associated with weight gain over three years, according to a study published online July 15 in Menopause.

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Global Population Anticipated to Peak in 2064

WEDNESDAY, July 15, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The global population is anticipated to peak in 2064 and then decline to year 2100, according to a study published online July 14 in The Lancet.

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Layoffs Cost 5.4 Million Americans Their Health Insurance

TUESDAY, July 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- About 5.4 million Americans lost their health insurance after being laid off between February and May due to the COVID-19 pandemic, a new study shows.

The New York Times Article

Childhood Maltreatment Tied to Later Cardiovascular Disease

TUESDAY, July 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- All types of childhood maltreatment are associated with a higher risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) in both men and women, according to a study published online July 13 in Heart.

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Pap/HPV Cotesting Better for Cervical Cancer Screening in Over 30s

TUESDAY, July 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Liquid-based cytology (LBC) and human papillomavirus (HPV) cotesting enhances screening for cervical cancer (CxCa) and precancer among women aged 30 years and older, according to a study published online July 8 in the American Journal of Clinical Pathology.

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Hyperglycemia Linked to Higher Mortality in COVID-19 Patients

TUESDAY, July 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For COVID-19 patients without a previous diagnosis of diabetes, fasting blood glucose (FBG) ≥7.0 mmol/L is an independent predictor of 28-day mortality, according to a study published online July 10 in Diabetologia.

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Rise Seen in U.S. COVID-19 Deaths

MONDAY, July 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Led by states in the South and West, COVID-19 deaths in the United States have started a long-anticipated increase, data show.

AP News Article

Slow Test Results Hampering U.S. Fight Against COVID-19

MONDAY, July 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Test results for the new coronavirus are taking so long that they are doing little to help stop the spread of the virus in the United States, experts say.

Washington Post Article

Some Hospitals in COVID-19 Hotspots Running Short of Remdesivir

MONDAY, July 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Some U.S. hospitals in COVID-19 hotspots are running short of the antiviral drug remdesivir -- the only drug authorized by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to treat the disease -- while hospitals in other regions have stocks of the drug that are going unused.

CNN Article

Black Individuals at Increased Risk for SARS-CoV-2 Infection

MONDAY, July 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Black individuals are at increased risk for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection and hospitalization, according to a letter to the editor published online July 9 in the Annals of the American Thoracic Society.

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Risk for Heart Failure Increased for Women Taking β-Blockers

MONDAY, July 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Women taking β-blockers for hypertension have an increased risk for developing heart failure when they present to the hospital with acute coronary syndrome, according to a study published online July 10 in Hypertension.

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COVID-19-Related Symptoms Persist After Recovery

MONDAY, July 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Most patients who have recovered from COVID-19 report persistence of at least one symptom, according to a research letter published online July 9 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Maternal Allergy, Asthma Traits Up Child Risk in Early Years

MONDAY, July 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In early life, maternal history of allergies and asthma confers a stronger effect on a child's risk for developing the same traits compared with the father's history, according to a study published online July 7 in Clinical & Experimental Allergy.

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Fetal, Early-Life Exposures May Impact Young Adult Bone Health

FRIDAY, July 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Factors during gestation and infancy may impact bone health in young adulthood, according to a study published online July 8 in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research.

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Physician's Briefing Weekly Coronavirus Roundup

Here is what the editors at Physician's Briefing chose as the most important COVID-19 developments for you and your practice for the week of July 6 to 10, 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal studies and other trusted sources that is most likely to affect clinical practice.

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Gilead Presents Additional Data on Efficacy of Remdesivir for COVID-19

FRIDAY, July 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- There is more good news on the effectiveness of the antiviral drug remdesivir against COVID-19, according to new clinical trial results from the drug's maker.

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CDC: 2017 to 2018 Saw Decline in Teen Birth Rates Across States

FRIDAY, July 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- From 2017 to 2018, there were declines in teenage birth rates in most states and across race and Hispanic origin, according to the July 10 National Vital Statistics Reports, a publication from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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Glucose Levels Tied to Maternal Mortality Even Without Diabetes

FRIDAY, July 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Women with an elevated hemoglobin A1c preconception may be at higher risk for severe maternal morbidity (SMM) or death during pregnancy or postpartum, according to a study recently published in PLOS Medicine.

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Electronic Health Records Fail to Detect Many Medication Errors

THURSDAY, July 9, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- There is wide variation in the safety performance of electronic health record (EHR) systems used in U.S. hospitals, according to a study recently published in JAMA Network Open.

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Higher Rates of Pain, Bleeding Found With Essure Birth Control Device

THURSDAY, July 9, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The permanent birth control device Essure is associated with higher rates of chronic lower abdominal or pelvic pain and abnormal uterine bleeding compared with tubal ligation, according to interim results of a postmarket study ordered by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

AP News Article

Newborn Iodine Status Not Tied to Congenital Hypothyroidism

THURSDAY, July 9, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Blood iodine concentrations in newborns do not vary for infants with or without congenital hypothyroidism (CH), although they are higher in cases versus controls in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), according to a study published online July 7 in the Journal of Nutrition.

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Higher Vitamin C, Carotenoid Intake May Lower Risk for T2DM

THURSDAY, July 9, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Higher intakes of vitamin C and carotenoids, as well as total whole grains, are associated with a lower risk for type 2 diabetes, according to two studies published online July 8 in The BMJ.

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Employers Can Refuse to Provide Birth Control Coverage: U.S Supreme Court

WEDNESDAY, July 8, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- More than 70,000 U.S. women could be left without cost-free birth control after the Supreme Court upheld a Trump administration policy change that permits some employers to refuse to provide contraceptive coverage on religious or moral grounds.

AP News Article

American Cancer Society Updates HPV Vaccination Guidelines

WEDNESDAY, July 8, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The American Cancer Society has updated guidelines on human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination, emphasizing that vaccination should be routinely offered at age 9 to 12 years; the updated recommendations were published online July 8 in CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians.

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Dairy Does Not Protect Against Bone Loss During Menopause Transition

WEDNESDAY, July 8, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Dairy intake is not associated with improvements in bone mineral density or risk for fractures in women transitioning to menopause, according to a study recently published in Menopause.

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Rising Number of People Report Anxiety, Depression During COVID-19

WEDNESDAY, July 8, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- New evidence shows that depression and anxiety are increasing as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, according to the results of a survey released by Mental Health America (MHA).

Press Release
Report: COVID-19 and Mental Health

Interruption of Sitting May Cut Acute Postprandial Response

WEDNESDAY, July 8, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- When individuals interrupt prolonged sitting with bouts of light physical activity, postprandial insulin and glucose levels are reduced, according to a study published in the June issue of Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise.

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Efforts to Reduce New HIV Infections in Children Faltering

TUESDAY, July 7, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Efforts to reduce new HIV infections in children worldwide are faltering, according to a new report on progress toward Start Free, Stay Free, AIDS Free targets.

Press Release
Start Free, Stay Free, AIDS Free: 2020 Report

USPSTF Advises Annual Low-Dose CT Lung Screening for High-Risk Individuals

TUESDAY, July 7, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends annual low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) screening for people aged 50 to 80 years at high lung cancer risk due to smoking history. These recommendations form the basis of a draft recommendation statement, published online July 7 by the USPSTF.

Draft Evidence Review
Draft Recommendation Statement
Comment on Recommendation Statement

Early Breast Cancer Screening Benefits Childhood Cancer Survivors

TUESDAY, July 7, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For childhood cancer survivors, early initiation of breast cancer screening with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) may reduce breast cancer mortality by more than half, according to a study published online July 7 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Review: Pre/Probiotics May Be Useful for Depression, Anxiety

TUESDAY, July 7, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Pre/probiotic therapy may be useful for patients with depression and/or anxiety disorders, according to a review published online July 6 in BMJ Nutrition, Prevention & Health.

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Complementary, Alternative Medicine Use Increasing for MS

TUESDAY, July 7, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For people with multiple sclerosis (pwMS), there has been an increase in use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), according to a study published in the June issue of Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders.

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Medicaid Expansion Contributing to Earlier Cancer Diagnosis

MONDAY, July 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Among low-income adults, the odds of being diagnosed with metastatic breast, cervical, colorectal, or lung cancers decreased following Medicaid expansion in Ohio, according to a study published online July 6 in Cancer.

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Most Women Unaware of Breast Implant-Related Lymphoma

MONDAY, July 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Only a minority of American women have heard of breast implant-associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma (BIA-ALCL) and understand its association with breast implants, according to a study published in the July issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.

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Physician's Briefing Weekly Coronavirus Roundup

Here is what the editors at Physician's Briefing chose as the most important COVID-19 developments for you and your practice for the week of June 29 to July 3, 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal studies and other trusted sources that is most likely to affect clinical practice.

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HDHPs Up Disparities in Access to Care Among Cancer Survivors

THURSDAY, July 2, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For cancer survivors, high-deductible health plans (HDHPs) are associated with cost-related barriers to care, and these barriers are greater for black cancer survivors, according to a study published online June 24 in JAMA Network Open.

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Mortality Risk Down With Meeting Recommended Exercise Levels

THURSDAY, July 2, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The risk of all-cause and cause-specific mortality is reduced for adults who engage in leisure time aerobic and muscle strengthening activities at levels recommended by the 2018 physical activity guidelines, according to a study published online July 1 in The BMJ.

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Medicaid Expansion Linked to Drop in Uninsured With Breast Cancer

THURSDAY, July 2, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Expansion of Medicaid was associated with a reduction in the number of uninsured patients with breast cancer, according to a study published online July 1 in JAMA Surgery.

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Low Physical Function May Up Bone Loss After Hip Fracture

THURSDAY, July 2, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Older patients with low physical function and lower lean body mass (LBM) may be at risk for greater decline in tibia bone properties during the first year after hip fracture, according to a study published online June 9 in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders.

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Roughly 2 Million Americans Buy Prescriptions From Outside the Country

THURSDAY, July 2, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- An estimated 1.5 percent of American adults purchase prescription medication from outside of the United States to save money, according to a study published online June 24 in JAMA Network Open.

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COVID-19-Related Death Count Likely Higher Than Official Tallies

WEDNESDAY, July 1, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Official COVID-19 death tallies underestimate the full increase in deaths associated with the pandemic in many states, according to a study published online July 1 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Model Estimates Herd Immunity Threshold for COVID-19

WEDNESDAY, July 1, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A mathematical model shows that severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) disease-induced herd immunity level may be lower than the classical model assuming homogenous immunization, according to a report published online June 23 in Science.

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Multiple Healthy Eating Patterns May Be Able to Lower CVD Risk

WEDNESDAY, July 1, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Greater adherence to healthy eating patterns is consistently associated with lower risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), according to a study published online June 15 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Artificial Intelligence Provides Benefit for Cervical Cancer Screening

WEDNESDAY, July 1, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For women undergoing human papillomavirus (HPV)-based cervical cancer screening, automated evaluation of p16/Ki-67 dual-stained (DS) slides reduces the number of colposcopies compared with current standards, according to a study published online June 25 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

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Increased Body Weight, Obesity Linked to Dementia Incidence

WEDNESDAY, July 1, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Having increased body weight or abdominal obesity is associated with increased incidence of dementia, according to a study published online June 23 in the International Journal of Epidemiology.

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