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May 2020 Briefing - Orthopedics

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Orthopedics for May 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Deferment of Elective Surgeries Due to COVID-19 Will Have Lasting Impact

FRIDAY, May 29, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- At two years after the end of the elective orthopedic surgery deferment related to the COVID-19 pandemic, there will be a cumulative backlog of more than 1 million surgical cases in an optimistic scenario, according to a study published online May 12 in The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery.

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Links Found Between Leaders of Medical Associations, Industry

THURSDAY, May 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- There are extensive financial relationships between leaders of U.S. professional medical associations and industry, according to a study published online May 27 in The BMJ.

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9.5 Percent Uninsured in U.S. From January Through June 2019

WEDNESDAY, May 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A total of 9.5 percent of persons were uninsured from January through June 2019, according to a report published online May 28 by the National Center for Health Statistics.

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Only One in Four U.S. Hospitals With ICUs Have Tele-ICU Services

WEDNESDAY, May 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In 2018, half of U.S. hospitals had the capacity to conduct telehealth-based outpatient visits, while only one in four had tele-intensive care unit (tele-ICU) capabilities, according to a research letter published online April 30 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Surgery Not Superior for Closed Displaced Humeral Shaft Fractures

WEDNESDAY, May 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Internal fixation surgery to treat closed humeral shaft fracture does not significantly improve 12-month outcomes versus nonoperative functional bracing, according to a study published in the May 12 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Biomechanical Footwear May Aid Knee Osteoarthritis Outcomes

FRIDAY, May 22, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Use of biomechanical footwear is associated with an improvement in pain among patients with knee osteoarthritis at 24 weeks of follow-up, although the improvements are of uncertain clinical importance, according to a study published in the May 12 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Burnout Comparable Between Millennial, Gen X Residents, Fellows

TUESDAY, May 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Millennial and Generation X medical residents and fellows experience similar rates of burnout and have similar levels of empathy, according to a study published online May 5 in Academic Psychiatry.

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Spending on Primary Care Continues to Lag in the U.S.

TUESDAY, May 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Spending on inpatient services, specialty care, and prescriptions together accounted for about two-thirds of the increase in total U.S. health care spending from 2002 to 2016, according to a research letter published online May 18 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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28 Million-Plus Surgeries Could Be Canceled Due to COVID-19

TUESDAY, May 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Worldwide, more than 28 million elective surgeries could be canceled or postponed during the 12 weeks of peak disruption due to COVID-19, according to a study published online May 12 in the British Journal of Surgery.

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Osteoporotic Fracture Risk Lower for DOAC Than Warfarin in A-Fib

MONDAY, May 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), the risk for osteoporotic fracture appears to be lower with direct oral anticoagulant (DOAC) use compared with warfarin use, according to a study published online May 19 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Guidance Issued for Osteoporosis Management During COVID-19

FRIDAY, May 15, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In a joint guidance document issued by the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research, American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists, Endocrine Society, European Calcified Tissue Society, and National Osteoporosis Foundation, recommendations are presented for the management of osteoporosis during the COVID-19 pandemic.

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Most Physicians Have Seen False-Negative COVID-19 Test Results

MONDAY, May 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Most physicians believe they have seen false-negative results for a COVID-19 diagnostic test, according to the results of a recent survey.

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Burden of Osteoarthritis Increasing in Most Countries

WEDNESDAY, May 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The burden of osteoarthritis (OA) is increasing in most countries, according to a study published online May 12 in Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases.

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Bone Health Declining in U.S. Adults With and Without Prediabetes

TUESDAY, May 12, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The bone health of adults older than 40 years of age is declining for individuals both with normal glucose regulation and prediabetes, according to a study recently published in Diabetes Care.

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ACR Issues Statement on Return of Routine Radiology Services

MONDAY, May 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In an American College of Radiology statement, published online May 6 in the Journal of the American College of Radiology, recommendations are presented for re-engagement of routine radiology care during the COVID-19 pandemic.

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Long-Term Physical Activity Not Tied to Knee Arthritis

FRIDAY, May 8, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- There is no association between long-term strenuous physical activity participation and incident radiographic knee osteoarthritis (KOA), according to a study published online May 4 in JAMA Network Open.

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Organic Nitrates May Not Aid Bone Health in Postmenopausal Women

THURSDAY, May 7, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Organic nitrates do not have clinically relevant effects on bone mineral density (BMD) or bone turnover in postmenopausal women, according to a study published online May 5 in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research.

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Lawnmower Injuries More Common in Children From Rural Areas

TUESDAY, May 5, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- From 2005 to 2017, 1,302 lawnmower injuries were identified in the United States, with higher rates in rural areas, according to a study published in the May 1 issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.

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Average of 11 Work Days Lost Due to Injury Per Person in U.S.

TUESDAY, May 5, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Nonfatal injuries are costly, with a per-person average of approximately 11 lost work days and a value of $1,560 per year in the United States, according to a study published online May 4 in Injury Prevention.

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