July 2019 Briefing - Otolaryngology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Otolaryngology for July 2019. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Burnout Symptoms May Up Racial Bias Among Resident Physicians

WEDNESDAY, July 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Symptoms of burnout seem to be associated with greater explicit and implicit racial bias among resident physicians, according to a study published online July 26 in JAMA Network Open.

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$70 Million Settlement Reached in Generic Drug Delay Case

TUESDAY, July 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Three drug companies will pay a total of nearly $70 million to California to settle charges of delaying the sale of generic drugs to keep brand-name drug prices high, the state's attorney general said Monday.

AP News Article

Hearing Loss Takes Mental, Social, Physical Toll on Older People

TUESDAY, July 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Older people with hearing loss are more likely to experience outdoor activity limitations, psychological distress, and memory loss, according to a study recently published online in Geriatrics & Gerontology International.

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National Norms Developed for Assessing Medical School Empathy

TUESDAY, July 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- National norms have been developed for assessing empathy among men and women at different levels of medical school education, according to a study published in the August issue of the Journal of the American Osteopathic Association.

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N.C. Man Dies of Brain-Eating Amoeba After Visiting Water Park

MONDAY, July 29, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The rare brain-eating amoeba Naegleria fowleri has been confirmed as the cause of death of a North Carolina man.

CBS News Article
More Information: CDC

Thyroidectomy Complication Rate Down When Surgeon Volume Up

FRIDAY, July 26, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- For patients undergoing total thyroidectomy, the occurrence rate of complications decreases as annual surgeon volumes increase, according to a study published online July 25 in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery.

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Senate Bill Would Reduce Drug Costs for Seniors

TUESDAY, July 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A bill to reduce prescription drug costs for millions of Medicare recipients and lower federal and state health costs has been introduced by two U.S. senators.

AP News Article

Light Therapy May Prevent Oral Mucositis for Some in Cancer Tx

MONDAY, July 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Photobiomodulation (PBM), such as laser and other light therapies, is recommended for prevention of oral mucositis (OM) in specific populations of cancer patients, according to a review published online July 8 in Supportive Care in Cancer.

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About One in 20 Patients Exposed to Preventable Harm

THURSDAY, July 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The pooled prevalence of preventable patient harm is 6 percent across a range of medical settings globally, according to a review published online July 17 in The BMJ.

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Feeding Examination Can Avert Surgical Frenotomy Procedures

FRIDAY, July 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Most patients referred for ankyloglossia can benefit from intervention strategies other than surgical procedures, according to a study published online July 11 in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery.

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Serious Misdiagnosis-Related Harms Mostly Due to 'Big Three'

FRIDAY, July 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Vascular events, infections, and cancers account for about three-quarters of serious misdiagnosis-related harms, according to a study published online July 11 in Diagnosis.

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Capping Work Hours in Residency Does Not Impact Outcomes Later

THURSDAY, July 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Exposure of U.S. physicians to work-hour reforms during residency training is not associated with post-training differences in patient mortality, readmissions, or costs of care, according to a study published online July 11 in The BMJ.

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Medicare Drug Rebate Plan Withdrawn by Trump Administration

THURSDAY, July 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A plan to let Medicare patients receive rebates that drug companies currently pay to insurers and middlemen has been withdrawn by the Trump administration.

AP News Article

Health Care Professionals Exhibit Gender Bias

THURSDAY, July 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Survey results show that health care professionals have implicit and explicit gender bias, according to a study published online July 5 in JAMA Network Open.

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EHR System-Generated In-Basket Messages Linked to Burnout

TUESDAY, July 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Receipt of more than the average number of electronic health record (EHR) system-generated in-basket messages is associated with an increased probability of physician burnout, according to a study published in the July 1 issue of Health Affairs.

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Rule Requiring Drug Prices in TV Ads Blocked by Judge

TUESDAY, July 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A Trump administration rule to force pharmaceutical companies to disclose the list prices of their drugs in television ads was blocked Monday by a federal judge.

The New York Times Article

LENI Flap Reliable for Nasal Defect Reconstruction

TUESDAY, July 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The lateral extended nasal island (LENI) flap is an effective and predictable single-stage reconstructive technique for medium-size nasal tip defects, according to research published online July 3 in JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery.

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Most U.S. Adults Are Concerned About Antibiotic Resistance

WEDNESDAY, July 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Most U.S. adults have heard of and are concerned about antibiotic resistance, but 45 percent report having not taken antibiotics as prescribed, according to a report published online June 21 by the Kaiser Family Foundation.

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Considerable Number of Patients Receive Surprise Hospital Charges

TUESDAY, July 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Eighteen percent of all emergency department visits and 16 percent of in-network hospital stays have at least one out-of-network charge, according to a report published June 20 by the Kaiser Family Foundation.

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