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December 2019 Briefing - Pediatrics

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pediatrics for December 2019. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Antiepileptic Drug Exposure Low in Breastfeeding Infants

TUESDAY, Dec. 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Among infants breastfed by mothers who are receiving drug therapy for epilepsy, antiepileptic drug (AED) concentrations in infant blood samples are substantially lower than those in maternal blood samples, according to a study published online Dec. 30 in JAMA Neurology.

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Severity of Autism Symptoms May Vary in Monozygotic Twins

TUESDAY, Dec. 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is markedly heritable, with probandwise concordance of 96 percent, but there is variation in the severity of symptomatology above the diagnostic threshold, according to a study published online Dec. 18 in Behavior Genetics.

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fMRI Measures May Predict Psychiatric Symptoms in Children

TUESDAY, Dec. 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) measures may be able to predict symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder or major depressive disorder in children, according to a study published online Dec. 26 in JAMA Psychiatry.

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Maternal Exposure to Organic Pollutants May Cut Fetal Growth

TUESDAY, Dec. 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- For pregnant women, exposure to persistent organic pollutants (POPs) is associated with reductions in fetal growth measures, according to a study published online Dec. 30 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Machine Learning System Makes More Alerts for Med Errors

TUESDAY, Dec. 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A machine learning system can generate clinically valid alerts for medication errors that might be missed with existing clinical decision support (CDS) systems, according to a study published in the January issue of The Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety.

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China Convicts Scientists Claiming First Genetically Edited Babies

MONDAY, Dec. 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The Chinese scientist who claimed he had created the first genetically edited babies in the world was sentenced to three years in prison for his research, the Chinese government said Monday.

AP News Article

Samoa Ends State of Emergency Over Measles

MONDAY, Dec. 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Slowing infection rates and a surge in vaccinations have prompted the South Pacific island of Samoa to end a six-week state of emergency over a measles outbreak, the BBC reported Sunday.

BBC Article

CDC: Cases of Flu Continue to Mount Across America

MONDAY, Dec. 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Flu continues to spread throughout the United States and has reached elevated levels in nearly every state, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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Intervention Cuts Preoperative Anxiety in Young Children

MONDAY, Dec. 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Among children undergoing elective day surgery, a brief, targeted Child Life preparation (CLP) intervention reduces preoperative anxiety prior to intravenous induction of anesthesia, according to a study published online Dec. 23 in Pediatric Anesthesia.

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Many With Peanut Allergies Unnecessarily Avoid Tree Nuts

MONDAY, Dec. 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Individual tree nuts have unique characteristics in the context of peanut allergy, so dietary recommendations should reflect these differences, according to a study published online Dec. 2 in the Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology.

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Number of Children With Opioid Poisonings Increasing

MONDAY, Dec. 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The severity of pediatric admissions for acute opioid ingestions, especially following attempted suicide, increased from 2005 to 2018, according to a study published online Dec. 19 in Clinical Toxicology.

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Prescribing Practices Can Mitigate Opioid Overdose Risk for Teens

FRIDAY, Dec. 27, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Older teens may have similar risk factors for prescription opioid overdose as adults, according to a study published online Dec. 16 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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U.S. Teens Initiating E-Cigarette Use at Younger Ages

FRIDAY, Dec. 27, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- In recent years, U.S. adolescents have been initiating electronic cigarette use at earlier ages, according to a study published online Dec. 19 in the American Journal of Public Health.

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Bariatric Surgery in Teens May Cut Diabetic Kidney Disease Risk

FRIDAY, Dec. 27, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Among obese adolescents with type 2 diabetes, metabolic bariatric surgery is associated with decreased rates of hyperfiltration and elevated urinary albumin excretion (UAE), according to a study published in the January issue of Diabetes Care.

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Public Insurance Tied to Lower Cancer Survival in Young Patients

FRIDAY, Dec. 27, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Young, low-income patients with bone or soft tissue sarcomas have decreased overall survival (OS), regardless of disease stage at presentation, according to a study published online Dec. 15 in Cancer Medicine.

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Many Hospitals Fail to Provide Instructions for Patient Portals

THURSDAY, Dec. 26, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Many hospital patient portals fail to educate patients fully and set expectations for secure messaging, according to a study recently published in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

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News of Vaping-Related Injury Getting Vapers' Attention

THURSDAY, Dec. 26, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Survey results show more than eight in 10 informed vapers are more cautious and likely to reduce vaping as a result of news of vaping-related illnesses and deaths, according to the American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP).

Press Release

Most Children Do Not Have Positive Results to Antibiotic Challenge

THURSDAY, Dec. 26, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Most children with non-β-lactam antibiotic (NBLA) allergy can be delabeled, with positive results on allergy testing for only 18 percent, according to a study published online Dec. 3 in Pediatrics.

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Mortality Due to Fire, Heat, Hot Substances Declined Globally

THURSDAY, Dec. 26, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- From 1990 to 2017, there was a general decline in global mortality due to fire, heat, and hot substances, although considerable regional variation was observed in incidence, according to a study published online Dec. 18 in Injury Prevention.

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Patient Share of Out-of-Network Costs Rising

TUESDAY, Dec. 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The out-of-pocket costs for out-of-network (OON) care grew rapidly for privately insured Americans from 2012 to 2017, according to a study published in the December issue of the American Journal of Managed Care.

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12 Million U.S. Residents Drove Under Influence of Marijuana in 2018

TUESDAY, Dec. 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- In 2018, 12 million U.S. residents reported driving under the influence of marijuana in the previous 12 months, according to research published in the Dec. 20 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Enrollment in Affordable Care Act Holds Steady for Third Straight Year

MONDAY, Dec. 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Enrollment in Affordable Care Act coverage for next year has surpassed 8 million, a sign that many Americans still turn to the government health insurance program to help pay for their medical care.

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Vaccination Rates Improved With Removal of Nonmedical Exemptions

MONDAY, Dec. 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Implementation of a policy that eliminated nonmedical exemptions from school entry requirements correlated with an increase in vaccination coverage and a reduction in nonmedical exemptions in California, according to a study published online Dec. 23 in PLOS Medicine.

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Number of Teens Vaping Marijuana on the Rise

MONDAY, Dec. 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The number of adolescents who vape marijuana is increasing, according to two research letters published online Dec. 17 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Standardized Screening for ASD Recommended at 18, 24 Months

MONDAY, Dec. 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Standardized screening for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is recommended at ages 18 and 24 months in primary care, according to a clinical report published online Dec. 16 in Pediatrics.

Executive Summary
Clinical Report

Infertility Risk Increased for Men Born Small for Gestational Age

MONDAY, Dec. 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Men born small for gestational age (SGA) may have an increased risk for infertility in adulthood, according to a study published online Dec. 13 in Human Reproduction.

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Congress Approves Raising Age to Buy Tobacco Products to 21

FRIDAY, Dec. 20, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A measure to raise the minimum age to buy tobacco and electronic cigarettes to 21 has been approved by the U.S. Congress and is expected to be signed into law by President Donald Trump.

The New York Times Article

Concussions More Common Among College Students Than Thought

FRIDAY, Dec. 20, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Concussions are common among the U.S. collegiate population, with rates higher for non-sport-related concussion versus sport-related concussion, according to a study published online Dec. 18 in JAMA Network Open.

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E-Cigarette Influencers to Be Banned From Instagram, Facebook

THURSDAY, Dec. 19, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Social media influencers who market electronic cigarette products will be banned from Facebook and Instagram, the companies say.

CBS News Article

FDA to Allow States to Import Prescription Drugs From Other Countries

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Federal health officials have unveiled plans to allow prescription drug imports from Canada and other foreign nations.

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Most Students Who Use E-Cigs Vape Nicotine and Marijuana

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- About three-quarters of students who use electronic cigarettes report vaping nicotine, marijuana, and multiple substances, according to a study published online Dec. 16 in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

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Fenfluramine Reduces Convulsive Seizures in Dravet Syndrome

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Among patients with Dravet syndrome, the reduction in frequency of convulsive seizures is greater with fenfluramine than with placebo, according to a study published online Dec. 17 in The Lancet.

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Congress Could Raise Age to Buy Tobacco Products to 21

TUESDAY, Dec. 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A provision to raise the U.S. minimum age to buy tobacco products from 18 to 21 years has been inserted into the end-of-year spending bill in Congress.

CBS News Article

Possible Measles Exposures Occurred at LA International Airport

TUESDAY, Dec. 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- People who were at Los Angeles International Airport on Dec. 11 may have been exposed to the measles virus, the Los Angeles County Department of Public Health warned Monday.

CNN Article

USPSTF Recommends Behavioral Counseling for STI Prevention

TUESDAY, Dec. 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends behavioral counseling for sexually active adolescents and for adults with increased sexually transmitted infection (STI) risk. These recommendations form the basis of a draft recommendation statement published online Dec. 17 by the USPSTF.

Draft Recommendation Statement
Draft Evidence Review
Comment on Recommendation Statement

Rates of Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome Remain High in U.S.

MONDAY, Dec. 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The rate of in-hospital births with neonatal abstinence syndrome was 6.7 per 1,000 births in 2016, according to a research letter published online Dec. 16 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Burnout Rates Exceed 50 Percent for Pediatric Residents

MONDAY, Dec. 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Most pediatric residents surveyed at programs in 2016, 2017, and 2018 reported burnout, according to a study published online Dec. 16 in Pediatrics.

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Cesarean Section Not Linked to Obesity in Offspring

MONDAY, Dec. 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- There is no association between elective or nonelective cesarean section with obesity in young adulthood, according to a study published online Dec. 6 in PLOS Medicine.

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Hahn Confirmed as New FDA Chief

FRIDAY, Dec. 13, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Stephen Hahn, M.D., was confirmed as commissioner of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration in a 72-18 Senate vote on Thursday.

The New York Times Article

U.S. Will Have Three-Digit Number for Suicide Prevention Hotline

FRIDAY, Dec. 13, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A new three-digit number in the United States to contact a suicide prevention hotline is being created by federal officials.

AP News Article

Prenatal, Early-Life Air Pollutant Exposure Tied to Later Allergies

FRIDAY, Dec. 13, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The cumulative effect of multiple indoor air pollutant exposures prenatally and early in life may influence allergies in 2-year-olds, according to a study published online Nov. 22 in the Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology.

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Potentially Nephrotoxic Meds Prescribed to Children With CKD

THURSDAY, Dec. 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Potentially nephrotoxic medications are prescribed at a higher rate to children with versus without chronic kidney disease (CKD), according to a study published online Dec. 12 in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

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Antibiotics Often Prescribed Without Documented Indication

THURSDAY, Dec. 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A considerable proportion of antibiotics are prescribed without a documented indication, according to a study published online Dec. 11 in The BMJ.

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Few Child Care Centers Report Flu Vaccine Requirements

THURSDAY, Dec. 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Few child care center directors report having an influenza vaccine requirement for children and adult caregivers, according to a study published online Dec. 12 in the Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society.

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Survival Worse for Nonwhite Children With Hodgkin Lymphoma

THURSDAY, Dec. 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Among children with Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) enrolled in phase III trials, nonwhite patients have an increased risk for death, according to a study published in the Nov. 10 issue of the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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One in Three Parents Report Skipping Doctor, Dentist Appointment

THURSDAY, Dec. 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- One in three parents have skipped a doctor or dentist appointment in the past year because they could not afford to pay for visits or find transportation, according to the results of a survey released Nov. 18 by Nemours Children's Health System.

Redefining Health for the Well-Being of Children

Shortage of Applied Behavior Analysts Found for Children With Autism

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The supply of applied behavior analysis (ABA) providers for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) falls short of the benchmark in 49 states and Washington, D.C., according to a study published online Dec. 11 in Psychiatric Services.

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Household Cleaning Product-Linked Ocular Exposure Declining

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- From 2000 to 2016, there was a decrease in the annual frequency of ocular exposures associated with household cleaning products among children, according to a study published online Dec. 9 in Eye.

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Trampoline-Related Pediatric Fractures Increased 2008 Through 2017

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- From 2008 to 2017, there was an increase in the incidence of trampoline-related pediatric fractures, with a significant increase in the odds of a fracture occurring at a place of recreation or sport, according to a study published online Dec. 11 in Pediatrics.

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State Legislators React to Preventable Disease Outbreaks

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Increases in vaccine-preventable disease (VPD) outbreaks are associated with an increase in proposed state legislation that would restrict vaccine exemptions, according to a research letter recently published in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Fresh Red Blood Cell Transfusion No Better in Critically Ill Children

TUESDAY, Dec. 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- For critically ill pediatric patients, the incidence of new or progressive multiple organ dysfunction syndrome does not differ with the transfusion of fresh or standard-issue red blood cells, according to a study published in the Dec. 10 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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U.S. Primary Care Doctors Face Challenges in Coordinating Care

TUESDAY, Dec. 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Physicians from the United States and other high-income countries report difficulties with care coordination, with a substantial proportion of U.S. physicians not receiving timely notification or the information needed from specialists or other sites of care, according to a study published online Dec. 10 in Health Affairs.

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Current Tobacco Use Prevalent in Middle, High School Students

TUESDAY, Dec. 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Almost one-third of high school students report current use of tobacco products, according to research published in the Dec. 6 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Breastfeeding May Protect Against Postpartum Relapses in MS

TUESDAY, Dec. 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Breastfeeding may be protective against postpartum relapses in multiple sclerosis (MS), according to a review and meta-analysis published online Dec. 9 in JAMA Neurology.

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Few MMR-Vaccine Eligible Children Receive Vaccine Before Travel

TUESDAY, Dec. 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Less than half of pediatric travelers who are eligible for pretravel measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccination are vaccinated during pretravel consultation, according to a study published online Dec. 9 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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U.S. Health Care Spending Up 4.6 Percent in 2018

TUESDAY, Dec. 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- In 2018, U.S. health care spending increased 4.6 percent, a faster rate than that seen in 2017, according to a report published online Dec. 5 in Health Affairs.

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Rural Children Experiencing Higher Mortality Rates

MONDAY, Dec. 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Mortality rates were higher for rural children than their urban peers during 1999 to 2017, according to a report published in the December issue of Health Affairs, a theme issue on rural health.

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2016 to 2019 Saw Increase in Medical Students With Disabilities

MONDAY, Dec. 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- From 2016 to 2019, there was an increase in the proportion of medical students reporting disabilities, according to a research letter published in the Nov. 26 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Distinct Populations of Sudden Unexpected Infant Death ID'd

MONDAY, Dec. 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Sudden unexpected infant death (SUID) can be classified into two groups based on the age of death, with distinct risk factors for sudden unexpected early neonatal deaths (SUENDs) and postperinatal SUIDs, according to a study published online Dec. 9 in Pediatrics.

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Effects of Omega-3 Fish Oil Mixed for ADHD Symptoms in Youth

MONDAY, Dec. 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The effect of omega-3 fish oil supplements on cognitive symptoms in children and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may vary according to endogenous levels of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), according to a study published online Nov. 20 in Translational Psychiatry.

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FDA Testing Levels of Carcinogen in Diabetes Drug Metformin

FRIDAY, Dec. 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Levels of possible cancer-causing chemicals in metformin diabetes medications are under investigation by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

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Retail Prescription Drug Prices Fall for First Time in 45 Years

FRIDAY, Dec. 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Retail prescription drug prices in the United States fell by 1 percent last year, a new government report shows.

AP News Article

Rural Population Underrepresented Among Medical Students

FRIDAY, Dec. 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- In 2017, less than 5 percent of all incoming medical students were rural students, according to a study published in the December issue of Health Affairs, a theme issue on rural health.

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Cellphone-Related Injuries to Head, Neck on the Rise

FRIDAY, Dec. 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The number of head and neck injuries related to cellphone use that require emergency department attention has increased during a 20-year period, according to a study published online Dec. 5 in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery.

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CDC: All 50 States Now Reporting Cases of Severe Vaping-Linked Lung Injury

FRIDAY, Dec. 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Cases of a serious, sometimes fatal, form of lung injury tied to vaping have now been reported in all 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. In total, case numbers have risen to 2,291, according to the latest update from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, issued Thursday.

More Information: CDC
CMAJ Report
European Respiratory Journal Report

Preterm Birth May Increase Risk for Diabetes Into Adulthood

FRIDAY, Dec. 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Preterm birth is associated with an increased risk for type 1 and type 2 diabetes from childhood into early and middle adulthood, according to a study published online Dec. 3 in Diabetologia.

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More Girls Admitted With Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis

FRIDAY, Dec. 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- For pediatric patients with multiple sclerosis, there are more admissions among girls and among white children, according to a research letter published in the February 2020 issue of Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders.

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Reductions in Air Pollution Yield Substantial Health Gains

FRIDAY, Dec. 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Reductions in air pollution yield prompt and substantial health benefits, according to research published in the December issue of the Annals of the American Thoracic Society.

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Introducing Foods Early May Cut Development of Food Allergies

FRIDAY, Dec. 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Early introduction of allergenic foods may prevent the development of food allergy in certain infants at high risk, although adherence to early introduction is low, according to three studies published in the December issue of the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology.

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Social Media Use Tied to Disordered Eating in Young Teens

FRIDAY, Dec. 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Use of social media (SM), particularly platforms with a strong focus on images, is associated with disordered-eating (DE) thoughts and behaviors in young adolescents, according to a study published online Dec. 3 in the International Journal of Eating Disorders.

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More Than 100 E. Coli Illnesses Now Linked to Romaine Lettuce

THURSDAY, Dec. 5, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Federal health officials are currently investigating a multistate outbreak of Escherichia coli infection linked to romaine lettuce thought to be grown in Salinas, California.

More Information: CDC
More Information: FDA

Annual Reported Measles Incidence Dropped From 2000 to 2018

THURSDAY, Dec. 5, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The annual reported measles incidence decreased from 2000 to 2018, but the number of cases increased from 2016 to 2018, according to research published in the Dec. 6 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Services Affected by Rural Hospitals Joining Health Systems

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 4, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- While affiliating with health systems may boost a rural hospital's financial viability, the affiliation is often associated with reductions in critical services, according to a study published in the December issue of Health Affairs, a theme issue on rural health.

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Adults Not Living in Metro Areas Have Reduced Access to Care

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 4, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Adults not living in metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs) are more likely to have reduced access to or use of health care services, according to a study published online Dec. 4 in the National Health Statistics Reports, a publication from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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Physician Depressive Symptoms Tied to Higher Risk for Medical Errors

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 4, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Physicians showing depressive symptoms are at higher risk for medical errors, according to a review published Nov. 27 in JAMA Network Open.

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Infancy Nurse Visit Program May Reduce Public Benefit Costs

TUESDAY, Dec. 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A prenatal and infancy nurse home visiting program is associated with reduced public benefit costs for low-income mothers and improved cognitive-related skills in their children, according to two studies published in the Dec. 1 issue of Pediatrics.

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eBay Bans Infant Inclined Sleepers, Other Companies Urged to Do Same

TUESDAY, Dec. 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- eBay's decision to ban infant inclined sleepers from its platform, including nonrecalled sleepers, was welcomed by Consumer Reports, which urged other companies to do the same.

Consumer Reports Article

Concussion May Up Risk for Suicide in High School Students

TUESDAY, Dec. 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- High school students with a history of sports-related concussions might be at an increased risk for suicide, according to a study published online Nov. 11 in the Journal of Affective Disorders.

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Prediabetes Prevalent in U.S. Adolescents, Young Adults

MONDAY, Dec. 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of prediabetes is high in U.S. adolescents and young adults, according to a study published online Dec. 2 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Government Shut Down as Samoa Battles Measles Outbreak

MONDAY, Dec. 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The government of Samoa will close on Thursday and Friday as civil servants join the fight against a measles outbreak in the South Pacific Island nation that has killed 53 people, the country's prime minister said Monday.

CNN Article

Overall, 8.5 Percent of Suicide Acts in U.S. Are Fatal

MONDAY, Dec. 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Overall, 8.5 percent of suicidal acts are fatal, with higher rates for males and older adults, according to a study published online Dec. 3 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Childhood Adversity Linked to Borderline Personality Disorder

MONDAY, Dec. 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Exposure to childhood adversity is associated with borderline personality disorder (BPD), according to a review recently published in Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica.

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Child Consumption of Sugary Drinks Down From 2003 to 2014

MONDAY, Dec. 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Efforts to decrease sugar-sweetened beverage consumption during the past decade have been successful, according to a study published online Nov. 20 in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

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Holding Intubated Infants in ICU Found to Be Safe, Beneficial

MONDAY, Dec. 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Holding intubated infants in the intensive care unit is well tolerated and does not increase adverse events, according to a study published in the December issue of Critical Care Nurse.

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Federal, State Background Check Laws Together Cut Teen Gun Carrying

MONDAY, Dec. 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS) together with the universal background check (U/BC) significantly reduces gun carrying among adolescents, according to a study published online Dec. 2 in Pediatrics.

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