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July 2020 Briefing - Pediatrics

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pediatrics for July 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Physician's Briefing Weekly Coronavirus Roundup

Here is what the editors at Physician's Briefing chose as the most important COVID-19 developments for you and your practice for the week of July 27 to 31, 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal studies and other trusted sources that is most likely to affect clinical practice.

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U.S. Puts Up Another $2.1 Billion for Potential COVID-19 Vaccine

FRIDAY, July 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The United States is buying up another potential COVID-19 vaccine, the Associated Press reported Friday.

AP News Article

Telemedicine Use Explodes During COVID-19 Pandemic

FRIDAY, July 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The emergence of telemedicine has accelerated during the coronavirus pandemic. HD Live! sat down with Rujuta Saksena, M.D., an oncologist at Overlook Medical Center in Summit, New Jersey, and Ateev Mehrotra, M.D., associate professor of health care policy at Harvard Medical School in Boston, to discuss the future of telemedicine and its impact on health care.

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Plenty of COVID-19 Vaccine Coming, Fauci Says

FRIDAY, July 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- When a COVID-19 vaccine is approved, there should be plenty of it available, Anthony Fauci, M.D., infectious diseases chief at the U.S. National Institutes of Health, told a House panel Friday, the Associated Press reported.

AP News Article
Johns Hopkins University

Survivors of Adolescent, Young Adult ALL May Suffer Late Effects

FRIDAY, July 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Survivors of adolescent and young adult (AYA) acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) may experience late effects, with a high incidence of subsequent endocrine disease and cardiac disease, according to a study published in the August issue of JNCI Cancer Spectrum.

Abstract/Full Text

Global Epidemiology of COVID-19 Reported for Prepandemic Era

FRIDAY, July 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Many of the first COVID-19 cases reported from affected countries outside of mainland China involved recent travel to affected countries, according to a study published online July 29 in The Lancet Infectious Diseases.

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Mortality Rates Highest for Infants Born to Teens Age 15 to 19

FRIDAY, July 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Infants born to teenagers aged 15 to 19 years are more likely to die within the first year of life, according to a July data brief published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Health Statistics.

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Sex Differences in Income Vary With Proportion of Male Doctors

FRIDAY, July 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For surgical and nonsurgical specialists, sex differences in income vary with the proportion of male physicians in a practice, according to a study published online July 30 in The BMJ.

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Early Age at Menarche Tied to Frequent Menopausal Symptoms

FRIDAY, July 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Early age at menarche is a risk factor for menopausal symptoms, according to a study published online July 21 in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology.

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Young Children Have Higher Amounts of SARS-CoV-2 RNA

THURSDAY, July 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Young children with mild-to-moderate COVID-19 have higher amounts of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) viral RNA in their nasopharynx than older children and adults, according to a research letter published online July 30 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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School Closures Linked to Decreased COVID-19 Incidence, Death

THURSDAY, July 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- School closures in the United States were temporally associated with decreased COVID-19 incidence and mortality, according to a study published online July 29 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Editorial

Nirsevimab Injection Cuts RSV-Linked Infections in Preemies

THURSDAY, July 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Nirsevimab prevents respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)-associated lower respiratory tract infections in healthy preterm infants, while maternal RSV fusion (F) protein nanoparticle vaccination did not meet the prespecified criterion for efficacy, according to two studies published in the July 30 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Teen HPV Vaccination Rates Suboptimal

THURSDAY, July 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Lack of parental intent to initiate and complete the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine series for adolescents is a major public health concern, according to a study published online July 21 in The Lancet Public Health.

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Posthospital Follow-Up Visits for Bronchiolitis May Not Be Needed

WEDNESDAY, July 29, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- As-needed follow-up is an equally effective posthospitalization follow-up strategy when compared with a scheduled follow-up visit for young children hospitalized for bronchiolitis, according to a study published online July 6 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Cost-Sharing Caps for Insulin Would Benefit Youth With T1D

WEDNESDAY, July 29, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For privately insured young children and adults with type 1 diabetes, the mean annual out-of-pocket spending on insulin was $494 in 2018, and many would benefit from price caps, according to a research letter published online July 27 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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More Cleft Lip Surgeries at Age 8 to 10 Years Tied to Later Anxiety

TUESDAY, July 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Having an increased number of surgeries between ages 8 and 10 years is associated with increased anxiety and depressive symptoms in teenagers with cleft lip and palate, according to a study published in the July issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.

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Postmarketing Surveillance Helps Identify Vaccine Safety Issues

TUESDAY, July 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A review of all safety-related labeling changes for FDA-approved vaccines during a 20-year period shows vaccines are largely safe, and many of the safety issues are identified through postmarketing surveillance, according to a study published online July 28 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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FDA Warns Again About Dangers of Methanol-Based Hand Sanitizers

TUESDAY, July 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration is warning consumers not to use alcohol-based hand sanitizers containing methanol, or wood alcohol, which is used in fuel and antifreeze and is toxic if absorbed through the skin or life-threatening if ingested.

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Increase Found in Suicide-Related Exposure Rates to OTC Analgesics

TUESDAY, July 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- There has been a recent increase in suicide-related exposure rates to over-the-counter (OTC) analgesics, according to a study published online July 26 in Pharmacoepidemiology & Drug Safety.

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Perinatal Transmission of COVID-19 Unlikely With Correct Hygiene

MONDAY, July 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- If correct hygiene procedures are undertaken, perinatal transmission of COVID-19 is unlikely to occur, according to a study published online July 23 in The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health.

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1993 to 2017 Saw Decreasing Trend in Prevalence of Spanking

MONDAY, July 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- From 1993 to 2017, there was a decreasing trend in the prevalence of spanking among parents in the United States, according to a research letter published online July 27 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Large Proportion of COVID-19 Studies Have Low-Level Evidence

MONDAY, July 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A large proportion of studies on COVID-19 have a low level of evidence, according to a research letter published online July 27 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Higher Prepregnancy Serum Creatinine Linked to Preterm Birth

MONDAY, July 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Increased levels of prepregnancy serum creatinine are associated with an increased risk for preterm birth, according to a study published in the July 27 issue of CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.

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Metabolomics Screening Tool May Detect Autism Spectrum Disorder

MONDAY, July 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A metabolomics screening tool may detect more than 50 percent of individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), according to a study published online June 18 in Autism Research.

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Physician's Briefing Weekly Coronavirus Roundup

Here is what the editors at Physician's Briefing chose as the most important COVID-19 developments for you and your practice for the week of July 20 to 24, 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal studies and other trusted sources that is most likely to affect clinical practice.

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CDC Issues Call to Reopen America's Schools This Fall

FRIDAY, July 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has issued a document supporting a reopening of the nation's schools this fall.

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COVID-19 Pandemic Has Had Impact on Parent, Child Well-Being

FRIDAY, July 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The COVID-19 pandemic has had a considerable impact on the physical and emotional well-being of parents and children, according to a study published online July 24 in Pediatrics.

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CDC Guidance Issued for Testing, Management of HCP Exposed to Hep C

FRIDAY, July 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In a U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention guidance report, published in the July 24 issue of Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, recommendations are presented for testing and clinical management of health care personnel (HCP) exposed to the hepatitis C virus (HCV).

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Isolation, Quarantine Impossible in >20 Percent of U.S. Homes

FRIDAY, July 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- More than 20 percent of U.S. homes lack sufficient space or plumbing facilities to comply with recommendations to isolate or quarantine to prevent COVID-19 transmission, according to a research letter published online July 21 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Mental Health Deteriorated During COVID-19 Lockdown

FRIDAY, July 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Mental health deteriorated in the United Kingdom by the end of April 2020 compared with pre-COVID-19 pandemic trends, according to a study published online July 21 in The Lancet Psychiatry.

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Higher Legal Age for Handgun Sales Tied to Fewer Teen Suicides

FRIDAY, July 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Raising the age of handgun sales from 18 to 21 years may reduce deaths from suicide among 18- to 20-year-olds, according to a study published online July 22 in The BMJ.

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Financial Health of Hospitals 'Dire' Due to COVID-19

THURSDAY, July 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- COVID-19 continues to cause financial peril for U.S. hospitals, according to a report released by the American Hospital Association (AHA).

Press Release
Report

Most Individuals in U.S. Have Not Been Infected With SARS-CoV-2

THURSDAY, July 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- During March to early May 2020, most individuals in the United States had not been infected with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), although the estimated number of infections seems to have been much higher than the number of reported cases, according to a study published online July 21 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Data Reviewed for Levonorgestrel IUD Use in Youth With Disability

THURSDAY, July 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Data from a retrospective chart review suggest that levonorgestrel (LNG) intrauterine devices (IUDs) may be a useful option for menstrual management and contraception in adolescents and young adults with physical, intellectual, and developmental disabilities, according to a study published online July 23 in Pediatrics.

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No Spike Seen in Cases of Polio-Like Condition in Children

WEDNESDAY, July 22, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- It is not clear if acute flaccid myelitis (AFM) will follow its usual pattern and if we will see a spike of cases in 2020, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says.

CNN Article
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U.S. Reaches Deal for Nearly 600 Million Doses of COVID-19 Vaccine

WEDNESDAY, July 22, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A nearly $2 billion contract with pharmaceutical company Pfizer and a German biotechnology firm will provide the United States with up to 600 million doses of a COVID-19 vaccine being developed by the companies, the U.S. government says.

The New York Times Article

Salmonella Outbreak in 15 States Being Investigated by CDC

WEDNESDAY, July 22, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A Salmonella outbreak that has sickened 125 people in 15 states is being investigated by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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Epidemiology of Herpes Simplex Virus in Europe Transitioning

WEDNESDAY, July 22, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The epidemiology of herpes simplex virus (HSV)-1 is transitioning away from oral acquisition in childhood with an increasing proportion of HSV-1 detection in genital herpes, according to a study published online July 16 in BMJ Global Health.

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Cord Blood Transplants May Treat Nonmalignant Genetic Disorders

WEDNESDAY, July 22, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For children born with various nonmalignant disorders, a reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) regimen and single-unit unrelated umbilical cord blood (UCB) transplant results in high survival and low rates of graft failure, according to a study published online July 7 in Blood Advances.

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Parents Make Some Common Sunscreen Mistakes

TUESDAY, July 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Some parents may not be adequately protecting their children from the sun, according to a new C.S. Mott Children's Hospital national poll from the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor.

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11.8 Percent of Household Contacts of Index Patients Have COVID-19

TUESDAY, July 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Overall, 11.8 percent of household contacts of index COVID-19 patients in South Korea have COVID-19 compared with 1.9 percent of nonhousehold contacts, according to a study published online July 16 in Emerging Infectious Diseases, a publication of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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Risk for Postop Complications, Mortality Up for Black Children

TUESDAY, July 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The risk for postoperative complications and mortality is increased among apparently healthy African-American (AA) versus white children, according to a study published online July 20 in Pediatrics.

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Editorial

Assessing Symptoms, Blood, Stool Markers Best for Identifying Pediatric IBD

TUESDAY, July 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For pediatric patients with nonbloody diarrhea, evaluating symptoms plus blood and stool markers is the optimal test strategy for predicting inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), according to a study published online July 21 in Pediatrics.

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Recommendations Updated for Barrier Method Use Among Teens

TUESDAY, July 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In an American Academy of Pediatrics policy statement, published online July 20 in Pediatrics, updated recommendations are presented relating to use of barrier methods for adolescents engaging in sexual activity.

Policy Statement
Technical Report
Clinical Report

Prenatal Cannabis Exposure Tied to Childhood Sleep Problems

TUESDAY, July 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Prenatal cannabis exposure is associated with child sleep outcomes, according to a study published online June 28 in Sleep Health.

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FDA Issues Warning Letters Regarding Illegal Sales of Vape Products

MONDAY, July 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Ten companies have been ordered to remove their flavored disposable e-cigarettes and e-liquid products from the market, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration says.

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School-Based Vision Screening IDs Issues in 10.7 Percent of Children

MONDAY, July 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- About 10 percent of children undergoing school-based screening have a visual problem, according to a study published online July 20 in CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.

Abstract/Full Text

Physician's Briefing Weekly Coronavirus Roundup

Here is what the editors at Physician's Briefing chose as the most important COVID-19 developments for you and your practice for the week of July 13 to 17, 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal studies and other trusted sources that is most likely to affect clinical practice.

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CDC Will Again Post COVID-19 Hospitalization Data

FRIDAY, July 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In a quick policy reversal, the Trump administration on Thursday told the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to once again post data about COVID-19 hospitalizations on its website.

CNN Article

Being Tall for Age May Increase Child's Risk for Later Obesity

FRIDAY, July 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Children who are relatively tall for their age may be at increased risk for developing obesity, according to a study published online July 7 in Obesity.

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Few Pediatricians Putting Peanut Allergy Guidelines Into Practice

THURSDAY, July 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Most pediatricians are aware of the 2017 Addendum Guidelines for the Prevention of Peanut Allergy in the United States, but less than one-third are fully implementing them, according to a study published online July 15 in JAMA Network Open.

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Editorial

Younger Children Should Attend School When Possible: Expert Committee

THURSDAY, July 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Younger children and those with special needs should attend school in person whenever possible, because online learning is mostly ineffective for these children, according to a committee that advises the United States on science-related issues.

New York Times Article
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Premature Mortality Dropped With Adoption of Food Guidelines

THURSDAY, July 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Adoption of national food-based dietary guidelines (FBDGs) is associated with about a 15 percent reduction in premature mortality, according to a study published online July 15 in The BMJ.

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Editorial

Physical Distancing Interventions Cut Incidence of COVID-19

THURSDAY, July 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Physical distancing interventions are associated with a reduced incidence of COVID-19 globally, according to a study published online July 15 in The BMJ.

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Editorial

SARS-CoV-2 mRNA-1273 Induces Immune Response

THURSDAY, July 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The candidate vaccine mRNA-1273, which encodes the stabilized prefusion severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 spike protein, induces immune responses in healthy participants, according to a phase 1 study published online July 14 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Editorial

CDC: Infant Mortality Drops to Historic Low of 5.67/1,000 in 2018

THURSDAY, July 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Infant mortality reached a historic low of 5.67 infant deaths per 1,000 live births in 2018 in the United States, according to the July 16 National Vital Statistics Reports, a publication from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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CDC Will No Longer Receive Hospitals' COVID-19 Data

WEDNESDAY, July 15, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- U.S. hospitals have been told by the Trump administration to send all COVID-19 information to a central database in Washington, D.C., instead of to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

The New York Times Article

Childhood Vaccinations Decline During COVID-19 Pandemic

WEDNESDAY, July 15, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- There has been a decrease in childhood vaccinations during the COVID-19 pandemic, the United Nations says.

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COVID-19 Vaccine Initiative May Favor Rich Countries

WEDNESDAY, July 15, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A global COVID-19 vaccine initiative has been formed with the objective of ensuring fair distribution of vaccines worldwide, but it may benefit rich countries more than poor nations.

AP News Article

Global Population Anticipated to Peak in 2064

WEDNESDAY, July 15, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The global population is anticipated to peak in 2064 and then decline to year 2100, according to a study published online July 14 in The Lancet.

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HCQ During Pregnancy May Prevent Congenital Heart Block

WEDNESDAY, July 15, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For anti-SSA/Ro-positive mothers with a previous pregnancy complicated by congenital heart block (CHB), hydroxychloroquine may reduce the recurrence of CHB, according to a study published in the July 21 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Layoffs Cost 5.4 Million Americans Their Health Insurance

TUESDAY, July 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- About 5.4 million Americans lost their health insurance after being laid off between February and May due to the COVID-19 pandemic, a new study shows.

The New York Times Article

Squirrel With Bubonic Plague Found in Colorado Town

TUESDAY, July 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- After a squirrel tested positive for the bubonic plague in the town of Morrison in Colorado, health officials are warning that the disease can be contracted by household pets and people.

CBS News Article
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Some Hospitals in COVID-19 Hotspots Running Short of Remdesivir

MONDAY, July 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Some U.S. hospitals in COVID-19 hotspots are running short of the antiviral drug remdesivir -- the only drug authorized by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to treat the disease -- while hospitals in other regions have stocks of the drug that are going unused.

CNN Article

Slow Test Results Hampering U.S. Fight Against COVID-19

MONDAY, July 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Test results for the new coronavirus are taking so long that they are doing little to help stop the spread of the virus in the United States, experts say.

Washington Post Article

Rise Seen in U.S. COVID-19 Deaths

MONDAY, July 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Led by states in the South and West, COVID-19 deaths in the United States have started a long-anticipated increase, data show.

AP News Article

Policy Guides Medical Marijuana Use at Pediatric Hospital

MONDAY, July 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Development of institutional policy and clinical support services is beneficial for pediatric hospitals interested in use of medical marijuana (MMJ), according to a special article published online July 13 in Pediatrics.

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Baloxavir Protects Household Contacts From Influenza

MONDAY, July 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Baloxavir demonstrates postexposure prophylactic efficacy for preventing influenza in household contacts of index patients, according to a study published online July 8 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Maternal Allergy, Asthma Traits Up Child Risk in Early Years

MONDAY, July 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In early life, maternal history of allergies and asthma confers a stronger effect on a child's risk for developing the same traits compared with the father's history, according to a study published online July 7 in Clinical & Experimental Allergy.

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S. aureus Agr Virulence Tied to Atopic Dermatitis in Infants

MONDAY, July 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Skin colonization by Staphylococcus aureus is associated with the risk for developing atopic dermatitis (AD), and infants who do not develop AD primarily exhibit acquisition of dysfunctional mutations in the S. aureus quorum-sensing system, according to a study published in the July 8 issue of Science Translational Medicine.

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Fetal, Early-Life Exposures May Impact Young Adult Bone Health

FRIDAY, July 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Factors during gestation and infancy may impact bone health in young adulthood, according to a study published online July 8 in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research.

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Physician's Briefing Weekly Coronavirus Roundup

Here is what the editors at Physician's Briefing chose as the most important COVID-19 developments for you and your practice for the week of July 6 to 10, 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal studies and other trusted sources that is most likely to affect clinical practice.

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Gilead Presents Additional Data on Efficacy of Remdesivir for COVID-19

FRIDAY, July 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- There is more good news on the effectiveness of the antiviral drug remdesivir against COVID-19, according to new clinical trial results from the drug's maker.

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WHO to Lead Investigation of COVID-19 Pandemic Origins

FRIDAY, July 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The World Health Organization will lead an international investigation into the origins of the COVID-19 pandemic in China.

AP News Article
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Emphasizing Severity of COVID-19 Important for Teen Behaviors

FRIDAY, July 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For adolescents, understanding the severity of COVID-19 and valuing social responsibility are associated with acting in socially responsible ways, including more social distancing and disinfecting, according to a study published online June 29 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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CDC: 2017 to 2018 Saw Decline in Teen Birth Rates Across States

FRIDAY, July 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- From 2017 to 2018, there were declines in teenage birth rates in most states and across race and Hispanic origin, according to the July 10 National Vital Statistics Reports, a publication from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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Children Seem Not to Be Driving SARS-COV-2 Transmission

FRIDAY, July 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Children are mainly infected with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) in familial clusters, suggesting that transmission in schools is likely to be less than expected and that school closures are not necessary, according to a study and accompanying editorial published online July 10 in Pediatrics.

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Drop Seen in Rate of Sports and Recreation-Related TBI in Children

FRIDAY, July 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- From 2012 to 2018, there was a decrease in the rate of sports and recreation-related traumatic brain injury (SRR-TBI) emergency department visits for children, according to research published in the July 10 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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COVID-19 Pandemic Exacerbates Mental Health Issues

THURSDAY, July 9, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Just as the physical symptoms of COVID-19 vary among the population, mental health is enduring a variety of effects from the virus as well, according to Don Mordecai, M.D., national mental health and wellness lead at Kaiser Permanente, who recently spoke with HD Live! about the effects of the pandemic on mental health.

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Electronic Health Records Fail to Detect Many Medication Errors

THURSDAY, July 9, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- There is wide variation in the safety performance of electronic health record (EHR) systems used in U.S. hospitals, according to a study recently published in JAMA Network Open.

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Newborn Iodine Status Not Tied to Congenital Hypothyroidism

THURSDAY, July 9, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Blood iodine concentrations in newborns do not vary for infants with or without congenital hypothyroidism (CH), although they are higher in cases versus controls in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), according to a study published online July 7 in the Journal of Nutrition.

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American Cancer Society Updates HPV Vaccination Guidelines

WEDNESDAY, July 8, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The American Cancer Society has updated guidelines on human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination, emphasizing that vaccination should be routinely offered at age 9 to 12 years; the updated recommendations were published online July 8 in CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians.

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Rising Number of People Report Anxiety, Depression During COVID-19

WEDNESDAY, July 8, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- New evidence shows that depression and anxiety are increasing as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, according to the results of a survey released by Mental Health America (MHA).

Press Release
Report: COVID-19 and Mental Health

2010 Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act Tied to Drop in Childhood Obesity

WEDNESDAY, July 8, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Implementation of the 2010 Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act significantly cut childhood obesity among children living in poverty, according to a study published in the July issue of Health Affairs.

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Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children Profiled

WEDNESDAY, July 8, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C), which coincided with COVID-19, is described in children and adolescents in the United States and New York state in two reports published online June 29 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Editorial

Company Gets $1.6 Billion From U.S. Government for COVID-19 Vaccine

TUESDAY, July 7, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Vaccine maker Novavax will receive $1.6 billion from the U.S. government to provide 100 million doses of a COVID-19 vaccine by early 2021, the Maryland-based company said Monday.

The New York Times Article

Efforts to Reduce New HIV Infections in Children Faltering

TUESDAY, July 7, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Efforts to reduce new HIV infections in children worldwide are faltering, according to a new report on progress toward Start Free, Stay Free, AIDS Free targets.

Press Release
Start Free, Stay Free, AIDS Free: 2020 Report

COVID-19 Antibody Cocktail Begins Late-Stage Human Trials

TUESDAY, July 7, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Late-stage human trials to assess whether a double antibody cocktail can prevent and treat COVID-19 infection have started, biotechnology company Regeneron said Monday.

CNN Article

Chilblains in Recent Case Series Not Tied to COVID-19 Infection

TUESDAY, July 7, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In a case series of 31 patients, published online June 25 in JAMA Dermatology, chilblains did not appear to be directly associated with COVID-19.

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Fight Against COVID-19 Threatens Progress Against Other Diseases

MONDAY, July 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Decades of progress against HIV, tuberculosis, malaria, and other diseases worldwide are threatened by the diversion of resources on the COVID-19 pandemic, the International AIDS Society says in a report to be published this week.

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FDA Warns About Hand Sanitizers With Methanol

MONDAY, July 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A warning about hand sanitizer products that contain methanol (wood alcohol), a substance often used to create fuel and antifreeze, has been issued by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

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Incidence of Abusive Head Trauma in Infants May Be Up During Lockdown

MONDAY, July 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- From March 23 to April 23, 2020, there was a very large increase in the incidence of abusive head trauma (AHT) seen in very young children, according to a research letter published online July 2 in the Archives of Disease in Childhood.

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Most Primary Care Providers Screening Toddlers for Autism

MONDAY, July 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A majority of toddlers are being screened for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) during primary care visits, according to a study published online July 6 in Pediatrics.

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Physician's Briefing Weekly Coronavirus Roundup

Here is what the editors at Physician's Briefing chose as the most important COVID-19 developments for you and your practice for the week of June 29 to July 3, 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal studies and other trusted sources that is most likely to affect clinical practice.

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Neurological Symptoms Described in Children With COVID-19

THURSDAY, July 2, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Children with COVID-19 may present with new neurological symptoms involving the central and peripheral nervous systems, and splenial changes on imaging, according to a study published online July 1 in JAMA Neurology.

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Post-Vaxx Febrile Seizures Not Linked to Child Development Outcomes

WEDNESDAY, July 1, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Young children experiencing an initial vaccine-proximate (VP) febrile seizure (FS) do not have increased risk of developmental or behavioral problems, according to a study published online July 1 in Neurology.

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Promising Results for Experimental COVID-19 Vaccine in Early Testing

WEDNESDAY, July 1, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- An experimental COVID-19 vaccine yielded promising results in early testing, according to Pfizer and its German partner BioNTech.

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COVID-19-Related Death Count Likely Higher Than Official Tallies

WEDNESDAY, July 1, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Official COVID-19 death tallies underestimate the full increase in deaths associated with the pandemic in many states, according to a study published online July 1 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Early Childhood Sleep Problems Tied to Later Mental Health Issues

WEDNESDAY, July 1, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Some behavioral sleep problems in early childhood are associated with the onset of mental health symptoms during early adolescence, according to a study published online July 1 in JAMA Psychiatry.

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Model Estimates Herd Immunity Threshold for COVID-19

WEDNESDAY, July 1, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A mathematical model shows that severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) disease-induced herd immunity level may be lower than the classical model assuming homogenous immunization, according to a report published online June 23 in Science.

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Spectrum of Imaging Findings Described in COVID-19 MIS-C

WEDNESDAY, July 1, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The spectrum of imaging findings in children with post-COVID-19 inflammatory condition (multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children [MIS-C]) is described in a case series published online June 25 in Radiology.

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