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July 2020 Briefing - Psychiatry

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Psychiatry for July 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Pandemic Causing Increased Anxiety Among MS Patients

FRIDAY, July 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The COVID-19 pandemic is having an impact on the psychological health of patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS), according to a study published online July 21 in Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders.

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Telemedicine Use Explodes During COVID-19 Pandemic

FRIDAY, July 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The emergence of telemedicine has accelerated during the coronavirus pandemic. HD Live! sat down with Rujuta Saksena, M.D., an oncologist at Overlook Medical Center in Summit, New Jersey, and Ateev Mehrotra, M.D., associate professor of health care policy at Harvard Medical School in Boston, to discuss the future of telemedicine and its impact on health care.

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Sex Differences in Income Vary With Proportion of Male Doctors

FRIDAY, July 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For surgical and nonsurgical specialists, sex differences in income vary with the proportion of male physicians in a practice, according to a study published online July 30 in The BMJ.

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Dual Sensory Impairment Ups Dementia Risk

FRIDAY, July 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Older adults with both hearing and visual impairments -- dual sensory impairment (DSI) -- are at a significantly increased risk for dementia, according to a study published online July 7 in Alzheimer's & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring.

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Excessive Drinking Responsible for 255 Deaths Per Day in U.S.

THURSDAY, July 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Excessive drinking was responsible for an average of 255 deaths per day in the United States during 2011 to 2015, according to research published in the July 31 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Depression, Anxiety May Be Signs That COVID-19 Is Attacking Brain

WEDNESDAY, July 29, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Depression and anxiety exhibited in COVID-19 patients may be a sign that the virus impacts the central nervous system, as these symptoms are closely associated with a loss of smell and taste rather than more severe manifestations of the virus, according to a study published online July 2 in The Laryngoscope.

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More Cleft Lip Surgeries at Age 8 to 10 Years Tied to Later Anxiety

TUESDAY, July 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Having an increased number of surgeries between ages 8 and 10 years is associated with increased anxiety and depressive symptoms in teenagers with cleft lip and palate, according to a study published in the July issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.

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Concussion Linked to Risk for Psych, Neurologic Disorders

TUESDAY, July 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Concussion is associated with an increased risk for diagnosis of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), mood and anxiety disorders (MADs), dementia, and Parkinson disease, according to a study published online July 27 in Family Medicine and Community Health.

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Increase Found in Suicide-Related Exposure Rates to OTC Analgesics

TUESDAY, July 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- There has been a recent increase in suicide-related exposure rates to over-the-counter (OTC) analgesics, according to a study published online July 26 in Pharmacoepidemiology & Drug Safety.

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Metabolomics Screening Tool May Detect Autism Spectrum Disorder

MONDAY, July 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A metabolomics screening tool may detect more than 50 percent of individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), according to a study published online June 18 in Autism Research.

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Risk Factors Provide Targets for Preventing Alzheimer Disease

MONDAY, July 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Ten risk factors should be targeted to prevent Alzheimer disease, according to a review published online July 20 in the Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry.

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FDA: Doctors Should Discuss Opioid OD Antidote With Patients

FRIDAY, July 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Doctors should tell patients and caregivers about the overdose antidote naloxone when they prescribe opioid painkillers such as Percocet and OxyContin and medicines to treat opioid addiction, including buprenorphine, methadone, and naltrexone, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration said Thursday.

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COVID-19 Pandemic Has Had Impact on Parent, Child Well-Being

FRIDAY, July 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The COVID-19 pandemic has had a considerable impact on the physical and emotional well-being of parents and children, according to a study published online July 24 in Pediatrics.

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CDC Guidance Issued for Testing, Management of HCP Exposed to Hep C

FRIDAY, July 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In a U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention guidance report, published in the July 24 issue of Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, recommendations are presented for testing and clinical management of health care personnel (HCP) exposed to the hepatitis C virus (HCV).

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Higher Legal Age for Handgun Sales Tied to Fewer Teen Suicides

FRIDAY, July 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Raising the age of handgun sales from 18 to 21 years may reduce deaths from suicide among 18- to 20-year-olds, according to a study published online July 22 in The BMJ.

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Mental Health Deteriorated During COVID-19 Lockdown

FRIDAY, July 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Mental health deteriorated in the United Kingdom by the end of April 2020 compared with pre-COVID-19 pandemic trends, according to a study published online July 21 in The Lancet Psychiatry.

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Worse Multisensory Function May Accelerate Cognitive Aging

FRIDAY, July 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Worsening multisensory function is associated with accelerated cognitive aging, according to a study published online July 12 in Alzheimer's & Dementia.

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Financial Health of Hospitals 'Dire' Due to COVID-19

THURSDAY, July 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- COVID-19 continues to cause financial peril for U.S. hospitals, according to a report released by the American Hospital Association (AHA).

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COVID-19 Creating Stress, Anxiety Among Emergency Physicians

THURSDAY, July 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The COVID-19 pandemic has created substantial workplace and home anxiety among academic emergency medicine physicians, according to a study published online July 21 in Academic Emergency Medicine.

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Few Dementia Caregivers Receive Firearm Safety Counseling

THURSDAY, July 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Few caregivers of adults with Alzheimer disease and related dementias (ADRD) receive professional counseling about firearm safety, according to a study published online July 15 in JAMA Network Open.

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Varenicline Strongly Recommended for Smoking Cessation

THURSDAY, July 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Varenicline is strongly recommended over the patch for adult smokers hoping to quit, according to an American Thoracic Society practice guideline published online in the July 15 issue of the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

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Predictors of Amyloid-β Deposits Identified in Oldest Old

WEDNESDAY, July 22, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Predictors of amyloid-β (Aβ) deposition have been identified in the oldest old, according to a study published online July 22 in Neurology.

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Experiencing Racism May Worsen Subjective Cognitive Function

WEDNESDAY, July 22, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Experiences of racism are associated with lower subjective cognitive function (SCF) among African-American women, according to a study published online July 21 in Alzheimer's & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring.

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Some With Opioid Use Disorder Rejected From Post-Acute Care

WEDNESDAY, July 22, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Individuals hospitalized with opioid use disorder (OUD) frequently experience explicit discrimination when being rejected from post-acute care, according to a study published online July 15 in the Journal of Addiction Medicine.

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Prenatal Cannabis Exposure Tied to Childhood Sleep Problems

TUESDAY, July 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Prenatal cannabis exposure is associated with child sleep outcomes, according to a study published online June 28 in Sleep Health.

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Ban on Menthol Cigarettes Might Cut Smoking Rates in the U.S.

MONDAY, July 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Extending the U.S. cigarette flavor ban to include menthol products could promote smoking cessation and reduce initiation, according to a review published online July 9 in BMC Public Health.

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Psychiatric Disorders, Loneliness Common During the Pandemic

MONDAY, July 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- There are high prevalence rates of general psychiatric disorders and loneliness in the general U.K. population during the COVID-19 pandemic, according to a study published online June 30 in Psychiatry Research.

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Poll: Most Older Adults Routinely Experience Ageism

MONDAY, July 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The majority of older U.S. adults commonly experience ageism in their daily lives, according to a report published online July 13 based on the results of the University of Michigan National Poll on Healthy Aging.

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Physical Distancing Interventions Cut Incidence of COVID-19

THURSDAY, July 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Physical distancing interventions are associated with a reduced incidence of COVID-19 globally, according to a study published online July 15 in The BMJ.

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Global Population Anticipated to Peak in 2064

WEDNESDAY, July 15, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The global population is anticipated to peak in 2064 and then decline to year 2100, according to a study published online July 14 in The Lancet.

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Medication Use Linked to Weight Gain in Postmenopausal Women

WEDNESDAY, July 15, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For postmenopausal women, antidepressants, beta-blockers, and insulin are associated with weight gain over three years, according to a study published online July 15 in Menopause.

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Delirium Episode Tied to Long-Term Cognitive Decline

WEDNESDAY, July 15, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- An episode of delirium is significantly associated with long-term cognitive decline in both surgical and nonsurgical patients, according to a meta-analysis published online July 13 in JAMA Neurology.

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Overdose Deaths Down at Supervised Drug Consumption Sites

TUESDAY, July 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- At unsanctioned safe drug consumption sites, where participants are allowed to inject illicit drugs under the supervision of trained personnel, overdoses are less likely to result in death, according to a letter to the editor published online July 8 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Layoffs Cost 5.4 Million Americans Their Health Insurance

TUESDAY, July 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- About 5.4 million Americans lost their health insurance after being laid off between February and May due to the COVID-19 pandemic, a new study shows.

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Childhood Maltreatment Tied to Later Cardiovascular Disease

TUESDAY, July 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- All types of childhood maltreatment are associated with a higher risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) in both men and women, according to a study published online July 13 in Heart.

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Surgery in Older Adults Does Not Up Risk for Alzheimer Disease

TUESDAY, July, 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Older adults who have surgery with general anesthesia may experience a modest cortical thinning in the brain, but it does not appear to be tied to Alzheimer disease, according to a study recently published in the British Journal of Anaesthesia.

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Arthritis Patients Needing to Shelter in Place Require More Support

MONDAY, July 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The Norfolk Arthritis Register has released an interim report on the impact of COVID-19 restrictions on people living with inflammatory arthritis who were advised to shelter at home due to increased vulnerability to COVID-19 because of medications.

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COVID-19-Related Symptoms Persist After Recovery

MONDAY, July 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Most patients who have recovered from COVID-19 report persistence of at least one symptom, according to a research letter published online July 9 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Incidence of Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy Up During COVID-19

FRIDAY, July 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The incidence of Takotsubo cardiomyopathy has increased during the COVID-19 pandemic, according to a study published online July 9 in JAMA Network Open.

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COVID-19 Pandemic Exacerbates Mental Health Issues

THURSDAY, July 9, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Just as the physical symptoms of COVID-19 vary among the population, mental health is enduring a variety of effects from the virus as well, according to Don Mordecai, M.D., national mental health and wellness lead at Kaiser Permanente, who recently spoke with HD Live! about the effects of the pandemic on mental health.

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Electronic Health Records Fail to Detect Many Medication Errors

THURSDAY, July 9, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- There is wide variation in the safety performance of electronic health record (EHR) systems used in U.S. hospitals, according to a study recently published in JAMA Network Open.

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Spectrum of Neurological Disorders Linked to SARS-CoV-2

THURSDAY, July 9, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection is associated with a spectrum of neurological disorders, according to a study published online July 8 in Brain.

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U.S. Launches Suicide Prevention Campaign

WEDNESDAY, July 8, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A national campaign to prevent suicide has been launched by the U.S. government.

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Rising Number of People Report Anxiety, Depression During COVID-19

WEDNESDAY, July 8, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- New evidence shows that depression and anxiety are increasing as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, according to the results of a survey released by Mental Health America (MHA).

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Review: Pre/Probiotics May Be Useful for Depression, Anxiety

TUESDAY, July 7, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Pre/probiotic therapy may be useful for patients with depression and/or anxiety disorders, according to a review published online July 6 in BMJ Nutrition, Prevention & Health.

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Decline in REM Sleep Linked to Increased Mortality

MONDAY, July 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A reduction in the percentage of rapid eye movement (REM) sleep is associated with increased mortality in middle-aged and older adults, according to a study published online July 6 in JAMA Neurology.

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Most Primary Care Providers Screening Toddlers for Autism

MONDAY, July 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A majority of toddlers are being screened for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) during primary care visits, according to a study published online July 6 in Pediatrics.

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Treatment Up for U.S. Adults Who Screen Positive for Depression

THURSDAY, July 2, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- From 2007 to 2016, there was an increase in the proportion of adults who screened positive for depression receiving any treatment, according to a research letter published online July 1 in JAMA Psychiatry.

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Roughly 2 Million Americans Buy Prescriptions From Outside the Country

THURSDAY, July 2, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- An estimated 1.5 percent of American adults purchase prescription medication from outside of the United States to save money, according to a study published online June 24 in JAMA Network Open.

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Post-Vaxx Febrile Seizures Not Linked to Child Development Outcomes

WEDNESDAY, July 1, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Young children experiencing an initial vaccine-proximate (VP) febrile seizure (FS) do not have increased risk of developmental or behavioral problems, according to a study published online July 1 in Neurology.

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Early Childhood Sleep Problems Tied to Later Mental Health Issues

WEDNESDAY, July 1, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Some behavioral sleep problems in early childhood are associated with the onset of mental health symptoms during early adolescence, according to a study published online July 1 in JAMA Psychiatry.

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2005 to 2016 Saw Increase in Skeletal Muscle Relaxant Use

WEDNESDAY, July 1, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- From 2005 to 2016, skeletal muscle relaxant (SMR) use increased in the United States, according to a study published online June 24 in JAMA Network Open.

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