April 2019 Briefing - Radiology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Radiology for April 2019. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Coronary Vessel Wall Thickness Surrogate for CAD in Women

TUESDAY, April 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Coronary vessel wall thickness (VWT) measured with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a significant surrogate of subclinical coronary artery disease (CAD) among asymptomatic women at low or intermediate risk, according to a study published online April 25 in Radiology: Cardiothoracic Imaging.

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Postchemo Radiation Tx May Benefit Some With Hodgkin Lymphoma

TUESDAY, April 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with advanced-stage Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) with large tumors, limited evidence suggests that consolidation radiotherapy (RT) after chemotherapy may prolong progression-free survival, according to a study presented at ESTRO 38, the annual meeting of the European Society for Radiotherapy and Oncology, held from April 26 to 30 in Milan.

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Gender Differences Seen in Adverse Drug Reactions

FRIDAY, April 26, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The risk for adverse drug reactions (ADRs) may be higher for women, even when accounting for gender differences in drug use, according to a study published online April 2 in the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology.

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Obesity May Impact the Form and Structure of the Brain

TUESDAY, April 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Obesity is associated with differences in gray matter volumes in the brain, according to a study published online April 23 in Radiology.

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Informational Film Improves Knowledge on Lung Cancer Screening

FRIDAY, April 19, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- An informational film can improve knowledge and reduce decisional conflict for individuals considering participating in lung cancer screening, according to a study published online April 19 in the Annals of the American Thoracic Society.

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National Hand Hygiene Initiative Successful in Australia

FRIDAY, April 19, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The National Hand Hygiene Initiative (NHHI) has successfully sustained improvement in hand hygiene compliance, according to a study recently published in The Lancet Infectious Diseases and presented at the European Congress of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases, held from April 13 to 16 in Amsterdam.

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Loan Forgiveness, Educational Debt May Affect Practice Patterns

FRIDAY, April 19, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Increased educational debt appears to directly influence physician practice choice, according to a study published in the April issue of the Journal of the American Osteopathic Association.

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Sixty People Charged in Massive Opioid Painkiller Investigation

THURSDAY, April 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Fifty-three medical professionals, including 31 doctors, are among the 60 people charged by U.S. authorities for their alleged involvement in the illegal prescribing and distribution of opioid painkillers.

AP News Article

Stimulation of Targets in Brain May Up Recollection in Seniors

THURSDAY, April 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- In older adults, high-frequency transcranial magnetic stimulation of hippocampal-cortical network targets can improve recollection, according to a study published online April 17 in Neurology.

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Late-Pregnancy US Could Prevent Undiagnosed Breech Presentation

THURSDAY, April 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Universal ultrasound at 36 gestational weeks could virtually eliminate undiagnosed breech presentation in nulliparous women, according to a study published online April 16 in PLOS Medicine.

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Some Patients With Imminently Fatal Cancer Undergo Treatment

WEDNESDAY, April 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Some patients with imminently fatal de novo metastatic cancer undergo treatment, according to a study published online April 15 in JNCI: Cancer Spectrum.

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AI Can Identify Model of Cardiac Rhythm Device From Chest X-Ray

WEDNESDAY, April 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A neural network can accurately identify the manufacturer and model group of a cardiac rhythm device from a chest radiograph, according to a study published online March 27 in the JACC: Clinical Electrophysiology.

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Standardizing Demographics Ups Accuracy of Patient Matching

MONDAY, April 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Standardizing demographic data can improve the accuracy of patient matching, according to a study published in the May issue of the Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association.

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Female Radiation Oncologists Receive Lower Medicare Reimbursement

MONDAY, April 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Female radiation oncologists submit fewer Medicare charges, bill using fewer unique codes, and receive lower Medicare payments than male radiation oncologists, according to a study published online March 22 in JAMA Network Open.

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Morbidity Low With Focal Laser Ablation of Prostate Cancer

FRIDAY, April 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Focal laser ablation (FLA) of low- to intermediate-risk prostate cancer is associated with low morbidity and good oncologic outcomes, according to a study published in the March issue of the Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology.

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Domestic Responsibilities Tied to Physician Mothers' Satisfaction

THURSDAY, April 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- For physician mothers in procedural specialties, being responsible for five or more domestic tasks is associated with an increased likelihood of career dissatisfaction, according to a study published online April 10 in JAMA Surgery.

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Same Services More Expensive in Outpatient Than Office Settings

WEDNESDAY, April 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The same services are more expensive when performed in outpatient versus office settings, according to a blog post from the Health Care Cost Institute.

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Cortical Lesions in Multiple Sclerosis Tracked With 7.0-T MRI

TUESDAY, April 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Cortical lesion development surpasses white matter lesion accrual in multiple sclerosis (MS), according to a study published online April 9 in Radiology.

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New, Revised Topics Released in ACR Appropriateness Criteria

TUESDAY, April 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The latest edition of the American College of Radiology (ACR) Appropriateness Criteria has been released and includes 188 diagnostic imaging and interventional radiology topics, with 908 clinical variants covering more than 1,670 clinical scenarios.

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Guidance Statements Issued for Breast Cancer Screening

MONDAY, April 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Four evidence-based guidance statements on breast cancer screening have been developed by the American College of Physicians and published online April 9 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Digital Breast Tomosynthesis Boosts Metrics in Older Women

FRIDAY, April 5, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- In older women, digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) is associated with improved performance metrics versus digital mammography (DM), although the cancer detection rate is similar, according to a study published online April 2 in Radiology.

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Bariatric Embolization Feasible for Treatment of Severe Obesity

WEDNESDAY, April 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Bariatric embolization is well tolerated in severely obese adults and is associated with weight loss for up to 12 months, according to a study published online April 2 in Radiology.

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Amyloid PET Linked to Changes in Management for MCI, Dementia

TUESDAY, April 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- For Medicare beneficiaries with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) or dementia of uncertain etiology, amyloid positron emission tomography (PET) is associated with changes in clinical management, according to a study published in the April 2 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Americans Borrowed $88 Billion in Past Year to Pay for Health Care

TUESDAY, April 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- About one in eight Americans borrowed a total of $88 billion in the past year to pay for health care, a new West Health-Gallup survey shows.

CNN Article
West Health-Gallup Survey

Over-the-Counter Meds Save Health Care System Money

TUESDAY, April 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- On average, each dollar spent on over-the-counter (OTC) medicines saves the U.S. health care system $7.20, totaling nearly $146 billion in annual savings, according to a report released March 18 by the Consumer Healthcare Products Association (CHPA).

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Doctors Unclear on Legal Obligations in Caring for Patients With Disability

MONDAY, April 1, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Practicing physicians might not understand their legal responsibilities when caring for people with disability, which may contribute to inequalities in their care, according to a study published online April 1 in Health Affairs.

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Increasing Dose for Total Body Irradiation Cuts Graft Failure

MONDAY, April 1, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with severe hemoglobinopathies undergoing bone marrow transplantation, increasing the dose of total body irradiation is associated with a reduction in graft failure, according to a study published in the April issue of The Lancet Haematology.

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