August 2018 Briefing - Radiology

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Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Radiology for August 2018. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Medical Bills in Collections Decrease With Patient Age

FRIDAY, Aug. 31, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Medical collections decrease substantially with age, possibly because of increased health insurance coverage and incomes, according to a study published in the August issue of Health Affairs.

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Vascular Risk Factors for Brain Calcification in Seniors Identified

THURSDAY, Aug. 30, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Diabetes and smoking are vascular risk factors associated with hippocampal calcification in older patients with memory issues, according to a study published in the September issue of Radiology.

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Radn Tx Alone May Be Adequate for Stage I Anal Cancer in Elderly

THURSDAY, Aug. 30, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For older patients with stage I squamous cell carcinoma of the anus, radiation alone is associated with outcomes that do not differ significantly from those of chemoradiation, according to research published in the July issue of Diseases of the Colon & Rectum.

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No Meaningful Increase in Physician Compensation Last Year

THURSDAY, Aug. 30, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- There was no meaningful increase in physician compensation in 2017, and a decline in productivity was noted, according to the results of a survey conducted by AMGA Consulting.

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Marketplace Premiums Increase More With Monopolist Insurers

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 29, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Affordable Care Act Marketplace premiums increase more in areas with monopolist insurers, according to a study published in the August issue of Health Affairs.

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Wording Used May Affect Thyroid Cancer Patients' Anxiety, Choices

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 29, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The terminology used to describe small papillary thyroid cancers (PTCs) may affect patients' anxiety levels and treatment choices, according to a study published online Aug. 23 in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery.

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Medical Practices Should Address Negative Online Reviews

TUESDAY, Aug. 28, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Medical practice staff can effectively handle negative online reviews by staying calm and positive, looking for solutions, apologizing, and thanking the reviewers, according to an article published in Physicians Practice.

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Poor Shared Decision-Making for Lung Cancer Screening

TUESDAY, Aug. 28, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The quality of shared decision-making (SDM) about the initiation of lung cancer screening (LCS) is poor, according to a study published online Aug. 13 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Artificial Intelligence Holds Promise in Medicine

TUESDAY, Aug. 28, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Artificial intelligence (AI) in health care offers opportunities for early detection and triage, diagnostics and personalized medicine, and medical decision-making, according to an article published in Managed Healthcare Executive.

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Alcohol Is Leading Risk Factor for Global Disease Burden

TUESDAY, Aug. 28, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Globally, alcohol use is a leading risk factor for disease burden, according to research published online Aug. 23 in The Lancet.

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Experts Address Loss of the National Guideline Clearinghouse

TUESDAY, Aug. 28, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The demise of the National Guideline Clearinghouse (NGC) in July 2018 is likely to impact evidence-based health care around the world, according to an Ideas and Opinions piece published online Aug. 28 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Most Research Participants Not Concerned About Data Sharing

MONDAY, Aug. 27, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Few participants in clinical trials have strong concerns about the risks of data sharing, according to a special article recently published in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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AMA Adopts Policy Promoting Health Equity As a Goal

FRIDAY, Aug. 24, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The American Medical Association (AMA) House of Delegates has adopted a policy that sets health equity as a goal for the U.S. health care system, according to a report published in the organization's AMA Wire.

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Small Practices Also at Risk for Data Breaches

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 22, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Data breaches can happen to small medical practices, but staff can take steps to prevent them, according to an article published in Medical Economics.

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Strategy Outlined for Shooter Incident in Health Care Facility

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 22, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Adhering to a "secure, preserve, fight" strategy is recommended for health care professionals working with a vulnerable patient population, according to a Medicine and Society piece published in the Aug. 9 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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National Provider Identifiers Are Vulnerable to Theft

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 22, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- National Provider Identifiers (NPIs) are vulnerable to identity theft, according to an article published in Physicians Practice.

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Similar Outcomes for Rural, Urban Cancer Patients in SWOG Trials

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 22, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Rural and urban cancer patients with uniform care access through participation in a SWOG (formerly the Southwest Oncology Group) treatment trial have similar outcomes, according to a study published online Aug. 17 in JAMA Network Open.

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Advantages for HDHP Enrollees in Large Versus Small Firms

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 22, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Workers in small firms are more likely to have higher deductible levels and lack employer contributions to help pay for out-of-pocket expenses compared to workers in larger firms, according to a study published in the August issue of Health Affairs.

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Doctors Often Not Discussing Risk Factors With Patients

TUESDAY, Aug. 21, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Patients report that doctors are routinely not discussing known risk factors for common causes of death, according to a survey conducted by ImagineMD.

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Pennsylvania Case Could Affect Evidence for Malpractice Defense

TUESDAY, Aug. 21, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The Pennsylvania Supreme Court has agreed to hear a case that could affect what evidence physicians may present in defense during medical malpractice suits, according to an article published in the American Medical Association's AMA Wire.

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Sentinel Lymph Node Mapping Most Cost-Effective for Uterine CA

TUESDAY, Aug. 21, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Sentinel lymph node mapping has the lowest costs and highest quality-adjusted survival compared to both routine and selective lymphadenectomy for managing low-risk endometrial carcinoma, according to a study published in the July issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Experts Offer Tips for Provider Appeal of Denied Medical Claims

MONDAY, Aug.20, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Knowing payer policies and regulatory requirements is critical to appealing denials, according to an article published in Medical Economics.

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NYU Becomes First Medical School to Cover All Tuition

MONDAY, Aug. 20, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The NYU School of Medicine has announced that it is offering full-tuition scholarships to all current and future students in its M.D. degree program, regardless of need or merit.

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Lumpectomy + Radiation May Cut Breast Cancer Mortality in DCIS

MONDAY, Aug. 20, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Treatment with lumpectomy and radiotherapy is associated with a reduction in breast cancer mortality versus lumpectomy or mastectomy alone among patients with ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), according to a study published online Aug. 10 in JAMA Network Open.

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Cerebral Blood Flow Changes in Pediatric Patients With CKD

FRIDAY, Aug. 17, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Pediatric patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) have higher global cerebral blood flow (CBF) and regional differences in CBF, according to a study published recently in Radiology.

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Residents' Sleep Deteriorates During Training

FRIDAY, Aug. 17, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- First-year residents experience worsening sleep duration and quality as well as daytime sleepiness, according to a study published in the June issue of the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

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Practice Names, Logos Should Be Carefully Designed

THURSDAY, Aug. 16, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Practice names and logos should be carefully designed to emphasize what is unique about a practice, according to a blog post published in Physicians Practice.

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Patient Portals Don't Appear to Have Much Traction

THURSDAY, Aug. 16, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Patient portals have not taken off as expected, according to an article published in Medical Economics.

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Steps Provided for Discharging Patient From Practice

THURSDAY, Aug. 16, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Certain steps should be taken when discharging a patient for failure or inability to meet financial obligations, according to an article published in Physicians Practice.

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ACA Coverage Gains Include Workers Without Insurance

THURSDAY, Aug. 16, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- After the expanded coverage provisions of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) were implemented in 2014, self-employed individuals and wage earners without employer-sponsored health coverage offers had coverage gains equal to or greater than those of people not employed, according to a report published in the August issue of Health Affairs.

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6 Factors Related to Inclusion in Health Care Workplace ID'd

TUESDAY, Aug. 14, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- There are six broad factors that can affect inclusion within health care organizations, according to a study published online Aug. 3 in JAMA Network Open.

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Four Pros to Integrating EHR, Practice Management Software

MONDAY, Aug. 13, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Consolidating electronic health records and practice management software allows practices to save time and money, make fewer mistakes, and reduce the risk of privacy breaches, according to an article published in Physicians Practice.

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AMA Adopts Policy on Augmented Intelligence

FRIDAY, Aug. 10, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The American Medical Association (AMA) House of Delegates has adopted a policy on augmented intelligence, according to a report published in the association's AMA Wire.

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Teen Sudden Cardiac Death Causes Often Not ID'd on Screens

FRIDAY, Aug. 10, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Among adolescent soccer players in the United Kingdom, the incidence of sudden cardiac death is 6.8 per 100,000 athletes, and most of the deaths were due to cardiomyopathies not identified on cardiac screening, according to a study published in the Aug. 9 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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AMA Adopts Policy to Advance Gender Equity in Medicine

THURSDAY, Aug. 9, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The American Medical Association (AMA) House of Delegates has adopted a new policy to study, act for, and advocate to advance gender equity in medicine, according to a report published in the association's AMA Wire.

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Feeling Young May Be Reflected in Brain Structure

TUESDAY, August 7, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- People who feel younger than their age show fewer signs of brain aging than those who feel their age or older than their age, according to a small study published recently in Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience.

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Cyber Insurance Recommended for All Physician Practices

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 8, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The growing threat of hacking is increasing the number of physicians buying cyber insurance, according to an article published in Medical Economics.

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Steps Taken to Increase Use of Electronic Tools in Medicine

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 8, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Additional codes have been approved by the Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) Editorial Panel for chronic care remote physiologic monitoring and internet consultations, according to a report published by the American Medical Association (AMA).

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AMA Proposes Policy Opposing Medicaid 'Lockout' Provisions

TUESDAY, Aug. 7, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A new policy opposing lockout provisions that block Medicaid patients from the program for lengthy periods and instead supporting allowing patients to reapply immediately for redetermination was adopted by the American Medical Association (AMA) House of Delegates during the AMA's annual meeting in Chicago, according to an article published in the association's AMA Wire.

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Routine X-Ray Not Needed After US-Guided Central Line Insertion

TUESDAY, Aug. 7, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Pneumothorax and catheter misplacement after ultrasound-guided central venous catheter (CVC) insertion are rare and thus do not justify post-procedural chest X-ray (CXR), according to a study published in the July issue of CHEST.

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Disparities Remain in Prevalence of Cancer Screening Tests

TUESDAY, Aug. 7, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- There are persistent disparities in recommended cancer screening tests among U.S. adults, particularly among the uninsured, according to a study published online July 26 in the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Preventing Chronic Disease.

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Combined Digital Screening Best for Detecting Breast Cancers

MONDAY, Aug. 6, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The combination of digital mammography (DM) and digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) detects 90 percent more breast cancers than digital mammography alone, according to a study published in the August issue of Radiology.

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Biomarker Panel May Improve Lung Cancer Risk Assessment

MONDAY, Aug. 6, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Biomarker-based risk profiling has the potential to improve lung cancer risk assessment, according to a study published online July 12 in JAMA Oncology.

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Some Bacteria Now More Tolerant of Alcohol-Based Sanitizers

FRIDAY, Aug. 3, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Some types of bacteria are developing tolerance of alcohol-based hand sanitizers used in hospitals, according to a study published in the Aug. 1 issue of Science Translational Medicine.

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Variation in Specialty Drug Coverage Across Health Plans

FRIDAY, Aug. 3, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- There is considerable variation in specialty drug coverage across commercial health plans, according to a study published in the July issue of Health Affairs.

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Groups Urge CMS to Reconsider Suspending Risk Adjustment

FRIDAY, Aug. 3, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- In a letter sent to Administrator Seema Verma of the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS), medical organizations are urging reconsideration of the decision to suspend payments to insurers as required under the Affordable Care Act's risk-adjustment program.

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Health Affairs Announces Launch of New Three-Year Initiative

THURSDAY, Aug. 2, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A council on health care spending and value has been established by the journal Health Affairs.

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Three Financial Metrics Can Improve Practice Performance

THURSDAY, Aug. 2, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- By understanding three indices and metrics, physicians can change the financial outcome of their medical practice, according to a report published in Medical Economics.

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NIH Releases Large-Scale Dataset of CT Images

THURSDAY, Aug. 2, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- To help improve detection accuracy of lesions, the National Institutes of Health (NIH)'s Clinical Center has made available a large-scale dataset of 32,000 annotated lesions identified on computed tomography (CT) images.

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PET Imaging Can Measure Synaptic Loss From Alzheimer's

THURSDAY, Aug. 2, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Positron emission tomographic (PET) imaging can directly measure synaptic loss with Alzheimer's disease, according to a small study published online July 16 in JAMA Neurology.

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New Short-Term Health Plans Have Large Coverage Gaps

THURSDAY, Aug. 2, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- There are large coverage gaps in short-term health plans that were approved Wednesday by the Trump administration, and are described by critics as "junk insurance."

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TGFB1 Mutation Ups Radiation-Induced Breast Fibrosis Risk

THURSDAY, Aug. 2, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The C-509T allele in the promoter region of transforming growth factor β (TGFB1) is associated with radiation-induced breast fibrosis risk among patients with early-stage breast cancer, according to study published online July 19 in JAMA Oncology.

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National Guideline Clearinghouse Offline Due to Funding Cuts

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 1, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The National Guideline Clearinghouse (NGC) and National Quality Measures Clearinghouse (NQMC) websites were taken down on July 16 when funding for these federal databases ended, according to an announcement by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ).

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Steps Can Be Taken by Doctors to Minimize Risk of Lawsuits

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 1, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Targeted steps can be taken to minimize future risks of lawsuits, according to an article published in Physicians Practice.

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