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August 2020 Briefing - Radiology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Radiology for August 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

AI Model Using Chest X-Ray May Predict 12-Year Lung Cancer Risk

MONDAY, Aug. 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A deep learning model based on chest radiograph (CXR) images and data from the electronic medical record (EMR) has better discrimination for smokers at high risk for incident lung cancer than Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) eligibility, according to a study published online Sept. 1 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Delayed Radiotherapy Not Tied to Worse Survival in Prostate Cancer

FRIDAY, Aug. 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For men with prostate cancer (PC), initiation of radiotherapy (RT) up to six months after androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) is not associated with worse overall survival (OS), according to a research letter published online Aug. 13 in JAMA Oncology.

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MASCC/ISOO Update Guidelines for Management of Mucositis

MONDAY, Aug. 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer and the International Society of Oral Oncology (MASCC/ISOO) have issued updated recommendations for the management of mucositis; a summary of these updates was published online July 28 in Cancer.

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Physician's Briefing Weekly Coronavirus Roundup

Here is what the editors at Physician's Briefing chose as the most important COVID-19 developments for you and your practice for the week of Aug. 24 to 28, 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal studies and other trusted sources that is most likely to affect clinical practice.

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No SARS-CoV-2 RNA Seen on Surfaces in Radiation Oncology Clinic

THURSDAY, Aug. 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Testing of environmental surfaces in the radiation oncology clinic in a tertiary care COVID-19 referral center revealed no detectable severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) RNA, according to a research letter published online Aug. 27 in JAMA Oncology.

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Survival Worse for Breast Cancers Secondary to Childhood Cancer

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Survivors of childhood and adolescent and young adult cancer who develop a secondary breast cancer have significantly decreased breast cancer-specific survival (BCSS), according to a study published online Aug. 26 in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention.

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Care Delayed for Many U.S. Breast Cancer Patients Early in Pandemic

TUESDAY, Aug. 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Nearly half of breast cancer patients have experienced delays in care due to the COVID-19 pandemic, according to a study published online Aug. 9 in Breast Cancer Research and Treatment.

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Physician's Briefing Weekly Coronavirus Roundup

Here is what the editors at Physician's Briefing chose as the most important COVID-19 developments for you and your practice for the week of Aug. 17 to 21, 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal studies and other trusted sources that is most likely to affect clinical practice.

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Targeted Intraoperative RT Is Effective Alternative to EBRT

FRIDAY, Aug. 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Single-dose targeted intraoperative radiotherapy (TARGIT-IORT) during lumpectomy is an effective alternative to external beam radiotherapy (EBRT), according to a study published online Aug. 19 in The BMJ.

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Late Morbidity, Mortality Down for Survivors of Childhood ALL

THURSDAY, Aug. 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Contemporary survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) have reduced late morbidity and mortality, according to a study published online July 24 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Drug-Coated Balloon Angioplasty Better for Hemodialysis Fistulas

THURSDAY, Aug. 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For the treatment of stenotic lesions in dysfunctional hemodialysis arteriovenous fistulas, drug-coated balloon angioplasty is superior to standard angioplasty during the six months after the procedure, according to a study published in the Aug. 20 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Longer Bisphosphonate Use May Up Atypical Femur Fracture Risk

THURSDAY, Aug. 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Longer duration of bisphosphonate use is associated with an increased risk for atypical femur fracture, according to a study published in the Aug. 20 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Poll: More Older Adults Using Telehealth During Pandemic

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- More older adults have used telehealth to consult with a health care provider during the COVID-19 pandemic compared with that seen in the previous year, according to a report published online Aug. 17 based on the results of the University of Michigan National Poll on Healthy Aging.

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Breast Cancer Mortality Decreased With Mammography From Age 40

MONDAY, Aug. 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Annual mammography from age 40 years is associated with a relative reduction in breast cancer mortality for 10 years, according to a study published online Aug. 12 in The Lancet Oncology.

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Smokers Less Likely to Receive Breast, Cervical, CRC Screening

MONDAY, Aug. 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Current smokers have lower odds of obtaining cancer screening for breast, cervical, and colorectal cancer, according to a study published online Aug. 13 in BMJ Open.

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Some Doctors Endorse Thyroid Ultrasonography Unnecessarily

MONDAY, Aug. 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A considerable proportion of physicians endorse use of thyroid ultrasonography for clinically unsupported reasons, according to a research letter published online Aug. 12 in JAMA Surgery.

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Incidence, Severity of Intimate Partner Violence Up During Pandemic

MONDAY, Aug. 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The incidence and severity of physical intimate partner violence (IPV) have been higher during the COVID-19 pandemic than in the previous three years, according to a study published online Aug. 13 in Radiology.

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Physician's Briefing Weekly Coronavirus Roundup

Here is what the editors at Physician's Briefing chose as the most important COVID-19 developments for you and your practice for the week of Aug. 10 to 14, 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal studies and other trusted sources that is most likely to affect clinical practice.

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Lean Mass Lower in Survivors of Pediatric Abdominal, Pelvic Tumors

FRIDAY, Aug. 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Survivors of pediatric abdominal or pelvic tumors have lower lean mass in association with radiation doses and worse metabolic outcomes, according to a study published online Aug. 13 in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention.

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Brain Changes Identified in Nonconcussed Contact Athletes

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 12, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- There are longitudinal changes in the microstructure and function of the brain in otherwise healthy, asymptomatic athletes participating in contact sports, according to a study published online July 28 in Neurology.

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Burnout Less Likely for Doctors in Minority Race/Ethnic Groups

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 12, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Compared with non-Hispanic White physicians, physicians in minority racial/ethnic groups are less likely to report burnout, according to a study published online Aug. 7 in JAMA Network Open.

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Guidelines Detail How to Manage Aneurysms of Visceral Arteries

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 12, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In evidence-based clinical practice guidelines, issued by the Society for Vascular Surgery and published in a supplement to the July issue of the Journal of Vascular Surgery, recommendations are presented for the care and treatment of aneurysms of the visceral arteries.

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Expanding Medicaid in Holdout States Could Insure 3.9 Million

MONDAY, Aug. 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Expanding Medicaid to all states could reduce the number of uninsured by 28 percent based on pre-COVID-19 data, according to a report released by the Urban Institute and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.

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Mental Stress-Induced Brain Activation Linked to Angina

MONDAY, Aug. 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Mental stress-induced inferior frontal lobe activation is associated with angina among patients with coronary artery disease, according to a study published online Aug. 10 in Circulation: Cardiovascular Imaging.

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Physician's Briefing Weekly Coronavirus Roundup

Here is what the editors at Physician's Briefing chose as the most important COVID-19 developments for you and your practice for the week of Aug. 3 to 7, 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal studies and other trusted sources that is most likely to affect clinical practice.

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Life Expectancy 78.60 Years for U.S. Population for 2009-2011

FRIDAY, Aug. 7, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Life expectancy for 2009 to 2011 was 78.60 years for the total U.S. population, with the highest life expectancy for Hispanic women, according to the Aug. 7 National Vital Statistics Reports, a publication from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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ASCRS Updates Guidelines on Surgery for Crohn Disease

THURSDAY, Aug. 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In clinical practice guidelines from the American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons, published in the August issue of Diseases of the Colon & Rectum, recommendations are presented for indications and considerations before, during, and after surgery for Crohn disease (CD).

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Health Plans Not Implementing Prior Authorization Reforms

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 5, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Physicians say prior authorization (PA) continues to interfere with patient care and can lead to adverse clinical consequences, according to the results of a survey released by the American Medical Association.

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ATS Issues Guide for Diagnosing Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 5, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In a clinical practice guideline from the American Thoracic Society, Japanese Respiratory Society, and Asociación Latinoamericana de Tórax, published in the Aug. 1 issue of the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, a systematic approach is presented for the diagnosis of hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP).

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Most Studies Still Fail to Analyze Data by Sex

TUESDAY, Aug. 4, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The effect of gender is still largely ignored in scientific studies, according to a study published online June 9 in eLife.

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Burnout High Among Nonphysician Frontline Health Care Workers

TUESDAY, Aug. 4, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- More than 40 percent of nurses on the front lines during the pandemic may be experiencing burnout, according to a research letter published online Aug. 4 in JAMA Network Open.

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Early-Life Adversity Associated With Accelerated Biological Aging

MONDAY, Aug. 3, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Early-life adversity (ELA) is associated with accelerated biological aging, although the associations vary as a function of adversity type, according to a review published online Aug. 3 in the Physiological Bulletin.

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