July 2019 Briefing - Radiology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Radiology for July 2019. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

U-Shaped Association Found for Hemoglobin Level, Dementia Risk

WEDNESDAY, July 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- There is a U-shaped association for hemoglobin levels with risk for dementia, including Alzheimer disease, according to a study published online July 31 in Neurology.

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Burnout Symptoms May Up Racial Bias Among Resident Physicians

WEDNESDAY, July 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Symptoms of burnout seem to be associated with greater explicit and implicit racial bias among resident physicians, according to a study published online July 26 in JAMA Network Open.

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Smoking May Limit Success of Embolization Therapy for PAVMs

WEDNESDAY, July 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT), the rates of pulmonary arteriovenous malformation (PAVM) persistence after pulmonary embolization are increased with active tobacco use, according to a study published online July 30 in Radiology.

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$70 Million Settlement Reached in Generic Drug Delay Case

TUESDAY, July 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Three drug companies will pay a total of nearly $70 million to California to settle charges of delaying the sale of generic drugs to keep brand-name drug prices high, the state's attorney general said Monday.

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National Norms Developed for Assessing Medical School Empathy

TUESDAY, July 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- National norms have been developed for assessing empathy among men and women at different levels of medical school education, according to a study published in the August issue of the Journal of the American Osteopathic Association.

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AI Model Can Predict Long-Term Mortality From Chest Radiographs

MONDAY, July 29, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A convolutional neural network (CNN) can predict long-term mortality from chest radiographs (CXRs), according to a study published online July 19 in JAMA Network Open.

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Review Examines Methods for Diagnosis of Elevated ICP in Critically Ill

THURSDAY, July 25, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Physical examination signs are not sufficiently sensitive for detecting elevated intracranial pressure (ICP) in critically ill adults, according to a review published online July 24 in The BMJ.

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Increase in Rates of Medical Imaging in Pregnancy in U.S., Canada

THURSDAY, July 25, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- From 1996 to 2016, the rates of medical imaging among pregnant women increased in the United States and Ontario, Canada, according to a study published online July 24 in JAMA Network Open.

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Adiposity in Early Old Age Tied to MRI Signs of Brain Aging Later

WEDNESDAY, July 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Adiposity in early old age is associated with reduced gray matter later in life, according to a study published online July 24 in Neurology.

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Long-Term Diastolic Dysfunction Seen After Early Preeclampsia

TUESDAY, July 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Women with a history of early or preterm preeclampsia have an increased prevalence of diastolic dysfunction, according to a review published online July 2 in the Australasian Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine.

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Light Therapy May Prevent Oral Mucositis for Some in Cancer Tx

MONDAY, July 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Photobiomodulation (PBM), such as laser and other light therapies, is recommended for prevention of oral mucositis (OM) in specific populations of cancer patients, according to a review published online July 8 in Supportive Care in Cancer.

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Factors Associated With Thyroid Cancer Overtreatment Identified

FRIDAY, July 19, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- One-fourth of patients receive unnecessary treatment with radioactive iodine after surgery for low-risk papillary thyroid cancer, according to a study published in the June issue of Surgical Oncology.

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About One in 20 Patients Exposed to Preventable Harm

THURSDAY, July 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The pooled prevalence of preventable patient harm is 6 percent across a range of medical settings globally, according to a review published online July 17 in The BMJ.

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Racial Disparity Shown in Odds of Triple-Negative Breast Cancer Diagnosis

TUESDAY, July 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The odds of diagnosis of triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) are increased for non-Hispanic black and Hispanic women and for younger women, according to a study published online July 8 in Cancer.

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Many Perceive Lack of Choice in Receipt of RAI for Thyroid Cancer

MONDAY, July 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Many patients diagnosed with differentiated thyroid cancer perceive that they have no choice about receiving radioactive iodine (RAI), according to a study published online July 8 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Tool Uses Spine X-Rays to Assess Response to Osteoporosis Tx

MONDAY, July 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A new measure derived from conventional X-rays and a machine learning algorithm is effective for assessing bone-specific effects of osteoporosis treatment, according to a pilot study published in the July issue of Skeletal Radiology.

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Serious Misdiagnosis-Related Harms Mostly Due to 'Big Three'

FRIDAY, July 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Vascular events, infections, and cancers account for about three-quarters of serious misdiagnosis-related harms, according to a study published online July 11 in Diagnosis.

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Capping Work Hours in Residency Does Not Impact Outcomes Later

THURSDAY, July 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Exposure of U.S. physicians to work-hour reforms during residency training is not associated with post-training differences in patient mortality, readmissions, or costs of care, according to a study published online July 11 in The BMJ.

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Health Care Professionals Exhibit Gender Bias

THURSDAY, July 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Survey results show that health care professionals have implicit and explicit gender bias, according to a study published online July 5 in JAMA Network Open.

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EHR System-Generated In-Basket Messages Linked to Burnout

TUESDAY, July 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Receipt of more than the average number of electronic health record (EHR) system-generated in-basket messages is associated with an increased probability of physician burnout, according to a study published in the July 1 issue of Health Affairs.

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Extended Follow-Up Supports Low-Dose CT for Lung Cancer Screening

MONDAY, July 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Extended follow-up of the National Lung Screening Trial (NLST) showed that the number needed to screen to prevent one lung cancer death among patients at high risk for lung cancer is 303, similar to the original estimate, according to a study published online June 28 in the Journal of Thoracic Oncology.

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Image-Based Model Predicts Radiation Tx Failure in Lung Cancer

WEDNESDAY, July 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- An image-based deep learning framework can predict radiation treatment failure in lung cancer patients, according to a study published in the July issue of The Lancet Digital Health.

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Considerable Number of Patients Receive Surprise Hospital Charges

TUESDAY, July 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Eighteen percent of all emergency department visits and 16 percent of in-network hospital stays have at least one out-of-network charge, according to a report published June 20 by the Kaiser Family Foundation.

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I-131 Tx for Hyperthyroidism May Up Risk for Solid Cancer Death

TUESDAY, July 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with hyperthyroidism treated with radioactive iodine (RAI), greater organ-absorbed doses seem to be positively associated with increased risk of death from solid cancer, according to a study published online July 1 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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AI Model Better Predicts CV Risk, Mortality Using Cardiac Imaging

MONDAY, July 1, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Machine learning models of vessel features from coronary computed tomography (CT) angiography better discriminate patients with versus without subsequent death and cardiovascular events, according to a study published online June 25 in Radiology.

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Model Can Predict Lung Cancer in Patient With Visible Nodule on CT

MONDAY, July 1, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with visible lung nodules, a model combining clinical and radiologic factors can predict risk for incident lung cancer, according to a study published online June 27 in Cancer Prevention Research.

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