May 2018 Briefing - Radiology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Radiology for May 2018. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

ASHP: SVP, Injectable Opioid Shortages Threaten Patient Care

THURSDAY, May 31, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The widespread shortages of injectable opioids and small-volume parenteral (SVP) solutions are jeopardizing patient care and placing a strain on hospital operations, according to a report published by the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP).

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Senior CA Patients Also Benefit From Palliative Radiotherapy

WEDNESDAY, May 30, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- All patients with painful bone metastasis should be referred for palliative radiotherapy to relieve the pain, regardless of age, according to a study published online May 23 in the Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology.

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Prediction Tool Helps Tailor Lung Cancer Screening to Patients

TUESDAY, May 29, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Personalizing the harm-benefit assessment of low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) screening for lung cancer can inform patient-centered screening decisions, according to a study published online May 29 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Gaps in Care Post Discharge for Mild Traumatic Brain Injury

TUESDAY, May 29, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- There are considerable gaps in follow-up care for patients with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) who have been discharged from the hospital, according to a study published online May 25 in JAMA Network Open.

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Hypofractionated Radiotherapy Best in Anaplastic Thyroid Cancer

TUESDAY, May 29, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- In an orthotopic anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC) model, hypofractionated radiotherapy (RT) is superior to conventionally fractionated RT, according to a study published online May 18 in Thyroid.

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Congress Approves Bill Expanding Private Care for VA Patients

THURSDAY, May 24, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Patients served by the beleaguered Veterans Affairs health system may have wider access to private care, thanks to a bill approved Wednesday by the Senate. President Donald Trump is known to support the bill, which now awaits his signature.

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Global Variation in Personal Health Care Access and Quality

THURSDAY, May 24, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- There is considerable global variation in personal health care access and quality, according to a study published online May 23 in The Lancet.

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Surveillance Frequency Doesn't Cut Mortality in Colorectal Cancer

TUESDAY, May 22, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with colorectal cancer after curative surgery, the frequency of surveillance is not associated with mortality; and, the intensity of posttreatment surveillance is not associated with detection of recurrence, according to two studies published in the May 22/29 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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CDC: No Change in Level of Uninsured in U.S. in 2017

TUESDAY, May 22, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Overall, 9.1 percent of individuals in the United States were uninsured in 2017, which was not significantly different from the level in 2016, according to a report published online May 22 by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Centers for Health Statistics.

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Language Used in Medical Record Can Affect Patient Care

FRIDAY, May 18, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Stigmatizing language used in medical records to describe patients can influence medical students and residents in terms of their attitudes towards the patient and their clinical decision-making, according to a study published in the May issue of the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

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Confirmatory Testing Follows ER Use of Ultrasound

THURSDAY, May 17, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Emergency room physicians report that their use of point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) is usually followed by confirmatory testing, according to a study published online May 8 in the Journal of Clinical Ultrasound.

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Nonprofit Manufacturer Could Keep Generic Drug Costs Down

WEDNESDAY, May 16, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A nonprofit manufacturer could help keep generic drug prices down and maintain their supply, according to a perspective piece published in the May 17 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Better Diet Quality Associated With Larger Brain Volume

WEDNESDAY, May 16, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Better diet quality, including high intake of vegetables, fruit, whole grains, dairy, nuts, and fish, is associated with larger brain volume, according to a study published online May 16 in Neurology.

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Best Practices Developed for Use of EHR to Enhance Patient Care

WEDNESDAY, May 16, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Best practices have been developed for using electronic health records (EHRs) to enhance patient-centered care, according to an article published online in Medical Economics.

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Initiative Cuts Overuse of Tests, Treatments for Bronchiolitis

FRIDAY, May 11, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A multidisciplinary improvement initiative can reduce overuse of interventions for bronchiolitis, according to a study published online May 11 in Pediatrics.

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Depressive Symptoms Tied to Memory, Aging of the Brain

WEDNESDAY, May 9, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Greater depressive symptoms are associated with episodic memory and markers of brain aging in older Caribbean Hispanic patients, according to a study published online May 9 in Neurology.

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FDA Permits Marketing of New Device for Treating GI Bleeding

TUESDAY, May 8, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved the new Hemospray device to help control bleeding of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract.

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Regulatory Requirements Drive Dissatisfaction With EHRs

TUESDAY, May 8, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Regulatory requirements are likely to be an important aspect of physician dissatisfaction with electronic health records (EHRs) that is driving burnout, according to an Ideas and Opinions piece published online May 8 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Poor Prognosis for Interval Breast Cancer After Negative Mammo

MONDAY, May 7, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The likelihood of having breast cancer with a poor prognosis is increased for cancer diagnosed after a screening mammography with negative results, according to a research letter published online May 3 in JAMA Oncology.

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Many Organizations Not Meeting Trial Reporting Requirements

FRIDAY, May 4, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Many organizations are not meeting the trial registration and results reporting requirements clarified by "The Final Rule," which had a compliance date of April 18, 2017, according to a study published online May 1 in BMC Medicine.

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Emotional Intelligence Predictors in Radiation Therapists ID'd

FRIDAY, May 4, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Some factors that predict radiation therapists' emotional intelligence (EI) can be addressed, according to a study published online April 23 in the Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences.

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CTC Status Predicts RT Benefit in Early-Stage Breast Cancer

THURSDAY, May 3, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Circulating tumor cell status is predictive of radiotherapy (RT) benefit in early-stage breast cancer, according to a study published online May 3 in JAMA Oncology.

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Nodal Response to Pre-Op Tx Tied to Survival in Esophageal Cancer

WEDNESDAY, May 2, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with locally advanced esophageal cancer, the status of lymph nodes following preoperative neoadjuvant chemotherapy or chemoradiation therapy determines survival, according to a study presented at the annual meeting of the American Association for Thoracic Surgery, held from April 28 to May 1 in San Diego.

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Practices Should Be Aware of Correct Way to Fire Employees

TUESDAY, May 1, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Physicians should be aware of the correct protocol for, as well as the laws involved in, firing employees, according to a report published in Medical Economics.

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