May 2019 Briefing - Radiology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Radiology for May 2019. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Guidelines Updated for Radiotherapy After Prostatectomy

FRIDAY, May 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Clinical guidelines on adjuvant and salvage radiotherapy after radical prostatectomy have been updated, according to the American Society for Radiation Oncology and the American Urological Association.

Adjuvant and Salvage Radiotherapy after Prostatectomy: ASTRO/AUA Guideline

Mammogram Benefits Seen as More Important Than Harms

THURSDAY, May 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Generally, women perceive the potential benefits of mammograms as more important than the potential harms, according to a study published in the June issue of Preventive Medicine.

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High Costs Associated With Physician Burnout in U.S.

THURSDAY, May 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- High costs are associated with physician turnover and reduced clinical hours attributed to burnout, according to a study published online May 28 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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AI Model Can Improve Accuracy of Lung Cancer Screening

TUESDAY, May 28, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Deep learning models can improve the accuracy of lung cancer screening, according to a study published online May 20 in Nature Medicine.

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Antiplatelets Do Not Up Recurrence in Intracerebral Hemorrhage

TUESDAY, May 28, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with intracerebral hemorrhage, those who start antiplatelet therapy do not have an increased risk for recurrence, including those with cerebral microbleeds, according to two studies published online May 22 in The Lancet and The Lancet Neurology.

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Cancer Consultation Low in Noncurable Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma

TUESDAY, May 28, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Many patients with noncurable pancreatic adenocarcinoma do not have a specialized cancer consultation and most do not receive cancer-directed therapy, according to a study published online May 27 in CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.

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Clinical Drug Diversion Costly to Health Care Organizations

TUESDAY, May 21, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- U.S. health care organizations lost nearly $454 million due to clinical drug diversion in 2018, according to the 2019 Drug Diversion Digest, released by Protenus Inc.

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Private Insurers Pay 241 Percent of What Medicare Would Pay

FRIDAY, May 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Prices paid to hospitals for privately insured patients in 2017 averaged 241 percent of what Medicare would have paid, with wide variation in prices among states, according to a report published by the RAND Corporation.

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Many Lives Could Be Saved if All Hospitals Had Grade A Rating

FRIDAY, May 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- More than 50,000 lives could be saved if all hospitals had an avoidable death rate equivalent to "A" grade hospitals, according to an updated report prepared for The Leapfrog Institute.

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Recs Updated for TB Screening, Treatment in Health Care Workers

THURSDAY, May 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Guidelines have been updated for screening and treatment for tuberculosis (TB) infection among health care personnel, according to research published in the May 17 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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AI Model Uses Serial Imaging to Predict Lung Cancer Tx Response

THURSDAY, May 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), deep-learning networks integrating computed tomography (CT) scans at multiple time points can improve clinical outcome predictions, according to a study published online April 22 in Clinical Cancer Research.

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Health Professionals Supportive of Medicinal Cannabis

FRIDAY, May 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Health professionals are generally supportive of medicinal cannabis use but report a lack of knowledge about its use, according to a review published online May 6 in PLOS ONE.

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Doctors Aware of Patient Difficulties Affording Medical Care

FRIDAY, May 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Physicians are aware of patients' difficulty with affording medical care and consider out-of-pocket costs in their decision making, according to an article published in a supplement to the May 7 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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New Recommendations Developed for Breast Cancer Screening

FRIDAY, May 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- New recommendations have been developed for breast cancer screening based on a life-years-gained model; the American Society of Breast Surgeons (ASBrS) official statement was published online May 3.

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Whole-Body MRI Accurate for Staging Colorectal Cancer, NSCLC

FRIDAY, May 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Whole-body magnetic resonance imaging (WB-MRI) could be a quicker alternative to multimodality staging of colorectal cancer and non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), according to two studies published online May 9 in The Lancet Gastroenterology & Hepatology and The Lancet Respiratory Medicine.

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2018 Saw More Employed Physicians Than Self-Employed

THURSDAY, May 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- In 2018, employed physicians outnumbered self-employed physicians, according to a report from the American Medical Association (AMA).

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ACS Sets Goal to Cut Cancer Mortality 40 Percent by 2035

THURSDAY, May 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The American Cancer Society (ACS) has set a goal of a 40 percent reduction in overall cancer mortality by 2035, according to a study published online May 8 in CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians.

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Mammo-Based Deep Learning Model Assesses Breast Cancer Risk

THURSDAY, May 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Mammography-based deep learning (DL) breast cancer risk models are more accurate than models that consider traditional risk factors and breast density, according to a study published online May 7 in Radiology.

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CDC: Uninsurance Levels Did Not Change Significantly in 2018

THURSDAY, May 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- In 2018, the percentage of U.S. individuals who were uninsured was not significantly different from the numbers in 2017, although uninsurance increased among adults aged 45 to 64 years, according to a report published online May 9 by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Health Statistics.

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In 2015 to 2016, 45.8 Percent of U.S. Population Used Rx Drugs

WEDNESDAY, May 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- In 2015 to 2016, 45.8 percent of the U.S. population used prescription drugs within the past 30 days, according to a May data brief published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS).

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Radiology Residents Often Miss Child Abuse

TUESDAY, May 7, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Many radiology residents do not accurately recognize child abuse, according to a study presented at the annual meeting of the American Roentgen Ray Society, held from May 5 to 10 in Honolulu.

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External Reference Pricing Could Cut Drug Costs in U.S.

TUESDAY, May 7, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The average price for single-source brand-name drugs is higher in the United States than in other countries, indicating that external reference pricing could reduce costs, according to a study published in the May issue of Health Affairs.

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Efforts Needed to Ensure Publication of All Trials

TUESDAY, May 7, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Efforts are needed to ensure all completed large trials are reported, according to a research letter published online May 7 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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More Than Half of U.S. Adults Have Medical Financial Hardship

FRIDAY, May 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Medical financial hardship affects more than half of adults in the United States, according to a study published online May 1 in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

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ASTRO: Prior Authorization Obstacles Delaying Treatment

THURSDAY, May 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Prior authorization obstacles are delaying patient access to radiation oncology treatments, according to a survey released by the American Society for Radiation Oncology.

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Diagnostic Criteria Proposed for Advanced-Age Proteinopathy

WEDNESDAY, May 1, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Progress has been made toward developing diagnostic criteria for limbic-predominant age-related TDP-43 encephalopathy (LATE), although gaps remain in understanding, according to a report published online April 30 in Brain.

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Medicaid Reimbursement for Breast Radiation Varies by State

WEDNESDAY, May 1, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Coverage and payment rates for radiation oncology services under Medicaid vary considerably by state, according to a study published online March 31 in the International Journal of Radiation Oncology • Biology • Physics.

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