September 2019 Briefing - Radiology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Radiology for September 2019. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

SBRT Shortens Tx for Prostate Cancer Without Greater Toxicity

FRIDAY, Sept. 27, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A targeted radiotherapy technique can substantially cut treatment time for prostate cancer without increasing gastrointestinal or genitourinary acute toxicity, according to a phase 3 study published online Sept. 17 in The Lancet Oncology.

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Average Annual Premium for Workers Increased in 2019

THURSDAY, Sept. 26, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- In 2019, the average annual health insurance premium for workers increased slightly for single coverage and family coverage, according to a report published online Sept. 25 in Health Affairs.

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Deep Learning Models Classify Disease From Medical Imaging

THURSDAY, Sept. 26, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Early evidence suggests that diagnostic performance of deep learning models is equivalent to that of health care professionals for interpreting medical imaging, according to a study published online Sept. 25 in The Lancet Digital Health.

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Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Mortality Persist in the U.S.

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 25, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- There are still racial and ethnic disparities in mortality, and these disparities are widening for some age groups, according to a study published online Sept. 24 in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

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Machine Learning May Be Faster for Cardiac MRI Scan Analysis

TUESDAY, Sept. 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Automated machine learning (ML) analysis has the potential to provide faster analysis of cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) with similar levels of precision, according to a study published online Sept. 24 in Circulation: Cardiovascular Imaging.

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Protected Health Info Breaches Compromise Sensitive Data

MONDAY, Sept. 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Most protected health information (PHI) breaches compromise sensitive demographic and/or financial information, according to a research letter published online Sept. 23 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Medical Students Not Ready to Provide Nutritional Care

THURSDAY, Sept. 19, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Medical education does not equip students to provide high-quality, effective nutrition care, according to a review published in the September issue of The Lancet Planetary Health.

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ASTRO Issues Guideline for Radiation Tx in Pancreatic Cancer

THURSDAY, Sept. 19, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- In a new American Society for Radiation Oncology clinical practice guideline, published in the September-October issue of Practical Radiation Oncology, recommendations are presented for radiation treatment of pancreatic cancer.

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Nonphysician Providers Rarely Interpret Diagnostic Images

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Despite increasing roles of nonphysician providers (NPPs) in health care (nurse practitioners and physician assistants), they still rarely interpret diagnostic imaging studies, according to a study published online Sept. 11 in the American Journal of Roentgenology.

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Screening for Breast Cancer in Men Has Increased Over Time

TUESDAY, Sept. 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Screening for breast cancer in men has increased over time, with high sensitivity and specificity for mammographic screening, according to a study published online Sept. 17 in Radiology.

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Delaying Treatment Worsens Head, Neck Cancer Outcomes

MONDAY, Sept. 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Delaying time to treatment initiation (TTI) beyond 60 days is associated with decreased overall survival and increased head and neck cancer recurrence, according to a study published online Sept. 12 in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery.

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Brain Changes Differ for β-Amyloid, Cerebrovascular Burden

FRIDAY, Sept. 13, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- β-amyloid (Aβ) and cerebrovascular disease burden have divergent effects on longitudinal default mode network and executive control network functional connectivity (FC) changes in amnestic mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and subcortical vascular MCI, according to a study published online Sept. 11 in Neurology.

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Imaging Technique May Help Predict Stroke-Related Dementia

THURSDAY, Sept. 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Diffusion tensor image segmentation technique (DSEG), which characterizes microstructural damage across the cerebellum, identifies damage in cerebral small vessel disease (SVD) and can predict dementia, according to a study published online Sept. 12 in Stroke.

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Cancer Survival Increasing in High-Income Countries

THURSDAY, Sept. 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Cancer survival is continuing to increase across high-income countries, although there are international disparities, according to a study published online Sept. 11 in The Lancet Oncology.

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EPA to Phase Out Chemical Testing on Mammals

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The eventual elimination of chemical testing on mammals was announced Tuesday by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.

The New York Times Article
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Spending Up With Treatment in Hospital-Owned Practices

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Financial integration between physicians and hospitals raises patient spending but does not impact care quality, according to a study published online Sept. 3 in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

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Guideline Updated for Screening, Surveillance of Barrett Esophagus

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- In a guideline published in the September issue of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, updated recommendations are presented for screening and surveillance among patients with Barrett esophagus (BE).

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Full Chemo Doses May Improve Survival in Breast Cancer

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Maintaining full doses of chemotherapy, especially early in the treatment course, is important for survival of intermediate or high-risk breast cancer patients, according to a study published in the August issue of the Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network.

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Serum Biomarker Linked to Brain Atrophy in Multiple Sclerosis

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Serum neurofilament light chain (sNFL) levels are significantly associated with clinical and neuroimaging outcomes in multiple sclerosis (MS), according to a study published online Aug. 12 in JAMA Neurology.

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Poverty Rate Drops, but Fewer Americans Have Health Insurance

TUESDAY, Sept. 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The percentage of Americans living in poverty declined in 2018, but the rate of those without health insurance increased, according to a U.S. Census Bureau report.

The New York Times Article
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Mammos May Not Benefit Elderly Women With Chronic Illness

FRIDAY, Sept. 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- For older women, the cumulative incidence of death from other causes is many times higher than breast cancer incidence and death, according to a study published online Sept. 6 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

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Racial, Ethnic Underrepresentation Found in Med School Matriculants

FRIDAY, Sept. 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Among medical school matriculants, black, Hispanic, and American Indian or Alaska Native (AIAN) students are underrepresented, according to a study published online Sept. 4 in JAMA Network Open.

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Majority of U.S. Doctors Believe ACA Has Improved Access to Care

THURSDAY, Sept. 5, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Sixty percent of U.S. physicians believe that the Affordable Care Act (ACA) has improved access to care and insurance after five years of implementation, according to a report published in the September issue of Health Affairs.

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Algorithm Based on Response, Biology Guides Neuroblastoma Tx

THURSDAY, Sept. 5, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Use of a response- and biology-based treatment algorithm for intermediate-risk neuroblastoma is associated with excellent survival and reduces treatment for some patients, according to a study published online Aug. 6 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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QoL Better With Laser Ablation, Surgery for Varicose Veins

THURSDAY, Sept. 5, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with varicose veins, disease-specific quality of life is better after laser ablation or surgery than after foam sclerotherapy at five years after treatment, according to a study published in the Sept. 5 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Risk Factors for Hypersensitivity to Iodinated Contrast Media ID'd

TUESDAY, Sept. 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Family history and an individual history of hypersensitivity reactions (HSRs) to iodinated contrast media (ICM) are associated with an increased likelihood of HSRs, according to a study published online Sept. 3 in Radiology.

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Ultrasonography Helps Differentiate Arthritis Types

TUESDAY, Sept. 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Ultrasound is effective for differentiating between the major types of arthritis when combined with a physical exam and patient history, according to a review recently published in The Open Medical Imaging Journal.

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